Publications by authors named "Chandra P Singh"

4 Publications

  • Page 1 of 1

All-normal dispersion ytterbium-doped fiber laser mode locked by nonlinear multimode interference.

Appl Opt 2021 May;60(13):3888-3894

We report a mode-locking operation using a nonlinear multimode interference (MMI)-based saturable absorber in an ytterbium-doped fiber laser under an all-normal dispersion configuration. The MMI is observed in a step-index single mode-multimode-single mode (SMS) fiber structure. The intensity and wavelength-dependent transmission of the SMS structure has been studied numerically to understand the Kerr-induced saturable absorber properties of MMI in a step-index fiber. Numerical investigations show that presence of a narrow-band wavelength-tunable spectral filter is necessary for a nonlinear MMI-based saturable absorber to be effective for mode locking. A single-pulse mode-locking operation in the laser is realized at a very low pump power of ${\sim}{56.3}\;{\rm mW}$ at which the laser generates 180 ps duration pulses at ${\sim}{9}\;{\rm MHz}$ repetition rate with measured signal-to-noise ratio of ${\sim}{50}\;{\rm dB}$. This all-fiber integrated laser operates in multi-pulse and noise-like rectangular pulse regimes at increased pump power.
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http://dx.doi.org/10.1364/AO.422572DOI Listing
May 2021

Generation of stable clean ultrashort pulses in a simple all-fiber, all-normal dispersion ytterbium-doped mode-locked laser.

Appl Opt 2019 Jul;58(20):5533-5539

We report an all-fiber, all-normal dispersion ytterbium (Yb)-doped fiber oscillator mode locked by nonlinear polarization evolution. The mode locking is realized in different pump power regimes by adjusting the polarization controllers. The average output power, pulse energy, and compressed pulse duration varies from 60 to 150 mW, 1.4 to 3.5 nJ, and 350 to 146 fs, respectively, when the pump power to the oscillator is varied from 250 to 500 mW. Particularly at 500 mW pump power, the oscillator generates highly chirped 5 ps duration pulses at 42 MHz that are compressed to a 146 fs duration with a clean temporal profile. The signal-to-noise ratio of the train of mode-locked pulses is 85 dB, indicating stable mode-locking operation. The generalized nonlinear Schrödinger equation is solved numerically to model the passive mode locking in a Yb oscillator, supporting the experimental results. In a chirped pulse Yb amplifier, the signal power is scaled to a 10 W level, and the amplified pulse is compressed to 355 fs duration.
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http://dx.doi.org/10.1364/AO.58.005533DOI Listing
July 2019

Chair-like pulses in an all-normal dispersion Ytterbium-doped mode-locked fiber laser.

Appl Opt 2016 Dec;55(35):9961-9967

We report, for what we believe is the first time, generation of stable chair-like pulses (a pulse shape with an initial long flat portion followed by a short high peak power portion resembling the shape of a chair) by mode locking of a Ytterbium (Yb)-doped fiber laser. Chair-like pulse shapes are achieved by implementing dual saturable absorbers, one based on a nonlinear optical loop mirror (NOLM) and the other based on nonlinear polarization rotation (NPR) inside the cavity. The transmission characteristics of the NOLM-NPR pair leading to the formation of chair-like pulses are numerically investigated. We also report the amplification characteristics of chair-like pulses in an external multistage Yb-doped fiber amplifier setup at different repetition rates of the pulse train. It was found that the chair-like pulses are suitable for amplification, and more than 10 W of average power at 460 kHz repetition rate have been obtained at total pump power of ∼20  W coupled to the power amplifier. At a lower repetition rate (115 kHz), ∼8  W of average power were obtained corresponding to ∼70  μJ of pulse energy with negligible contribution from amplified spontaneous emission or stimulated Raman scattering. We believe that such an oscillator-amplifier system could serve as an attractive tool for micromachining applications.
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http://dx.doi.org/10.1364/AO.55.009961DOI Listing
December 2016

Weed control in rose-scented geranium (Pelargonium spp).

Pest Manag Sci 2002 Dec;58(12):1254-8

Central Institute of Medicinal & Aromatic Plants, Field Station, Boduppal Uppal (PO), Hyderabad-500 039, India.

Abstract: Field investigations were carried out during 1999 and 2000 to identify effective chemical/ cultural methods of weed control in rose-scented geranium (Pelargonium spp). The treatments comprised pre-emergence applications of oxyfluorfen (0.15, 0.20 and 0.25 kg AI ha(-1)) and pendimethalin (0.50, 0.75 and 1.00kg AI ha(-1)), successive hand weeding, hoeing and mulching using spent of lemon grass (at 5 tonnes ha(-1)) 45 days after planting (DAP), three hand-weedings 30, 60 and 90 DAP, weed-free (frequent manual weeding) and weedy control. Broad-leaf weeds were more predominant than grass and sedge weeds, accounting for 85.8% weed density and 93.0% weed dry weight in 1999 and 77.2% weed density and 93.9% weed dry weight in 2000. Unrestricted weed growth significantly reduced geranium oil yield, by 61.6% and 70.6% in 1999 and 2000, respectively. Pre-emergence application of pendimethalin (0.75-1.00 kgAI ha(-1)) or oxyfluorfen (0.25 kg AI ha(-1)), successive hand-weeding, hoeing and mulching and three hand-weedings were highly effective in reducing weed density and dry weight and gave oil yield comparable to the weed-free check. Application of oxyfluorfen (0.15 or 0.20 kg AI ha(-1)) and pendimethalin (0.50 kg AI ha(-1)) were less effective in controlling the weed species in geranium. None of the herbicides impaired the quality of rose-scented geranium oil measured in terms of citronellol and geraniol content.
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http://dx.doi.org/10.1002/ps.592DOI Listing
December 2002
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