Publications by authors named "Charles Champeaux-Depond"

5 Publications

  • Page 1 of 1

Tamoxifen. A treatment for meningioma?

Cancer Treat Res Commun 2021 Feb 24;27:100343. Epub 2021 Feb 24.

Agence régionale de santé, 2bis, Avenue Georges Brassens, CS 61002 - 97743 Saint Denis CEDEX 9, France.

Background: No large-scale study evaluating the usefulness of tamoxifen after meningioma surgery has been undertaken.

Methods: We processed the French Système National des Données de Santé (SNDS) database using an algorithm combining the type of surgical procedure and the International Classification of Diseases to retrieve cases of meningiomas operated between 2007 and 2017. Survival analyses were performed using a matched cohort study.

Results: 251 patients treated by tamoxifen were extracted from a nationwide population-based cohort of 28 924 patients operated on for a meningioma over a 10-year period. 94% were female and median age at meningioma first surgery was 57 years IQR[47-67]. Tamoxifen treatment median duration was 1.4 years IQR[0.4-3.2]. Tamoxifen treatment median cumulative given dose was 11.4 gs, IQR[3.6-24.9]. There was a strong positive correlation between treatment duration and cumulative dose (τ=0.81, p<0.001). 6% of the patient had to be reoperated for a meningioma recurrence and 26.3% had radiotherapy. OS rates at 5 and 10 years were: 92.3%, CI[90.3-94.3] and 81.3%, CI[75.2-88] respectively. These 251 patients were matched by gender, age at surgery and grade with the same number of subjects within the nationwide cohort. Nor overall (HR=1.46, CI[0.86- 2.49], p=0.163) or progression-free survival (HR=1.2, CI[0.89- 1.62], p=0.239) were significantly improved by the tamoxifen treatment.

Conclusion: Using this unique database, in the setting of breast cancer, we could not conclude on a favourable effect of tamoxifen to prevent recurrence after meningioma surgery or to increase meningioma-related survival even in case of prolonged treatment duration or high cumulative given dose.
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http://dx.doi.org/10.1016/j.ctarc.2021.100343DOI Listing
February 2021

Cyproterone acetate and meningioma: a nationwide-wide population based study.

J Neurooncol 2021 Jan 4;151(2):331-338. Epub 2021 Jan 4.

CHU Toulouse, Pole de Gynécologie Obstétrique, Hôpital Paule de Viguier, 31059, Toulouse, France.

Background: The study the characteristics of surgical meningiomas in female patients who took CPA and to compare this population to a non-CPA control group.

Materials And Methods: We processed the French Système National des Données de Santé (SNDS) database to retrieve appropriate cases operated between 2007 and 2017.

Results: 1 101 female patients (3.8%) who used to take CPA and underwent a meningioma surgery were extracted from a nationwide population based cohort of 28 924 patients. Median age at CPA prescription was 42 years IQR[36.7-48.9]. The median time between CPA start and surgery was 5.5 years IQR[3.1-7.9]. The median age at surgery was significantly lower in patients who were treated by CPA (47 years, IQR[42-54) compared to the non-CPA population (61 years, IQR[51-70], p < 0.001). Median CPA dose was 40 g, IQR[19-72]. There was a strong correlation between CPA dose and duration (r = 0.58, CI[0.54-0.62], p < 0.001). Middle skull base was the most common (39%) location with a anterior skull base insertion being also far more common compared to the usual population with 21.9% of the tumour. This skull base predominance of CPA-associated meningioma is highly significant (p < 0.001). Increased CPA dose raised the risk of having multiple meningioma surgeries (p < 0.001) and multiple meningioma locations (p < 0.001). Tumour grading was not modified by CPA treatment (p = 0.603). Benign or grade I meningioma accounting for 92%, atypical or grade II for 6.1% and malignant or grade III for 1.9%.

