Publications by authors named "Chiara Maddaloni"

2 Publications

  • Page 1 of 1

The Emerging Role of Presepsin (P-SEP) in the Diagnosis of Sepsis in the Critically Ill Infant: A Literature Review.

Int J Mol Sci 2021 Nov 10;22(22). Epub 2021 Nov 10.

Neonatal Intensive Care Unit (NICU), Medical and Surgical Department of the Fetus-Newborn-Infant, "Bambino Gesù" Children's Hospital IRCCS, 00165 Rome, Italy.

Sepsis causes high rates of morbidity and mortality in NICUs. The estimated incidence varies between 5 and 170 per 1000 births, depending on the social context. In very low birth-weight neonates, the level of mortality increases with the duration of hospitalization, reaching 36% among infants aged 8-14 days and 52% among infants aged 15-28 days. Early diagnosis is the only tool to improve the poor prognosis of neonatal sepsis. Blood culture, the gold standard for diagnosis, is time-consuming and poorly sensitive. C-reactive protein and procalcitonin, currently used as sepsis biomarkers, are influenced by several maternal and fetal pro-inflammatory conditions in the perinatal age. Presepsin is the N-terminal fragment of soluble CD14 subtype (sCD14-ST): it is released in the bloodstream by monocytes and macrophages, in response to bacterial invasion. Presepsin seems to be a new, promising biomarker for the early diagnosis of sepsis in neonates as it is not modified by perinatal confounding inflammatory factors. The aim of the present review is to collect current knowledge about the role of presepsin in critically ill neonates.
View Article and Find Full Text PDF

Download full-text PDF

Source Listing
November 2021

Neonatal neurological examination during the first 6h after birth.

Early Hum Dev 2017 05 5;108:41-44. Epub 2017 Apr 5.

Pediatric Neurology Unit, Catholic University, Rome, Italy.

Background: Few neurological assessments are easily performed during the first 6h after birth.

Aims: To assess a cohort of low risk term born newborns within the first 6h and at 48h after birth using the Hammersmith Neonatal Neurological Examination.

Study Design And Subjects: A population of low risk term born newborns was examined within 3h from birth or between 3 and 6h. Each infant was re-assessed at 48h, establishing the range and frequency distribution of neonatal neurological scores at each time point.

Results: Of the 124 full-term born newborns, 62 were assessed at 0-3h and 62 at 3-6h. All infants were re-assessed at 48h. For 23/34 of the neurological items, the range and median scores were similar across the 3 time points. In the remaining 11 items the three groups had a similar range of scores but the median scores were different with different rates of changes. In 6 of the 11 the median scores at 3-6h were similar to those observed at 48h but they appeared to be 'less mature' at 0-3h. Only in one item the median scores were consistently different at the 3 time points.

Conclusions: Our results suggest that a neurological examination can already be reliably performed soon after birth. These findings will help in the interpretation of the few items that show changes with increasing postnatal age.
View Article and Find Full Text PDF

Download full-text PDF

Source Listing
May 2017