Publications by authors named "Chenyang Liang"

3 Publications

  • Page 1 of 1

Automated detection of hippocampal sclerosis: Comparison of a composite MRI-based index with conventional MRI measures.

Epilepsy Res 2021 Aug 9;174:106638. Epub 2021 Apr 9.

Department of Radiology, Sanbo Brain Hospital, Capital Medical University, China. Electronic address:

Purpose: This study aims to compare the performance of an MRI-based composite index (HSI) with conventional MRI-based measures in hippocampal sclerosis (HS) detection and postoperative outcome estimation.

Methods: Seventy-two temporal lobe epilepsy (TLE) patients with pathologically confirmed HS and fifteen TLE patients without HS were included retrospectively. The T1-weighted and FLAIR images of these patients were processed with AccuBrain to quantify the hippocampal volume (HV) and the hippocampal FLAIR signal. The HSI index that considered both HV and hippocampal FLAIR signal was also calculated. Two experienced neuropathologists rated the HS severity with the resected tissue and reached an agreement for all cases. The asymmetry indices of the MRI measures were used to lateralize the sclerotic side, and the original MRI measures were applied to detect HS vs. normal hippocampi. Operating characteristic curve (ROC) analyses were performed for these predictions. We also investigated the sensitivity of the ipsilateral MRI measures in characterizing the pathological severity of HS and the associations of the MRI measures with postoperative outcomes (Engel class categories).

Results: With the optimal cutoffs, the asymmetry indices of HSI and HV both achieved excellent performance in differentiating left vs. right HS (accuracy = 100 %), and the absolute value of the asymmetry index of HSI performed best in differentiating unilateral vs. bilateral HS (accuracy = 91.7 %). Regarding the detection of HS, HSI performed better in sensitivity (94.4 % vs. 87.5 %) while HV performed better in specificity (93.6 % vs. 89.4 %) when the contralateral site of unilateral HS and both sides of non-HS patients were considered as the normal reference, and HSI performed even better than HV when only both sides of non-HS patients were considered as the normal reference (AUC: 0.956 vs. 0.934, p = 0.038). The ipsilateral HSI presented the strongest association with the pathological rating of HS severity (r = 0.405, p < 0.001). None of the ipsilateral or contralateral MRI measures was associated with the postoperative outcomes. Among the asymmetry indices, only the absolute value of the asymmetry index of HV presented a significant association with the Engel classifications for the Year 2∼3 visit (r = -0.466, p = 0.004) or the latest visit with >1 year follow-up (r = -0.374, p = 0.003) while controlling for disease duration and follow-up duration.

Conclusion: The HSI index and HV presented comparable good performance in HS detection, and HSI may have better sensitivity than HV in differentiating pathological HS severity. Higher magnitude of HV dissymmetry may indicate better post-surgical outcomes for HS patients.
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http://dx.doi.org/10.1016/j.eplepsyres.2021.106638DOI Listing
August 2021

Upper esophageal sphincter augmentation reduces pharyngeal reflux in nasogastric tube-fed patients.

Laryngoscope 2018 06 8;128(6):1310-1315. Epub 2017 Oct 8.

Department of Gastroenterology and Hepatology, Medical College of Wisconsin, Milwaukee, Wisconsin, U.S.A.

Objectives/hypothesis: Aspiration of gastric refluxate is one of the most commonly observed complications among long-term nasogastric tube (NGT) fed patients. The upper esophageal sphincter (UES) pressure barrier is the main defense mechanism against pharyngeal reflux of gastric contents. Our objective was to investigate the efficacy and safety of the UES assist device (UES-AD) in preventing gastric reflux through the UES in long-term NGT-fed patients.

Study Design: Self-Controlled Case series.

Methods: We studied 10 patients (mean age = 90.6 ± 3.4 years, four females) with dysphagia caused by stroke or dementia who were fed for 0.5 to 5 years (median = 3 years) by NGT. External pressures of 20 to 30 mm Hg were applied by using a handmade UES-AD, which was started 2 hours after the beginning of NGT infusion and was alternated between periods of 2 hours on and 2 hours off, for a total of 12 hours. Placement of the impedance sensors within the UES was guided by high-resolution manometry. Trans-UES and intraesophageal reflux events were recorded by using 24-hour combined pH-impedance measurements.

Results: No aspiration pneumonia events were noted in the period 1 month before or during the study in any of the cohort. Baseline UES pressure averaged 17.5 ± 9.4 mm Hg and was increased to 38.9 ± 11.9mm Hg after application of the UES-AD. Overall frequency of trans-UES reflux decreased significantly with the UES-AD compared to without (0.8 ± 0.9 vs. 3.3 ± 2.8, P < .05 for the 12-hour study period). There was no effect of the UES-AD on esophageal reflux events (7.4 ± 4.4 vs. 6.4 ± 3.0, P > .05).

Conclusions: UES-AD significantly decreases the number of trans-UES reflux events and can potentially reduce the aspiration risk associated with NGT feeding.

Level Of Evidence: 4. Laryngoscope, 128:1310-1315, 2018.
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http://dx.doi.org/10.1002/lary.26895DOI Listing
http://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/pmc/articles/PMC5889969PMC
June 2018

Anatomic predictors of retropalatal mechanical loads in patients with obstructive sleep apnea.

Respiration 2011 24;82(3):246-53. Epub 2011 Jun 24.

Department of Otolaryngology Head and Neck Surgery, Beijing Tongren Hospital, Capital Medical University, China.

Background: The retropalatal airway is one of the most collapsible sites during sleep in patients with obstructive sleep apnea (OSA). The primary anatomical contributors to increased collapsibility in the retropalatal segment remain unclear.

Objectives: This study seeks to investigate how the balance between pharyngeal soft tissues and the bony enclosure influences retropalatal mechanical loads in patients with OSA.

Methods: The segmental mechanical load of the retropalatal pharynx was determined by the region's critical closing pressure in 30 anesthetized, paralyzed and intubated subjects with OSA. The volumetric anatomical parameters of the retropalatal airway were evaluated using magnetic resonance imaging, and their associations with retropalatal closing pressures were analyzed.

Results: Increased retropalatal closing pressure was associated with the increased proportion of volumetric pharyngeal soft tissues to the surrounding cervicomandibular bony frame (r = 0.791, p < 0.001), enlarged soft tissues of the lateral wall (r = 0.752, p < 0.001) and soft palate (r = 0.726, p < 0.001). The decreased volume of the nasopharynx (r = -0.650, p < 0.001) and pharyngeal cavity (r = -0.653, p < 0.001) indicated a relatively higher retropalatal closing pressure. The multivariate linear regression model demonstrated that the proportion of retropalatal soft tissues to the bony frame and volume of the soft palate predicted 69.4% of the variability in closing pressure (F = 30.674, p < 0.001).

Conclusions: The increased volumetric proportion of pharyngeal soft tissue to the bone enclosure may be an important contributor to increased retropalatal mechanical loads.
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http://dx.doi.org/10.1159/000327176DOI Listing
January 2012