Publications by authors named "Cheng Zeng"

204 Publications

Clinical and Pathologic Complete Response to Gefitinib in a Patient with SqCLC Harboring EGFR p.E746_S752delinsV Mutation.

Onco Targets Ther 2021 15;14:4805-4808. Epub 2021 Sep 15.

Department of Thoracic Surgery, Guangdong Provincial People's Hospital, Guangdong Academy of Medical Sciences, Guangzhou, 510080, People's Republic of China.

Development of targeted therapies for squamous cell lung cancer (SqCLC) is currently limited by the prevalence of activating mutations and their predicting power of treatment efficacy. In the present study, we describe a case of treatment-naïve stage IIIB SqCLC that harbored a rare epidermal growth factor receptor (EGFR) p.E746_S752delinsV mutation with clinical complete response to neoadjuvant gefitinib. Pathological complete response was confirmed after surgical resection. No disease recurrence was documented after 20-month follow-up. This report suggested that first-generation EGFR tyrosine kinase inhibitor (TKI) could be an option in neoadjuvant context for advanced SqCLC patients harboring EGFR p.E746_S752delinsV mutation and highlighted the clinical benefits of EGFR testing in SqCLC patients who are females and never/former light smokers.
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http://dx.doi.org/10.2147/OTT.S328839DOI Listing
http://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/pmc/articles/PMC8450156PMC
September 2021

Comparative analysis of clinical, treatment, and survival characteristics of signet ring cell and adenocarcinoma of esophagus.

J Gastrointest Oncol 2021 Aug;12(4):1643-1660

Department of Thoracic Surgery, The First Affiliated Hospital of Zhengzhou University, Zhengzhou, China.

Background: Signet ring cell carcinoma (SRC) is a rare pathological subtype of mucinous adenocarcinoma (AC). Clinical features, prognosis, and especially treatment methods between SRC and AC of the esophagus remain controversial. Thus, we conducted this study to explore the differences in clinicopathological characteristics and treatment modalities between SRC and AC of the esophagus.

Methods: A retrospective cohort study based on the Surveillance, Epidemiology, and End Results (SEER) program database was conducted. Patients diagnosed with SRC or AC not otherwise specified (NOS) were selected between 2004 and 2018. We investigated the prognosis of SRC and AC in terms of overall survival (OS). A subgroup analysis was performed according to the stage and different treatment methods.

Results: A total of 24,987 patients were enrolled, including 1,147 with SRC and 23,840 with AC. In the multivariate Cox analysis of the whole cohort, SRC, tumor site, differentiation, metastases, American Joint Committee on Cancer (AJCC) 6th edition staging, treatment, tumor size, lymph nodes examined, and positive lymph nodes were independent risk factors. The results of the subgroup analysis showed that surgery alone was associated with better OS for AC at the early stage, but was not significantly different for SRC (P=0.896). Surgery plus adjuvant therapy was the best treatment for SRC and AC at the late stage. In the multivariate Cox analysis, the treatment of surgery plus adjuvant therapy had a tendency towards better OS at the early stage [hazard ratio (HR): 0.64, 95% confidence interval (CI): 0.39-1.1, P=0.08].

Conclusions: SRC is an independent risk factor, with a higher grade of differentiation, later stage, larger tumor size, more positive lymph nodes, and poorer prognosis compared with AC. Surgery plus adjuvant therapy seems to be useful for SRC at the early stage, but further research is needed.
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http://dx.doi.org/10.21037/jgo-21-445DOI Listing
http://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/pmc/articles/PMC8421868PMC
August 2021

Extracellular Vesicles Inhibit Proliferation and Invasion of Ovarian Endometrial Stromal Cells and Their Expression of SF-1, ERβ, and Aromatase.

Front Endocrinol (Lausanne) 2021 31;12:666195. Epub 2021 Aug 31.

Department of Obstetrics and Gynecology, Peking University First Hospital, Beijing, China.

Objective: Endometriosis is an estrogen-dependent chronic disease. The abnormal proliferation and invasion of ectopic stromal cells (ESCs) are important manifestations of endometriosis, and it is necessary to find safer and more effective treatments. Extracellular vesicles (EVs) derived from human umbilical cord mesenchymal stem cells (UC-MSCs) have been shown to be promising for the treatment of many diseases, except endometriosis. The main purpose of this study was to explore the effect of EVs derived from UC-MSCs on ESCs and evaluate the therapeutic value of EVs on endometriosis.

Study Design: Following the successful culture and identification of UC-MSCs, we collected the medium of UC-MSCs and extracted EVs by ultracentrifugation. Then, 120 μg/mL EVs were used to stimulate ESCs, which were collected to evaluate cell proliferation and invasion and expression of the estrogen-related proteins steroidogenic factor-1 (SF-1), estrogen receptors β (ERβ), and aromatase.

Results: Compared with the control group treated with isodose phosphate buffered saline (PBS), 120 μg/mL EVs exposure significantly decreased the expression of cyclin D1 (mRNA: n = 6, P = 0.02; protein: n = 6, P = 0.000) and matrix metalloproteinase (MMP) 9 (mRNA: n = 6, P = 0.04; protein: n = 6, P = 0.000) of ESCs, which were consistent with Cell Counting Kit-8(CCK-8) results (day 0: NC: 0.29 ± 0.04, 120 μg/mL EVs: 0.28 ± 0.04; day 1: NC: 0.42 ± 0.08, 120 μg/mL EVs: 0.32 ± 0.01; day 2: NC: 0.64 ± 0.07, 120 μg/mL EVs: 0.50 ± 0.05, P = 0.000; day 3: NC: 0.82 ± 0.09, 120 μg/mL EVs: 0.65 ± 0.07, P = 0.000; day 4: NC: 0.95 ± 0.11, 120 μg/mL EVs: 0.76 ± 0.07, P = 0.012; n = 6) and Transwell experiments (n = 6, P = 0.000). In addition, the expression of SF-1 (encoded by NR5A1; mRNA: n = 6, P = 0.000; protein: n = 6, P = 0.000), ERβ (encoded by ESR2; mRNA: n = 6, P = 0.000; protein: n = 6, P = 0.000), and aromatase (encoded by CYP19A1; mRNA: n = 6, P = 0.04; protein: n = 6, P = 0.000) in ESCs decreased significantly.

