Publications by authors named "Chiu-Hao Chen"

6 Publications

  • Page 1 of 1

High Performance and Low power Monolithic Three-Dimensional Sub-50 nm Poly Si Thin film transistor (TFTs) Circuits.

Sci Rep 2017 05 2;7(1):1368. Epub 2017 May 2.

National Nano Device Laboratories, No. 26, Prosperity Road 1, Hsinchu, 30078, Taiwan.

Development of manufacture trend for TFTs technologies has focused on improving electrical properties of films with the cost reduction to achieve commercialization. To achieve this goal, high-performance sub-50 nm TFTs-based MOSFETs with ON-current (I)/subthreshold swing (S.S.) of 181 µA/µm/107 mV/dec and 188 µA/µm/98 mV/dec for NMOSFETs and PMOSFETs in a monolithic 3D circuit were demonstrated by a low power with low thermal budget process. In addition, a stackable static random access memory (SRAM) integrated with TFTs-based MOSFET with static noise margins (SNM) equals to 390 mV at V = 1.0 V was demonstrated. Overall processes include a low thermal budget via ultra-flat and ultra-thin poly-Si channels by solid state laser crystallization process, chemical-mechanical polishing (CMP) planarization, plasma-enhanced atomic layer deposition (ALD) gate stacking layers and infrared laser activation with a low thermal budget. Detailed material and electrical properties were investigated. The advanced 3D architecture with closely spaced inter-layer dielectrics (ILD) enables high-performance stackable MOSFETs and SRAM for power-saving IoT/mobile products at a low cost or flexible substrate.
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http://dx.doi.org/10.1038/s41598-017-01012-yDOI Listing
http://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/pmc/articles/PMC5431052PMC
May 2017

Investigation on critical structural motifs of ligands for triggering glucocorticoid receptor nuclear migration through molecular docking simulations.

J Biomol Struct Dyn 2016 Jun 14;34(6):1214-31. Epub 2015 Aug 14.

a Department of Chemistry , National Chung Hsing University , Taichung , Taiwan.

The glucocorticoid receptor (GR), a transcription factor regulating gene expression in a ligand-dependent fashion, is known for flexibility in adapting various ligands with their structures ranging from steroid to non-steroid. However, in our previous study, GR shows a stringent discrimination against a set of steroid ligands with highly similar structures for triggering its nuclear migration. In order to resolve this puzzle, we employed molecular docking simulations to investigate the origin of this structural discrimination. By analyzing the docking orientations and the related ligand-GR interaction patterns, we found that the hydrophilicity mismatch between the docking ligand and the GR ligand-binding site is the main cause combined with the steric hindrance and structural rigidness of these steroid ligands. Furthermore, we utilized this knowledge to rationalize how the structure-binding interaction of non-steroid ligands triggers GR nuclear migration with their structures available in Protein Data Bank.
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http://dx.doi.org/10.1080/07391102.2015.1074113DOI Listing
June 2016

Electric Field Effect on Phospholipid Monolayers at an Aqueous-Organic Liquid-Liquid Interface.

J Phys Chem B 2015 Jul 21;119(29):9319-34. Epub 2014 Oct 21.

†Department of Physics, University of Illinois at Chicago, Chicago, Illinois 60607, United States.

The electric potential difference across cell membranes, known as the membrane potential, plays an important role in the activation of many biological processes. To investigate the effect of the membrane potential on the molecular ordering of lipids within a biomimetic membrane, a self-assembled monolayer of 1-stearoyl-2-oleoyl-sn-glycero-3-phosphocholine (SOPC) lipids at an electrified 1,2-dichloroethane/water interface is studied with X-ray reflectivity and interfacial tension. Measurements over a range of electric potential differences, -150 to +130 mV, that encompass the range of typical biomembrane potentials demonstrate a nearly constant and stable structure whose lipid interfacial density is comparable to that found in other biomimetic membrane systems. Measurements at higher positive potentials, up to 330 mV, illustrate a monotonic decrease in the lipid interfacial density and accompanying variations in the interfacial configuration of the lipid. Molecular dynamics simulations, designed to mimic the experimental conditions, show that the measured changes in lipid configuration are due primarily to the variation in area per lipid with increasing applied electric field. Rotation of the SOPC dipole moment by the torque from the applied electric field appears to be negligible, except at the highest measured potentials. The simulations confirm in atomistic detail the measured potential-dependent characteristics of SOPC monolayers. Our hybrid study sheds light on phospholipid monolayer stability under different membrane potentials, which is important for understanding membrane processes. This study also illustrates the use of X-ray surface scattering to probe the ordering of surfactant monolayers at an electrified aqueous-organic liquid-liquid interface.
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http://dx.doi.org/10.1021/jp5098525DOI Listing
July 2015

Molecular mechanism for differential recognition of membrane phosphatidylserine by the immune regulatory receptor Tim4.

