Publications by authors named "Charlene Ross"

3 Publications

  • Page 1 of 1

Genetically engineered cancer models, but not xenografts, faithfully predict anticancer drug exposure in melanoma tumors.

Oncologist 2012 19;17(10):1303-16. Epub 2012 Sep 19.

University of North Carolina Eshelman School of Pharmacy, Division of Pharmacotherapy and Experimental Therapeutics, 1013 Genetic Medicine Building, CB 7361, Chapel Hill, North Carolina 27599-7361, USA.

Background: Rodent studies are a vital step in the development of novel anticancer therapeutics and are used in pharmacokinetic (PK), toxicology, and efficacy studies. Traditionally, anticancer drug development has relied on xenograft implantation of human cancer cell lines in immunocompromised mice for efficacy screening of a candidate compound. The usefulness of xenograft models for efficacy testing, however, has been questioned, whereas genetically engineered mouse models (GEMMs) and orthotopic syngeneic transplants (OSTs) may offer some advantages for efficacy assessment. A critical factor influencing the predictability of rodent tumor models is drug PKs, but a comprehensive comparison of plasma and tumor PK parameters among xenograft models, OSTs, GEMMs, and human patients has not been performed.

Methods: In this work, we evaluated the plasma and tumor dispositions of an antimelanoma agent, carboplatin, in patients with cutaneous melanoma compared with four different murine melanoma models (one GEMM, one human cell line xenograft, and two OSTs).

Results: Using microdialysis to sample carboplatin tumor disposition, we found that OSTs and xenografts were poor predictors of drug exposure in human tumors, whereas the GEMM model exhibited PK parameters similar to those seen in human tumors.

Conclusions: The tumor PKs of carboplatin in a GEMM of melanoma more closely resembles the tumor disposition in patients with melanoma than transplanted tumor models. GEMMs show promise in becoming an improved prediction model for intratumoral PKs and response in patients with solid tumors.
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June 2013

QAPI how do you measure up?: Preparing for public reporting in hospice: an overview for success.

Charlene Ross

Home Healthc Nurse 2011 Jan;29(1):45-51; quiz 52-3

R&C Healthcare Solutions, Mesa, Arizona, USA.

With the passage of The Patient Protection and Affordable Care Act, Public Law 111-148 (Affordable Care Act), public reporting for hospice will be required. A high-functioning Quality Assessment Performance Improvement (QAPI) program is the foundation for improved patient outcomes and the platform for public reporting. Assessing the effectiveness of a hospice's QAPI program now and then taking it to the next level will prepare organizations for when public reporting is here.
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January 2011

Age-related impairment in the 250-millisecond delay eyeblink classical conditioning procedure in C57BL/6 mice.

Learn Mem 2002 Sep-Oct;9(5):321-36

Research and Technology Development, Albert Einstein Healthcare Network, Philadelphia, Pennsylvania 19141, USA.

In this study we tested 4-, 9-, 12-, and 18-month-old C57BL/6 mice in the 250-msec delay eyeblink classical conditioning procedure to study age-related changes in a form of associative learning. The short life expectancy of mice, complete knowledge about the mouse genome, and the availability of transgenic and knock-out mouse models of age-related impairments make the mouse an excellent species for expanding knowledge on the neurobiologically and behaviorally well-characterized eyeblink classical conditioning paradigm. Based on previous research with delay eyeblink conditioning in rabbits and humans, we predicted that mice would be impaired on this cerebellar-dependent associative learning task in middle-age, at ~9 months. To fully examine age differences in behavior in mice, we used a battery of additional behavioral measures with which to compare young and older mice. These behaviors included the acoustic startle response, prepulse inhibition, rotorod, and the Morris water maze. Mice began to show impairment in cerebellar-dependent tasks such as rotorod and eyeblink conditioning at 9 to 12 months of age. Performance in hippocampally dependent tasks was not impaired in any group, including 18-month-old mice. These results in mice support results in other species, indicating that cerebellar-dependent tasks show age-related deficits earlier in adulthood than do hippocampally dependent tasks.
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November 2002