Conclusion: Taken together, the results show that 120 μg/mL EVs derived from UC-MSCs can effectively inhibit the proliferation and invasion of ESCs, as well as their expression of SF-1, ERβ and aromatase, and thus may lead to the alleviation of endometriosis.
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http://dx.doi.org/10.3389/fendo.2021.666195DOI Listing
http://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/pmc/articles/PMC8438523PMC
August 2021

A Targeted Nanosystem for Detection of Inflammatory Diseases via Fluorescent/Optoacoustic Imaging and Therapy via Modulating Nrf2/NF-κB Pathways.

Small 2021 Sep 14:e2102598. Epub 2021 Sep 14.

State Key Laboratory of Luminescent Materials and Devices, Guangdong Provincial Key Laboratory of Luminescence from Molecular Aggregates, College of Materials Science and Engineering, South China University of Technology, Wushan Road 381, Guangzhou, 510640, China.

Inflammatory diseases are sometimes devastating and notoriously difficult to treat. Precisely modulating inflammatory signaling pathways is a promising approach for treating inflammatory diseases. Herein, a multifunctional nanosystem is developed for active targeting, activatable imaging and on-demand therapy against inflammatory diseases through modulating inflammatory pathways. A chromophore-drug dyad (QBS-FIS) is synthesized by linking a chromophore and a Nrf2 (nuclear factor E2-related factor) activator fisetin through boronate bond which serves as fluorescence quencher and ROS (reactive oxygen species)-responsive linker. QBS-FIS molecules form nanoparticles in water and are coated with macrophage cell membrane to ensure active targeting toward inflammation site. To further improve therapeutic efficacy, a NF-kB (nuclear-factor kappa-light-chain-enhancer of activated B cells) inhibitor thalidomide is co-encapsulated to afford the nanosystem ([email protected]). Upon administration into mice, the nanosystem migrates to inflammatory site and pathological ROS therein cleaves the boronate bonds, thereby activating the chromophore for imaging liver/kidney inflammatory diseases for disease diagnosis and recovery evaluation via fluorescence and optoacoustic imaging as well as releasing the active drugs for treating acute liver inflammation through activating Nrf2 pathway and inhibiting NF-kB pathway. The 3D multispectral optoacoustic tomography imaging is applied to precisely locate the inflammatory foci in a spatiotemporal manner.
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http://dx.doi.org/10.1002/smll.202102598DOI Listing
September 2021

Development and Validation of a Clinical Pregnancy Failure Prediction Model for Poor Ovarian Responders During IVF/ICSI.

Front Endocrinol (Lausanne) 2021 23;12:717288. Epub 2021 Aug 23.

Department of Gynecology and Obstetrics, Peking University First Hospital, Beijing, China.

Backgrounds: Despite the great advances in assisted reproductive technology (ART), poor ovarian response (POR) is still one of the most challenging tasks in reproductive medicine. This predictive model we developed aims to predict the individual probability of clinical pregnancy failure for poor ovarian responders (PORs) under fertilization/intracytoplasmic sperm injection (IVF/ICSI).

Methods: The nomogram was developed in 281 patients with POR according to the Bologna criteria from January 2016 to December 2019, with 179 in the training group and 102 in the validation group. Univariate and multivariate logistic regression analyses were used to identify characteristics that were associated with clinical pregnancy failure. The nomogram was constructed based on regression coefficients. Performance was evaluated using both calibration and discrimination.

Results: Age >35 years, body mass index (BMI) >24 kg/m, basic follicle-stimulating hormone (FSH) >10 mIU/ml, basic E2 >60 pg/ml, type B or C of endometrium on human chorionic gonadotropin (hCG) day, and the number of high-quality embryos <2 were associated with pregnancy failure of POR patients. The area under the receiver operating characteristic curve (AUC) of the training set is 0.786 (95% confidence interval (CI): 0.710-0.861), and AUC in the validation set is 0.748 (95% CI: 0.668-0.827), showing a satisfactory goodness of fit and discrimination ability in this nomogram.

Conclusion: Our nomogram can predict the probability of clinical pregnancy failure in PORs before embryo transfer in IVF/ICSI procedure, to help practitioners make appropriate clinical decisions and to help infertile couples manage their expectations.
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http://dx.doi.org/10.3389/fendo.2021.717288DOI Listing
http://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/pmc/articles/PMC8419272PMC
August 2021

α1-nAchR-Mediated Signaling Through Lipid Raft Is Required for Nicotine-Induced NLRP3 Inflammasome Activation and Nicotine-Accelerated Atherosclerosis.

Front Cell Dev Biol 2021 18;9:724699. Epub 2021 Aug 18.

Department of Pathophysiology, Zhongshan School of Medicine, Sun Yat-sen University, Guangzhou, China.

Background: Nicotine exerts direct effects on multiple cell types in the cardiovascular system by associating with its high-affinity nicotinic acetylcholine receptors (nAchRs). Lipid raft is a membrane microdomain that recruits various receptors and signaling molecules for coordinating cellular immune response and many others signaling processes. Here, we aim to identify the essential role of lipid raft in mediating nicotine-triggered inflammatory and nicotine-accelerated atherosclerosis, and to figure out the specific receptor of nicotine-induced Nod-like receptor protein 3 (NLRP3) inflammasome activation in macrophage.

Methods And Results: ApoE mice were fed with a high-fat diet to build atherosclerosis model. Methyl-β-cyclodextrin was used to interrupt intact lipid raft. We confirmed that nicotine triggered NLRP3 inflammasome activation and induced macrophage migration into atherosclerotic plaque, thus accelerated atherosclerosis in apoE mice fed with a high-fat diet. Mechanically, nicotine increased the expression of α1-nAChR and stimulated the accumulation of α1-nAChR in lipid raft, leading to NLRP3 inflammasome activation in macrophage. Conversely, silencing of α1-nAChR in macrophage sufficiently blocked the pro-inflammasome activation effect of nicotine, indicating that α1-nAChR was the specific receptor for nicotine in triggering NLRP3 inflammasome in macrophage. Furthermore, both the destruction of lipid raft by methyl-β-cyclodextrin and the interference of lipid raft clustering by silencing acid sphingomyelinase reversed nicotine-induced NLRP3 inflammasome activation by reducing the accumulation of α1-nAChR in lipid raft in macrophage, suggesting lipid raft-mediated accumulation of α1-nAChR was the key event in regulating the pro-inflammatory effects of nicotine in macrophage. Importantly, nicotine-induced NLRP3 inflammasome activation and macrophage migration into atherosclerotic plaque were reversed by methyl-β-cyclodextrin, making a significant improvement for atherosclerosis in apoE mice fed with a high-fat diet.