Proc Natl Acad Sci U S A 2014 Apr 31;111(15):E1463-72. Epub 2014 Mar 31.

Program in Biophysical Sciences, Institute for Biophysical Dynamics, Department of Chemistry, and James Franck Institute, The University of Chicago, Chicago, IL 60637.

Recognition of phosphatidylserine (PS) lipids exposed on the extracellular leaflet of plasma membranes is implicated in both apoptotic cell removal and immune regulation. The PS receptor T cell immunoglobulin and mucin-domain-containing molecule 4 (Tim4) regulates T-cell immunity via phagocytosis of both apoptotic (high PS exposure) and nonapoptotic (intermediate PS exposure) activated T cells. The latter population must be removed at lower efficiency to sensitively control immune tolerance and memory cell population size, but the molecular basis for how Tim4 achieves this sensitivity is unknown. Using a combination of interfacial X-ray scattering, molecular dynamics simulations, and membrane binding assays, we demonstrate how Tim4 recognizes PS in the context of a lipid bilayer. Our data reveal that in addition to the known Ca(2+)-coordinated, single-PS binding pocket, Tim4 has four weaker sites of potential ionic interactions with PS lipids. This organization makes Tim4 sensitive to PS surface concentration in a manner capable of supporting differential recognition on the basis of PS exposure level. The structurally homologous, but functionally distinct, Tim1 and Tim3 are significantly less sensitive to PS surface density, likely reflecting the differences in immunological function between the Tim proteins. These results establish the potential for lipid membrane parameters, such as PS surface density, to play a critical role in facilitating selective recognition of PS-exposing cells. Furthermore, our multidisciplinary approach overcomes the difficulties associated with characterizing dynamic protein/membrane systems to reveal the molecular mechanisms underlying Tim4's recognition properties, and thereby provides an approach capable of providing atomic-level detail to uncover the nuances of protein/membrane interactions.
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http://dx.doi.org/10.1073/pnas.1320174111DOI Listing
http://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/pmc/articles/PMC3992656PMC
April 2014

Configuration of PKCalpha-C2 domain bound to mixed SOPC/SOPS lipid monolayers.

Biophys J 2009 Nov;97(10):2794-802

Department of Physics, University of Illinois at Chicago, Chicago, Illinois, USA.

X-ray reflectivity measurements are used to determine the configuration of the C2 domain of protein kinase Calpha (PKCalpha-C2) bound to a lipid monolayer of a 7:3 mixture of 1-stearoyl-2-oleoyl-sn-glycero-3-phosphocholine and 1-stearoyl-2-oleoyl-sn-glycero-3-phosphoserine supported on a buffered aqueous solution. The reflectivity is analyzed in terms of the known crystallographic structure of PKCalpha-C2 and a slab model representation of the lipid layer. The configuration of lipid-bound PKCalpha-C2 is described by two angles that define its orientation, theta = 35 degrees +/- 10 degrees and phi =210 degrees +/- 30 degrees, and a penetration depth (=7.5 +/- 2 A) into the lipid layer. In this structure, the beta-sheets of PKCalpha-C2 are nearly perpendicular to the lipid layer and the domain penetrates into the headgroup region of the lipid layer, but not into the tailgroup region. This configuration of PKCalpha-C2 determined by our x-ray reflectivity is consistent with many previous findings, particularly mutational studies, and also provides what we believe is new molecular insight into the mechanism of PKCalpha enzyme activation. Our analysis method, which allows us to test all possible protein orientations, shows that our data cannot be explained by a protein that is orientated parallel to the membrane, as suggested by earlier work.
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http://dx.doi.org/10.1016/j.bpj.2009.08.037DOI Listing
http://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/pmc/articles/PMC2776280PMC
November 2009

Structure and depletion at fluorocarbon and hydrocarbon/water liquid/liquid interfaces.

Phys Rev Lett 2008 Aug 14;101(7):076102. Epub 2008 Aug 14.

Department of Physics, University of Illinois at Chicago, Chicago, Illinois 60607, USA.

The results of x-ray reflectivity studies of two oil/water (liquid/liquid) interfaces are inconsistent with recent predictions of the presence of a vaporlike depletion region at hydrophobic/aqueous interfaces. One of the oils, perfluorohexane, is a fluorocarbon whose superhydrophobic interface with water provides a stringent test for the presence of a depletion layer. The other oil, heptane, is a hydrocarbon and, therefore, is more relevant to the study of biomolecular hydrophobicity. These results are consistent with the subangstrom proximity of water to soft hydrophobic materials.
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http://dx.doi.org/10.1103/PhysRevLett.101.076102DOI Listing
August 2008