Publications by authors named "Celine Satija"

9 Publications

  • Page 1 of 1

Retinal Nerve Fibre Layer Thickness Increases with Decreasing Spectralis OCT Signal Strength in Normal Eyes.

Neuroophthalmology 2020 Apr 29;44(2):100-103. Epub 2019 Oct 29.

Department of Ophthalmology & Visual Neurosciences, University of Minnesota Medical School, Minneapolis, Minnesota, USA.

We sought to determine effect of signal strength on mean retinal nerve fibre layer (RNFL) using Spectralis optical coherence tomography (S-OCT). Thirty normal subjects (18 female, mean 37.9 years, range 24-61) were imaged with S-OCT using variably dense Bangerter foils to alter Q value (1 unit signal strength = 4 units Q). We found a statistically significant (p < 0.01) linear relationship (R = 0.8643) between Q and RNFL (1 unit decrease Q = 0.181 um mean RNFL increase). Unlike previous observations of Cirrus and Stratus OCT, we found RNFL thickness does not decrease with decreasing signal strength in S-OCT.
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April 2020

Presentation and Progression of Papilledema in Cerebral Venous Sinus Thrombosis.

Am J Ophthalmol 2020 05 9;213:1-8. Epub 2020 Jan 9.

Department of Ophthalmology, Duke University, Durham, North Carolina, USA. Electronic address:

Purpose: To determine the natural history and visual outcomes of papilledema in cerebral venous sinus thrombosis (CVST).

Design: Retrospective observational case series.

Methods: This multicenter study included 7 tertiary care neuro-ophthalmology clinics. Sixty-five patients with CVST were identified who received serial eye examinations with documented papilledema from 2008-2016. Outcome measures included time from diagnosis to papilledema documentation, papilledema progression, time to papilledema resolution, treatment interventions and final visual outcomes.

Results: Papilledema was present on initial presentation in 54% of patients or detected later during the course of the disease in 46% of patients. The average time from CVST diagnosis to papilledema documentation was 29 days with a mean (SD) initial Frisén grade of 2.7 (1.3). In 21.5% of cases, papilledema progressed over an average of 55.6 (56.6) days. Time to papilledema resolution was approximately 6 months. Final visual acuity ranged from 20/20 to light perception, with 40% of patients having residual visual field defects on standard automated perimetry. Frisén grade ≥3 (odds ratio [OR] 10.21, P < .0053) and cases with worsening papilledema (3.5, P < .043) were associated with permanent visual field deficits.

Conclusions: Our study indicates the importance of serial ophthalmic evaluation in all cases of CVST. Follow-up fundoscopy is critical given that a subset of cases can show delayed onset and/or worsening of papilledema with time. Specifically, we recommend an ophthalmic examination at the time of initial diagnosis, with repeat examination within a few weeks and further follow-up depending on the level of papilledema or vision changes.
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May 2020

A Report of Intracranial Meningioma Recurring as Ectopic Orbital Meningioma Associated With Basal Encephalocele.

Ophthalmic Plast Reconstr Surg 2020 Jan/Feb;36(1):e19-e21

Department of Ophthalmology and Visual Neurosciences, University of Minnesota.

The authors describe a rare case of recurrent ectopic meningioma associated with sphenoid encephalocele in the medial anterior orbit of a 52-year-old man with a history of a resected intracranial meningioma. Typical features of ectopic meningioma are reviewed as well as potential etiologies of this very rare recurrence of intracranial meningioma in the orbit. Treatment is typically surgical excision.The authors report a rare case of recurrent orbital ectopic meningioma in the right medial canthus of a 52-year-old man.
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March 2021

Effect of 2 Novel Sustained-release Drug Release Systems on Bleb Fibrosis: An In Vivo Trabeculectomy Study in a Rabbit Model.

J Glaucoma 2019 06;28(6):512-518

Department of Ophthalmology, University of South Florida, Tampa, FL.

Precis: Rabbit model studies suggested better morphology blebs with equal intraocular pressure (IOP) efficacy as a standard mitomycin C (MMC) trabeculectomy using a novel slow-release drug delivery antifibrotic system delivering small quantities of MMC and 5-fluorouracil (5-FU).

Purpose: To evaluate 2 different concentrations of biodegradable poly(lactic-co-glycolic acid) (PLGA) system with 5-FU and MMC (ElutiGLASS) for their ability to reduce fibrosis and compare the results with standard trabeculectomy with MMC in a rabbit model.

Materials And Methods: New Zealand albino rabbits (19) were divided into 3 groups (A, B, C) and standard trabeculectomy operation was performed in the right eye of each rabbit.Group (A) had trabeculectomy with MMC (0.4 mg/mL) applied using a Weck cell sponge; (B) trabeculectomy with slow-release ElutiGLASS (0.23 mg, 5-FU/0.33 μg MMC released over 23 to 30 d); (C) trabeculectomy with rapid release ElutiGLASS (0.45 mg of 5-FU/0.65 μg MMC, released over 5 to 7 d). The rabbits were followed for 3 months before euthanasia.