Conclusion: α1-nAChR-mediated signaling through lipid raft is required for NLRP3 inflammasome activation and pro-atherosclerotic property of nicotine.
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http://dx.doi.org/10.3389/fcell.2021.724699DOI Listing
http://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/pmc/articles/PMC8416509PMC
August 2021

Prognostic factors of patients with small cell lung cancer after surgical treatment.

Ann Transl Med 2021 Jul;9(14):1146

Department of Thoracic Surgery, The First Affiliated Hospital of Zhengzhou University, Zhengzhou, China.

Background: The current National Comprehensive Cancer Network guidelines recommend surgical treatment for patients with stages I-IIA small cell lung cancer (SCLC), but it still cannot deny the effect of surgical treatment on other limited-stage SCLC. Although more advanced diagnostic methods are now used for the diagnosis and classification of SCLC, the selection of surgical candidates is still arbitrary.

Methods: Data were collected from patients with SCLC who underwent surgery at the First Affiliated Hospital of Zhengzhou University from January 2011 to January 2021. Kaplan-Meier method was used to calculate cumulative survival curves, and log-rank test was used to evaluate differences among different subgroups. The Cox proportional hazard regression model was used to assess the predictive power of the variables for prognosis and survival.

Results: Smoking index, surgical resection method, TNM stage of postoperative pathology, and postoperative chemotherapy were significantly correlated with postoperative survival (P<0.05), which were independent predictors for postoperative survival. Patients with a smoking index >800 had a higher risk of death after surgery [hazard ratio (HR): 7.050, 95% confidence interval (CI): 3.079-16.143, P<0.001]. Compared with patients who underwent pulmonary lobectomy, those who underwent other pneumoresections (e.g., wedge resection, segmental resection, sleeve resection) had an increased risk of death (HR: 2.822, 95% CI: 1.030-7.734, P=0.044). Compared with stage I patients, stage II and stage III patients had an increased risk of death, with HRs of 6.039 and 3.145, respectively. Compared with those who received ≤4 courses of postoperative chemotherapy, those who received >4 courses of postoperative chemotherapy had reduced postoperative mortality risk (HR: 0.211, 95% CI: 0.097-0.459, P<0.001).

Conclusions: A high smoking index suggests worse prognosis; therefore, patients who smoke should be advised to quit smoking. Compared with stage II and stage III patients, surgical treatment is recommended for stage I SCLC patients. TNM staging, especially N staging, should be evaluated prior to surgery. Pulmonary lobectomy with mediastinal lymph node dissection should be the preferred surgical treatment for patients with SCLC. Patients should receive at least 5 courses of adjuvant chemotherapy after surgery.
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http://dx.doi.org/10.21037/atm-21-2912DOI Listing
http://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/pmc/articles/PMC8350721PMC
July 2021

Hypoxia-inducible factor-1alpha protects the liver against ischemia-reperfusion injury by regulating the A2B adenosine receptor.

Bioengineered 2021 12;12(1):3737-3752

Department of General Surgery, The First Affiliated Hospital of Nanchang University, Nanchang, Jiangxi, China.

Hepatic ischemia-reperfusion injury (IRI) is an inevitable complication associated with liver surgical procedures, and its pathological process remains elusive. Therefore, the present study investigated the role and mechanism of hypoxia-inducible factor-1alpha (HIF-1α) in hepatic IRI. Here, we constructed rat models with hepatic IRI and BRL-3A cell models with hypoxia/reoxygenation (H/R) insult. The extent of liver injury was assayed by measuring serum ALT/AST levels and performing H&E staining; the levels of SOD, MDA, MPO, IL-6 and TNF-α were determined using commercial kits; apoptosis was detected using the TUNEL assay and flow cytometry; and the expression of HIF-1α/A2BAR signaling-related molecules and apoptosis-associated indicators was detected using Western blotting or qRT-PCR. The expression level of HIF-1α was significantly upregulated in the liver of rats subjected to IRI, as well as in BRL-3A cells treated with H/R. HIF-1α overexpression exerted a protective effect on hepatic IRI or H/R insult by reducing serum aminotransferase levels and hepatic necrosis, inhibiting inflammation and apoptosis of hepatocytes, and alleviating oxidative stress. In contrast, inhibition of HIF-1α expression exacerbated hepatic injury induced by IR or H/R. Mechanistically, the expression level of A2BAR was markedly increased during hepatic IRI or H/R insult. Moreover, A2BAR expression increased with HIF-1α upregulation and decreased with HIF-1α downregulation. Importantly, inhibition of A2BAR signaling abolished HIF-1α overexpression-mediated hepatoprotection. Taken together, HIF-1α exerts protective effects on hepatic IRI by attenuating liver necrosis, the inflammatory response, oxidative stress and apoptosis, and its mechanism may be related to the upregulation of A2BAR signaling.
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http://dx.doi.org/10.1080/21655979.2021.1953217DOI Listing
December 2021

Plasmon-Driven Catalytic Chemotherapy Augments Cancer Immunotherapy through Induction of Immunogenic Cell Death and Blockage of IDO Pathway.

Adv Mater 2021 Aug 18;33(34):e2102188. Epub 2021 Jul 18.

Department of Hepatobiliary and Pancreatic Surgery the Second Affiliated Hospital, School of Medicine, Zhejiang University, Hangzhou, Zhejiang, 310009, China.

Clinical trials confirm the combination of indoleamine 2,3-dioxygenase (IDO) blockade and immunogenic chemotherapy represents a brilliant future in cancer therapy. However, it remains challenging to precisely activate chemo-immunotherapy in situ to avoid side effects from the systemic administrations and reverse the poor immunogenicity and immunosuppressive microenvironment in tumor sites. Herein, a hybrid nanomedicine ("RPMANB NPs") to co-deliver an IDO inhibitor (NLG919) and a chemotherapeutic prodrug to amplify the therapeutic benefits are designed. Attributed to the delicate surface engineering, the RPMANB NPs possess excellent pharmacokinetics and tumor accumulation. The loaded NLG919 are released inside cancer tissues/cells due to the collapse of the metal-organic framework platform triggered by the highly concentrated phosphate, reversing the immunosuppressive tumor microenvironment by suppressing IDO activity. The potent chemotherapeutic drug is precisely activated through a highly efficient plasmon-driven catalysis in the presence of near-infrared light, eliciting antitumor immunity by triggering immunogenic cell death and avoiding side effects through in situ activation of chemotherapy. In vivo studies demonstrate that the chemo-immunotherapy greatly suppresses the tumor growth by promoting intratumoral accumulation of cytotoxic T lymphocytes and downregulating regulatory T cells. This work establishes a robust delivery platform to overcome the current obstacles of tumor treatments by combining precisely activatable chemotherapy with immunotherapy.
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http://dx.doi.org/10.1002/adma.202102188DOI Listing
August 2021

An Activatable Probe with Aggregation-Induced Emission for Detecting and Imaging Herbal Medicine Induced Liver Injury with Optoacoustic Imaging and NIR-II Fluorescence Imaging.

