Publications by authors named "Charles Chenwei Wang"

7 Publications

  • Page 1 of 1

Characterization of Intracranial Pressure Behavior in Chronic Epileptic Animals: A Preliminary Study.

Acta Neurochir Suppl 2016 ;122:329-33

Physics Institute of Sao Carlos, University of Sao Paulo, Sao Carlos, Brazil.

Intracranial pressure (ICP) is a major neurological parameter in animals and humans. ICP is a function of the relationship between the contents of the cranium (brain parenchyma, cerebrospinal fluid, and blood) and the volume of the skull. Increased ICP can cause serious physiological effects or even death in patients who do not quickly receive proper care, which includes ICP monitoring. Epilepsies are a set of central nervous system disorders resulting from abnormal and excessive neuronal discharges, usually associated with hypersynchronism and/or hyperexcitability. Temporal lobe epilepsy (TLE) is one of the most common forms of epilepsy and is also refractory to medication. ICP characteristics of subjects with epilepsy have not been elucidated because there are few studies associating these two important neurological factors. In this work, an invasive (ICPi) and the new minimally invasive (ICPmi) methods were used to evaluate ICP features in rats with chronic epilepsy, induced by the experimental model of pilocarpine, capable of generating the main features of human TLE in these animals.
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http://dx.doi.org/10.1007/978-3-319-22533-3_65DOI Listing
July 2017

Characterization of ICP Behavior in an Experimental Model of Hemorrhagic Stroke in Rats.

Acta Neurochir Suppl 2016 ;122:121-4

Physics Institute of Sao Carlos, University of Sao Paulo, Sao Carlos, Brazil.

Intracranial pressure (ICP) monitoring is sometimes required in clinical pictures of stroke, as extensive intraparenchymal hematomas and intracranial bleeding may severely increase ICP, which can lead to irreversible conditions, such as dementia and cognitive derangement. ICP monitoring has been accepted as a procedure for the safe diagnosis of increased ICP, and for the treatment of intracranial hypertension in some diseases. In this work, we evaluated ICP behavior during the induction of an experimental model of autologous blood injection in rats, simulating a hemorrhagic stroke. Rats were subjected to stereotactic surgery for the implantation of a unilateral cannula into the left striatal region of the brain. Autologous blood was infused into the left striatal region with an automatic microinfusion pump. ICP monitoring was performed throughout the procedure of hemorrhagic stroke induction. Analyses consisted of short-time Fourier transform for ICP before and after stroke induction and the histological processing of the animals' brains. Short-time Fourier transform analysis demonstrated oscillations in the ICP frequency components throughout time after the microinjections compared with data before them. Histological analysis revealed neuropathological changes in the striatum in all microinjected animals.
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http://dx.doi.org/10.1007/978-3-319-22533-3_24DOI Listing
July 2017

Validation of a New Minimally Invasive Intracranial Pressure Monitoring Method by Direct Comparison with an Invasive Technique.

Acta Neurochir Suppl 2016 ;122:97-100

University of São Paulo, Sao Paulo, Brazil.

In this chapter we present in vivo experiments with a new minimally invasive method of monitoring intracranial pressure (ICP). Strain gauge deformation sensors are externally glued onto the exposed skull. The signal from these sensors is amplified, filtered, and sent to a computer with appropriate software for analysis and data storage. Saline infusions into the spinal channel of rats were performed to produce ICP changes, and minimally invasive ICP and direct Codman intraparenchymal ICP were simultaneously acquired in six animals. The similarity between the invasive and minimally invasive methods in response to ICP increase was assessed using Pearson's correlation coefficient. It demonstrated good agreement between the two measures < r > = 0.8 ± 0.2, with a range of 0.31-0.99.
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http://dx.doi.org/10.1007/978-3-319-22533-3_19DOI Listing
July 2017

Validation of a New Noninvasive Intracranial Pressure Monitoring Method by Direct Comparison with an Invasive Technique.

Acta Neurochir Suppl 2016 ;122:93-6

University of São Paulo, São Paulo, Brazil.

The search for a completely noninvasive intracranial pressure (ICPni) monitoring technique capable of real-time digitalized monitoring is the Holy Grail of brain research. If available, it may facilitate many fundamental questions within the range of ample applications in neurosurgery, neurosciences and translational medicine, from pharmaceutical clinical trials, exercise physiology, and space applications. In this work we compare invasive measurements with noninvasive measurements obtained using the proposed new noninvasive method. Saline was infused into the spinal channel of seven rats to produce ICP changes and the simultaneous acquisition of both methods was performed. The similarity in the invasive and noninvasive methods of ICP monitoring was calculated using Pearson's correlation coefficients (r). Good agreement between measures < r > = 0.8 ± 0.2 with a range 0.28-0.96 was shown.
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http://dx.doi.org/10.1007/978-3-319-22533-3_18DOI Listing
July 2017

Low-level laser therapy, at 60 J/cm2 associated with a Biosilicate(®) increase in bone deposition and indentation biomechanical properties of callus in osteopenic rats.

