Publications by authors named "Chiara A Cella"

8 Publications

  • Page 1 of 1

Biomarker evaluation in radically resectable locally advanced gastric cancer treated with neoadjuvant chemotherapy: an evidence reappraisal.

Ther Adv Med Oncol 2021 1;13:17588359211029559. Epub 2021 Sep 1.

Division of Gastrointestinal Medical Oncology and Neuroendocrine Tumors, European Institute of Oncology, via Ripamonti 435, Milan, Lombardia 20141, Italy.

Neoadjuvant chemotherapy (NAC) significantly improved the prognosis of patients with locally advanced resectable gastric cancer but, despite important progresses, relapse-related death remains a major challenge. Therefore, it appears crucial to understand which patients will benefit from peri-operative treatment. Biomarkers such as human epidermal growth factor receptor-2 (HER2), microsatellite instability (MSI), and Epstein-Barr Virus (EBV) have been widely studied; however, they do not yet guide the choice of perioperative treatment in clinical practice. We performed a narrative review, including 23 studies, addressing the value of tissue- or blood-based biomarkers in the neoadjuvant setting. Ten studies (43.5%) were prospective, and more than half were conducted in East-Asia. Biomarkers were evaluated only post-NAC (on surgical samples or blood) in seven studies (30.4%), only pre-NAC (on endoscopic specimens or blood) in 10 studies (43.5%), and both pre- and post-NAC (26.1%) in six studies. Among the high variety of investigated biomarkers, some of these including MSI-H or enzymatic profile (as TS, UGT1A1, MTHFR, ERCC or XRCC) showed promising results and deserve to be assessed in methodologically sound clinical trials. The identification of molecular biomarkers in patients treated with NAC for locally advanced resectable gastric or EGJ cancer remains crucial.
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http://dx.doi.org/10.1177/17588359211029559DOI Listing
http://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/pmc/articles/PMC8414610PMC
September 2021

Pharmacodynamics, clinical findings and approval status of current and emerging tyrosine-kinase inhibitors for pancreatic neuroendocrine tumors.

Expert Opin Drug Metab Toxicol 2019 Dec 12;15(12):993-1004. Epub 2019 Dec 12.

Division of Gastrointestinal Medical Oncology and Neuroendocrine Tumors, European Institute of Oncology, IEO, IRCCS, Milan, Italy.

: Pancreatic neuroendocrine tumors (panNETs) represent a rare group of malignancies. For decades, chemotherapy, somatostatin analogs and interferon represented the only systemic therapies; however, over the latest years, new options were registered, including Everolimus, Sunitinib (SUN), and Peptide Receptor Radionuclide Therapy.: This review discusses the role of tyrosine kinase inhibitors (TKIs) in advanced panNETs.: TKIs showed an antiangiogenic and antiproliferative impact on advanced panNETs. Sunitinib is the only TKI currently available in clinical practice, having been approved on the basis of relevant results of a specific panNET phase III trial. New TKIs, such as Cabozantinib, Lenvatinib, Pazopanib, Surufatinib are still on investigation in panNETs. Although some phase II studies with the new TKIs yielded better PFS and RR compared with SUN, different study designs and tumor populations may have induced selection biases. However, it was reported that panNETs resistant to SUN could respond to a new TKI, indicating a possible further therapeutic line in this context. The global investigation plan of TKIs in panNETs is not homogeneous and it is difficult to understand what kind of development this can have in the near future for clinical practice.
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http://dx.doi.org/10.1080/17425255.2019.1700951DOI Listing
December 2019

Should platinum-based chemotherapy be preferred for germline BReast CAncer genes (BRCA) 1 and 2-mutated pancreatic ductal adenocarcinoma (PDAC) patients? A systematic review and meta-analysis.

Cancer Treat Rev 2019 Nov 6;80:101895. Epub 2019 Sep 6.

Division of Gastrointestinal Medical Oncology and Neuroendocrine Tumors, European Institute of Oncology, IEO, IRCCS, Milan, Italy. Electronic address:

Background: Pancreatic ductal adenocarcinoma (PDAC) is one of the most lethal cancers worldwide. Recent studies have shown that 4-20% of patients with PDAC have a germline BReast CAncer (gBRCA) genes 1 and 2 mutation (m). Because homologous recombination is impaired in patients with gBRCAm, some reports suggested that these tumors may be more sensitive to platinum compounds. Therefore, this systematic review and meta-analysis focused on benefit of patients with gBRCAm receiving a platinum-based chemotherapy (PtCh) compared with those treated with a non-platinum-based chemotherapy (NPtCh).