Adv Healthc Mater 2021 Jun 23:e2100867. Epub 2021 Jun 23.

State Key Laboratory of Luminescent Materials and Devices, Guangdong Provincial Key Laboratory of Luminescence from Molecular Aggregates, College of Materials Science and Engineering, South China University of Technology, Guangzhou, 510640, China.

Whilte herbal medicines are widely used for health promotion and therapy for chronic conditions, inappropriate use of them may cause adverse effects like liver injury, and accurately evaluating their hepatotoxicity is of great significance for public health. Herein, an activatable probe QY-N for diagnosing herbal-medicine-induced liver injury by detecting hepatic NO with NIR-II fluorescence and multispectral optoacoustic tomography (MSOT) imaging is demonstrated. The probe includes a bismethoxyphenyl-amine-containing dihydroxanthene serving as electron donor, a quinolinium as electron acceptor, and a butylamine as recognition group and fluorescence quencher. The hepatic level of NO reacts with butylamine, thereby generating the activated probe QY-NO which exhibits a red-shifted absorption band (700-850 nm) for optoacoustic imaging and generates strong emission (910-1110 nm) for NIR-II fluorescence imaging. QY-NO is aggregation-induced-emission (AIE) active, which ensures strong emission in aggregated state. QY-N is utilized in the triptolide-induced liver injury mouse model, and experimental results demonstrate the QY-N can be activated by hepatic NO and thus be used in detecting herbal-medicine-induced liver injury. The temporal and spatial information provided by three-dimensional MSOT images well delineates the site and size of liver injury. Moreover, QY-N has also been employed to monitor rehabilitation of liver injury during treatment process.
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http://dx.doi.org/10.1002/adhm.202100867DOI Listing
June 2021

Monocyclic and Dicyclic Dehydro[20]annulenes Integrated with Perylene Diimide.

Angew Chem Int Ed Engl 2021 Aug 20;60(35):19018-19023. Epub 2021 Jul 20.

Key Laboratory of Organic Optoelectronics and Molecular Engineering, Department of Chemistry, Tsinghua University, Beijing, 100084, P. R. China.

A novel kind of monocyclic and dicyclic dehydro[20]annulenes exhibiting specific sizes and topologies from regioselective unilateral ortho-diethynyl PDI, is developed by Cu-catalyzed Glaser-Hay homo-coupling and cross-coupling. Through the integration of electron-deficient PDI chromophores into the dehydroannulene scaffolding, these macrocycles exhibit intense and characteristic absorption properties and the degenerated LUMO levels. The single-crystal X-ray diffraction analysis unambiguously revealed unique porous supramolecular structures, which display micropore characteristics with surface area of 120.74 m  g . A moderate electron mobility of 0.05 cm  V  s for chlorine-free dehydro[20]annulene based on micrometer-sized single-crystalline transistors was witnessed. The porous and yet semiconducting features signify the prospects of PDI-integrated dehydroannulenes in organic optoelectronics.
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http://dx.doi.org/10.1002/anie.202105044DOI Listing
August 2021

Potential biomarkers for inherited thrombocytopenia 2 identified by plasma proteomics.

Platelets 2021 Jun 8:1-8. Epub 2021 Jun 8.

Laboratory of Radiation Biology, Department of Blood Transfusion, Laboratory Medicine Center, The Second Affiliated Hospital, Army Medical University, Chongqing, China.

Inherited thrombocytopenia 2 (THC2) is difficult to diagnose due to the lack of specific clinical characteristics and diagnostic methods. To identify potential plasma protein biomarkers for THC2, we collected the plasma samples from a THC2 family (9 THC2 and 15 non-THC2 members), enriched the medium and low abundant proteins using Proteominer and analyzed the protein profiles using the liquid chromatography-mass spectrometry in data independent acquisition mode. Initially, we detected 784 proteins in the plasma samples of this family and identified 27 up-regulated and 36 down-regulated in the THC2 group compared to the non-THC2 group (|log ratio| >1 and -value <0.05). To improve the predictive power, top eight dysregulated proteins (B7Z2B4, LTF, HP, ERN1, IGHV1-8, A0A0X9V9C4, VH6DJ, and D3JV41) were selected by an area under the curve-based random forest process to construct a clinical model. Multivariate analysis with random forest and support vector machine showed that the prediction model provided high discrimination ability for THC2 diagnosis (AUC: 1.000 and 0.967, respectively). The potential plasma protein biomarkers will be tested in more THC2 patients and other thrombocytopenia patients to further validate their specificity and sensitivity.
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http://dx.doi.org/10.1080/09537104.2021.1937594DOI Listing
June 2021

Cyclovirobuxine D Induced-Mitophagy through the p65/BNIP3/LC3 Axis Potentiates Its Apoptosis-Inducing Effects in Lung Cancer Cells.

Int J Mol Sci 2021 May 29;22(11). Epub 2021 May 29.

School of Life Sciences, Chongqing University, Chongqing 401331, China.

Mitophagy plays a pro-survival or pro-death role that is cellular-context- and stress-condition-dependent. In this study, we revealed that cyclovirobuxine D (CVB-D), a natural compound derived from , was able to provoke mitophagy in lung cancer cells. CVB-D-induced mitophagy potentiates apoptosis by promoting mitochondrial dysfunction. Mechanistically, CVB-D initiates mitophagy by enhancing the expression of the mitophagy receptor BNIP3 and strengthening its interaction with LC3 to provoke mitophagy. Our results further showed that p65, a transcriptional suppressor of BNIP3, is downregulated upon CVB-D treatment. The ectopic expression of p65 inhibits BNIP3 expression, while its knockdown significantly abolishes its transcriptional repression on BNIP3 upon CVB-D treatment. Importantly, nude mice bearing subcutaneous xenograft tumors presented retarded growth upon CVB-D treatment. Overall, we demonstrated that CVB-D treatment can provoke mitophagy and further revealed that the p65/BNIP3/LC3 axis is one potential mechanism involved in CVB-D-induced mitophagy in lung cancer cells, thus providing an effective antitumor therapeutic strategy for the treatment of lung cancer patients.
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http://dx.doi.org/10.3390/ijms22115820DOI Listing
http://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/pmc/articles/PMC8199090PMC
May 2021

Autophagy Induction by Trichodermic Acid Attenuates Endoplasmic Reticulum Stress-Mediated Apoptosis in Colon Cancer Cells.

