Publications by authors named "Caterina Talerico"

7 Publications

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Burkitt lymphoma in Iraqi children: A distinctive form of sporadic disease with high incidence of EBV cases and more frequent expression of MUM1/IRF4 protein in cases with head and neck presentation.

Pediatr Blood Cancer 2018 12 11;65(12):e27399. Epub 2018 Sep 11.

Department of Clinical and Molecular Medicine, Pathology Unit, Sapienza University, Sant'Andrea Hospital, Rome, Italy.

Epstein-Barr virus (EBV)-related lymphoproliferative disorders are relatively common in Iraqi children. Burkitt lymphoma (BL) accounted for 40% of lymphoma cases. The mean age of 125 BL cases was 5.9 ± 3.1 years, and the male-to-female ratio was 3.6:1. Clinical presentation was abdominal in 66% and head and neck in 34%. Bone marrow involvement was higher (P < 0.001) in children with head and neck disease. Tumor cells had MYC translocation (96%) and were CD20 /CD10 /MYC /BCL2 . MUM1/IRF4 staining was expressed by a fraction of tumor cells in 19 of 125 cases (15%) and was more frequent (P < 0.007) in head and neck disease (12/42; 29%). EBV-encoded RNA was positive in 100 of 125 (80%) BL cases.
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http://dx.doi.org/10.1002/pbc.27399DOI Listing
December 2018

Dropped-head in recessive oculopharyngeal muscular dystrophy.

Neuromuscul Disord 2015 Nov 7;25(11):869-72. Epub 2015 Sep 7.

Unit of Neuromuscular Diseases, Department of Neurology Mental Health and Sensory Organs (NESMOS), Faculty of Medicine and Psychology, Sapienza University of Rome, Rome, Italy.

A 69-year-old woman presented a dropped head, caused by severe neck extensor weakness that had started two years before. She had also developed a mild degree of dysphagia, rhinolalia, eyelid ptosis and proximal limb weakness during the last months. EMG revealed myopathic changes. Muscle MRI detected fatty infiltration in the posterior neck muscles and tongue. Muscle biopsy revealed fiber size variations, sporadic rimmed vacuoles, small scattered angulated fibers and a patchy myofibrillar network. Genetic analysis revealed homozygous (GCN)11 expansions in the PABPN1 gene that were consistent with recessive oculopharyngeal muscular dystrophy (OPMD). There are a few reports of the recessive form, which has a later disease onset with milder symptoms and higher clinical variability than the typical dominantly inherited form. This patient, who is the first Italian and the eighth worldwide reported case of recessive OPMD, is also the first case of OPMD with dropped-head syndrome, which thus expands the clinical phenotype of recessive OPMD.
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http://dx.doi.org/10.1016/j.nmd.2015.08.011DOI Listing
November 2015

Clinicopathologic characterization of diffuse-large-B-cell lymphoma with an associated serum monoclonal IgM component.

PLoS One 2014 4;9(4):e93903. Epub 2014 Apr 4.

Pathology Unit, Department of Clinical and Molecular Medicine, Sant'Andrea Hospital, La Sapienza University, Rome, Italy.

Recently, diffuse-large-B-cell lymphoma (DLBCL) associated with serum IgM monoclonal component (MC) has been shown to be a very poor prognostic subset although, detailed pathological and molecular data are still lacking. In the present study, the clinicopathological features and survival of IgM-secreting DLBCL were analyzed and compared to non-secreting cases in a series of 151 conventional DLBCL treated with R-CHOP. IgM MC was detected in 19 (12.5%) out of 151 patients at disease onset. In 17 of these cases secretion was likely due to the neoplastic clone, as suggested by the expression of heavy chain IgM protein in the cytoplasm of tumor cells. In IgM-secreting cases immunoblastic features (p<.0001), non-GCB-type (p = .002) stage III-IV(p = .003), ≥ 2 extra nodal sites (p<.0001), bone-marrow (p = .002), central-nervous-system (CNS) involvement at disease onset or relapse (p<.0001), IPI-score 3-5 (p = .009) and failure to achieve complete remission (p = .005), were significantly more frequent. FISH analyses for BCL2, BCL6 and MYC gene rearrangements detected only two cases harboring BCL2 gene translocation and in one case a concomitant BCL6 gene translocation was also observed. None of the IgM-secreting DLBCL was found to have L265P mutation of MYD88 gene. Thirty-six month event-free (11.8% vs 66.4% p<.0001), progression-free (23.5% vs 75.7%, p<.0001) and overall (47.1% vs 74.8%, p<.0001) survivals were significantly worse in the IgM-secreting group. In multivariate analysis IgM-secreting (p = .005, expB = 0.339, CI = 0.160-0.716) and IPI-score 3-5 (p = .010, expB = 0.274, CI = 0.102-0.737) were the only significant factors for progression-free-survival. Notably, four relapsed patients, who were treated with salvage immunochemotherapy combined with bortezomib or lenalidomide, achieved lasting remission. Our data suggests that IgM-secreting cases are a distinct subset of DLBCL, originating from activated-B-cells with terminally differentiated features, prevalent extra nodal dissemination and at high risk of CNS involvement.
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http://journals.plos.org/plosone/article?id=10.1371/journal.pone.0093903PLOS
http://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/pmc/articles/PMC3976325PMC
January 2015

Epstein-Barr virus (EBV) positive classical Hodgkin lymphoma of Iraqi children: an immunophenotypic and molecular characterization of Hodgkin/Reed-Sternberg cells.

