Publications by authors named "Chang-Hua Ma"

20 Publications

  • Page 1 of 1

[Qualitative and quantitative analysis of major cholic acids in Suis Fellis Pulvis].

Zhongguo Zhong Yao Za Zhi 2019 May;44(9):1842-1849

School of Chinese Material Medica,Beijing University of Chinese Medicine Beijing 102488,China.

This study is to establish a qualitative method for rapid identification of bile acids in Suis Fellis Pulvis based on UHPLC-LTQ-Orbitrap-MS technology,and an HPLC-ELSD internal standard method for the quantitative determination of two glycine-conjugated BAs in Suis Fellis Pulvis.The chromatographic separation of the UHPLC-LTQ-Orbitrap-MS qualitative analysis was achieved on a Waters Acquity UPLC HSS T_3column(2.1 mm×100 mm,1.8μm),with 0.2%formic acid aqueous solution(A)-acetonitrile(B)as mobile phase ingradient elution.Electrospray ionization(ESI)source was applied and operated in negative ion mode.Quantitative analysis was performed at 30℃on a Diamonsil-C_(18)column(4.6 mm×250 mm,5μm).The mobile phase consisted of 0.2%formic acid solution and acetonitrile with gradient elution and the flow rate was 1.0 m L·min~(-1).An ELSD was used with a nitrogen flow-rate of1.4 L·min~(-1)at a drift tube temperature of 60℃and the gain was 1.A total of 14 bile acids in Suis Fellis Pulvis were characterized based on the accurate mass measurements,fragmentation patterns,chromatographic retention times,and reference materials.For the quantitative analysis method,the glycohyodeoxycholic acid and glycochenodeoxycholic acid had good linear relationship in the range of26.52-265.20 mg·L~(-1)(r=0.999 8)and 19.84-198.40 mg·L~(-1)(r=0.999 1),respectively.The average recoveries(n=6)were104.1%and 103.1%,and the RSD were 2.0%and 2.4%.The UHPLC-LTQ-Orbitrap-MS technology provides a fast and efficient qualitative analysis method for identification of bile acids in Suis Fellis Pulvis.The HPLC-ELSD internal standard method is accurate and reliable,which has reference value for the quality control of Suis Fellis Pulvis.
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http://dx.doi.org/10.19540/j.cnki.cjcmm.20190222.009DOI Listing
May 2019

[A new method on investigate chemical constituents which have anti-thrombin effect by HPLC].

Zhongguo Zhong Yao Za Zhi 2016 Aug;41(15):2855-2860

Institute of Chinese Pharmacy, Beijing University of Chinese Medicine, Beijing 100102, China.

An in vitro anti-thrombin bioassay was developed to investigate the chemical constituents which have anti-thrombin effect from the water soluble components of Salvia miltiorrhiza. Using Chromozym TH as a probe combined with ethyl acetate Semi-micro extraction was applied to measure p-nitroaniline by HPLC. According to the results, the inactivationrate of thrombin by sodium danshensu, salvianolic acid A and salvianolic acid B under a given set of conditions were 3.06%, 77.77% and 2.35%, respectively. In the water-soluble components, salvianolic acid A has a direct inhibition of thrombin, while sodium danshensu and salvianolic acid B have no significant effect on thrombin. The method is sensitive and low consumption. It can eliminate the interference absorbed for the sample itself which can be used for screening single or multiple direct antithrombin active ingredient of herbal extract.
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http://dx.doi.org/10.4268/cjcmm20161518DOI Listing
August 2016

[Metabolic fingerprint analysis of RAW264.7 inflammatory cell model by using UPLC-Q-TOF/MS].

Zhongguo Zhong Yao Za Zhi 2017 Jun;42(12):2373-2379

School of Chinese Materia Medica, Beijing University of Chinese Medicine, Beijing 100102, China.