Int J Mol Sci 2021 May 25;22(11). Epub 2021 May 25.

School of Life Sciences, Chongqing University, Chongqing 401331, China.

Colorectal cancer (CRC) is the third leading malignant tumor in the world, which has high morbidity and mortality. In this study we found that trichodermic acid (TDA), a secondary metabolite isolated from the plant endophytic fungus with a variety of biological and pharmacological activities, exhibited the antitumor effects on colorectal cancer cells in vitro and in vivo. Our results showed that TDA inhibited the proliferation of colon cancer cells in a dose-dependent manner. TDA induces sustained endoplasmic reticulum stress, which triggers apoptosis through IRE1α/XBP1 and PERK/ATF4/CHOP pathways. In addition, we found that TDA mediated endoplasmic reticulum stress also induces autophagy as a protective mechanism. Moreover, combined treatment of TDA with autophagy inhibitors significantly enhanced its anticancer effect. In conclusion, our results indicated that TDA can induce ER stress and autophagy mediated apoptosis, suggesting that targeting ER stress and autophagy may be an effective strategy for the treatment of CRC.
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http://dx.doi.org/10.3390/ijms22115566DOI Listing
http://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/pmc/articles/PMC8197497PMC
May 2021

Moiré superlattices and related moiré excitons in twisted van der Waals heterostructures.

Chem Soc Rev 2021 Jun;50(11):6401-6422

School of Physics and Electronics, Hunan Key Laboratory for Super-microstructure and Ultrafast Process, Central South University, 932 South Lushan Road, Changsha, Hunan 410083, People's Republic of China.

Recent advances in moiré superlattices and moiré excitons, such as quantum emission arrays, low-energy flat bands, and Mott insulators, have rapidly attracted attention in the fields of optoelectronics, materials, and energy research. The interlayer twist turns into a degree of freedom that alters the properties of the systems of materials, and the realization of moiré excitons also offers the feasibility of making artificial exciton crystals. Moreover, moiré excitons exhibit many exciting properties under the regulation of various external conditions, including spatial polarisation, alternating dipolar to alternating dipolar moments and gate-dependence to gate voltage dependence; all are pertinent to their applications in nano-photonics and quantum information. But the lag in theoretical development and the low-efficiency of processing technologies significantly limit the potential of moiré superlattice applications. In this review, we systematically summarise and discuss the recent progress in moiré superlattices and moiré excitons, and analyze the current challenges, and put forward relevant recommendations. There is no doubt that further research will lead to breakthroughs in their application and promote reforms and innovations in traditional solid-state physics and materials science.
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http://dx.doi.org/10.1039/d0cs01002bDOI Listing
June 2021

Huge portal venous aneurysm incidentaloma caused by intrahepatic arterioportal fistula accompany with hepatobiliary stones and cholangitis.

Hepatobiliary Surg Nutr 2021 Apr;10(2):288-290

Department of Hepatobiliary and Pancreatic Surgery, The Second Affiliated Hospital, Zhejiang University School of Medicine, Hangzhou, China.

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http://dx.doi.org/10.21037/hbsn-20-637DOI Listing
http://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/pmc/articles/PMC8050565PMC
April 2021

Restricted Feeding Resets Endogenous Circadian Rhythm in Female Mice Under Constant Darkness.

Neurosci Bull 2021 Jul 29;37(7):1005-1009. Epub 2021 Mar 29.

Beijing Institutes of Life Science, Chinese Academy of Sciences, Beijing, 100101, China.

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http://dx.doi.org/10.1007/s12264-021-00669-wDOI Listing
http://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/pmc/articles/PMC8275728PMC
July 2021

Circuit Mechanisms of L-DOPA-Induced Dyskinesia (LID).

Front Neurosci 2021 10;15:614412. Epub 2021 Mar 10.

School of Chemistry, Chemical Engineering and Life Science, Wuhan University of Technology, Wuhan, China.

L-DOPA is the criterion standard of treatment for Parkinson disease. Although it alleviates some of the Parkinsonian symptoms, long-term treatment induces L-DOPA-induced dyskinesia (LID). Several theoretical models including the firing rate model, the firing pattern model, and the ensemble model are proposed to explain the mechanisms of LID. The "firing rate model" proposes that decreasing the mean firing rates of the output nuclei of basal ganglia (BG) including the globus pallidus internal segment and substantia nigra reticulata, along the BG pathways, induces dyskinesia. The "firing pattern model" claimed that abnormal firing pattern of a single unit activity and local field potentials may disturb the information processing in the BG, resulting in dyskinesia. The "ensemble model" described that dyskinesia symptoms might represent a distributed impairment involving many brain regions, but the number of activated neurons in the striatum correlated most strongly with dyskinesia severity. Extensive evidence for circuit mechanisms in driving LID symptoms has also been presented. LID is a multisystem disease that affects wide areas of the brain. Brain regions including the striatum, the pallidal-subthalamic network, the motor cortex, the thalamus, and the cerebellum are all involved in the pathophysiology of LID. In addition, although both amantadine and deep brain stimulation help reduce LID, these approaches have complications that limit their wide use, and a novel antidyskinetic drug is strongly needed; these require us to understand the circuit mechanism of LID more deeply.
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http://dx.doi.org/10.3389/fnins.2021.614412DOI Listing
http://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/pmc/articles/PMC7988225PMC
March 2021

Direct observation of enhanced performance in suspended ReS photodetectors.

