Publications by authors named "Chitose Matsuzaki"

5 Publications

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Bilirubin is inversely related to diabetic peripheral neuropathy assessed by sural nerve conduction study.

J Diabetes Investig 2021 May 5. Epub 2021 May 5.

Fukuoka City Health Promotion Support Center, Fukuoka, Japan.

Aims/introduction: Diagnosis of diabetic peripheral neuropathy (DPN) depends on subjective findings, certain investigations for DPN risks have not been performed enough. Bilirubin protects against vascular complications by reducing oxidative stress in diabetes, but is not fully tested for DPN. This study aimed to evaluate sural nerve conduction impairments (SNCI) as an objective DPN marker and the contribution of bilirubin to SNCI.

Materials And Methods: Using DPN-Check , SNCI was defined as a decline of amplitude potential or conduction velocity below the normal limit in 150 inpatients with diabetes. The correlations between SNCI and conventional DPN diagnosis criteria, the incidence of diabetic retinopathy/nephropathy, biomarkers for atherosclerosis, cardiac function by ultrasonic cardiogram, and bilirubin were statistically tested, followed by the comparison of logistic regression models for SNCI to find confounders with bilirubin.

Results: The incidence of SNCI was 72.0%. The sensitivity and specificity of SNCI for DPN prediagnosis by simplified criteria were 54.6 and 90.5%, respectively, and similarly corresponded with diabetic retinopathy and nephropathy (sensitivity 57.4 and 50.0%, respectively). SNCI significantly related to diabetes duration, declined estimated glomerular filtration rate, albuminuria and total bilirubin. SNCI incidence was attenuated in the higher bilirubin tertiles (89.8/65.3/54.8%, P < 0.001). Bilirubin was an independent inverse risk factor for SNCI, even after adjustment by known risk factors for DPN and markers for microvascular complications.

Conclusions: SNCI is a comprehensive marker for diabetic complications. We first showed the independent inverse relationship between bilirubin and SNCI through the independent pathway with other complications, provably reducing oxidative stress, as previously reported.
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http://dx.doi.org/10.1111/jdi.13568DOI Listing
May 2021

Eplerenone improves carotid intima-media thickness (IMT) in patients with primary aldosteronism.

Endocr J 2016 25;63(3):249-55. Epub 2015 Dec 25.

Department of Medicine and Bioregulatory Science, Graduate School of Medical Sciences, Kyushu University, Fukuoka 812-8582, Japan.

Primary aldosteronism (PA) is associated with a higher rate of cardiovascular events than essential hypertension. Although adrenalectomy has been reported to reduce carotid intima-media thickness (IMT) in patients with PA, the effects of the selective aldosterone blocker, eplerenone, on vascular damage in these patients remains unclear. To evaluate the effects of eplerenone on vascular status in PA patients, we sequentially measured carotid IMT (using computer software to calculate an average IMT for accurate and reproducible evaluation) in 22 patients including 8 patients treated by unilateral adrenalectomy and 14 patients treated with eplerenone for 12 months. Patients who underwent adrenalectomy showed significant reductions in aldosterone concentration (from 345 ± 176 pg/mL to 67 ± 34 pg/mL; P<0.01) and IMT (from 0.67 ± 0.07 mm to 0.63 ± 0.09 mm; P<0.05) 6 months after surgery. Patients treated with eplerenone showed significant reductions in IMT from baseline (0.75 ± 0.10 mm) to 6 (0.71 ± 0.11 mm; P<0.05) and 12 (0.65 ± 0.09 mm; P<0.01) months, although plasma aldosterone level increased significantly, from 141 ± 105 pg/mL to 207 ± 98 pg/mL (P<0.05). Eplerenone treatment of patients with PA reduces blood pressure, increases serum potassium level, and improves vascular status. Carotid IMT may be a useful marker for evaluating the effectiveness of eplerenone in patients with PA.
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http://dx.doi.org/10.1507/endocrj.EJ15-0362DOI Listing
December 2016

Perioperative sequential monitoring of hemodynamic parameters in patients with pheochromocytoma using the Non-Invasive Cardiac System (NICaS).

Endocr J 2014 13;61(6):571-5. Epub 2014 Mar 13.

Department of Medicine and Bioregulatory Science, Graduate School of Medical Sciences, Kyushu University, Fukuoka 812-8582, Japan.

