Publications by authors named "Charuwan Chuaseeharonnachai"

3 Publications

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Towards a Miniaturized Culture Screening for Cellulolytic Fungi and Their Agricultural Lignocellulosic Degradation.

J Microbiol Biotechnol 2020 Nov;30(11):1670-1679

National Center for Genetic Engineering and Biotechnology (BIOTEC), National Science and Technology Development Agency (NSTDA), 113 Thailand Science Park, Klong Luang, Pathumthani 12120, Thailand.

The substantial use of fungal enzymes to degrade lignocellulosic plant biomass has widely been attributed to the extensive requirement of powerful enzyme-producing fungal strains. In this study, a two-step screening procedure for finding cellulolytic fungi, involving a miniaturized culture method with shake-flask fermentation, was proposed and demonstrated. We isolated 297 fungal strains from several cellulose-containing samples found in two different locations in Thailand. By using this screening strategy, we then selected 9 fungal strains based on their potential for cellulase production. Through sequence-based identification of these fungal isolates, 4 species in 4 genera were identified: (3 strains: AG466, AG438 and AG499), (4 strains: AG452, AG496, AG498 and AG559), (1 strain: AG548) and (1 strain: AG500). After examining their lignocellulose degradation capacity, our data showed that AG452 exhibited the highest glucose yield after saccharification of pretreated sugarcane trash, cassava pulp and coffee silverskin. In addition, AG548 produced the highest glucose yield after hydrolysis of pretreated sugarcane bagasse. Our study demonstrated that the proposed two-step screening strategy can be further applied for discovering potential cellulolytic fungi isolated from various environmental samples. Meanwhile, the fungal strains isolated in this study will prove useful in the bioconversion of agricultural lignocellulosic residues into valuable biotechnological products.
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http://dx.doi.org/10.4014/jmb.2007.07005DOI Listing
November 2020

Trichoderma matsushimae and T. aeroaquaticum: two aero-aquatic species with Pseudaegerita-like propagules.

Mycologia 2012 Sep-Oct;104(5):1109-20. Epub 2012 Apr 11.

National Institute of Technology and Evaluation, Kisarazu, Chiba, Japan.

Four isolates tentatively identified as Pseudaegerita matsushimae on the basis of the morphology of bulbil-like propagules were collected from substrates submerged in water in Thailand and Japan. In culture studies the two Thai isolates were found to produce phialoconidia on conidiogenous cells and phialoconidiophores whose morphology was similar to that of Trichoderma. Phylogenetic analysis based on D1/D2 regions of LSU rDNA sequences showed that the four isolates were nested in Hypocrea/Trichoderma (Hypocreales) while P. corticalis, the type species of Pseudaegerita, belongs to Hyaloscypha (Helotiales). Preliminary analysis by ISTH Web tools based on 5.8S-ITS rDNA and phylogenetic analysis based on rpb2 and tef1-int4 genes showed that the isolates have specific sequences of Trichoderma (anchors 1-5) and belong to the Hamatum clade but they grouped apart from any known species of Trichoderma. The sequences of the tef1-int4 gene, which were amplified from the authentic specimen of P. matsushimae (IMI 266915), also showed that it belongs to the Hamatum clade closely clustering with T. yunnanense but separate from our four isolates. The morphology of P. matsushimae (IMI 266915), especially the sizes of phialides and phialoconidia, were different from T. yunnanense. Thus, we conclude that IMI 266915 and our isolates are to be assigned to two different species in the Hamatum clade of Trichoderma, although both species have similar morphology of bulbils and phialoconidia. Morphology and molecular data revealed that P. matsushimae should be assigned to the genus Trichoderma as T. matsushimae and the Thai and Japanese isolates are placed in T. aeroaquaticum sp. nov. This finding supports the interpretation that aero-aquatic fungi have evolved from terrestrial fungi. We assume that these fungi probably were derived from typically soil-inhabiting species of Trichoderma; an adaptation to aquatic environments is shown by formation of bulbil-like propagules floating on water.
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http://dx.doi.org/10.3852/11-253DOI Listing
November 2012

Savoryellales (Hypocreomycetidae, Sordariomycetes): a novel lineage of aquatic ascomycetes inferred from multiple-gene phylogenies of the genera Ascotaiwania, Ascothailandia, and Savoryella.

Mycologia 2011 Nov-Dec;103(6):1351-71. Epub 2011 Jun 3.

Mycology Laboratory, Bioresources Technology Unit, National Center for Genetic Engineering and Biotechnology, 113 Thailand Science Park, Phaholyothin Road, Khlong 1, Khlong Luang, Pathumthani 12120, Thailand.

The taxonomic placement of freshwater and marine Savoryella species has been widely debated, and the genus has been tentatively assigned to various orders in the Sordariomycetes. The genus is characterized as possessing paraphyses that deliquesce early, elongate, clavate to cylindrical asci with a poorly developed apical ring and versicolored, three-septate ascospores. We performed two combined phylogenetic analyses of different genes: (i) partial small subunit rRNA (SSU), large subunit rRNA (LSU), DNA-dependent RNA polymerase II largest subunit (rpb2) dataset and (ii) SSU rDNA, LSU rDNA, DNA-dependent RNA polymerase II largest subunit (rpb1 and rpb2), translation elongation factor 1-alpha (tef1), the 5.8S ribosomal DNA (5.8S rDNA) dataset. Our results indicate that Savoryella species formed a monophyletic group within the Sordariomycetes but showed no affinity to the Hypocreales, Halosphaeriales (now Microascales), Sordariales and Xylariales, despite earlier assignments to these orders. Savoryella, Ascotaiwania and Ascothailandia (and its anamorph, Canalisporium) formed a new lineage that has invaded both marine and freshwater habitats, indicating that these genera share a common ancestor and are closely related. Because they show no clear relationship with any named order we erect a new order Savoryellales in the subclass Hypocreomycetidae, Sordariomycetes. The genera Savoryella and Ascothailandia are monophyletic, while the position of Ascotaiwania is unresolved. All three genera are phylogenetically related and form a distinct clade similar to the unclassified group of marine ascomycetes comprising the genera Swampomyces, Torpedospora and Juncigera (TBM clade: Torpedospora/Bertia/Melanospora) in the Hypocreomycetidae incertae sedis.
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http://dx.doi.org/10.3852/11-102DOI Listing
January 2012