Opt Express 2021 Feb;29(3):3567-3574

Rhenium disulfide (ReS) has emerged as a promising material for future optoelectric applications due to its extraordinary electrical, mechanical, and optoelectrical properties. However, the ReS-based photodetectors are severely restricted by their slow response speed (>10 s). Here, we demonstrate a high-performance polarization-sensitive photodetector based on suspended ReS. Such a transistor shows an n-type behavior with the mobility of about 14.1 cmVs, an on/off ratio of 10, and a responsivity of 0.22 A/W. Benefitting from well-developed contact between Au and the ReS channel and reduced interface scattering from the Si substrate, the response time of the device can be as short as 83.5 and 325.3µs, respectively, which are three orders of magnitude faster than that reported earlier. Furthermore, the suspended ReS photodetector also has the capability to detect polarized light (I/I ≈ 1.4 at 532 nm) due to the robust in-plane anisotropy of the material. These findings offer an efficient approach for improving the performance of ReS-based photodetectors.
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http://dx.doi.org/10.1364/OE.415060DOI Listing
February 2021

High-efficient coupler for thin-film lithium niobate waveguide devices.

Opt Express 2021 Feb;29(4):5397-5406

Lithium niobate (LN) devices have been widely used in optical communication and nonlinear optics due to its attractive optical properties. The emergence of the thin-film lithium niobate on insulator (LNOI) improves performances of LN-based devices greatly. However, a high-efficient fiber-chip optical coupler is still necessary for the LNOI-based devices for practical applications. In this paper, we demonstrate a highly efficient and polarization-independent edge coupler based on LNOI. The coupler, fabricated by a standard semiconductor process, shows a low fiber-chip coupling loss of 0.54 dB/0.59 dB per facet at 1550 nm for TE/TM light, respectively, when coupled with an ultra-high numerical aperture fiber (UHNAF) of which the mode field diameter is about 3.2 μm. The coupling loss is lower than 1dB/facet for both TE and TM light in the wavelength range of 1527 nm to 1630 nm. A relatively large tolerance for optical misalignment is also proved, due to the coupler's large mode spot size up to 3.2 μm. The coupler shows a promising stability in high optical power and temperature variation.
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http://dx.doi.org/10.1364/OE.416492DOI Listing
February 2021

Increased SUMOylation of TCF21 improves its stability and function in human endometriotic stromal cells†.

Biol Reprod 2021 Jul;105(1):128-136

Department of Obstetrics and Gynecology, Peking University First Hospital, Beijing, China.

Endometriosis is an estrogen-dependent disease. Our previous study demonstrated that elevated levels of transcription factor 21 (TCF21) in endometriotic tissues enhanced steroidogenic factor-1 (SF-1) and estrogen receptor β (ERβ) expression by forming a heterodimer with upstream stimulatory factor 2 (USF2), allowing these TCF21/USF2 complexes to bind to the promoters of SF-1 and ERβ. Furthermore, TCF21 contributed to the increased proliferation of endometriotic stromal cells (ESCs), suggesting that TCF21 may play a vital role in the pathogenesis of endometriosis. SUMOylation is a posttranslational modification that has emerged as a crucial molecular regulatory mechanism. However, the mechanism regulating TCF21 SUMOylation in endometriosis is incompletely characterized. Thus, this study aimed to explore the effect of TCF21 SUMOylation on its expression and regulation in ovarian endometriosis. We found that the levels of SUMOylated TCF21 were increased in endometriotic tissues and stromal cells compared with eutopic endometrial tissues and stromal cells and enhanced by estrogen. Treatment with the SUMOylation inhibitor ginkgolic acid and the results of a protein half-life assay demonstrated that SUMOylation can stabilize the TCF21 protein. A coimmunoprecipitation assay showed that SUMOylation probably increased its interaction with USF2. Further analyses elucidated that SUMOylation of TCF21 significantly increased the binding activity of USF2 to the SF-1 and ERβ promoters. Moreover, the SUMOylation motifs in TCF21 affected the proliferation ability of ESCs. The results of this study suggest that SUMOylation plays a critical role in mediating the high expression of TCF21 in ESCs and may participate in the development of endometriosis.
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http://dx.doi.org/10.1093/biolre/ioab038DOI Listing
July 2021

[Meta-analysis of efficacy and safety of sinomenine combined with methotrexate in treatment of rheumatoid arthritis].

Zhongguo Zhong Yao Za Zhi 2021 Jan;46(1):214-224

School of Chinese Medicine, Hunan University of Chinese Medicine Changsha 410208, China Hunan Provincial Key Laboratory of Diagnostic and Therapeutic Research in Chinese Medicine, Hunan University of Chinese Medicine Changsha 410208, China.

To systemically evaluate the efficacy and safety of sinomenine combined with methotrexate(SIN+MTX) in the treatment of rheumatoid arthritis(RA). Literature databases of Wanfang, CNKI, VIP, SinoMed, PubMed, Cochrane Library and Web of Science were retrieved comprehensively for relevant clinical trials. The literature retrieval time was from database establishment to February 4, 2020. The quality of literatures was assessed by the Cochrane Evaluation Handbook 5.1.0, and qualified literature was reviewed and analyzed by using the RevMan 5.3 statistical software. Twenty randomized controlled trials met the inclusion criteria, and were enrolled in the Meta-analysis. The results showed that SIN+MTX remarkably reduced DAS28(MD=-0.85, 95%CI[-1.03,-0.67], P<0.000 01), and improved total efficiency(P<0.000 01). SIN+MTX could inhibit swollen joint count(MD=-1.19, 95%CI[-1.75,-0.63], P<0.000 1), tender joint count(MD=-1.58, 95%CI[-2.89,-0.28], P=0.02) and reduce morning stiffness time(MD=-8.44, 95%CI[-11.82,-5.07], P<0.000 01) compared with control group. The results showed that SIN+MTX was equal to control group in grip strength(SMD=0.20,95%CI[-1.11,1.51],P=0.77). SIN+MTX remarkably alleviated the erythrocyte sedimentation rate(MD=-9.87, 95%CI[-14.52,-5.22], P<0.000 1), C-reactive protein(SMD=-0.30, 95%CI[-0.51,-0.09], P=0.005), and rheumatoid factor(MD=-11.23,95%CI[-13.81,-8.65],P<0.000 01). The frequency of adverse reactions were reduced compared with that in the control group(P<0.000 01). Current clinical studies demonstrate that the efficacy and safety of SIN+MTX in the treatment of RA were superior to control group. However, due to the low quality and quantity of the included studies, high-quality randomized controlled trials are necessary to support the clinical evidences.
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http://dx.doi.org/10.19540/j.cnki.cjcmm.20200322.501DOI Listing
January 2021

Isolation and Purification of Organophosphorus Hydrolases Secreted from Acetone-acclimated Phosphorus Accumulating Organisms and Study of Their Properties for Hydrophobic Organophosphorus Sensor.

Anal Sci 2021 Sep 19;37(9):1253-1258. Epub 2021 Feb 19.