Material And Methods: The following electronic databases were searched from inception to May 12, 2018: PubMed (MEDLINE), EMBASE, and Cochrane Library. Abstracts from conferences were also reviewed for inclusion. Cohort, case-control and randomized studies of patients with PDAC and gBRCAm were eligible for inclusion if they provided data to compare patients receiving PtCh vs NPtCh. The primary endpoint was overall survival (OS) in the PtCh group vs the NPtCh group in patients with clinical stage III (locally advanced) or IV (metastatic) (CS III-IV) PDAC.

Results: Of 112 studies identified, 6 were included (total of 108 patients); of these, 4 provided sufficient data for meta-analysis. Half of the patients were males, with a mean age ranging from 58 to 63 years. The OS in the 85 patients with CS III-IV PDAC was higher in the PtCh group (23.7 vs 12.2 months; mean difference of 10.21 months, 95% confidence interval [CI] 5.05-15.37; P < 0.001; very low quality of evidence). PtCh was associated with a lower mortality (62.3 vs 87.5%; relative risk of 0.80, 95%CI 0.66-0.97; P = 0.021; very low quality of evidence).

Conclusion: Our study confirmed the hypothesis that patients with CS III-IV gBRCAm preferably benefit from a PtCh compared with NPtCh. However the very low quality of evidence should induce to be careful about the risk of potential biases. The generated hypothesis should be prospectively investigated in homogenous clinical settings.
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http://dx.doi.org/10.1016/j.ctrv.2019.101895DOI Listing
November 2019

HER2/HER3 pathway in biliary tract malignancies; systematic review and meta-analysis: a potential therapeutic target?

Cancer Metastasis Rev 2017 03;36(1):141-157

Department of Medical Oncology, The Christie NHS Foundation Trust, Manchester, UK.

Human epidermal growth factor receptor 2 (HER2) overexpression and amplification have been reported as predictive markers for HER2-targeted therapy in breast and gastric cancer, whereas human epidermal growth factor receptor 3 (HER3) is emerging as a potential resistance factor. The aim of this study was to perform a systematic review and meta-analysis of the HER2 and HER3 overexpression and amplification in biliary tract cancers (BTCs). An electronic search of MEDLINE, American Society of Clinical Oncology (ASCO), European Society of Medical Oncology Congress (ESMO), and American Association for Cancer Research (AACR) was performed to identify studies reporting HER2 and/or HER3 membrane protein expression by immunohistochemistry (IHC) and/or gene amplification by in situ hybridization (ISH) in BTCs. Studies were classified as "high quality" (HQ) if IHC overexpression was defined as presence of moderate/strong staining or "low quality" (LQ) where "any" expression was considered positive. Of 440 studies screened, 40 met the inclusion criteria. Globally, HER2 expression rate was 26.5 % (95 % CI 18.9-34.1 %). When HQ studies were analyzed (n = 27 studies), extrahepatic BTCs showed a higher HER2 overexpression rate compared to intrahepatic cholangiocarcinoma: 19.9 % (95 % CI 12.8-27.1 %) vs. 4.8 % (95 % CI 0-14.5 %), respectively, p value 0.0049. HER2 amplification rate was higher in patients selected by HER2 overexpression compared to "unselected" patients: 57.6 % (95 % CI 16.2-99 %) vs. 17.9 % (95 % CI 0.1-35.4 %), respectively, p value 0.0072. HER3 overexpression (4/4 HQ studies) and amplification rates were 27.9 % (95 % CI 9.7-46.1 %) and 26.5 % (one study), respectively. Up to 20 % of extrahepatic BTCs appear to be HER2 overexpressed; of these, close to 60 % appear to be HER2 amplified, while HER3 is overexpressed or amplified in about 25 % of patients. Clinical relevance for targeted therapy should be tested in prospective clinical trials.
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http://dx.doi.org/10.1007/s10555-016-9645-xDOI Listing
http://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/pmc/articles/PMC5385197PMC
March 2017

Primary prevention of cancer-related thrombosis: special focus on ambulatory patients.

Int J Cardiol 2014 May 20;173(3):583-4. Epub 2014 Mar 20.