J Biomed Opt 2011 Jul;16(7):078001

Federal University of São Carlos, Department of Physiotherapy, Rod. Washington Luiz, km 235, São Carlos, Sao Paulo 13600-970 Brazil.

We investigate the effects of a novel bioactive material (Biosilicate(®)) and low-level laser therapy (LLLT), at 60 J/cm(2), on bone-fracture consolidation in osteoporotic rats. Forty female Wistar rats are submitted to the ovariectomy, to induce osteopenia. Eight weeks after the ovariectomy, the animals are randomly divided into four groups, with 10 animals each: bone defect control group; bone defect filled with Biosilicate group; bone defect irradiated with laser at 60 J/cm(2) group; bone defect filled with Biosilicate and irradiated with LLLT, at 60 J/cm(2) group. Laser irradiation is initiated immediately after surgery and performed every 48 h for 14 days. Histopathological analysis points out that bone defects are predominantly filled with the biomaterial in specimens treated with Biosilicate. In the 60-J/cm(2) laser plus Biosilicate group, the biomaterial fills all bone defects, which also contained woven bone and granulation tissue. Also, the biomechanical properties are increased in the animals treated with Biosilicate associated to lasertherapy. Our results indicate that laser therapy improves bone repair process in contact with Biosilicate as a result of increasing bone formation as well as indentation biomechanical properties.
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http://dx.doi.org/10.1117/1.3598847DOI Listing
July 2011

Mechanical vibration preserves bone structure in rats treated with glucocorticoids.

Bone 2010 Jun 10;46(6):1516-21. Epub 2010 Feb 10.

Division of Endocrinology, Federal University of São Paulo, Brazil.

Glucocorticoids are an important cause of secondary osteoporosis in humans, which decreases bone quality and leads to fractures. Mechanical stimulation in the form of low-intensity and high-frequency vibration seems to be able to prevent bone loss and to stimulate bone formation. The objective of this study was to evaluate the effects of mechanical vibration on bone structure in rats treated with glucocorticoids. Thirty 3-month-old adult male Wistar rats were randomized to three groups: control (C), glucocorticoid (G), and glucocorticoid with vibration (GV). The G and GV groups received 3.5mg/kg/day of methylprednisolone 5 days/week for a duration of 9 weeks, and the C group received vehicle (saline solution) during the same period. The GV group was vibrated on a special platform for 30 min per day, 5 days per week during the experiment. The platform was set to provide a vertical acceleration of 1 G and a frequency of 60 Hz. Skeletal bone mass was evaluated by total body densitometry (DXA). Fracture load threshold, undecalcified bone histomorphometry, and bone volume were measured in tibias. Glucocorticoids induced a significantly lower weight gain (-9.7%) and reduced the bone mineral content (-9.2%) and trabecular number (-41.8%) and increased the trabecular spacing (+98.0%) in the G group, when compared to the control (C). Vibration (GV) was able to significantly preserve (29.2%) of the trabecular number and decrease the trabecular spacing (+26.6%) compared to the G group, although these parameters did not reach C group values. The fracture load threshold was not different between groups, but vibration significantly augmented the bone volume of the tibia by 21.4% in the GV group compared to the C group. Our study demonstrated that low-intensity and high-frequency mechanical vibration was able to partially inhibit the deleterious consequences of glucocorticoids on bone structure in rats.
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http://dx.doi.org/10.1016/j.bone.2010.02.009DOI Listing
June 2010

[Effect of a novel soy fermented product enriched with isoflavones and calcium on bone tissue of rats].

Arch Latinoam Nutr 2006 Jun;56(2):146-52

Faculdade de Ciências Farmacêuticas, Universidade Estadual Paulista, Araraquara, SP, Brasil.

The objective was to evaluate the effect of soy fermented product intake on the corporal weight and bone tissue of ovariectomized mature rats. This product was fermented with Enterococcus faecium and Lactobacillus jugurti and enriched with isoflavones and calcium. The animals were divided in 5 groups: sham-ovariectomized; ovariectomized; ovariectomized treated with soy fermented product enriched with isoflavones and calcium; ovariectomized treated with soy fermented product enriched with calcium and ovariectomized treated with non-fermented product enriched only with calcium. In order to evaluate the effect of the tested product on bone tissue (femur and tibia), the following parameters were analyzed: length; mechanical assay of three points; density (Archimedes principle); mineral content; calcium content; measure of the trabecular widths. The corporal weight of group treated with soy fermented product containing isoflavones and calcium showed no statistical difference from sham-ovariectomized group and trabecular widths tended to have larger than ovariectomized group. However, there was no significant difference to the other evaluated parameters in result of the diverse treatments. Thus, soy fermented product enriched with isoflavones and calcium inhibited the increasing of corporal weight caused by ovariectomy and revealed a tendency to trabecular protection after castration.
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June 2006
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