Conclusion: In the past 10 years, a significant number of CPA-induced meningiomas have been removed, modifying the global pyramid of age at surgery for female patients. These tumours occur well before the usual age and are preferentially located on the anterior and middle skull base.
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http://dx.doi.org/10.1007/s11060-020-03672-9DOI Listing
January 2021

A nationwide population-based study on overall survival after meningioma surgery.

Cancer Epidemiol 2021 02 24;70:101875. Epub 2020 Dec 24.

INSERM U1153, Statistic and Epidemiologic Research Center Sorbonne Paris Cité (CRESS), ECSTRRA Team, Université de Paris, France.

Background: There are very few nationwide studies on meningioma outcome, the most common primary intracranial tumour.

Methods: We processed the French Système National des Données de Santé (SNDS) database using an algorithm combining the type of surgical procedure and the International Classification of Diseases to retrieve all cases of meningiomas operated between 2007 and 2017. A survival analysis was performed.

Results: This nationwide study found 28 773 patients of which 75 % were female. Median age at surgery was 59 years, IQR[49-68]. Cranial convexity (24.4 %) and middle skull base (21.7 %) were the most common locations. 91.3 % of the tumours were benign and 2.6 % malignant.7.5 % of the patients underwent redo surgery, 9.1 % radiotherapy (RT) and 3.2 % stereotactic radiosurgery for recurrence. Median follow-up was 5.3 years 95 % CI [5.24-5.35]. 0.64 % of the patients died within a month of surgery and 2.1 % within a year. Overall survival (OS) rates at 5 and 10 years respectively were: 92.6 %, 95 %CI[92.3, 93] and 85 %, 95 %CI[84.3, 85.8]. In the multivariable analysis, female gender (HR = 0.64, 95 %CI[0.59, 0.69], p < 0.001), older age at surgery (HR= 1.07, 95 %CI[1.06, 1.07], p < 0.001), type 2 neurofibromatosis (HR= 3.89, 95 %CI[2.62, 5.76], p < 0.001), parasagittal (HR= 1.2, 95 %CI[1.05, 1.37], p = 0.00944) or falx cerebri location (HR= 1.18, 95 %CI[1.01, 1.37], p = 0.0343), atypical or (HR= 1.34, 95 %CI[1.15, 1.56], p < 0.001) malignant histology (HR= 2.34, 95 %CI[2.01, 2.73], p < 0.001), redo surgery (HR=1.81, 95 %CI[1.6, 2.04], p < 0.001), progressing meningioma (HR=1.34, 95 %CI[1.05, 1.71], p = 0.0175) or RT for recurrence (HR=2.17, 95 %CI[1.95, 2.4], p < 0.001) were established as independent prognostic factors of the OS.

Conclusion: In this registry-based study, OS after meningioma surgery is good and is even better in women, younger adults and those with convexity and benign tumour. We also found that NF2 patients and those required redo surgery or additional treatment for uncontrolled meningioma disease are further at risk of death.
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http://dx.doi.org/10.1016/j.canep.2020.101875DOI Listing
February 2021

Cause-Specific Survival After Meningioma Surgery: A Nationwide Population-Based Competing Risk Study.

World Neurosurg 2021 Feb 20;146:e67-e75. Epub 2020 Oct 20.

Agence régionale de santé, 2bis, Saint Denis, France.

Background: Survival after meningioma surgery often is reported with inadequate allowance for competing causes of death.

Methods: We processed the French Système National des Données de Santé database using an algorithm combining the type of surgical procedure and the International Classification of Diseases to retrieve appropriate cases of meningiomas. The cumulative incidence of meningioma-related death was the primary end point. A competing risk analysis was performed to identify factors associated with meningioma-specific death of patients who underwent meningioma surgery.

