Publications by authors named "Chiara Lezzi"

3 Publications

  • Page 1 of 1

Role of the C-terminus of Pleurotus eryngii Ery4 laccase in determining enzyme structure, catalytic properties and stability.

Protein Eng Des Sel 2013 Jan 20;26(1):1-13. Epub 2012 Sep 20.

CNR-Istituto di Scienze delle Produzioni Alimentari (ISPA), Lecce, Italy.

The ERY4 laccase gene of Pleurotus eryngii is not biologically active when expressed in yeast. To explain this finding, we analysed the role of the C-terminus of Ery4 protein by producing a number of its different mutant variants. Two different categories of ERY4 mutant genes were produced and expressed in yeast: (i) mutants carrying C-terminal deletions and (ii) mutants carrying different site-specific mutations at their C-terminus. Investigation of the catalytic properties of the recombinant enzymes indicated that each novel variant acquired different affinities and catalytic activity for various substrates. Our results highlight that C-terminal processing is fundamental for Ery4 laccase enzymatic activities allowing substrate accessibility to the enzyme catalytic core. Apparently, the last 18 amino acids in the C-terminal end of the Ery4 laccase play a critical role in enzyme activity, stability and kinetic and, in particular biochemical and structural data indicate that the K532 residue is fundamental for enzyme activation. These studies shed light on the structure/function relationships of fungal laccases and will enhance the development of biotechnological strategies for the industrial exploitation of these enzymes.
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http://dx.doi.org/10.1093/protein/gzs056DOI Listing
January 2013

Production of recombinant Agaricus bisporus tyrosinase in Saccharomyces cerevisiae cells.

J Ind Microbiol Biotechnol 2012 Dec 21;39(12):1875-80. Epub 2012 Sep 21.

Dipartimento di Scienze e Tecnologie Biologiche ed Ambientali, Università del Salento, Via Prov. Lecce-Monteroni, 73100 Lecce, Italy.

It has been demonstrated that Agaricus bisporus tyrosinase is able to oxidize various phenolic compounds, thus being an enzyme of great importance for a number of biotechnological applications. The tyrosinase-coding PPO2 gene was isolated by reverse-transcription polymerase chain reaction (RT-PCR) using total RNA extracted from the mushroom fruit bodies as template. The gene was sequenced and cloned into pYES2 plasmid, and the resulting pY-PPO2 recombinant vector was then used to transform Saccharomyces cerevisiae cells. Native polyacrylamide gel electrophoresis followed by enzymatic activity staining with L-3,4-dihydroxyphenylalanine (L-DOPA) indicated that the recombinant tyrosinase is biologically active. The recombinant enzyme was overexpressed and biochemically characterized, showing that the catalytic constants of the recombinant tyrosinase were higher than those obtained when a commercial tyrosinase was used, for all the tested substrates. The present study describes the recombinant production of A. bisporus tyrosinase in active form. The produced enzyme has similar properties to the one produced in the native A. bisporus host, and its expression in S. cerevisiae provides good potential for protein engineering and functional studies of this important enzyme.
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http://dx.doi.org/10.1007/s10295-012-1192-zDOI Listing
December 2012

Molecular cloning and heterologous expression of a laccase gene from Pleurotus eryngii in free and immobilized Saccharomyces cerevisiae cells.

Appl Microbiol Biotechnol 2008 Jul 29;79(5):731-41. Epub 2008 Apr 29.

Istituto di Scienze delle Produzioni Alimentari del CNR, Unità di Lecce, via Prov le Lecce-Monteroni, Lecce, Italy.

A full length cDNA encoding an extracellular laccase was isolated by reverse transcription polymerase chain reaction from the mycelia of the mushroom Pleurotus eryngii. The isolated sequence, denoted Ery3, encodes for a mature laccase isoenzyme of 531 amino acid residues with a predicted molecular weight of 56.6 kDa. All sequence motifs, being the signature sequences used to identify the laccases, were found in the Ery3 protein sequence. The Ery3 cDNA was expressed in Saccharomyces cerevisiae and the effects of copper concentration and cultivation temperature were investigated. S. cerevisiae cells were immobilized in calcium alginate gel and the optimal immobilization parameters for the enhanced production of laccase were determined. The immobilization was most effective with 3% sodium alginate, 0.1 M calcium chloride and an initial biomass of 4.5 x 10(8) cells. The enzyme yield obtained with immobilized cells (139 mU ml(-1)) showed a 1.6-fold increase compared to the highest yield obtained with free cells. The alginate beads showed good stability and retained 84% capacity of enzyme production after seven repeated cycles of batch fermentation. The immobilization system proved to increase the proteolytic stability of the recombinant Ery3 protein. To our knowledge, this is the first report on S. cerevisiae whole-cell immobilization for recombinant laccase production.
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http://dx.doi.org/10.1007/s00253-008-1479-1DOI Listing
July 2008