In order to reveal the properties of polar metabolome in inflammatory cells, we selected LPS-induced RAW264.7 inflammatory cell models as the carrier for the research of metabolic fingerprint analysis. In this study, an ultra performance liquid chromatography coupled with quadrupole-time-of-flight mass spectrometry (UPLC-Q-TOF/MS)-based metabolomics protocol was optimized for the extraction of polar metabolites from RAW264.7 cell line. Then orthogonal partial least squares discriminant analysis (OPLS-DA) was used to process the metabolic data, and finally, a total of 17 metabolites were selected and identified. The results showed that MeOH-CHCl3-H2O (8∶1∶1) was chosen as the optimal extraction solvent to achieve higher number of chromatographic peaks, with the best relative extraction efficiency and stability. Comparing with the normal cells, the inflammatory cells presented an abnormal metabolism in protein, carbohydrate, nucleotide and phospholipids. In this study, a UPLC-Q-TOF/MS-based metabolomics protocol for the polar metabolites from RAW264.7 cell line was developed, which may provide important information for the study of mechanism of inflammation and the anti-inflammatory drugs.
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http://dx.doi.org/10.19540/j.cnki.cjcmm.20170313.001DOI Listing
June 2017

Effect of compatible herbs on the pharmacokinetics of effective components of Panax notoginseng in Fufang Xueshuantong Capsule.

J Zhejiang Univ Sci B 2017 Apr.;18(4):343-352

School of Chinese Material Medica, Beijing University of Chinese Medicine, Beijing 100102, China.

Fufang Xueshuantong (FXT) is a well-known Chinese herbal formula which has been used to treat cardiovascular and ophthalmic diseases, especially diabetic retinopathy. Panax notoginseng (Burkill) F.H. Chen (PN) is the main herb of FXT, whose major bioactive constituents are ginsenosides. However, the scientific basis of the compatibility of FXT is still ambiguous. The present study investigated the scientific basis of the compatibility of FXT by comparing the pharmacokinetics of marker compounds after oral administrations of PN and FXT. A high performance liquid chromatography-electrospray ionization tandem mass spectrometry (HPLC-ESI-MS/MS) method was developed for simultaneous detection of notoginsenoside R1 (NR1), ginsenoside Rg1 (GRg1), and ginsenoside Rb1 (GRb1) in rat plasma. The pharmacokinetic studies of FXT and PN were performed using the established method with the pharmacokinetic parameters being determined by non-compartmental analysis. The results showed that the pharmacokinetic parameters (maximum concentration, area under the curve (AUC), clearance, and mean residence time) of NR1, GRg1, and GRb1 were significantly different after oral administration of FXT (P<0.05) compared with PN. The AUC values of GRg1 and GRb1 were 1.7- and 3.4-fold greater, respectively, in FXT than in PN. The compatible herbs of FXT could prolong the retention time and increase the systemic exposure of NR1, GRg1, and GRb1 compared with PN in vivo, providing some scientific basis for the compatibility and clinical use of FXT.
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http://dx.doi.org/10.1631/jzus.B1600235DOI Listing
http://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/pmc/articles/PMC5394099PMC
September 2017

Intrathecal Administration of Flavopiridol Promotes Regeneration in Experimental Model of Spinal Cord Injury.

Turk Neurosurg 2016 ;26(6):922-929

Second Affiliated Hospital of Nanchang University, Department of Anesthesiology, Nanchang, China.

Aim: Spinal cord injury (SCI) is a serious condition of the central nervous system and it affects the quality of life and even hampers the day-to-day activity of the patient. In the current study, we investigated the efficacy of intrathecal administration of flavopiridol in an experimental animal model of SCI. The study also aimed at exploring the physiological effects of flavopiridol on neurons, astrocytes and cell cycle regulatory proteins.

Material And Methods: In vitro scratch wound experiments were performed on female Sprague-Dawley rats (n=23). A complete hemisection to the right of T10 was made, and flavopiridol solution (200 mM, 0.8 nmol flavopiridol/animal) was delivered topically to the lesion site. Cell viability assay, in vitro scratch injury assay, cell cycle analysis using flow cytometry and behavioural assessments were performed.

Results: The local delivery of flavopiridol reduced cavity formation and improved regeneration of neurons with improvement in physiological performance. Flavopiridol also inhibited the migration and proliferation of astrocytes, and at the same time, promoted the survival of neurons.

Conclusion: Intrathecal administration of flavopiridol can be a promising treatment strategy in patients with SCI and it needs to be validated in patient setting.
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http://dx.doi.org/10.5137/1019-5149.JTN.13745-15.2DOI Listing
April 2017

[DNA barcoding identification of Ginseng Radix et Rhizoma and Panacis Quinquefolii Radix based on trnL-trnF sequences].