College of Environmental Science and Engineering, Yangzhou University.

The present work studied an acclimation method for phosphorus accumulating organisms (PAOs) with a high content of acetone in culture solutions to develop microbial-based enzyme sensors for highly hydrophobic organophosphorus (OP) pesticides. Through three steps of cultivation and acclimation, only rod-shaped bacteria survived among the various PAOs. The extracellular enzymes released from the acclimated PAOs were salted out by using ammonium sulfate, then purified by a dialysis membrane and a DEAE-Sepharose FF anion exchange column. Two enzyme components were successfully separated-both of which showed hydrolase activity on disodium p-nitrophenyl phosphate (enzyme I, 1.57 μmol/(min·μg); enzyme II, 0.88 μmol/(min·μg) at 45°C). Further, SDS-PAGE gel electrophoresis results showed that the molecular weights of enzymes I and II were about 15.11 and 11.98 kDa, respectively. On this basis, the applicability of the enzyme in hydrophobic OP biosensors was demonstrated.
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http://dx.doi.org/10.2116/analsci.21P001DOI Listing
September 2021

Giant nonlinear optical activity in two-dimensional palladium diselenide.

Nat Commun 2021 Feb 17;12(1):1083. Epub 2021 Feb 17.

School of Physics and Electronics, Hunan Key Laboratory for Super-microstructure and Ultrafast Process, Central South University, Changsha, Hunan, People's Republic of China.

Nonlinear optical effects in layered two-dimensional transition metal chalcogenides have been extensively explored recently because of the promising prospect of the nonlinear optical effects for various optoelectronic applications. However, these materials possess sizable bandgaps ranging from visible to ultraviolet region, so the investigation of narrow-bandgap materials remains deficient. Here, we report our comprehensive study on the nonlinear optical processes in palladium diselenide (PdSe) that has a near-infrared bandgap. Interestingly, this material exhibits a unique thickness-dependent second harmonic generation feature, which is in contrast to other transition metal chalcogenides. Furthermore, the two-photon absorption coefficients of 1-3 layer PdSe (β ~ 4.16 × 10, 2.58 × 10, and 1.51 × 10 cm GW) are larger by two and three orders of magnitude than that of the conventional two-dimensional materials, and giant modulation depths (α ~ 32%, 27%, and 24%) were obtained in 1-3 layer PdSe. Such unique nonlinear optical characteristics make PdSe a potential candidate for technological innovations in nonlinear optoelectronic devices.
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http://dx.doi.org/10.1038/s41467-021-21267-4DOI Listing
http://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/pmc/articles/PMC7889859PMC
February 2021

Spider Web-like Flexible Tactile Sensor for Pressure-Strain Simultaneous Detection.

ACS Appl Mater Interfaces 2021 Mar 16;13(8):10428-10436. Epub 2021 Feb 16.

State Key Laboratory of ASIC and System, Shanghai Institute of Intelligent Electronics & Systems, School of Microelectronics, Fudan University, Shanghai 200433, China.

Multiparameter integrated sensors are required for the next generation of flexible wearable electronics. However, mutual interference between detected signals is a technical bottleneck for a flexible tactile sensor to realize pressure-strain monitoring simultaneously and sensitively. Herein, a flexible dual-parameter pressure-strain sensor based on the three-dimensional (3D) tubular graphene sponge (TGS) and spider web-like stretchable electrodes is designed and fabricated. As the pressure-sensitive module, the unique 3D-TGS with an uninterrupted network of tubular graphene and high graphitic degree demonstrates great robust compressibility, supporting compression to ∼20% without shape collapse. The spider web-like stretchable electrodes as the strain-sensitive module are fabricated by a spray-embedded process based on the hierarchical multiscale hybrid nanocomposite of Ag nanowires (NWs) and carbon nanotubes (CNTs) with an optimal mass ratio. By comparing the output signals of spider web-like flexible electrodes, the magnitude and direction of the applied force can be effectively monitored simultaneously. Moreover, the potential applications of the flexible dual-parameter pressure-strain device in human-machine interaction are also explored, showing great promise in artificial intelligence and wearable systems.
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http://dx.doi.org/10.1021/acsami.0c21960DOI Listing
March 2021

Virus Mechanics under Molecular Crowding.

J Phys Chem B 2021 02 12;125(7):1790-1798. Epub 2021 Feb 12.

Department of Chemistry, Indiana University, Bloomington, Bloomington, Indiana 47405, United States.

Viruses avoid exposure of the viral genome to harmful agents with the help of a protective protein shell known as the capsid. A secondary effect of this protective barrier is that macromolecules that may be in high concentration on the outside cannot freely diffuse across it. Therefore, inside the cell and possibly even outside, the intact virus is generally under a state of osmotic stress. Viruses deal with this type of stress in various ways. In some cases, they might harness it for infection. However, the magnitude and influence of osmotic stress on virus physical properties remains virtually unexplored for single-stranded RNA viruses-the most abundant class of viruses. Here, we report on how a model system for the positive-sense RNA icosahedral viruses, brome mosaic virus (BMV), responds to osmotic pressure. Specifically, we study the mechanical properties and structural stability of BMV under controlled molecular crowding conditions. We show that BMV is mechanically reinforced under a small external osmotic pressure but starts to yield after a threshold pressure is reached. We explain this mechanochemical behavior as an effect of the molecular crowding on the entropy of the "breathing" fluctuation modes of the virus shell. The experimental results are consistent with the viral RNA imposing a small negative internal osmotic pressure that prestresses the capsid. Our findings add a new line of inquiry to be considered when addressing the mechanisms of viral disassembly inside the crowded environment of the cell.
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http://dx.doi.org/10.1021/acs.jpcb.0c10947DOI Listing
February 2021

Electrochemical Synthesis, Deposition, and Doping of Polycyclic Aromatic Hydrocarbon Films.

J Am Chem Soc 2021 Feb 9;143(7):2682-2687. Epub 2021 Feb 9.

State Key Laboratory of Luminescent Materials and Devices, Institute of Polymer Optoelectronic Materials and Devices, South China University of Technology, Guangzhou 510640, P. R. China.

