Publications by authors named "Charulata Deshpande"

8 Publications

  • Page 1 of 1

Appraisal of Critically Ill COVID-19 Patients at a Dedicated COVID Hospital.

J Assoc Physicians India 2020 Sep;68(9):14-19

SMO Medicine, Medicine, Topiwala National Medical College and BYL Nair Ch Hospital, Mumbai, Maharashtra.

Purpose: To study the pattern of severe COVID-19 to reduce morbidity and mortality.

Methods: It was an observational cohort study for comprehensive clinical analysis of critically ill COVID-19 patients at a dedicated COVID public hospital.

Results: Total 373(13.6%) patients were critically ill with 254(68.1%) males and 119(31.9%) females (including 25 pregnant) and death occurred in 69(18.5%) patients. Mean of parameters associated with critical COVID illness and having significant difference among dead and recovered were; age (47.08,p= 5.67E- 09), SpO2 (86.08), blood sugar(168.47,p= 1.86E-08), IL-6(210.5,p=0.0058) D-dimer(0.753,p= 0.00178). All the patients were given oxygen by non invasive technique, in 46(12.3%) intubation and invasive ventilation required. Use of hydroxychloroquin in 284(76.1%) (p=0.041,OR0.555,95%CI 0.314-0.981), lopinavir/ ritonavir in 283(75.9%) (p=4.222E-009,OR0.198, 95%CI0.114-0.345), tocilizumab in 124(33.2%) patients, (p=3.27E006, OR0.150, 95%CI0.063-0.358) were associated with recovery. Factors that influenced mortality were presence of co-morbidities (p=0.088,OR1.784,95%CI0.911-3.492), hypertension(p=0.0031,OR2.432,95% CI1.370 -4.318), low SpO2 (p=3.91E-010,OR0.017,95%CI0.002-0.137), high blood sugar(p=7.75E-009,OR8.514,95%CI 3.776-19.201), high LDH(p=0.00064,OR2.7 22,95%CI1.545-4.798) high ferritin(p=0.00014,OR4.606,95%CI 2.035-10.422), high D-dimer(p=2.85E-007,OR4.090,95%CI 2.371-7.056), low PFR(p=4.84E-008), and endotracheal intubation(p=3.14E-043,OR165.936,95%CI48.160-571.731). Using binary logistic regression, elevated IL-6(0.02441), low PFR(0.00082), and endotracheal intubation(2.04E-10) were statistically significant predictors of death.

Conclusion: "Happy Hypoxia", hyperglycemia, high inflammatory markers (IL-6, ferritin), and ARDS were hallmark of critical COVID-19, early detection of factors associated with severity and mortality and starting the multipronged management with oxygen in prone position, hydroxychloroquin, antiviral, methylprednisolone, anticoagulants, tocilizumab early may help in halting the worsening of COVID and reduce morbidity and mortality.
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September 2020

Exome sequencing in patients with antiepileptic drug exposure and complex phenotypes.

Arch Dis Child 2020 04 3;105(4):384-389. Epub 2019 Sep 3.

Genetic Medicine, Central Manchester University Hospitals Foundation Trust, Manchester, UK.

Introduction: Fetal anticonvulsant syndrome (FACS) describes the pattern of physical and developmental problems seen in those children exposed to certain antiepileptic drugs (AEDs) in utero. The diagnosis of FACS is a clinical one and so excluding alternative diagnoses such as genetic disorders is essential.

Methods: We reviewed the pathogenicity of reported variants identified on exome sequencing in the Deciphering Developmental Disorders (DDD) Study in 42 children exposed to AEDs in utero, but where a diagnosis other than FACS was suspected. In addition, we analysed chromosome microarray data from 10 patients with FACS seen in a Regional Genetics Service.

Results: Seven children (17%) from the DDD Study had a copy number variant or pathogenic variant in a developmental disorder gene which was considered to explain or partially explain their phenotype. Across the AED exposure types, variants were found in 2/15 (13%) valproate exposed cases and 3/14 (21%) carbamazepine exposed cases. No pathogenic copy number variants were identified in our local sample (n=10).

Conclusions: This study is the first of its kind to analyse the exomes of children with developmental disorders who were exposed to AEDs in utero. Though we acknowledge that the results are subject to bias, a significant number of children were identified with alternate diagnoses which had an impact on counselling and management. We suggest that consideration is given to performing whole exome sequencing as part of the diagnostic work-up for children exposed to AEDs in utero.
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April 2020

Effects of Intraperitoneal Local Anaesthetics Bupivacaine and Ropivacaine versus Placebo on Postoperative Pain after Laparoscopic Cholecystectomy: A Randomised Double Blind Study.

J Clin Diagn Res 2017 Jul 1;11(7):UC08-UC12. Epub 2017 Jul 1.