Zhongguo Zhong Yao Za Zhi 2015 May;40(10):1914-8

To optimize indices of molecular identification for authentication of Ginseng Radix et Rhizoma and Panacis Quinquefolii Radix, four indices, including sequence similarity, specific positions, genetic distance and phylogenetic tree, were compared based on trnL-trnF sequences. Total DNA was extracted from Ginseng Radix et Rhizoma and Panacis Quinquefolii Radix, and trL-trnF sequences were amplified and sequenced. Sequence similarity was calculated by BLAST analysis. Specific positions were compared by DNAman software. Genetic distance and phylogenetic tree were analyzed by Mega software. The results showed that the inter-specific and intra-specific similarity of P. ginseng and P. quinquefolius respectively was 100% and 99. 6%. There were four specific positions at G153A, T463A, C732G and T818C. The inter-specific genetic distance (0) of trL-trnF sequences was lower than intra-specific genetic distance (0. 004). P. ginseng can be distinguished from P. quinquefolius based on the phylogenetic tree. It is concluded that Ginseng Radix et Rhizoma and Panacis Quinquefolii Radix can be authenticated by identification indices of sequence similarity, specific positions, genetic distance and phylogenetic tree. Index of specific positions based on trnL-trnF sequences is the most efficient index to authenticate Ginseng Radix et Rhizoma and Panacis Quinquefolii Radix.
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May 2015

[A new herbs traceability method based on DNA barcoding-origin-morphology analysis--an example from an adulterant of 'Heiguogouqi'].

Zhongguo Zhong Yao Za Zhi 2014 Dec;39(24):4759-62

The fruit of Lycium ruthenicum is a common folk medicine in China. Now it is popular for its antioxidative effect and other medical functions. The adulterants of the herb confuse consumers. In order to identify a new adulterant of L. ruthenicum, a research was performed based on NCBI Nucleotide Database ITS Sequence, combined analysis of the origin and morphology of the adulterant to traceable varieties. Total genomic DNA was isolated from the materials, and nuclear DNA ITS sequences were amplified and sequenced; DNA fragments were collated and matched by using ContingExpress. Similarity identification of BLAST analysis was performed. Besides, the distribution of plant origin and morphology were considered to further identification and verification. Families and genera were identified by molecular identification method. The adulterant was identified as plant belonging to Berberis. Origin analysis narrowed the range of sample identification. Seven different kinds of plants in Berberis were potential sources of the sample. Adulterants variety was traced by morphological analysis. The united molecular identification-origin-morphology research proves to be a preceding way to medical herbs traceability with time-saving and economic advantages and the results showed the new adulterant of L. ruthenicum was B. kaschgarica. The main differences between B. kaschgarica and L. ruthenicum are as follows: in terms of the traits, the surface of B. kaschgarica is smooth and crispy, and that of L. ruthenicum is shrinkage, solid and hard. In microscopic characteristics, epicarp cells of B. aschgarica thickening like a string of beads, stone cells as the rectangle, and the stone cell walls of L. ruthenicum is wavy, obvious grain layer. In molecular sequences, the length of ITS sequence of B. kaschgarica is 606 bp, L. ruthenicum is 654 bp, the similarity of the two sequences is 53.32%.
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December 2014

[Study on index components and fingerprints of crude and processed Siegesbeckia Herbs].

Zhongguo Zhong Yao Za Zhi 2014 Aug;39(15):2907-11

The change of kirenol, darutigenol and darutoside in Siegesbeckia and its first to ninth processed products were studied, and the ten fingerprints were compared, which provided the experimental basis for the study of Siegesbeckia processing tech- nology. The samples were analysed by HPLC on a SunFire-C18 column (4.6 mm x 150 mm, 5 μm) with gradient elution of acetonitrile (0.1% formic acid)-water (0.1% formic acid) at a flow rate of 1.0 mL x min(-1). Column temperaturewas 30 °C and the detected wavelength was 215, 320 nm. The calibration curves of kirenol, darutigenol and darutoside were linear in the range of 2.180-26.16, 2.900-34.80, and 1.012-6.072 mg x L(-1), respectively, and the average recoveries were 96.4%, 97.2% and 96.3% wit RSD 2.2%, 1.7% and 2.4%. This method was simple, the result was stable and had good repeatability, recovery and precision. The re- sult was the basis of the chemical contents variation in the processing of Siegesbeckia Herbs and further clarifying the effect of the changing.
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August 2014

Differentiation of bel-7402 human hepatocarcinoma cells induced by aqueous extracts of fresh gecko (AG) and its anti-tumor activity in vivo.