Cardio-Oncology Program Division of Cardiovascular Medicine, The Ohio State University, Columbus, OH, USA.

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http://dx.doi.org/10.1016/j.ijcard.2014.03.109DOI Listing
May 2014

Basaloid squamous cell carcinoma: a rare tumor at the esophagogastric junction and an unexpected durable complete response to FOLFOX-4.

Oncol Res Treat 2014 24;37(1-2):55-8. Epub 2014 Jan 24.

Federico II University of Naples, Italy.

Background: Basaloid squamous cell carcinoma (BSCC) is a high-grade variant of squamous cell carcinoma usually localized in the aerodigestive tract, with a poor prognosis. Surgical resection is generally recommended, even if no standard treatment has been established yet.

Case Report: Here, we report the case history of a patient diagnosed with BSCC at the esophagogastric junction who was successfully treated with chemotherapy alone, leading to a durable complete response.

Conclusions: The presented case illustrates the diagnostic challenges associated with BSCC of the esophagus and reports an unexpected chemosensitivity of this histotype to the combination of a platinum salt plus 5-fluorouracil, which could represent an optimal treatment strategy in unfit patients.
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http://dx.doi.org/10.1159/000358159DOI Listing
November 2014

FOLFIRI in patients with locally advanced or metastatic pancreatic or biliary tract carcinoma: a monoinstitutional experience.

Anticancer Drugs 2013 Oct;24(9):980-5

Department of Clinical Medicine and Surgery, Division of Medical Oncology, University 'Federico II' of Naples, Italy.

Pancreatic and biliary tract carcinomas are very chemoresistant. After a first-line treatment with a gemcitabine-based regimen, no second-line scheme is consolidated in clinical practice. The aim of this study was to evaluate the toxicity and the activity of the FOLFIRI regimen as first-line or second-line chemotherapy in patients with pancreatic or biliary tract tumors. Fifty-four patients (30 with pancreatic tumor, nine with gallbladder tumor, and 15 with biliary tract tumor) were treated with FOLFIRI (irinotecan 180 mg/m², day 1; leucovorin 100 mg/m² intravenously, days 1 and 2; 5-fluorouracil 400 mg/m² intravenous bolus, days 1 and 2; and 600 mg/m² in 22 h intravenously, continuous infusion days 1 and 2; every 14 days). Toxicity was recorded at each cycle according to the NCI-CTC V3.0 criteria, the response rate was verified each four cycles according to the RECIST criteria, and the progression-free survival rates as well as the overall survival rates were calculated according to the Kaplan-Meier method. Overall, the toxicity was mild. Grade 3-4 neutropenia occurred in 42.6% of patients. Grade 3-4 gastrointestinal toxicity was rare. FOLFIRI as a first-line treatment produced a response rate of 25%. In the second-line group, 9/21 patients (42.9%) obtained a stable disease as best response. In the entire population, the median progression-free survival rates were 3.1 months [95% confidence interval (CI), 1.9-4.4] and 3.5 months (95% CI, 2.6-4.4), respectively, in the first-line and the second-line cohort of patients. The median overall survival rates were 14.5 months (95% CI, 7.0-22.1) and 6.2 months (95% CI, 5.4-7.0), respectively, in the first-line and the second-line cohort of patients. FOLFIRI is feasible and well tolerated in patients with pancreatic or biliary tract tumors; it has a good activity in first line and mostly in patients with pancreatic cancer.
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http://dx.doi.org/10.1097/CAD.0b013e328364e66bDOI Listing
October 2013

Tumor-to-tumor metastasis: breast cancer metastatic to thymic epithelial tumor.

Anticancer Drugs 2013 Aug;24(7):759-64

Department of Molecular and Clinical Endocrinology and Oncology, Federico II University of Naples School of Medicine, Division of Medical Oncology, Naples, Italy.

Tumor-to-tumor metastasis is a rare phenomenon, with around 150 cases being reported in the literature. Breast cancer is the second most commonly reported donor tumor after lung cancer, but thymic epithelial tumors have never been reported as recipient tumors. Furthermore, the thymus is rarely affected by metastases. To our knowledge, the present report is the first case of breast cancer metastatic to thymic epithelial tumor.
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http://dx.doi.org/10.1097/CAD.0b013e328362a68bDOI Listing
August 2013
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