Professor, Department of Anaesthesia, TNMC and BYL Nair Charitable Hospital, Mumbai, Maharashtra, India.

Introduction: Laparoscopic Cholecystectomy (LC) is the most frequently performed elective daycare surgery and provision of postoperative pain relief is of importance. After laparoscopic cholecystectomy shoulder and abdominal pain causes considerable distress. Visceral pain during coughing, respiration and mobilization increases morbidity, hospital stay and costs.

Aim: To compare the analgesic efficacy of intraperitoneally instilled equipotent concentrations of bupivacaine and ropivacaine versus placebo in relieving postoperative pain after laparoscopic cholecystectomy when used as a part of multimodal analgesia.

Materials And Methods: In this randomised, prospective, double blind, placebo controlled study, 90 ASA Class I or II patients were randomly divided into three groups of 30 each. Group S received intraperitoneal infiltration with 35 ml of 0.9% normal saline, Group B with 35 ml of 0.25% bupivacaine and Group R with 35 ml of 0.375% ropivacaine. All groups received standard general endotracheal anaesthesia and analgesia with IV paracetamol 15 mg/kg and diclofenac 1.5 mg/kg. Numerical Rating Scale (NRS) score of analgesia at rest and on cough/movement, duration of analgesia, haemodynamic parameters, need for a rescue analgesic (IV tramadol 1 mg/kg) was recorded and adverse effects of procedure and drugs if any were monitored. Data was analysed with SPSS statistical software version 21.0. One way ANOVA or the Kruskal-Wallis test was used to compare continuous data across all three groups as appropriate. Subsequent analysis of continuous data between two groups was achieved by Tukey's post hoc test. Significance was accepted as p<0.05.

Results: The mean NRS was <5 till only four hours in Group S, till eight hours in Group B and till 16 hours in Group R. The duration of analgesia was 13.47±1.38 hours in Group R, 7.93±1.44 hours in Group B and 4.47±0.86 hours in Group S.

Conclusion: Intraperitoneal infiltration of LA significantly reduces pain intensity scores in the early postoperative period after LC surgery and helps in improving the postoperative recovery profile and outcome. This makes LC surgery more amenable to day care surgical setup. Ropivacaine (0.375%) is more efficacious, longer acting with a higher intensity of postoperative analgesia than bupivacaine (0.25%).
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July 2017

Evaluation of the Efficacy of Bupivacaine (0.5%) alone or with Clonidine (1μg/kg) Versus Control in a Single Level Paravertebral Blockin Patients Undergoing PCNL Procedure.

J Clin Diagn Res 2016 Dec 1;10(12):UC13-UC17. Epub 2016 Dec 1.

Professor, Department of Anaesthesia, T.N. Medical College and B.Y.L. Nair Ch. Hospital , Mumbai, Maharashtra, India .

Introduction: Percutaneous Nephrolithotomy (PCNL) is a widely used procedure to remove complex upper tract renal calculi by means of a nephroscope. Although less invasive, PCNL is associated with significant pain owing to soft tissue injury. Most of these patients have mild to moderately compromised renal function. An anaesthesia plan that reduces intraoperative requirement of anaesthetics, analgesics, muscle relaxants and postoperative requirement of systemic analgesics is essential. Paravertebral Block (PVB) in combination with general anaesthesia may be an ideal technique for achieving all the goals.

Aim: To evaluate the efficacy of Bupivacaine (0.5%) alone or with Clonidine (1ug/kg) versus control in a single level paravertebral block for intra-operative and postoperative analgesia in patients undergoing PCNL procedure.

Materials And Methods: In this prospective, randomized, observer blind study we evaluated the intraoperative as well as postoperative analgesic effects of paravertebrally administered Bupivacaine (0.5%) alone or Bupivacaine±Clonidine (1μg/kg) versus Control (Conventional analgesia with IV Paracetamol). We also evaluated requirement of propofol, haemodynamic parameters, need for rescue analgesics & incidence of adverse effects. Collected data was analysed with SPSS statistical software. One way ANOVA test was applied. All pair wise multiple comparison procedures were analysed by Tukey's Method if equal sample size and by Dunnett's Method if unequal sample size in all groups.

Results: It was observed that paravertebral block is an effective method for providing intra and postoperative analgesia for PCNL surgery. It reduced the requirement of intraoperative propofol, maintained stable intra and postoperative haemodynamics without any adverse effects or complications. Addition of Clonidine as an adjuvant to Bupivacaine enhanced the quality of paravertebral block with better haemodynamic stability, greater reduction in the intraoperative propofol requirement and provided significantly longer postoperative analgesia without any incident of bradycardia, hypotension, sedation or respiratory compromise.

Conclusion: In conclusion, 0.5% Bupivacaine±1μg/kg Clonidine in a single level paravertebral block is useful, effective and safe for providing intra as well as postoperative analgesia during PCNL surgeries.
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December 2016

3p interstitial deletion: novel case report and review.

