Publications by authors named "Cemile Dilşah Sürmeli"

2 Publications

  • Page 1 of 1

Clinical characteristics of adult patients hospitalized with laboratory-confirmed COVID-19 pneumonia.

J Infect Chemother 2021 Feb 23;27(2):306-311. Epub 2020 Oct 23.

Anesthesia and Reanimation, Istanbul Gaziosmanpasa Training and Research Hospital, Istanbul, Turkey.

Background: The clinical spectrum of COVID-19 has a great variation from asymptomatic infection to acute respiratory distress syndrome and eventually death. The mortality rates vary across the countries probably due to the heterogeneity in study characteristics and patient cohorts as well as treatment strategies. Therefore, we aimed to summarize the clinical characteristics and outcomes of adult patients hospitalized with laboratory-confirmed COVID-19 pneumonia in Istanbul, Turkey.

Methods: A total of 722 adult patients with laboratory-confirmed COVID-19 pneumonia were analyzed in this single-center retrospective study between March 15 and May 1, 2020.

Results: A total of 722 laboratory-confirmed patients with COVID-19 pneumonia were included in the study. There were 235 (32.5%) elderly patients and 487 (67.5%) non-elderly patients. The most common comorbidities were hypertension (251 [34.8%]), diabetes mellitus (198 [27.4%]), and ischemic heart disease (66 [9.1%]). The most common symptoms were cough (512 [70.9%]), followed by fever (226 [31.3%]), and shortness of breath (201 [27.8%]). Lymphocytopenia was present in 29.7% of the patients, leukopenia in 12.2%, and elevated CRP in 48.8%. By the end of May 20, 648 (89.7%) patients had been discharged and 60 (8.5%) patients had died. According to our study, while our overall mortality rate was 8.5%, this rate was 14.5% in elderly patients, and the difference was significant.

Conclusions: This case series provides characteristics and outcomes of sequentially adult patients hospitalized with laboratory-confirmed COVID-19 pneumonia in Turkey.
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http://dx.doi.org/10.1016/j.jiac.2020.10.020DOI Listing
http://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/pmc/articles/PMC7584418PMC
February 2021

Performance of pneumonia severity index and CURB-65 in predicting 30-day mortality in patients with COVID-19.

Int J Infect Dis 2020 Sep 14;98:84-89. Epub 2020 Jun 14.

Department of Rheumatology, Gaziosmanpasa Research and Training Hospital, University of Health Sciences, Istanbul, Turkey. Electronic address:

Objective: The aim of the study was to analyze the usefulness of CURB-65 and the pneumonia severity index (PSI) in predicting 30-day mortality in patients with COVID-19, and to identify other factors associated with higher mortality.

Methods: A retrospective study was performed in a pandemic hospital in Istanbul, Turkey, which included 681 laboratory-confirmed patients with COVID-19. Data on characteristics, vital signs, and laboratory parameters were recorded from electronic medical records. Receiver operating characteristic analysis was used to quantify the discriminatory abilities of the prognostic scales. Univariate and multivariate logistic regression analyses were performed to identify other predictors of mortality.

Results: Higher CRP levels were associated with an increased risk for mortality (OR: 1.015, 95% CI: 1.008-1.021; p < 0.001). The PSI performed significantly better than CURB-65 (AUC: 0.91, 95% CI: 0.88-0.93 vs AUC: 0.88, 95% CI: 0.85-0.90; p = 0.01), and the addition of CRP levels to PSI did not improve the performance of PSI in predicting mortality (AUC: 0.91, 95% CI: 0.88-0.93 vs AUC: 0.92, 95% CI: 0.89-0.94; p = 0.29).

Conclusion: In a large group of hospitalized patients with COVID-19, we found that PSI performed better than CURB-65 in predicting mortality. Adding CRP levels to PSI did not improve the 30-day mortality prediction.
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http://dx.doi.org/10.1016/j.ijid.2020.06.038DOI Listing
http://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/pmc/articles/PMC7293841PMC
September 2020