Polycyclic aromatic hydrocarbons (PAHs) are employed as organic semiconductors because their delocalized π-electron systems and strong intermolecular interactions endow them with an exceptional charge-transport ability. However, the deposition of PAHs from solution onto high-quality thin films is often difficult. Here, we report a one-step electrochemical method to synthesize and deposit unsubstituted PAHs, starting from twisted oligophenyl precursors. The cyclodehydrogenated products were analyzed by matrix-assisted laser-desorption time-of-flight mass spectrometry as well as Fourier transform infrared and Raman spectroscopy. With this electrosynthesis and deposition, the PAHs stack into compact and ordered supramolecular structures along the π-π direction to form thin films with controllable thicknesses and doping levels. The direct fabrication of PAH films opens new pathways toward PAH-based optoelectronic devices.
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http://dx.doi.org/10.1021/jacs.0c13298DOI Listing
February 2021

Perfluorooctane sulfonate exerts inflammatory bowel disease-like intestinal injury in rats.

PeerJ 2021 8;9:e10644. Epub 2021 Jan 8.

Department of Pharmacy, Zhejiang Integrated Traditional and Western Medicine Hospital, Hangzhou, Zhejiang Province, China.

Background: Perfluorooctane sulfonate (PFOS), a type of perfluorinated compounds (PFCs), can induce various organ toxicity, including hepatomegaly, immunotoxicity, and gut microbiota disorder. PFCs have been associated with inflammatory bowel disease (IBD). Yet, whether PFOS exposure causes IBD-like disorder and the underlying mechanism remains undefined. Here, we investigated the influence of PFOS exposure on the development of IBD-like disorder in rats.

Methods: Sprague-Dawley rats were intraperitoneally injected with PFOS (1 or 10 mg/kg) or normal saline (NS) every other day for 15 days. Body weight, serum concentrations of serum amyloid A (SAA) and high sensitivity C reactive protein (hsCRP) were measured. Pathological assessments of villi height and crypt depth in the proximal duodenum and jejunum were performed using H&E staining. Terminal deoxynucleotidyl transferase dUTP nick end labeling (TUNEL) staining was used to assay cell apoptosis in the jejunum. The infiltration of inflammatory cells and cytokines in the jejunum were detected by immunohistochemistry analysis.

Results: PFOS (10 mg/kg) significantly increased the body weight, SAA and hsCRP, whereas no significant differences were observed in PFOS 1 mg/kg group of rats. The villi height and crypt depth in the proximal duodenum and jejunum were significantly reduced upon PFOS exposure. PFOS induced higher histopathological score in intestinal tissues compared to NS. Notably, TUNEL-positive cells were significantly higher in the jejunum upon PFOS exposure. Further, neutrophil and macrophage accumulated, and inflammatory cytokines infiltration were also remarkably increased in rats exposed to PFOS.

Conclusion: PFOS induces IBD-like phenotypes in rats, with associated inflammatory infiltration to intestinal.
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http://dx.doi.org/10.7717/peerj.10644DOI Listing
http://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/pmc/articles/PMC7798615PMC
January 2021

Mechanism of circadian regulation of the NRF2/ARE pathway in renal ischemia-reperfusion.

Exp Ther Med 2021 Mar 7;21(3):190. Epub 2021 Jan 7.

Organ Transplantation Center, Tianjin First Central Hospital, Tianjin 300192, P.R. China.

The nuclear erythroid 2-related factor 2 (NRF2)/antioxidant response element (ARE) pathway has been shown to provide strong protection against oxidative stress injury induced by renal ischemia-reperfusion (IR). However, the endogenous regulatory mechanism of the NRF2/ARE pathway in renal IR injury is incompletely understood. A rat model of renal IR was established by occlusion of the bilateral renal pedicle for 45 min, followed by reperfusion for 24 h. Renal injury was assessed by light microscopy and levels of serum creatinine, blood urea nitrogen and neutrophil gelatinase-associated lipocalin was measured using enzyme-linked immunosorbent assay. Renal oxidative stress was also evaluated by measuring superoxide dismutase and malondialdehyde in renal tissues. Protein expression levels of brain and muscle ARNT-like 1 (BMAL1), nuclear factor erythroid 2-related factor 2 (NRF2), NAD(P)H dehydrogenase [quinone] 1 (NQO1), glutamate-cysteine ligase modifier (GCLM) and heme oxygenase 1 (HO1) in the kidney were determined by western blotting and immunohistochemistry. Reverse transcription-quantitative PCR was used to evaluate rhythmic transcription of the core clock genes (CLOCK and BMAL1) and the NRF2 gene. The nature of the binding of BMAL1 to the promoter regions in the NRF2 gene was assessed by chromatin immunoprecipitation assays in rat kidneys. BMAL1 was found to bind to the promoter of the NRF2 gene through an E-BOX element associated with strongly rhythmic activation of NRF2 in both the normal kidney and those exposed to IR. The ARE-regulated anti-oxidative stress protein was affected by the circadian rhythm of the NRF2 gene. As the NRF2 level was at a circadian nadir, the expression of the proteins NQO1, GCLM and HO1 was weakened, resulting in more serious renal oxidative stress injury and pathological and functional impairment induced by IR. It can be concluded that the circadian rhythm of the NRF2/ARE pathway controlled by the circadian clock is essential for regulating antioxidant stress in renal IR injury, which might prompt new therapeutic strategies associated with the diurnal variability of human kidney disease, including renal transplantation.
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http://dx.doi.org/10.3892/etm.2021.9622DOI Listing
http://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/pmc/articles/PMC7812573PMC
March 2021

Combined microbial degradation of crude oil under alkaline conditions by Acinetobacter baumannii and Talaromyces sp.

Chemosphere 2021 Jun 16;273:129666. Epub 2021 Jan 16.

College of Environmental and Chemical Engineering, Shanghai University, 99 Shangda Road, Shanghai, 200444, China.

The purpose of this work was to study the biodegradation of crude oil under alkaline condition by defined co-culture of Acinetobacter baumannii and Talaromyces sp. The n-alkanes in crude oil could be completely degraded by bacteria and fungi with the ratio of 1:1 at pH 9 in 14 d water simulation experiment. Meanwhile, the total degradation rate of crude oil could reach 80%. Fungi had stronger ability to degrade n-alkanes, while bacteria could better degrade other components such as aromatics and branched alkanes. The two strains were both capable of producing a small amount of biosurfactant. High cell viability was the main factor for strains to exert high degradation ability in alkaline environment. It was preliminarily verified that bacteria and fungi rely on the differences of enzyme systems to achieve synergy in the degradation process. These results indicated that the defined co-culture had great potential for bioremediation in alkaline soils.
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http://dx.doi.org/10.1016/j.chemosphere.2021.129666DOI Listing
June 2021
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