Publications by authors named "Cesar Colasante"

6 Publications

  • Page 1 of 1

Use of the subscapular system by maintaining unilateral decubitus placement without repositioning in microvascular free tissue transplantation.

Microsurgery 2020 Feb 12;40(2):125-129. Epub 2019 Jul 12.

The Buncke Medical Clinic, San Francisco, California.

Background: In microvascular free-tissue harvest and transfer, the need for repositioning from lateral decubitus position and the inability to use a two-team approach are major drawbacks of the subscapular system. We present our experience with the subscapular system for upper and lower extremity reconstruction using a two-team approach without need for repositioning.

Methods: We conducted a retrospective chart review for all patients undergoing free flap transplant based on the subscapular system to the upper or lower extremity at our microsurgical facility from January 1, 2007 to December 31, 2011. Only cases not requiring intraoperative repositioning were included. Sixty-four patients underwent the two-team approach (37 upper extremity and 27 lower extremity transplants). Flap types included latissimus dorsi musculocutaneous, partial superior latissimus, dorsal thoracic fascia, serratus, scapular bone, and thoracodorsal artery perforator, either alone or as chimeric flaps. All patients were placed in the lateral decubitus position for the duration of the surgery.

Results: The ipsilateral subscapular system was used in 16% of cases for lower extremity defects, where the anterior tibial vessels served as recipient vessels. The contralateral subscapular system was used in all remaining cases for upper extremity or the vast majority for lower extremity (84%) defects, where either the superficial femoral, genicular, popliteal, sural, or posterior tibial vessels served as recipient vessels. With the exception of one partial flap loss secondary to infection, all flaps survived.

Conclusions: Proper lateral decubitus positioning allows for a two-team approach without compromising safety or outcomes.
View Article and Find Full Text PDF

Download full-text PDF

Source Listing
February 2020

Facial Implants: Controversies and Criticism. A Comprehensive Review of the Current Literature.

Plast Reconstr Surg 2018 10;142(4):991-999

From the Nassau University Medical Center; the Long Island Plastic Surgical Group; and the Jacobi Medical Center.

Background: Polyethylene (Medpor) and silicone are two of the most popular materials used today for facial skeleton implantation. Previous studies have identified common complications with the use of these implants, but patient follow-up has been short. This review of the literature examines complications and patient follow-up in cases using Medpor and silicone implants for reconstructive and aesthetic operations of the mid and lower face over the past 20 years.

Methods: A literature search was conducted through the PubMed database. Keywords used were as follows: ("mandible implants" or "malar implants" or "chin implants") AND ("reconstruction" or "augmentation") AND ("Medpor" or "silicone").

Results: There were nine studies with 626 patients in the Medpor group and five studies with 365 patients in the silicone group. The silicone group had a higher incidence of infections and displacements. The Medpor group showed a higher incidence of prominence problems. Exposure/extrusion rates were low for both implant types. Chin and mandibular implants were the safest, whereas malar implants had a high incidence of prominence problems. The average follow-up for Medpor was 36.6 months and 24 months for silicone. There were wide ranges of follow-up times, from 2 weeks up to 15 years. A limited number of articles included an averaged time within their ranges. Reported follow-up times were not linked to specific complications.

Conclusions: Medpor implantation is more common than silicone. Complication rates are low with the use of both materials. Patient follow-up is deficient and has not improved in the past 20 years, raising questions on the reliability of complication rates.
View Article and Find Full Text PDF

Download full-text PDF

Source Listing
October 2018

Custom Fabrication of a 3-Dimensionally Printed Helmet for Improved Socialization and Subjective Self-Assessment in a Case of Acquired Cranial Defect: A Case Presentation.

PM R 2018 06 30;10(6):671-674. Epub 2017 Dec 30.

Department of Physical Medicine & Rehabilitation, SUNY Upstate Medical University, Syracuse, NY.

Traumatic injury and subsequent residual cosmetic deformity are subject of intense scrutiny for their effects on objective health measures assessing patient morbidity and mortality. Although these remain principal concerns of all members of the treatment team, of less immediate yet lasting importance to the patient are the social costs of such disfigurement. Subjective feelings of unease and embarrassment can hinder social reintegration and encourage deteriorating psychosocial health. The following presents a case of one such individual who sustained traumatic brain injury and associated pneumocephalus and osteomyelitis requiring surgical debridement with bifrontal craniectomy and lobotomy. Postoperative management was cosmetically improved by the application of a custom-fabricated, 3-dimensionally printed helmet used in place of generic over-the-counter hardware, and the associated improvement reported in patient satisfaction is reported.

Level Of Evidence: V.
View Article and Find Full Text PDF

Download full-text PDF

Source Listing
June 2018

Poster 484 3D Printed Orthotic Designed for Klippel-Feil Syndrome Affected Hypoplastic Thumb: A Case Report.

PM R 2016 Sep 24;8(9S):S317-S318. Epub 2016 Sep 24.

Albert Einstein College of Medicine, New York, New York, United States.

View Article and Find Full Text PDF

Download full-text PDF

Source Listing
September 2016

Perception of Age, Attractiveness, and Tiredness After Isolated and Combined Facial Subunit Aging.

Aesthetic Plast Surg 2015 Dec 25;39(6):856-69. Epub 2015 Sep 25.

Section of Plastic and Reconstructive Surgery, Yale School of Medicine, 330 Cedar Street, 3rd Floor Boardman Building, New Haven, CT, 06520, USA.

Background: Patients often seek help to redress aging that affects various regions of the face (subunits). The purpose of this study was to determine how aging of different facial subunits impacts perception of age, attractiveness, and tiredness.

Method: Frontal and lateral view facial photographs of a middle-aged woman were modified using imaging software to independently age different facial features. Sixty-six subjects were administered with a questionnaire, and presented with a baseline unmodified picture and others containing different individual or grouped aging of facial subunits. Test subjects were asked to estimate the age of the subject in the image and quantify (0-10 scale) how "tired" and "attractive" they appeared. Facial subunits were organized following rank assignment regarding impact on perception of age, attractiveness, and tiredness.

Results: The correlation coefficient between age and attractiveness had a strong inverse relationship of approximately -0.95 in both lateral and frontal views. From most to least impact in age, the rank assignment for frontal view facial subunits was full facial aging, middle third, lower third, upper third, vertical lip rhytides, horizontal forehead rhytides, jowls, upper eyelid ptosis, loss of malar volume, lower lid fat herniation, deepening glabellar furrows, and deepening nasolabial folds. From most to least impact in age, the rank assignment for lateral view facial subunits was severe neck ptosis, jowls, moderate neck ptosis, vertical lip rhytides, crow's feet, lower lid fat herniation, loss of malar volume, and elongated earlobe.

Conclusion: This study provides a preliminary template for further research to determine which anatomical subunit will have the most substantial effect on an aged appearance, as well as on the perception of tiredness and attractiveness.

Level Of Evidence Iv: This journal requires that authors assign a level of evidence to each article. For a full description of these Evidence-Based Medicine ratings, please refer to the Table of Contents or the online Instructions to Authors
View Article and Find Full Text PDF

Download full-text PDF

Source Listing
December 2015