Publications by authors named "Chiara Chiavelli"

3 Publications

  • Page 1 of 1

GD2 CAR T cells against human glioblastoma.

NPJ Precis Oncol 2021 Oct 27;5(1):93. Epub 2021 Oct 27.

Laboratory of Cellular Therapy, Division of Oncology, Department of Medical and Surgical Sciences for Children & Adults, University of Modena and Reggio Emilia, Modena, Italy.

Glioblastoma is the most malignant primary brain tumor and is still in need of effective medical treatment. We isolated patient-derived glioblastoma cells showing high GD2 antigen expression representing a potential target for CAR T strategy. Data highlighted a robust GD2 CAR antitumor potential in 2D and 3D glioblastoma models associated with a significant and CAR T-restricted increase of selected cytokines. Interestingly, immunosuppressant TGF β1, expressed in all co-cultures, did not influence antitumor activity. The orthotopic NOD/SCID models using primary glioblastoma cells reproduced human histopathological features. Considering still-conflicting data on the delivery route for targeting brain tumors, we compared intracerebral versus intravenous CAR T injections. We report that the intracerebral route significantly increased the length of survival time in a dose-dependent manner, without any side effects. Collectively, the proposed anti-GD2 CAR can counteract human glioblastoma potentially opening a new therapeutic option for a still incurable cancer.
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http://dx.doi.org/10.1038/s41698-021-00233-9DOI Listing
http://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/pmc/articles/PMC8551169PMC
October 2021

TRAIL receptors are expressed in both malignant and stromal cells in pancreatic ductal adenocarcinoma.

Am J Cancer Res 2021 15;11(9):4500-4514. Epub 2021 Sep 15.

Division of Oncology, Laboratory of Cellular Therapy, Department of Medical and Surgical Sciences of Children & Adults, University of Modena and Reggio Emilia Modena 41124, Italy.

This study assesses the expression of all TNF-related apoptosis-inducing ligand (TRAIL) receptors in pancreatic ductal adenocarcinoma (PDAC) tumor tissue. We aimed to include TRAIL receptor expression as an inclusion parameter in a future clinical study using a TRAIL-based therapy approach for PDAC patients. Considering the emerging influence of PDAC desmoplastic stroma on the efficacy of anti-PDAC therapies, this analysis was extended to tumor stromal cells. Additionally, we performed PDAC stroma characterization. Our retrospective cohort study (N=50) included patients with histologically confirmed PDAC who underwent surgery. The expression of TRAIL receptors (DR4, DR5, DcR1, DcR2, and OPG) in tumor and stromal cells was evaluated by immunohistochemistry (IHC). The amount of tumor stroma was assessed by anti-vimentin IHC and Mallory's trichrome staining. The prognostic impact was determined by the univariate Cox proportional hazards regression model. An extensive expression of functional receptors DR4 and DR5 and a variable expression of decoy receptors were detected in PDAC tumor and stromal cells. Functional receptors were detected also in metastatic tumor and stromal cells. A poor prognosis was associated with low or absent expression of decoy receptors in tumor cells of primary PDAC. After assessing that almost 80% of tumor mass was composed of stroma, we correlated a cellular-dense stroma in primary PDAC with reduced relapse-free survival. We demonstrated that TRAIL functional receptors are widely expressed in PDAC, representing a promising target for TRAIL-based therapies. Further, we demonstrated that a low expression of DcR1 and the absence of OPG in tumor cells, as well as a cellular-dense tumor stroma, could negatively impact the prognosis of PDAC patients.
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http://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/pmc/articles/PMC8493377PMC
September 2021

Anti-GD2 CAR MSCs against metastatic Ewing's sarcoma.

Transl Oncol 2021 Oct 12;15(1):101240. Epub 2021 Oct 12.

Division of Oncology, Department of Medical and Surgical Sciences for Children & Adults, University-Hospital of Modena and Reggio Emilia, Modena, Italy; Rigenerand Srl, Medolla, Modena, Italy. Electronic address:

Background: Ewing's sarcoma (ES) is an aggressive cancer affecting children and young adults. We pre-clinically demonstrated that mesenchymal stromal/stem cells (MSCs) can deliver tumour necrosis factor-related apoptosis-inducing ligand (TRAIL) against primary ES after local injection. However, ES is often metastatic calling for approaches able to support MSC targeting to the ES multiple remote sites. Considering that the disialoganglioside GD2 is expressed by ES and to optimise MSC tumour affinity, bi-functional (BF) MSCs expressing both TRAIL and a truncated anti-GD2 chimeric antigen receptor (GD2 tCAR) were generated and challenged against ES.

Methods: The anti-GD2 BF MSCs delivering a soluble variant of TRAIL (sTRAIL) were tested in several in vitro ES models. Tumour targeting and killing by BF MSCs was further investigated by a novel immunodeficient ES metastatic model characterized by different metastatic sites, including lungs, liver and bone, mimicking the deadly clinical scenario.

Findings: In vitro data revealed both tumour affinity and killing of BF MSCs. In vivo, GD2 tCAR molecule ameliorated the tumour targeting and persistence of BF MSCs counteracting ES in lungs but not in liver.

Interpretation: We here generated data on the potential effects of BF MSCs within a complex ES metastatic in vivo model, exploring also the biodistribution of MSCs. Our BF MSC-based strategy promises to pave the way for potential improvements in the therapeutic delivery of TRAIL for the treatment of metastatic ES and other deadly GD2-positive malignancies.
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http://dx.doi.org/10.1016/j.tranon.2021.101240DOI Listing
http://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/pmc/articles/PMC8517927PMC
October 2021
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