Results: The risk of meningioma-related death at 1, 2, and 3 years respectively was 2.4%, 95% confidence interval [CI] 2-2.7; 3%, 95% CI 2.6-3.4; and 3.1%, 95% CI 2.7-3.6. In the adjusted Fine-Gray competing risk regression for meningioma cause-specific survival, age at surgery (subdistribution hazard ratio [SHR] 1.07, 95% CI 1.05-1.09, P < 0.001), mortality-related morbidity index (SHR 1.68, 95% CI 1.07-2.63, P = 0.025), expenditure-related morbidity index (SHR 1.06, 95% CI 1.03-1.09, P < 0.001), spinal location (SHR 0.2, 95% CI 0.08-0.47, P < 0.001), cerebrospinal fluid shunt (SHR 3.13, 95% CI 1.9-5.16, P < 0.001), grade (SHR 1.88, 95% CI 1.13-3.14, P = 0.015) redo surgery for recurrence (SHR 1.6, 95% CI 1.01-2.51, P = 0.043), and progressing meningioma (SHR 2.87, 95% CI 1.23-6.68, P = 0.015) were established as independent prognostic factors of meningioma-related death.

Conclusions: Cause-specific survival after meningioma surgery is greater in younger, low-comorbidity adults with spinal and benign meningioma. Those with an intracranial, progressing malignant tumor requiring cerebrospinal fluid shunting and having a severe global health-state have a significant increased risk of meningioma-related death. Redo surgery failed to improve the outcome. We recommend the use of competing risk model in meningioma studies in which unrelated mortality may be substantial, as this approach results in more accurate estimates of disease risk and associated predictors.
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http://dx.doi.org/10.1016/j.wneu.2020.10.012DOI Listing
February 2021

Neurofibromatosis type 2: A nationwide population-based study focused on survival after meningioma surgery.

Clin Neurol Neurosurg 2020 Nov 23;198:106236. Epub 2020 Sep 23.

INSERM U1153, Statistic and Epidemiologic Research Center Sorbonne Paris Cité (CRESS), ECSTRRA Team, Université de Paris, France.

Background: There is no dedicated study on outcome after meningioma surgery in neurofibromatosis type 2 (NF2) patients.

Methods: We processed the French Système National des Données de Santé (SNDS) database using an algorithm combining the type of surgical procedure and the International Classification of Diseases to retrieve cases of meningioma operated in NF2 patients between 2007 and 2017. Descriptive and survival analyses were performed.

Results: This nationwide study found 184 patients who were operated on for 315 meningiomas over a 10-year period. 57.6 % were female, median age at first surgery was 40 years IQR[24.8-50.2] and 10.9 % were under 18 years. Cranial convexity (23.4 %) and posterior skull base (16.8 %) were the most common locations. 89.7 % of the tumours were benign and 3.3 % malignant. 16.3 % of the patient received radiotherapy and 13.6 % stereotactic radiosurgery. Median follow-up was 6.3 years, IQR[5.3-7]. At data collection, 28 patients were dead (15.2 %) and median age at death was 41.7 years, IQR [32.7-50.4]. 5 patients died within the year of meningioma surgery. OS rates at 5 and 10 years were: 87.8 %, 95 %CI[82.6-93.3] and 73.2 %, 95 %CI[63.7-84.1] respectively. In univariable Cox regression analysis, Mortality-Related Morbidity Index (MRMI) (HR = 1.57, 95 %CI[1.3-1.9], p < 0.001) Expenditure-Related Morbidity Index (HR1.16, 95 %CI[1.09-1.24], p < 0.001), a malignant meningioma (HR=8.15, 95 %CI[2.78-23.85], p < 0.001), and a diagnosis of deafness or vestibular schwannoma (HR=2.52, 95 %CI[1.02-6.23], p = 0.0447), were associated to the outcome. In multivariable analysis, solely the MRMI and a malignant meningioma remained significant predictors of reduce OS.

Conclusion: Using this unique database, we found that outcome of NF2 patients after meningioma surgery is impaired, especially for those with significant co-morbidities and affected by a malignant meningioma.
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http://dx.doi.org/10.1016/j.clineuro.2020.106236DOI Listing
November 2020