Results: Bleb morphology, vascularity, and fibrosis were less pronounced in groups B and C when compared with group A at 3 months. Group B appears to have a lower and more diffuse bleb appearance compared with the other 2 groups with honeycomb appearance on both clinical examination and ultrasound biomicroscopy imaging with higher percentage of maintained bleb space (83%), less fibrosis than group A while maintaining the same low inflammation score as the other 2 groups on histology. At 3 months, the PLGA polymer had completely disappeared in all rabbits. There were no statistical differences in the degree of IOP reduction or histologic inflammation, among the 3 groups.

Conclusions: We successfully created a sustained-release antifibrotic drug delivery system that delivered known dosage of the drugs at doses that are significantly lower than the current standard, and resulted in less fibrosis while maintaining a healthy bleb and equal reduction of IOP.

Translational Relevance: These results are supportive of the antifibrotic effect of the slow-release drug delivery system used in conjunction with trabeculectomy, thus paving the way for human pilot studies to improve and simplify existing surgical techniques for filtering surgeries in glaucoma.
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June 2019

The Effects of Glaucoma Drainage Devices on Oxygen Tension, Glycolytic Metabolites, and Metabolomics Profile of Aqueous Humor in the Rabbit.

Transl Vis Sci Technol 2018 Feb 2;7(1):14. Epub 2018 Feb 2.

Department of Ophthalmology, Tulane University School of Medicine, New Orleans, LA, USA.

Purpose: Glaucoma drainage device (GDD) implantation can lead to corneal decompensation. We evaluated changes over time in oxygen tension and in the metabolic environment of the aqueous humor after GDD implantation in the rabbit eye.

Methods: Ahmed Glaucoma Valves were implanted in the left eyes of eight male New Zealand white rabbits. Right eyes were used as a control. Oxygen tension was measured immediately before surgery and at 1 and 2 months postoperation. Aqueous humor was collected from the surgical and control eyes at 1, 2, and 5 months postoperation. Aqueous humor samples collected at 1 and 5 months postoperation were selected for broad-spectrum metabolomics analysis using ultra-performance liquid chromatography-time of flight-mass spectrometry (UPLC TOF-MS). Multivariate analysis methods were used to identify metabolite profiles that separated the surgical and control eye at 1 and 5 months.

Results: There was a significant decrease in oxygen tension in aqueous humor of the surgical eyes (9 mm Hg, 95% confidence interval [CI]: -14.7 to -3.5). Differences in the metabolic profiles between the surgical and control eye at 1 and 5 months were observed, as were differences for the surgical eye at 1 and 5 months. In addition, a metabolite profile was identified that differentiated the surgical eyes at 1 and 5 months.

Conclusion: Changes in the oxygen tension and metabolic intermediates occur within the aqueous humor as early as 1 month after GDD implantation.

Translational Relevance: Corneal decompensation following GDD implantation could be secondary to disruption of the normal aqueous circulation, resulting in hypoxia and an altered metabolic profile. Alterations to the GDD design might minimize aqueous disruption and prevent corneal decompensation.
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February 2018

Cutaneous Horn of the Eyelid in 13 Cases.

Ophthalmic Plast Reconstr Surg 2017 Jul/Aug;33(4):233-236

*Ocular Oncology Service and †Department of Ophthalmic Pathology, Wills Eye Hospital, Thomas Jefferson University, Philadelphia, Pennsylvania, U.S.A.

Introduction: Cutaneous horn of the eyelid is uncommon. The authors evaluate the features of benign, premalignant, and malignant tumors at the base of cutaneous horn of the eyelid.

Objective: To describe the clinical and histopathologic features of cutaneous horn of the eyelid.

Design: A retrospective analysis of 13 cases of cutaneous horn of the eyelid treated between 1994 and 2014 was performed.

Participants: Thirteen patients participated in this study.

Main Outcome Measures: Main outcome measures include clinical and histopathologic features and outcomes of cutaneous horn.

Results: The mean patient age was 54 years (median 64 years, range 9-91 years), and 6 patients (46%) were women. The cutaneous horn affected the upper (n = 5), lower (n = 6) eyelid, or was not indicated (n = 2). The mean height of the cutaneous horn was 7.6 mm (median 8mm, range 4-12 mm) and mean basal diameter was 3.8 mm (median 3mm, range 2-6 mm). The cutaneous horn was comprised of superficial layers of keratin with hyperkeratosis and parakeratosis overlying a solid tumor at the base in all cases. The tumor base included benign (n = 6, 46%), premalignant (n = 4, 31%), and malignant (n = 3, 23%) conditions. The benign basal lesions included seborrheic keratosis (n = 1), nevus sebaceous of Jadassohn (n = 1), pseudoepitheliomatous hyperplasia (n = 1), trichilemmoma (n = 1), and inverted follicular keratosis (n = 2). Premalignant basal lesions were actinic keratosis (n = 4), and malignant basal lesions included squamous cell carcinoma (n = 2) and sebaceous gland carcinoma (n = 1).

Conclusions: The clinical significance of cutaneous horn of the eyelid lies not in the horn itself but the nature of the underlying base. Malignancy was found in 23% of patients.
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September 2017

Management dilemma of thyroid nodules in patients with malignant struma ovarii.

