Publications by authors named "Cheau-Jane Peng"

5 Publications

  • Page 1 of 1

Effect of diabetes mellitus comorbidity on outcomes in stages II and III colorectal cancer.

Asia Pac J Clin Oncol 2021 Nov 24. Epub 2021 Nov 24.

Department of Environmental and Occupational Health, College of Medicine, National Cheng Kung University, Tainan, Taiwan.

Aim: The effects of diabetes mellitus (DM) on the outcomes of colorectal cancer (CRC) are controversial. This retrospective study evaluated the effects of DM on American Joint Committee on Cancer (AJCC, 7th) Stages II and III CRC patients who received curative surgery.

Methods: We reviewed the records of CRC patients who were treated from January 2008 to December 2014 and identified the presence of DM and hypertension prior to CRC diagnosis. Cox proportional hazards analyses were used for prognostic factor determination, and survival was analyzed using the Kaplan-Meier method with the log-rank test.

Results: Total of 1066 consecutive eligible patients with stage II/III CRC were enrolled. There were 326 (30.6%) patients diagnosed with DM, and 311 (29.2%) CRC patients had recurrence. Patients with DM did not have a higher recurrence risk (p = 0.183) but had higher mortality (adjusted hazard ratio [aHR] = 1.381; 95% conference interval [CI], 1.069-1.782). In addition, HbA1c (≥7 vs. <7) was not associated with recurrence (p = 0.365). Patients with DM had more hypertension than patients without DM (69.1% vs. 37.6%, p < 0.001). A lower recurrence risk was noted in patients with hypertension (p = 0.002), but the overall survival (OS) did not reach statistical significance (aHR = 0.910; 95% CI, 0.707-1.169).

Conclusion: In our study, DM was a poor prognostic factor for survival in curative CRC patients. More studies are required to elucidate the effects that DM and other metabolic disorders, such as hypertension, have on the prognosis of patients with CRC.
View Article and Find Full Text PDF

Download full-text PDF

Source Listing
November 2021

The incidence of mumps in Taiwan and its association with the meteorological parameters: An observational study.

Medicine (Baltimore) 2021 Sep;100(37):e27267

Department of Occupational Medicine, Tainan Municipal Hospital, Tainan, Taiwan.

Abstract: Mumps is an acute and common childhood disease caused by paramyxovirus. It has been reported that the occurrence of mumps is influenced by seasonality. However, the role of meteorological variables in the incidence of mumps remains unclear. The purpose of this study was to explore the relationship between meteorological factors and the incidence of mumps infection. Poisson regression analysis was used to study the relationship between weather variability and the incidence of mumps in Taiwan. Between 2012 and 2018, 5459 cases of mumps cases were reported to the Centers for Disease Control, Taiwan (Taiwan CDC). The occurrence of mumps virus infections revealed significant seasonality in the spring and summer seasons in Taiwan. The incidence of mumps virus infections began to increase at temperatures of 15°C and started to decline if the temperature was higher than 29°C (r2 = 0.387, P = .008). Similarly, the number of mumps cases began to increase at a relative humidity of 65% to 69% (r2 = 0.838, P < .029). The number of mumps cases was positively associated with temperature and relative humidity during the period preceding the infection. This study showed that the occurrence of mumps is significantly associated with increasing temperature and relative humidity in Taiwan. Therefore, these factors could be regarded as early warning signals and indicate the need to strengthen the intervention and prevention of mumps.
View Article and Find Full Text PDF

Download full-text PDF

Source Listing
September 2021

Dairy foods and health in Asians: Taiwanese considerations.

Asia Pac J Clin Nutr 2015 ;24 Suppl 1:S14-20

Department of Environmental and Occupational Health, College of Medicine, National Cheng-Kung University, Tainan City, Taiwan, ROC.

The health relevance of dairy products has mostly been judged by their abundant nutrients (protein, calcium and riboflavin) and recommendations for these derived in lactase-persistent Caucasian populations. Extrapolation to Asians who are generally lactase non-persisters may not be biologically, culturally or environmentally sound. A number of studies, especially among north-east Asians as in Taiwan, provide guidance for their optimal dairy intakes. In Taiwan, the NAHSIT (Nutrition and Health Surveys in Taiwan) linked to the National Health Insurance and Death Registry data bases provide most of the evidence. Cultural and socio-economic barriers create population resistance to increase dairy consumption beyond one serving per day as reflected in food balance sheet and repeat survey trend analyses. For the morbidity and mortality patterns principally seen in Asia, some, but not too much, dairy is to be preferred. This applies to all-cause and cardiovascular, especially stroke, mortality, to the risk of overfatness (by BMI and abdominal circumference) and diabetes and very likely to fracture and its sequelae. In Taiwan, there is no apparent association with total cancer mortality, but among Europeans, there may be protection. Historically, while fermented mammalian milks have been consumed in south Asia and various Asian subgroups and regions, most of the uptake of dairy in Asia after World War 2 has been from imported powdered milk or fresh liquid milk, encouraged further by the use of yogurts and popularization of milk teas and coffee. Asian dietary guidelines and clinical nutrition protocols need to encourage a modest, asymptomatic dairy intake.
View Article and Find Full Text PDF