Pediatr Blood Cancer 2013 Dec 2;60(12):2068-72. Epub 2013 Sep 2.

Department of Clinical and Molecular Medicine, Pathology Unit, Sant'Andrea Hospital, Sapienza University, Roma, Italy.

Background: Classical Hodgkin lymphoma (cHL) in children is often associated with EBV infection, more commonly in developing countries.

Procedure: Here we describe the histological, immunohistochemical, and molecular features of 57 cases of HL affecting Iraqi children under 14 years of age.

Results: Histologically, 51 cases were classified as cHL of Mixed Cellularity and Nodular Sclerosis subtypes (MC = 69%; NS = 31%), and 6 cases as Nodular Lymphocyte Predominant HL (NLP-HL). EBV infection of H/RS cells was demonstrated in 44 of 51 cases of cHL (86%), and was more common in MC than in NS (97% vs. 63%; P = 0.0025). The immunophenotypic profile of H/RS cells was similar in MC and NS, and was not influenced by EBV infection; H/RS cells were consistently positive for PAX-5 and to a lesser degree for other B cell markers including CD20/CD79a, OCT-2, and BOB-1. Clonal IGH rearrangements were detected in 14 of 38 cHL (37%), with no significant difference between MC and NS cases, and with no association with the EBV status. Oligoclonal/monoclonal TCRγ rearrangements were present in 28 of 38 cases (74%), suggestive of restricted T cell responses.

Conclusions: Our findings indicate that cHL occurring in Iraqi children is characterized by immunohistochemical and molecular features undistinguishable from those present in cHL occurring elsewhere in the world. Moreover, the high incidence of EBV-infected H/RS cells and frequent occurrence of restricted T cell responses might be indicative of a defective local immune response perhaps related to the very young age of the children.
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http://dx.doi.org/10.1002/pbc.24654DOI Listing
December 2013

Peripheral T cell lymphoma with cytotoxic phenotype: an emerging disease in HIV-infected patients?

AIDS Res Hum Retroviruses 2004 Feb;20(2):129-33

Istituto Nazionale per le Malattie Infettive Lazzaro Spallanzani, Rome, Italy.

Recently, a 15-fold increased risk of T cell lymphomas has been estimated in HIV-infected populations. This increase has been observed for all T cell lymphoma subtypes. In the present report we describe clinical and pathological features of three consecutive cases of peripheral T cell lymphoma (PTCL) with cytotoxic phenotype in HIV-positive patients that came to our attention in May-September 2002. The diagnosis of PTCL was made in lymph node (two cases) and in needle biopsies from liver and bone marrow of the same patient. The patients were two females (31 and 45 years old) and one male (49 years old). The risk factor for each patient was heterosexual, injecting drug user, and homosexual, respectively. CD4 cell counts were low (79-81 cells/mm3). Two patients were naive for antiretroviral therapy. At histological examination, all the involved tissues were effaced by a neoplastic proliferation of CD3+/CD8+ medium to large pleomorphic cells containing TIA-1+ cytotoxic granules and a few granzyme B+ granules. Neoplastic cells were not infected by EBV or by HHV-8. They were negative for the B cell antigens CD20 and CD79a, for CD30 and for CD56. Clonal T cell receptor-g (TCR-g) rearrangements were demonstrated in the three cases.
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http://dx.doi.org/10.1089/088922204773004833DOI Listing
February 2004

B cell clonality in multiple localizations of primary central nervous system lymphomas in AIDS patients.

Leuk Lymphoma 2003 Jun;44(6):963-6

Dipartimento di Medicina Sperimentale e Patologia, University La Sapienza, Roma, Italy.

The aim of our study was to investigate B cell clonality of distinct localizations of primary central nervous system lymphomas (PCNSL) in AIDS patients. We selected seven autoptic cases of AIDS PCNSL with at least two separated localizations of the disease in the central nervous system (CNS). Clonality was investigated by immunoglobulin light chain restriction and by semi-nested PCR for the immunoglobulin heavy chain (IgH). Three cases showed a concordant restriction in the two lesions. In an additional case, an identical IgH sequence was found. The remaining three cases did not provide consistent information because of extensive necrosis in the lesions. Our findings suggest that multifocality of PCNSL is due to dissemination of a single neoplastic clone rather than to a synchronous transformation of multiple B cell clones.
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http://dx.doi.org/10.1080/1042819031000067611DOI Listing
June 2003
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