J Ethnopharmacol 2014 Sep 2;155(3):1583-8. Epub 2014 Aug 2.

Department of Biological Pharmaceutics, School of Materia Medica, Beijing University of Chinese Medicine, Beijing 100102, China. Electronic address:

Ethnopharmacological Relevance: Gecko, a kind of reptile, has been widely used as a traditional Chinese medicine to treat various diseases including cancer in China for thousands of years. The aim of this study was to investigate the anti-tumor effect of AG (aqueous extracts of fresh gecko) on human hepatocellular carcinoma cell Bel-7402 in vitro and mouse H22 hepatocellular in vivo. Further to underlie the molecular mechanism of AG inducing the differentiation of Bel-7402 cells.

Materials And Methods: AG was obtained by water extracting method and qualitatively analyzed through High Performance Liquid Chromatography. The total protein concentration of AG was measured by BCA (bicinchoninic acid disodium) assay. The anti-tumor activities in vivo were analyzed through H22 (mouse hepatocellular carcinoma cell line H22) tumor xenografts mice. The cytotoxic activity of AG on Bel-7402 cells was evaluated by MTT assays. AFP (alpha fetoprotein) was detected by radioimmunoassay. ALB (albumin), ALP (alkaline phosphatase) and γ-GT (γ-glutamyl transpeptidase) were detected by biochemical methods with commercial kits. While morphological changes were observed through an inverted microscope. Moreover, the expression level of the proteins involved in MAPK (mitogen-activated protein kinase) signal pathway which was closely related to cellular differentiation was assessed by Western blot.

Results: AG showed obviously anti-tumor activity in vivo and anti-proliferative activity on Bel-7402 cells in vitro both dose-dependently. The number of clones of Bel-7402 cells treated with AG reduced and the cells were displaying differentiation state such as relatively bigger size and dispersed growth. The biochemical function markers of the cells were significantly changed after being treated with AG. The data showed that AFP secretion of the cells decreased 42.5%, ALB secretion increased 58.9%, the activity of ALP and γ-GT markedly decreased 67.0% and 48.5% separately when the concentration of AG was 10μl/ml, and those effects were all in a dose-dependent manner. The major original and phosphorylated signal proteins (ERK1/2 (extracellular sigal-regualted kinase 1/2), P38 (p38 MAPK) and JNK1/2 (c-Jun N-terminal kinase 1/2)) involved in MAPK signal pathway were measured and the results showed that AG activated the ERK1/2 of Bel-7402 cells.

Conclusions: AG has anti-tumor activity in vivo and inhibits Bel-7402 cell proliferation in vitro through inducing cell differentiation, and the mechanism involves the activation of ERK1/2.
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http://dx.doi.org/10.1016/j.jep.2014.07.050DOI Listing
September 2014

[Characteristic of sample banks isolated from EDTA-blood by sedimentation method].

Beijing Da Xue Xue Bao Yi Xue Ban 2014 Feb;46(1):111-4

Department of Periodontology, Peking University School and Hospital of Stomatology, Beijing 100081, China.

Objective: To assess the characteristics of establishing the different sample banks of plasma, leukocytes and DNA by sedimentation method of isolating from ethylene diamine tetraacetic acid(EDTA)-blood and to clarify the sedimentation method of leukocyte isolation and plasma volume by comparative data and recommended procedures for applicability.

Methods: In the study, 29 EDTA-bloods were obtained, the total amounts of leukocytes and the percentage of neutrophile granulocytes, and lymphocytes in the EDTA-blood detected as a control group and then assigned equally into 4 EP tubes with 1 mL EDTA-blood per tube as 4 test groups, then the 4 tubes were placed with the EDTA-blood at room temperature and the plasma layers were isolated at 0.5, 1, 2 and 3 h, receptively. The total amount of leukocytes and the percentage of neutrophile granulocytes, and lymphocytes were detected by automated hematology analyzer at the clinical laboratory. The volume of the plasma was also measured at the same time.