J Child Neurol 2012 Aug 30;27(8):1062-6. Epub 2012 Jan 30.

Victor Babes National Institute of Pathology, Bucharest, Romania.

3p interstitial deletions have emerged in recent years as a new cause of neurodevelopmental delay and intellectual disability. Since the first report of this condition in 1979, 16 cases have been described in the literature, delineating it as a presumptive syndrome. Here, we add a novel case presenting severely delayed neurodevelopment and psychomotor development; facial dysmorphism (square facies, broad forehead, short palpebral fissures, epicanthic folds, broad nasal bridge, and low-set malformed ears); cerebral, cardiac, and genital malformations; hand and feet anomalies; sacral sinus; and hearing impairment. Genetic investigations revealed a del(3)(p12.3p14.1) of 12.5 Mb, including 31 ORFs, among which ROBO2, PDZRN3, MITF, and FOXP1 are known to act in neurodevelopment. The clinical features of our patient are compared with those previously reported in the literature, thus providing further support for the delineation of the 3p interstitial deletion syndrome.
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August 2012

Type 1 collagenopathy presenting with a Russell-Silver phenotype.

Am J Med Genet A 2011 Jun 12;155A(6):1414-8. Epub 2011 May 12.

Sheffield Clinical Genetics Services, Sheffield Children's NHS Foundation Trust, UK.

Osteogenesis imperfecta (OI) is a heterogeneous group of inherited disorders of bone formation, resulting in low bone mass and an increased propensity to fracture. It exhibits a broad spectrum of clinical severity, ranging from multiple fractures in utero and perinatal death, to normal adult stature and low fracture incidence. Extra-skeletal features of OI include blue sclera, hearing loss, skin hyperlaxity, joint hyperextensibility, and dentinogenesis imperfecta. The proα1(I) and proα2(I) chains of collagen 1 are encoded by the COL1A1 and COL1A2 genes, respectively; quantitative or qualitative defects in type I collagen synthesis usually manifest as types of OI or some sub-types of EDS. The majority of patients (about 90%) with a clinical diagnosis of OI have a mutation in the COL1A1 or COL1A2 genes, which shows an autosomal dominant pattern of inheritance. Six other genes, CRTAP, LEPRE1, FKBP10, PP1B, SP7/Osterix (OSX), and SERPINH1, are associated with autosomal recessive forms of OI. However, other, rare phenotypes have also been described. There are many differential diagnoses of the short, syndromic child, including chromosomal, single gene, and multifactorial causes. However, one condition of particular relevance in the context of this report is the Russell-Silver syndrome (RSS). As originally described, the RSS is a very specific condition. However, it has subsequently become an umbrella term for a heterogeneous group of conditions presenting with short stature and triangular shape to the face. A significant proportion of these are now believed to be due to imprinting defects at 11p15. However, the cause in many cases remains unknown. We describe two cases with a phenotypic overlap between OI and RSS who both have COL1A1 mutations. Thus, a type 1 collagenopathy should be considered in the differential diagnosis of syndromic short stature.
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June 2011

The pathogenic m.3243A>T mitochondrial DNA mutation is associated with a variable neurological phenotype.

Neuromuscul Disord 2010 Jun 14;20(6):403-6. Epub 2010 May 14.

Institute for Ageing and Health, The Medical School, Newcastle University, Newcastle upon Tyne, UK.

The m.3243A>G point mutation in the mitochondrial tRNA(Leu(UUR)) (MTTL1) gene is a common cause of mitochondrial DNA disease and is associated with a variety of clinical presentations. A different mutation occurring at the same site - an m.3243A>T transversion - is less prevalent, but has previously been observed in two patients with encephalopathy and lactic acidosis. We report the investigations of a further two patients with the m.3243A>T mutation who presented with either a chronic progressive external ophthalmoplegia (CPEO) phenotype or sensorineural hearing loss, with single fibre mutation studies confirming segregation of the m.3243A>T mutation with COX deficiency.
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June 2010

Visual impairment and prolonged survival in a girl with Marshall-Smith syndrome.

Clin Dysmorphol 2006 Apr;15(2):111-3

Department of Clinical Genetics, Great Ormond Street Hospital, London, UK.

Marshall-Smith syndrome is characterized by overgrowth, advanced bone age, failure to thrive, respiratory problems, dysmorphic facial features and variable mental retardation. Respiratory problems are a major cause of early morbidity and mortality. Ocular features have been mentioned in previous reports, but details are limited. This report describes the clinical features of a child with typical features of Marshall-Smith syndrome with emphasis on visual function. She had megalocornea, hypoplastic optic discs and was partially sighted. Aggressive management of the early respiratory and feeding problems improved survival in this child.
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April 2006