Publications by authors named "Charlene Choo"

2 Publications

  • Page 1 of 1

Confirmation of PRDX3 c.568G>C as the Genetic Basis of Punctiform and Polychromatic Pre-Descemet Corneal Dystrophy.

Cornea 2021 Aug 6. Epub 2021 Aug 6.

Stein Eye Institute, David Geffen School of Medicine at UCLA, Los Angeles, CA; and Department of Ophthalmology, La Paz University Hospital, Madrid 28046, Spain.

Purpose: The aim of this study was to report the results of screening peroxiredoxin 3 (PRDX3) and PDZ domain-containing protein 8 (PDZD8) in a previously unreported pedigree with punctiform and polychromatic pre-Descemet corneal dystrophy (PPPCD) to confirm that the PRDX3 mutation c.568G>C is the genetic basis of PPPCD.

Methods: Ophthalmologic examination of the proband and her affected father was performed with slit lamp biomicroscopy. Saliva was collected from the proband as a source of DNA, after which screening for PRDX3 and PDZD8 was performed.

Results: Slit lamp examination of the proband revealed polychromatic deposits diffusely distributed at the pre-Descemet level in both corneas and anterior subcapsular in the crystalline lens of both eyes. The proband's father also demonstrated diffuse pre-Descemetic polychromatic deposits in both eyes but no lenticular deposits. Screening of PRDX3 in the proband demonstrated the c.568G>C (p.Asp190His) variant previously associated with PPPCD and failed to identify any variants in PDZD8.

Conclusions: We report the initial confirmation of PRDX3 as the genetic basis of PPPCD in a previously unreported pedigree and expand the phenotype of PPPCD to include polychromatic lenticular deposits.
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http://dx.doi.org/10.1097/ICO.0000000000002828DOI Listing
August 2021

Effect of Exclusion Diets on Symptom Severity and the Gut Microbiota in Patients With Irritable Bowel Syndrome.

Clin Gastroenterol Hepatol 2021 May 20. Epub 2021 May 20.

Vatche and Tamar Manoukian Division of Digestive Diseases, David Geffen School of Medicine, University of California, Los Angeles, California; G Oppenheimer Center for Neurobiology of Stress and Resilience, Los Angeles, California. Electronic address:

Background & Aims: Altered fecal microbiota have been reported in irritable bowel syndrome (IBS), although studies vary, which could be owing to dietary effects. Many IBS patients may eliminate certain foods because of their symptoms, which in turn may alter fecal microbiota diversity and composition. This study aimed to determine if dietary patterns were associated with IBS, symptoms, and fecal microbiota differences reported in IBS.

Methods: A total of 346 IBS participants and 170 healthy controls (HCs) completed a Diet Checklist reflecting the diet(s) consumed most frequently. An exclusion diet was defined as a diet that eliminated food components by choice. Within this group, a gluten-free, dairy-free, or low fermentable oligosaccharides, disaccharides, monosaccharides, and polyols diet was further defined as restrictive because they often are implicated in reducing symptoms. Stool samples were obtained from 171 IBS patients and 98 HCs for 16S ribosomal RNA gene sequencing and microbial composition analysis.

Results: Having IBS symptoms was associated with consuming a restrictive diet (27.17% of IBS patients vs 7.65% of HCs; odds ratio, 3.25; 95% CI, 1.66-6.75; P value .006). IBS participants on an exclusion or restrictive diet reported more severe IBS symptoms (P = .042 and .029, respectively). The composition of the microbiota in IBS patients varied depending on the diet consumed. IBS participants on an exclusion diet had a greater abundance of Lachnospira and a lower abundance of Eubacterium (q value, <.05), and those on a restrictive diet had a lower abundance of Lactobacillus (q value, <.05).

Conclusions: Restrictive diets likely are consumed more by IBS patients than HCs to reduce GI symptom severity. Dietary patterns influence the composition of the fecal microbiota and may explain some of the differences between IBS and HCs.
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http://dx.doi.org/10.1016/j.cgh.2021.05.027DOI Listing
May 2021
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