Results: The plasma volume at 0.5 h [(241.72 ± 101.52)μL] was substantially lower than those at 1 h[(317.24 ± 97.50)μL], at 2 h[(371.03 ± 91.66)μL], and at 3 h [(408.97 ± 97.43)μL] , P < 0.05. The plasma volume at 1 h was substantially lower than those at 2 h and 3 h (P < 0.05). The total amount of leukocytes in the plasma layer at 0.5 h (2.50 × 10(6) ± 1.48 × 10(6)) group was substantially higher than the amount of 2 or 3 h groups respectively (1.47 × 10(6) ± 7.19 × 105,1.21 × 10(6) ± 7.41 × 105), P < 0.05. Significant difference was not found between 0.5 h group and 1 h group (2.29 × 10(6)± 1.17 × 10(6)), P > 0.05. The total amount of leukocytes in the plasma layer in 1 h group was substantially higher than that in 2 h and 3 h groups (P < 0.05). There was no significant difference between 3 h group and 2 h group (P > 0.05). The total amount of leukocytes in the plasma layer of the 4 test groups was substantially lower than that in the control group (P < 0.05). The percentage of neutrophile granulocytes (54.14% ± 11.65%) in the plasma layer in 0.5 h group was substantially higher than those in 1 h, 2 h and 3 h groups (46.66% ± 12.70%,39.17% ± 12.33%,43.25% ± 14.54%), P < 0.05, respectively, which was the substantially lower than that in the control group (60.53% ± 8.46%), P < 0.05. The average value of the percentage of neutrophile granulocytes in the plasma layer in 1 h group was substantially higher than that in 2 h group (P < 0.05). There was no significant different between 3 h group and both 1 h, 2 h groups (P > 0.05). The mean percentage of lymphocytes in the plasma layer in 0.5 h group (35.09% ± 10.84%) was substantially lower than those in the plasma layer in 1 h, 2 h and 3 h groups, respectively ( 41.48% ± 12.20%, 47.96% ± 12.27%, 45.50% ± 13.71%), which was significant higher than that in the control group(30.98% ± 7.33%), P < 0.05. The average value of the percentage of lymphocytes in the plasma layer in 1 h group was substantially higher than those in the control group and 0.5 h group, but was substantially lower than those in 2 h and 3 h groups (P < 0.05). The average value of percentage of lymphocytes in the plasma layer in 2 h group was substantially higher than those in the control group, 0.5 h and 1 h groups (P < 0.05). There was no significant difference between 2 h and 3 h groups (P > 0.05).

Conclusion: The best period of time in obtaining leukocytes is 0.5-1 h sedimentation of EDTA-blood. Both the plasma layer and leukocytes can be separated and obtained at the same time from the same sample by the sedimentation method of EDTA-blood. The sedimentation of EDTA-blood has the least interference of both chemical and physical factors, as well as a ready operation, which can establish the plasma, leukocytes and DNA sample banks for various aspects of research.
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February 2014

[Quality survey of different species of clematidis radix et rhizoma].

Zhongguo Zhong Yao Za Zhi 2013 Apr;38(8):1203-5

Beijing University of Chinese Medicine, Beijing 100102, China.

Quality survey of different species of Clematidis Radix et Rhizoma was made by determining the content of hederagenin and oleanolic acid from Clematidis Radix et Rhizoma. The result showed that only a few samples of Clematis chinensis met the quality standard for Clematidis Radix et Rhizoma in Chinese Pharmacopoeia 2010 Edition.
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April 2013

[Two new sesquiterpene lactones from the pericarp of Illicium macranthum].

Yao Xue Xue Bao 2010 Mar;45(3):330-3

School of Chinese Pharmacy, Beijing University of Chinese Medicine, Beijing 100102, China.

Silica gel column chromatography was used for the isolation and purification of the chemical constituents of the pericarp of Illicium macranthum. From dichloromethane-EtOAc (1:1) fraction and EtOAc fraction of the methanol extracts, eleven compounds were identified on the basis of chemical and spectral data. Two new compounds were elucidated to be 6-deoxyneomajucin (1) and 2-oxo-6-deoxyneomajucin (2), along with nine known compounds 6-deoxypseudoanisatin (3), pseudoanisatin (4), anisatin (5), pseudomajucin (6), protocatecheuic acid (7), shikimic acid (8), shikimic acid methylester (9), beta-sitosterol (10) and daucosterol (11). Compounds 1 and 2 are new majucin-type sesquiterpene lactones.
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March 2010

[Effect ofAangong Niuhuang pill and heavy metal constituents on EcoG of brain damage caused by LPS in rats].