Gland Surg 2016 Aug;5(4):431-4

Department of Surgery, Tulane University School of Medicine, New Orleans, LA, USA.

Struma ovarii is a rare type of ovarian teratoma comprised of at least 50% thyroid tissue. While most are benign, 70% of malignant cases are diagnosed as papillary carcinoma. Management of patients with thyroid nodules following gynecologic surgery remains controversial and variable. Historically, the treatment of choice has been surgical removal to rule out ovarian carcinoma. Thyroid follow-up and further treatment options are guided by tumor characteristics. The patient in this case presented to the endocrine surgeon with multiple thyroid nodules, dysphagia and a history of struma ovarii that was surgically treated at an outside hospital. Fine needle aspiration demonstrated benign histology. However, due to compressive symptoms and uncertainty of other nodules, the patient underwent a total thyroidectomy. Due to limited published data and treatment guidelines regarding thyroid nodules in patients with a history of malignant struma ovarii, surgery was recommended to rule out papillary thyroid carcinoma and relieve the patient's dysphagia. More research focused on treatment and outcomes of struma ovarii patients with thyroid nodules is essential to establish treatment guidelines for these patients.
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August 2016

Fibroblast activation protein expression by stromal cells and tumor-associated macrophages in human breast cancer.

Hum Pathol 2013 Nov 26;44(11):2549-57. Epub 2013 Sep 26.

Division of Endocrine and Oncologic Surgery, Department of Surgery, and the Rena Rowan Breast Center, Perelman School of Medicine, University of Pennsylvania, Philadelphia, PA; Abramson Cancer Center, Perelman School of Medicine, University of Pennsylvania, Philadelphia, PA. Electronic address:

Fibroblast activation protein (FAP) has long been known to be expressed in the stroma of breast cancer. However, very little is known if the magnitude of FAP expression within the stroma may have a prognostic value and reflect the heterogeneous biology of the tumor cell. An earlier study had suggested that stromal FAP expression in breast cancer was inversely proportional to prognosis. We, therefore, hypothesized that stromal FAP expression may correlate with clinicopathologic variables and may serve as an adjunct prognostic factor in breast cancer. We evaluated the expression of FAP in a panel of breast cancer tissues (n = 52) using a combination of immunostain analyses at the tissue and single-cell level using freshly frozen or freshly digested human breast tumor samples, respectively. Our results showed that FAP expression was abundantly expressed in the stroma across all breast cancer subtypes without significant correlation with clinicopathologic factors. We further identified a subset of FAP-positive (or FAP(+)) stromal cells that also expressed CD45, a pan-leukocyte marker. Using freshly dissociated human breast tumor specimens (n = 5), we demonstrated that some of these FAP(+)CD45(+) cells were CD11b(+)CD14(+)MHC-II(+), indicating that they were likely tumor-associated macrophages (TAMs). Although FAP(+)CD45(+) cells have been demonstrated in the mouse tumor stroma, our results demonstrating that human breast TAMs expressed FAP were novel and suggested that existing and future FAP-directed therapy may have dual-therapeutic benefits targeting both stromal mesenchymal cells and immune cells such as TAMs. More work is needed to explore the role of FAP as a potential targetable molecule in breast cancer treatment.
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November 2013

Human breast cancer associated fibroblasts exhibit subtype specific gene expression profiles.

BMC Med Genomics 2012 Sep 6;5:39. Epub 2012 Sep 6.

Department of Surgery, Division of Endocrine and Oncologic Surgery, Rena Rowan Breast Center, Abramson Cancer Center, Perelman School of Medicine of the University of Pennsylvania, Philadelphia, PA 19104, USA.

Background: Breast cancer is a heterogeneous disease for which prognosis and treatment strategies are largely governed by the receptor status (estrogen, progesterone and Her2) of the tumor cells. Gene expression profiling of whole breast tumors further stratifies breast cancer into several molecular subtypes which also co-segregate with the receptor status of the tumor cells. We postulated that cancer associated fibroblasts (CAFs) within the tumor stroma may exhibit subtype specific gene expression profiles and thus contribute to the biology of the disease in a subtype specific manner. Several studies have reported gene expression profile differences between CAFs and normal breast fibroblasts but in none of these studies were the results stratified based on tumor subtypes.

Methods: To address whether gene expression in breast cancer associated fibroblasts varies between breast cancer subtypes, we compared the gene expression profiles of early passage primary CAFs isolated from twenty human breast cancer samples representing three main subtypes; seven ER+, seven triple negative (TNBC) and six Her2+.

Results: We observed significant expression differences between CAFs derived from Her2+ breast cancer and CAFs from TNBC and ER + cancers, particularly in pathways associated with cytoskeleton and integrin signaling. In the case of Her2+ breast cancer, the signaling pathways found to be selectively up regulated in CAFs likely contribute to the enhanced migration of breast cancer cells in transwell assays and may contribute to the unfavorable prognosis of Her2+ breast cancer.

Conclusions: These data demonstrate that in addition to the distinct molecular profiles that characterize the neoplastic cells, CAF gene expression is also differentially regulated in distinct subtypes of breast cancer.
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September 2012