Publications by authors named "Charles S Blumberg"

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New Cardiac Abnormalities After Radiotherapy in Breast Cancer Patients Treated With Trastuzumab.

Clin Breast Cancer 2020 06 19;20(3):246-252. Epub 2019 Dec 19.

Department of Radiation Oncology, Rhode Island Hospital, Providence, RI.

Purpose: To evaluate cardiac imaging abnormalities after modern radiotherapy and trastuzumab in breast cancer patients.

Patients And Methods: All patients treated with trastuzumab and radiotherapy for breast cancer between 2006 and 2014 with available cardiac imaging (echocardiogram or multigated acquisition scan) were retrospectively analyzed. Cardiac abnormalities included myocardial abnormalities (atrial or ventricular dilation, hypertrophy, hypokinesis, and impaired relaxation), decreased ejection fraction > 10%, and valvular abnormalities (thickening or stenosis of the valve leaflets). Breast laterality (left vs. right) and heart radiation dose volume parameters were analyzed for association with cardiac imaging abnormalities.

Results: A total of 110 patients with 57 left- and 53 right-sided breast cancers were evaluated. Overall, 37 patients (33.6%) developed a new cardiac abnormality. Left-sided radiotherapy was associated with an increase in new cardiac abnormalities (relative risk [RR] = 2.51; 95% confidence interval [CI], 1.34-4.67; P = .002). Both myocardial and valvular abnormalities were associated with left-sided radiotherapy (myocardial: RR = 2.21; 95% CI, 1.06-4.60; P = .029; valvular: RR = 3.30; 95% CI, 0.98-10.9; P = .044). There was no significant difference in decreased ejection fraction between left- and right-sided radiotherapy (9.6% vs. 2.1%; P = .207). A mean heart dose > 2 Gy as well as volume of the heart receiving 20 Gy (V20), V30, and V40 correlated with cardiac abnormalities (mean heart dose > 2 Gy: RR = 2.00; P = .040).

Conclusion: New cardiac abnormalities, including myocardial and valvular dysfunction, are common after trastuzumab and radiotherapy. The incidence of new abnormalities correlates with tumor laterality and cardiac radiation dose exposure. Long-term follow-up is needed to understand the clinical significance of these early imaging abnormalities.
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http://dx.doi.org/10.1016/j.clbc.2019.12.006DOI Listing
June 2020