Zhongguo Zhong Yao Za Zhi 2007 May;32(10):949-53

School of Chinese Materia Medica, Beijing University of Chinese Medicine, Beijing 100102 China.

Objective: To probe the mechanism of EEG activation and Xingnao Kaiqiao, evaluate the actions of cinnabaris and realgar in Xingnao Kaiqiao of Angong Niuhuang pill, guess the significance of cinnabaris and realgar in specific indication treatment of Angong Niuhuang pill, and provide experimental bases for the rationality of Angong Niuhuang pill building-up.

Method: Seventy SD rats were divided into seven groups: the control, the model, the Angong Niuhuang pill (0.4 g x kg(-1)), the Angong Niuhuang pill without cinnabaris and realgar (0.32 g x kg(-1)) , the cinnabaris and realgar (0.08 g x kg(-1)), the realgar (0.04 g x kg(-1)), and the cinnabaris (0.04 g x kg(-1)). Rats in the control and model groups were given distilled water. After three days of administration, the brain damage model was made by Lipopolysaccharides (LPS) injection through caudal vein and the catecholamine (CA) and its metabolites levels in cerebral cortex, included noradrenaline (NE), adrenaline (E), 3-methocy-4-hydroxyphenylglycol (MHPG), 5-hydroxytryptamine (5-HT), 5-hydroxyindoleacetic acid (5-HIAA), dopamine (DA), Homovanlic acid (HVA), 3,4-dihydroxyphenylacetic acid (DOPAC), were determined by high-performance liquid chromatography with electrochemical detector (HPLC-ECD). Influences of Angong Niuhuang pill, Angong Niuhuang pill without cinnabaris and realgar, cinnabaris and realgar on monoamine transmitters were observed in brain damage rats caused by LPS.

Result: LPS could raise NE, 5-HT, 5-HIAA levels and reduce E, DOPAC levels, but had no influence on HVA, DA, MHPG levels. Angong Niuhuang pill had the trend of raising E, DOPAC levels and reducing NE level, and could reduce 5-HIAA level obviously comparing with models. But Angong Niuhuang pill without cinnabaris and realgar was different, NE level was significantly higher compared to models and Angong Niuhuang pill, DA level was also significantly higher compared to all groups. Cinnabaris and realgar had the same action trends with Angong Niuhuang pill, and separate realgar could obviously reduce 5-HT.

Conclusion: Influence on CA and its metabolites levels in cerebral cortex may be one of the mechanisms of Angong Niuhuang pill's EEG activation, and cinnabaris and realgar have the same action on CA levels in cerebral cortex. The results of the present work allow us to put forward the hypothesis that cinnabaris and realgar are most likely one of the important material basis in Xingnao Kaiqiao of Angong Niuhuang pill.
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May 2007

[GC-MS analysis of the fatty components of pollen Typhae before and after being carbonized].

Zhongguo Zhong Yao Za Zhi 2006 Feb;31(3):200-2

Beijing University of Chinese Medicine, Beijing 100102, China.

Objective: To study the changes of the fatty components of Pollen Typhae before and after being carbonized.

Method: Pollen Typhae and Pollen Typhae carbonisatus were extracted with petroleum ether (60-90 degrees C) respectively. The two kinds of extracts were analyzed by GC-MS after saponificated and methanolized, and their constituents were searched through NIST. The contents of the constituents were determined by method of normalization.

