Publications by authors named "Chaoxi Wang"

3 Publications

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A multi-herb-combined remedy to overcome hyper-inflammatory response by reprogramming transcription factor profile and shaping monocyte subsets.

Pharmacol Res 2021 Apr 17;169:105617. Epub 2021 Apr 17.

Institute of Chinese Materia Medica, China Academy of Chinese Medical Sciences, Dongcheng District, Beijing 100700, China. Electronic address:

Traditional Chinese multi-herb-combined prescriptions usually show better performance than a single agent since a group of effective compounds interfere multiple disease-relevant targets simultaneously. Huang-Lian-Jie-Du decoction is a remedy made of four herbs that are widely used to treat oral ulcers, gingivitis, and periodontitis. However, the active ingredients and underlying mechanisms are not clear. To address these questions, we prepared a water extract solution of Huang-Lian-Jie-Du decoction (HLJDD), called it as WEH (Water Extract Solution of HLJDD), and used it to treat LPS-induced systemic inflammation in mice. We observed that WEH attenuated inflammatory responses including reducing production of cytokines, chemokines and interferons (IFNs), further attenuating emergency myelopoiesis, and preventing mice septic lethality. Upon LPS stimulation, mice pretreated with WEH increased circulating Ly6C patrolling and splenic Ly6C inflammatory monocytes. The acute myelopoiesis related transcriptional factor profile was rearranged by WEH. Mechanistically we confirmed that WEH interrupted LPS/TLR4/CD14 signaling-mediated downstream signaling pathways through its nine principal ingredients, which blocked LPS stimulated divergent signaling cascades, such as activation of NF-κB, p38 MAPK, and ERK1/2. We conclude that the old remedy blunts LPS-induced "danger" signal recognition and transduction process at multiple sites. To translate our findings into clinical applications, we refined the crude extract into a pure multicomponent drug by directly mixing these nine chemical entities, which completely reproduced the effect of protecting mice from lethal septic shock. Finally, we reduced a large number of compounds within a multi-herb water extract to seven-chemical combination that exhibited superior therapeutic efficacy compared with WEH.
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http://dx.doi.org/10.1016/j.phrs.2021.105617DOI Listing
April 2021

Immunohistochemistry analysis of Pygo2 expression in central nervous system tumors.

J Cell Commun Signal 2019 Mar 5;13(1):75-84. Epub 2018 Jul 5.

Institute of Chinese Materia Medica, China Academy of Chinese Medical Sciences, Beijing, People's Republic of China.

Pygo2 as a Wnt signaling pathway component has been detected in multiple cancer types. In this study, we identified Pygo2 expression features by immunohistochemistry in 73 central nervous system tumor specimens, in comparison with 14 normal brain tissues and surrounding non-tumorous tissues of tumor. Our study indicated that 59% of the patient tumor specimens exhibited positive Pygo2-staining and increases intensity with the grade of malignancy, especially for WHO grade III and IV gliomas, was observed high level expression, compared with normal brain tissues. Five out of nine WHO grade III anaplastic astrocytomas and seven out of nine WHO grade IV glioblastomas showed Pygo2-positive staining. The analysis of Pygo2 gene expression by quantitative real-time PCR of additional ten fresh patient samples yielded similar results. Further studies performed with stable cell lines in vitro demonstrated that Pygo2 render cells higher proliferation rate, migration and anchorage-independent colony-forming ability in soft agar. Taken together, our studies suggest an important role of Pygo2 in brain tumor progression.
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http://dx.doi.org/10.1007/s12079-018-0476-0DOI Listing
http://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/pmc/articles/PMC6381371PMC
March 2019

Luteoloside Inhibits Proliferation and Promotes Intrinsic and Extrinsic Pathway-Mediated Apoptosis Involving MAPK and mTOR Signaling Pathways in Human Cervical Cancer Cells.

Int J Mol Sci 2018 Jun 5;19(6). Epub 2018 Jun 5.

Dongguan Key Laboratory of Environmental Medicine, School of Public Health, Guangdong Medical University, Dongguan 523808, China.

Cervical cancer is a common gynecological malignancy with high incidence and mortality. Drugs commonly used in chemotherapy are often accompanied by strong side-effects. To find an anti-cervical cancer drug with high effects and low toxicity, luteoloside was used to treat the cervical cancer cell line Hela to investigate its effects on cell morphology, proliferation, apoptosis, and related proteins. The study demonstrated that luteoloside could inhibit proliferation remarkably; promote apoptosis and cytochrome C release; decrease the mitochondrial membrane potential and reactive oxygen species level; upregulate the expression of Fas, Bax, p53, phospho-p38, phospho-JNK, and cleaved PARP; downregulate the expression of Bcl-2 and phospho-mTOR; activate caspase-3 and caspase-8; change the nuclear morphology, and fragmentate DNA in Hela cells. These results strongly suggest that luteoloside can significantly inhibit the proliferation and trigger apoptosis in Hela cells. In contrast, luteoloside had less proliferation inhibiting effects on the normal cell lines HUVEC12 and LO2, and minor apoptosis promoting effects on HUVEC12 cells. Furthermore, the luteoloside-induced apoptosis in Hela cells is mediated by both intrinsic and extrinsic pathways and the effects of luteoloside may be regulated by the mitogen-activated protein kinases and mTOR signaling pathways via p53.
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http://dx.doi.org/10.3390/ijms19061664DOI Listing
http://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/pmc/articles/PMC6032149PMC
June 2018