Publications by authors named "Caroline Guillibert-Karras"

3 Publications

  • Page 1 of 1

The frequency of occult solid malignancy in patients with polymyalgia rheumatica-like symptoms.

Ther Adv Musculoskelet Dis 2021 26;13:1759720X20984275. Epub 2021 Jan 26.

Department of Rheumatology, INSERM, CIC 1432, Module Plurithématique, Plateforme d'Investigation Technologique, Dijon University Hospital, Dijon, France.

Aims: We aim to evaluate the clinical usefulness of systematic screening for occult cancer in patients with polymyalgia rheumatic (PMR)-like symptoms in real-life practice.

Methods: All patients seen by rheumatologists in Burgundy, France, between March 2016 and December 2018 for new-onset PMR that met the 2012 ACR/EULAR classification criteria were prospectively included. Patients underwent systematic screening including determination of the erythrocyte sedimentation rate, serum C-reactive protein levels, thoracic, abdominal and pelvic computed tomography (CT-TAP) and, in men, serum prostate-specific antigen. The standardized incidence ratio (SIR) for cancers was calculated using 2012 national estimates of cancer incidence. Potential predictive factors for the diagnosis of cancer were then evaluated using univariate and multivariate analyses.

Results: Among the 118 patients included, nine cases of cancer were confirmed and diagnosed with CT-TAP: kidney carcinoma ( = 4), lung cancer ( = 2), pancreatic, colon, and ampullary carcinoma ( = 1 each). Among these cancers, five were localized (four kidney, and one ampullary carcinoma) and were treated with complete surgical resection. The expected incidence of cancer in the general population was 1.95, leading to an overall SIR of 4.6 (95% CI 2.4-8.9,  < 0.0001). An additional analysis was performed for the kidney carcinoma, and it showed a highly significant increase in SIR: 80.8 (95% CI 30.3-215.4). In 80% of patients, the PMR-like syndrome regressed during cancer treatment. No other predictive factors for cancer were found.

Conclusion: Systematic screening for cancer including CT-TAP in real-life practice revealed occult solid malignancy, mostly early-stage cancer, in a relevant proportion of patients presenting PMR-like symptoms. The high proportion of kidney cancer (40%) is worth highlighting, especially considering that it is not one of the most frequent cancers after 50 years of age.
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http://dx.doi.org/10.1177/1759720X20984275DOI Listing
http://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/pmc/articles/PMC7844447PMC
January 2021

Increased high molecular weight adiponectin and lean mass during tocilizumab treatment in patients with rheumatoid arthritis: a 12-month multicentre study.

Arthritis Res Ther 2020 09 29;22(1):224. Epub 2020 Sep 29.

Laboratoire de Biochimie Médicale, UF de Biochimie Endocrinienne et Métabolique, CHU de Besançon; EA 3920 Marqueurs pronostiques et facteurs de régulation des pathologies cardiaques et vasculaires, Université de Bourgogne Franche Comté, Besançon, France.

Background: Patients with rheumatoid arthritis (RA) have an increased risk of cardiovascular (CV) disease. Adiponectin is involved in the metabolism of glucose and lipids with favourable effects on CV disease, especially its high molecular weight (HMW) isoform. Body composition changes are described in RA with various phenotypes including obesity. The effects of tocilizumab on serum adiponectin and body composition, especially fat mass, in patients with RA are not well determined.

Methods: Patients with active RA despite previous csDMARDs and/or bDMARDs and who were tocilizumab naïve were enrolled in a multicentre open-label study. They were evaluated at baseline, 1, 3, 6 and 12 months. Clinical assessment included body mass index (BMI) and anthropometric measurements. Lipid and metabolic parameters, serum adiponectin (total and HMW), leptin, resistin and ghrelin were measured at each time point. Body composition (lean mass, fat mass, % fat, fat in the android and gynoid regions) was evaluated at baseline, 6 and 12 months.

Results: One hundred seven patients were included. Both total and HMW adiponectin significantly increased from baseline to month 3, peaking respectively at month 3 (p = 0.0105) and month 1 (p < 0.0001), then declining progressively until month 6 to 12 and returning to baseline values. Significant elevation in HMW adiponectin persisted at month 6 (p = 0.001). BMI and waist circumference significantly increased at month 6 and 12, as well as lean mass at month 6 (p = 0.0097). Fat mass, percentage fat and android fat did not change over the study period. Lipid parameters (total cholesterol and LDL cholesterol) increased while glycaemia, insulin and HOMA-IR remained stable. Serum leptin, resistin and ghrelin did not change during follow-up.

Conclusions: Tocilizumab treatment in RA patients was associated with a significant increase in total and HMW adiponectin, especially at the onset of the treatment. Tocilizumab also induced a significant gain in lean mass, while fat mass did not change. These variations in adiponectin levels during tocilizumab treatment could have positive effects on the CV risk of RA patients. In addition, tocilizumab may have an anabolic impact on lean mass/skeletal muscle.

Trial Registration: The ADIPRAT study was a phase IV open-label multicentre study retrospectively registered on ClinicalTrials.gov under the number NCT02843789 (date of registration: July 26, 2016).
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http://dx.doi.org/10.1186/s13075-020-02297-7DOI Listing
http://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/pmc/articles/PMC7523335PMC
September 2020

Study of professional practices among rheumatologists in Burgundy: initial corticotherapy in polymyalgia rheumatica.

Clin Rheumatol 2011 Jan 18;30(1):51-6. Epub 2010 Nov 18.

Service de Rhumatologie, Dijon University Hospital, Dijon, 21078, France.

To study the initial dose of corticoids prescribed by rheumatologists in the Côte d'Or, a French department of Burgundy, in the treatment of polymyalgia rheumatica (PMR), the clinical and biological data of patients who consulted rheumatologists of the Côte d'Or between March 2006 and December 2008 for PMR were collected. The statistical analyses concerned the initially prescribed dose of prednisone: the median, mean, and standard deviation were calculated cumulatively and then for individual rheumatologists; the Mann-Whitney test was used to compare the mean initial doses prescribed with regard to (a) the main practice of the practitioner (private-practice or hospital rheumatologist), (b) the presence of clinical signs of severity, (c) severity of the inflammatory syndrome, and (d) the presence of clinical relapse with the decrease in corticoids. Ninety-nine patients were included (age = 72 ± 8.6 years, 59% women). The mean dose of prednisone prescribed was 27.4 ± 12.4 mg/day. Considerable inter- and intra-individual variabilities in the doses prescribed were noted. There was no significant difference concerning the dose prescribed according to the clinical severity or the type of practice. However, the dose was significantly higher (34.3 ± 14.7 vs. 25.5 ± 11.1 mg/day) in patients with a high sedimentation rate. Clinical relapse was not statistically linked to the initial dose of corticoids. This evaluation of professional practices among French rheumatologists shows that the initial dose of prednisone prescribed in PMR varies considerably and is higher than the dose currently recommended in the literature (15 mg/day).
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http://dx.doi.org/10.1007/s10067-010-1619-8DOI Listing
January 2011