Result: Either in Pollen Typhae or in Pollen Typhae carbonisatus, 32 components were identified, among which 20 components were the same and 6 were different respectively. Among the same components, the relative contents of 3-methyl-2-butenoic acid-2-phenylethyl ester, hexanedioic acid-dimethyl ester, dimethyl phthalate, diethyl phthalate, diphenylamine, sebacic acid dimethyl ester, 1,2-benzenedicarboxylic acid, ethyl methyl ester, methyl-2-ethylhexyl phthalate and diisooctyl phthalate etc. increased obviously, and the relative contents of nonanedioic acid-dimethyl ester, diisobutyl phthalate and stigmastan-3,5-dien etc. decreased greatly. Among the different components, 8-hydroxy-octanoic acid-methyl ester, 9-hydroxy-nonanoic acid-methyl ester, 10-octadecenoic acid-methyl ester, m-hydroxycinnamic acid-methyl ester,3-[4-( acetyloxy)-3-methoxyphenyl]2-propenoic acid-methyl ester and 11-octadecenoic acid-methyl ester were detected in Pollen Typhae, 3-hydroxyspirost-8-en-11-one, benzenepropanoic acid-methyl ester, 2,4-dimethylhexanedioic acid; 2,4-bis (1,1-dimethylethyl)-phenol, undecanedioic acid-dimethyl ester and 9,10-dihydroxy-octadecanoic acid-methyl ester were detected in Pollen Typhae carbonistatus.

Conclusion: The species and contents of the fatty components in Pollen Typhae changed before and after being carbonized, but their chemical types didn't change too much.
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February 2006

[Analysis of volatile constituents from Anemarrhena asphodeloides by GC-MS].

Zhongguo Zhong Yao Za Zhi 2005 Nov;30(21):1657-9

School of Chinese Pharmacy, Beijing University of Chinese Medicine, Beijing 100102, China.

Objective: To study the chemical constituents of the volatile oil from the rhizome of Anemarrhena asphodeloides.

Method: The volatile oil was steam distillation. Chemical constituents were separated and analyzed by GC-MS. The relative content of each component was determined by area nomalization.

Result: 24 volatile compounds were isolated and identified for the first time, representing 70.83% of the total oil.

Conclusion: The main constituents of this oil were aldehydes (31.15%), terpene and their oxide (20.66%), alkyls (8.35%), Furan heterocyclic compounds (6.41%), non terpene alcohol (4.26%). There are 12 compounds with contents over 3%. Among them, borneol has the highest content (9.35%).
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November 2005

Permeation-enhancing effects of chitosan formulations on recombinant hirudin-2 by nasal delivery in vitro and in vivo.

Acta Pharmacol Sin 2005 Nov;26(11):1402-8

School of Pharmaceutical Sciences, Peking University Health Science Center, Beijing 100083, China.

Aim: To investigate the enhancing effects of chitosan with or without enhancers on nasal recombinant hirudin-2 (rHV2) delivery in vitro and in vivo, and to evaluate the ciliotoxicity of these formulations.

Methods: The permeation-enhancing effect of various chitosan formulations was estimated by using the permeation coefficient of fluorescein isothiocyanate recombinant hirudin-2 (FITC-rHV2) across the excited rabbit nasal epithelium in vitro. The effect was further evaluated by measuring the blood concentration level after nasal absorption of FITC-rHV2 in rats. The mucosal ciliotoxicity of different formulations was evaluated with an in situ toad palate model.

Results: Chitosan at a concentration of 0.5% with or without various enhancers significantly increased the permeability coefficient (P) and relative bioavailability (Fr) of FITC-rHV2 compared with the blank control. The addition of 1% sodium dodecylsulfate, 5% Brij35, 5% Tween 80, 1.5% menthol, 1% glycyrrhizic acid monoammonium salt (GAM) or 4% Azone into the 0.5% chitosan solution resulted in a further increase in absorption (P<0.05) compared with 0.5% chitosan alone. But co-administration of chitosan with 5% hydroxyl-propyl-beta-cyclodextrin (HP-beta-CD), 5% lecithin or 0.1% ethylenediamine tetraacetic acid (EDTA) was not more effective than using the 0.5% chitosan solution alone. Chitosan alone and with 5% HP-beta-CD, 0.1% EDTA, 1% GAM or 5% Tween 80 was relatively less ciliotoxic.

Conclusion: Chitosan with or without some enhancers was able to effectively promote the nasal absorption of recombinant hirudin, while not resulting in severe mucosal ciliotoxicity. A chitosan formulation system would be a useful approach for the nasal delivery of recombinant hirudin.
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http://dx.doi.org/10.1111/j.1745-7254.2005.00174.xDOI Listing
November 2005

[Studies on the nasal epithelium toxicity of adjuvants and recombination hirudin (rHV2) nasal spary].

Zhongguo Zhong Yao Za Zhi 2005 Jun;30(11):821-4

School of Pharmaceutical Sciences, Peking University Health Science Center, Beijing 100083, China.