Download full-text PDF

Source Listing
February 2016

A Comparison of Food Supply from 1984 to 2009 and Degree of Dietary Westernization in Taiwan with Asian Countries and World Continents.

Biomed Res Int 2015 29;2015:628586. Epub 2015 Jul 29.

Department of Environmental and Occupational Health, College of Medicine, National Cheng Kung University, 138 Sheng-Li Road, Tainan 704, Taiwan ; Department of Occupational and Environmental Medicine, National Cheng Kung University Hospital, 138 Sheng-Li Road, Tainan 704, Taiwan.

Objective: To compare quality, quantity, and trends of food supply from 1984 to 2009 and degree of food westernization in Taiwan with Asian countries and world continents by using food balance data.

Methods: We compiled data from food balance sheets of Taiwan and Food and Agriculture Organization, including five continents and three most populated countries each in Eastern, Southern, and Southeastern Asia over the period 1984-2009. Quantity of food supply per capita was referenced to Taiwan food guides. The population-weighted means of food supply from Europe, North America, South America, and Australia and New Zealand continents in terms of energy and nutrient distributions, animal/plant sources, and sugar/alcohol contribution were used as indicators of westernization. Trends of food supply per capita of six food groups were plotted, and linear regression was applied to evaluate food changes.

Findings: Taiwan's food supply provided sufficient quantity in food energy, with the lowest cereals/roots supply and rice to wheat ratio, but the highest meat and oil supplies per capita among the 10 studied Asian countries. Taiwan food supply showed the most westernization among these countries.

Conclusion: Food supply of Taiwan, although currently sufficient, indicated some security problems and high tendency of diet westernization.
View Article and Find Full Text PDF

Download full-text PDF

Source Listing
May 2016

Nutritional predictors of survival in terminally ill cancer patients.

J Formos Med Assoc 2003 Aug;102(8):544-50

Department of Radiation Oncology, Sin-Lau Christian Hospital, Tainan, Taiwan.

Background And Purpose: Malnutrition can affect the prognosis of terminally ill patients, but over-treatment of malnutrition can worsen patients' quality of life. Decisions on nutrition and the supply of fluids to terminally ill patients are complex, and the identification of useful clinical indicators is needed. This study evaluated the relationships between various nutritional indices and survival of terminally ill cancer patients.

Methods: We recruited terminally ill patients from a teaching hospital between February 2000 and January 2001. All of the 145 candidates were cancer patients, 109 (75%) of whom agreed to participate. Nutritional assessments including physical examination, anthropometric measurements, and biochemical profiles were performed on admission.

Results: Univariate analyses showed that triceps skin-fold thickness (TSF) and midarm muscle circumference were significant predictors of survival. Poor survival was associated with prealbumin 45 U/L (HR, 1.6; 95% CI, 1.1 to 2.3; p = 0.03), alkaline phosphatase > 120 U/L (HR, 1.6; 95% CI, 1.1 to 2.5; p = 0.02), creatinine > 1.4 mg/dL (HR, 1.9; 95% CI, 1.2 to 3.2; p = 0.01), and blood urea nitrogen (BUN) > 20 mg/dL (HR, 1.9; 95% CI, 1.3 to 2.8; p < 0.01) at admission. Multivariate analyses found that TSF < 25% of the nomogram (HR, 2.9; 95% CI, 1.6 to 5.3; p < 0.01), prealbumin 45 U/L (HR, 2.0; 95% CI, 1.3 to 3.2; p = 0.01), and BUN > 20 mg/dL (HR, 2.8; 95% CI, 1.7 to 4.5; p < 0.01) were independent predictors of poor survival.

Conclusions: This study found that nutritional status was associated with the survival of terminally ill cancer patients. Both TSF and prealbumin appeared to be useful predictors that may help set strategies to improve palliative care. Because predictors of survival are not necessarily factors that actually influence survival, further studies should be conducted to evaluate the usefulness of these prognostic indicators in clinical practice.
View Article and Find Full Text PDF

Download full-text PDF

August 2003