Surgical treatment of pheochromocytoma is associated with a high risk of hemodynamic instability. To reduce the risk of perioperative complications, adequate medical treatment to normalize blood pressure and restore blood volume is required. Accurate evaluation of the circulating blood volume (CBV) in perioperative patients with pheochromocytoma is clinically important. In the present study, we adopted whole-body bioimpedance monitoring technique using the Non-Invasive Cardiac System (NICaS), which can non-invasively measure cardiac output (CO) values. NICaS-derived CO values were evaluated in eight preoperative patients with pheochromocytoma and were compared with simultaneous CBV values measured by a conventional indicator dilution method using (131)I-labeled human serum albumin. In these patients with pheochromocytoma, the NICaS-derived CO values were significantly correlated with the CBV values measured by (131)I-labeled human serum albumin (4.86 ± 1.05 L/min vs 4.79 ± 1.02 L; r = 0.906; P = 0.002). Sequential NICaS-derived CO values confirmed that CBV increased after preoperative treatment with an α-blocker, with or without volume loading. The results of this study indicate that NICaS can be used to accurately and non-invasively evaluate the hemodynamic status. By sequential monitoring of NICaS-derived CO values, we are able to confirm whether adequate CBV in a patient with pheochromocytoma is obtained by preoperative medical treatment with α-blockers or volume loading, to avoid perioperative complications.
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http://dx.doi.org/10.1507/endocrj.ej13-0471DOI Listing
April 2015

Reduced arterial stiffness in patients with acromegaly: non-invasive assessment by the cardio-ankle vascular index (CAVI).

Endocr J 2013 12;60(1):29-36. Epub 2012 Oct 12.

Department of Medicine and Bioregulatory Science, Graduate School of Medical Sciences, Kyushu University, Fukuoka 812-8582, Japan.

In patients with acromegaly, cardiovascular diseases are the most common cause of death. Arterial stiffness is increasingly recognized as a valuable surrogate marker for predicting cardiovascular events. To evaluate the vascular status of acromegalic patients, we used the cardio-ankle vascular index (CAVI) to reflect the arterial stiffness from the heart to the ankles. We analyzed 21 acromegalic patients, comprising five patients with untreated active acromegaly, one patient treated with medication and 15 patients who underwent transsphenoidal surgery. Among the 15 patients with surgery, 10 received additional therapies with dopamine agonists and/or somatostatin analogs. All patients with acromegaly unexpectedly showed significant reductions in the CAVI, indicating reduced arterial stiffness, compared with age- and sex-matched controls, regardless of whether they underwent surgery. There was a significant negative correlation between the CAVI and the serum insulin-like growth factor (IGF)-I level in these patients. Active acromegalic patients were associated with lower CAVI than controlled patients. Sequential measurements of the CAVI and serum IGF-I before and after treatment with octreotide and transsphenoidal surgery revealed that a reduced IGF-I level after treatment was accompanied by CAVI elevation. The present findings indicate that the CAVI is negatively correlated with the serum IGF-I level in acromegaly. These findings are consistent with previous reports indicating that the GH/IGF-I axis reduces peripheral vascular resistance. This non-invasive assessment can reflect the present vascular status and would be a useful marker for evaluation of therapeutic effects in patients with acromegaly.
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http://dx.doi.org/10.1507/endocrj.ej12-0189DOI Listing
July 2013

High relative fat-free mass is important for maintaining serum albumin levels in patients with compensated liver cirrhosis.

World J Gastroenterol 2005 Mar;11(9):1356-60

Department of Medicine and Bioregulatory Science, Graduate School of Medical Sciences, Kyushu University, Fukuoka 812-8582, Japan.

Aim: In patients with liver cirrhosis, hypoalbuminemia causes edema and ascites, and a reduction in the quality of life. Since musculature is catabolized to supply amino acids for albumin synthesis in malnutritional cirrhotic patients, muscular volume is hypothesized to play an important role in albumin production. Therefore, we investigated the correlation between serum albumin levels and the fat-free mass (FFM) in cirrhotic patients.

Methods: Fifty-seven patients (26 males and 31 females) with compensated liver cirrhosis were evaluated. Patients with edema or ascites were excluded from the study. Healthy volunteers (n = 104; 48 males and 56 females) were also evaluated as controls. FFM was measured using 5-500 kHz multifrequency bioelectric impedance analysis. To minimize the difference in FFM distribution between males and females, we introduced a new marker, relative FFM (rFFM), which represents the ratio of FFM in a patient relative to that in a volunteer of the same height. Following FFM measurement, the serum albumin levels of patients were assayed monthly.

Results: In patients with active cirrhosis (alanine aminotransaminase (ALT) > 50 U/L), both albumin (the difference between maximum and minimum levels) and the standard deviation of albumin levels (SD-albumin) during the observation period showed a significant correlation with rFFM. Multiple linear regression analysis using variables such as rFFM, platelet number, and serum cholesterol levels, choline esterase, albumin, bilirubin, and ALT revealed that rFFM and ALT were significant and independent factors that influenced albumin or SD-albumin in cirrhotic patients.

Conclusion: Our results indicate that cirrhotic patients with high rFFM showed less of a decrease in albumin levels, and that the muscle volume is one of the most important factors for maintaining serum albumins level in active cirrhosis. Exercise and protein-rich nutrition at the early stage of liver cirrhosis may be advisable for maintaining or increasing muscular volume.
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http://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/pmc/articles/PMC4250684PMC
http://dx.doi.org/10.3748/wjg.v11.i9.1356DOI Listing
March 2005