Objective: To investigate the nasal epithelium toxicity of adjuvants and rHV2 nasal spary(HVS).

Method: Ciliary movement were evaluated with in situ toad palate model; The histology assessment of nasal epithelium were carried out after long-lasting and repeated use of HVS.

Result And Conclusion: Adjuvants included SDS, Brij 35, azone, lecithin, EDTA, menthol, nipagin and thiomersal were able to significantly inhibited the ciliary movement, while tween80, glycyrrhizic acid monoammonium salt, benzalkonium bromide, sodium benzoate and adhensive materials investigated had less influence on it. HVS was able to damaged the nasal epithelium, but this effect recovered soon after stopping administration. It was demonstrated that SDS, Brij 35, azone,lecithin, EDTA, menthol, nipagin and thiomersal. It had significant cilitoxity, while tween80, glycyrrhizic acid monoammonium salt, benzalkonium bromide, sodium benzoate and adhensive materials investigated had no significance; Chitosan co-administration with some adjuvants may make the cillitoxity severer; It is available that rHV2 be administered by nasal spary.
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June 2005

[The underground part growth distribution pattern of Glycyrrhiza uralensis and its effects on glycyrrhizinic acid content].

Zhongguo Zhong Yao Za Zhi 2004 Apr;29(4):305-9

Beijing Forestry University, Beijing 100083, China.

Objective: To ascertain the relationship between glycyrrhizinic acid content and the underground part growth character of Glycyrrhiza uralensis and provide the theoretical evidence for wild resources protection and artificial cultivation method of G. uralensis.

Method: Through the analytical investigation on the underground part of G. uralensis and analysis of glycyrrhizinic acid content in different organs, parts, ages, and diameter medicinal materials, the systematic study on the relationship between glycyrrhizinic acid content and the underground part growth character of glycyrrhiza uralensis was carried out.

Result: The underground part of a G. uralensis seedling consisted of seed root, random root, horizontal underground stem, vertical underground stem and assimilating root. The glycyrrhizinic acid content in horizontal underground stem with the age below two years old or in random root with the diameter below 0.5 cm was low. The difference of glycyrrhizinic acid content among horizontal underground stem, random root and vertical underground stem was obvious, but the difference between horizontal underground stem and random root was not obvious.

Conclusion: The horizontal underground stem was of G. uralnesis acts as a link that can connect random root, vertical underground and stem assimilating root, so that the whole underground part constructs one huge underground net system. The glycyrrhizinic acid accumulation is a effected by organ type, growth age, root diameter and grow position, and the distribution pattern of random root and vertical underground stem has influence on glycyrrhizinic acid distribution in horizontal underground stem.
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April 2004

[Applications of solid-phase microextraction technique in natural product analysis].

Zhongguo Zhong Yao Za Zhi 2004 Mar;29(3):197-9

School of Chinese Pharmacology Beijing University of Chinese Medicine and Pharmacology, Beijing 100102, China.

Solid-phase microextraction is a new technique of analysis. It has many merits and expanse foreground. A Review of the principle, recent development and applications of solid-phase microextraction is given, focusing on natural product analysis, especially on Chinese traditional medicine. Twenty-nine references are cited in the paper.
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March 2004

[The changes of some chemical components in banxiaxiexintang decoction of different combinations].

Zhongguo Zhong Yao Za Zhi 2002 May;27(5):363-5

College of Chinese Pharmacy, Beijing University of Traditional Chinese Medicine, Beijing 100029, China.

Objective: The contents of bererine, palmatine and glycyrrhizin acid in Banxiaxiexintang decoction of different combinations were determined by PR-HPLC.

Method: A Shim-pack CLC-ODS column was used with a mobile phase of CH3CN-H2O (31:69; 0.005 moL.L-1 -pentanesulfonic acid sodium salt, H3PO4: pH 3.0) for bererine andpalmatine, which were detected at the wavelength of 275 nm. A YWG-C18 column was used with a mobile phase of CH3OH-H2O-HAc(62:37:1) for glycyrrhizin acid which was detected at the wavelength of 260 nm.

Result: Each herbs' combination influences the contents of the 3 components.

Conclusion: The experiment is an attempt to study the comical foundation of traditional Chinese prescription.
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May 2002