Publications by authors named "Cemile Ümran Ceylan"

2 Publications

  • Page 1 of 1

Alterations in cellular metabolism triggered by or inactivation cause imbalanced dNTP pools and increased mutagenesis.

Proc Natl Acad Sci U S A 2017 05 17;114(22):E4442-E4451. Epub 2017 Apr 17.

German Cancer Research Center, 69120 Heidelberg, Germany;

Eukaryotic DNA replication fidelity relies on the concerted action of DNA polymerase nucleotide selectivity, proofreading activity, and DNA mismatch repair (MMR). Nucleotide selectivity and proofreading are affected by the balance and concentration of deoxyribonucleotide (dNTP) pools, which are strictly regulated by ribonucleotide reductase (RNR). Mutations preventing DNA polymerase proofreading activity or MMR function cause mutator phenotypes and consequently increased cancer susceptibility. To identify genes not previously linked to high-fidelity DNA replication, we conducted a genome-wide screen in using DNA polymerase active-site mutants as a "sensitized mutator background." Among the genes identified in our screen, three metabolism-related genes (, , and ) have not been previously associated to the suppression of mutations. Loss of either the transcription factor Gln3 or inactivation of the CTP synthetase Ura7 both resulted in the activation of the DNA damage response and imbalanced dNTP pools. Importantly, these dNTP imbalances are strongly mutagenic in genetic backgrounds where DNA polymerase function or MMR activity is partially compromised. Previous reports have shown that dNTP pool imbalances can be caused by mutations altering the allosteric regulation of enzymes involved in dNTP biosynthesis (e.g., RNR or dCMP deaminase). Here, we provide evidence that mutations affecting genes involved in RNR substrate production can cause dNTP imbalances, which cannot be compensated by RNR or other enzymatic activities. Moreover, Gln3 inactivation links nutrient deprivation to increased mutagenesis. Our results suggest that similar genetic interactions could drive mutator phenotypes in cancer cells.
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May 2017

A microfluidic microbial fuel cell array that supports long-term multiplexed analyses of electricigens.

Lab Chip 2012 Oct;12(20):4151-9

Department of Electrical and Computer Engineering, Texas A&M University, College Station, TX, USA.

Microbial fuel cells (MFCs) are green energy technologies that exploit microbial metabolism to generate electricity. The widespread implementation of MFC technologies has been stymied by their high cost and limited power. MFC arrays in which device configurations or microbial consortia can be screened have generated significant interest because of their potential for defining aspects that will improve performance featuring high throughput characteristics. However, current miniature MFCs and MFC array systems do not support long-term studies that mimic field conditions, and hence, have limitations in fully characterizing and understanding MFC performances in varieties of conditions. Here, we describe an MFC array device that incorporates microfluidic technology to enable continuous long-term analysis of MFC performance at high throughput utilizing periodic anolyte/catholyte replenishment. The system showed 360% higher power output and 700% longer operating time when compared to MFC arrays without catholyte replenishment. We further demonstrate the utility of the system by reporting its successful use in screening microbial consortia collected from geographically diverse environments for communities that support enhanced MFC performance. Taken together, this work demonstrates that anolyte/catholyte replenishment can significantly improve the long-term performance of microfabricated MFC arrays, and support the characterization of diverse microbial consortia.
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October 2012