Publications by authors named "Caroline Bonello-Burignat"

2 Publications

  • Page 1 of 1

Rate of nuisance bleedings and impact on compliance to prasugrel in acute coronary syndromes.

Am J Cardiol 2011 Dec 8;108(12):1710-3. Epub 2011 Sep 8.

Département de Cardiologie, Hôpital Universitaire Nord, Faculté De Médecine, Université de la Méditerranée, Marseille, France.

Antiplatelet agents are critical to prevent thrombotic events in patients with acute coronary syndromes, particularly those who undergo percutaneous coronary intervention. Prasugrel is a potent P2Y(12)-adenosine diphosphate receptor antagonist that is superior to clopidogrel in such patients. Previous studies have observed that nuisance and internal bleedings were relatively frequent in patients under clopidogrel therapy and were associated with noncompliance. Furthermore, premature drug discontinuation is associated with thrombotic recurrences. The aim of the present study was to investigate the rate of nuisance or internal bleedings in patients receiving prasugrel and its relation with compliance. This prospective multicenter study included 396 patients. Bleeding events were recorded and classified as alarming, nuisance, or internal according. Compliance with prasugrel therapy was assessed. Almost half of the patients (48.5%) were included for ST-segment elevation acute coronary syndromes. During the 1-month follow-up period, 54 patients (13.6%) had bleeding events. Most bleeding events were classified as internal or nuisance (96%). Internal and nuisance bleedings were associated with high rates of prasugrel discontinuation (16.6% and 14.7%, respectively). Nuisance and internal bleedings were significantly associated with prasugrel discontinuation in multivariate analysis (odds ratio 3.1, 95% confidence interval 1.01 to 9.2, p = 0.04). The rate of major adverse cardiovascular events was 2.3%. No relation was observed between minor bleeds, compliance, and major adverse cardiovascular events. In conclusion, in the present study, minor bleedings were common during the first month after percutaneous coronary intervention and were significantly associated with prasugrel withdrawal.
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http://dx.doi.org/10.1016/j.amjcard.2011.07.038DOI Listing
December 2011

Clopidogrel loading dose adjustment according to platelet reactivity monitoring in patients carrying the 2C19*2 loss of function polymorphism.

J Am Coll Cardiol 2010 Nov 12;56(20):1630-6. Epub 2010 Aug 12.

Département de cardiologie, Hôpital Universitaire Nord, Faculté de médecine, Université de la méditerranée, Marseille, France.

Objectives: We aimed to investigate the biological impact of a tailored clopidogrel loading dose (LD) according to platelet reactivity monitoring in carriers of the cytochrome (CYP) 2C19*2 loss-of-function polymorphism undergoing percutaneous coronary intervention for an acute coronary syndromes.

Background: CYP2C19*2 polymorphism is associated with reduced clopidogrel metabolism and a worse prognosis after percutaneous coronary intervention.

Method: A prospective multicenter study enrolling 411 patients with non-ST-segment elevation acute coronary syndrome undergoing percutaneous coronary intervention was performed. Platelet reactivity was measured using the vasodilator-stimulated phosphoprotein (VASP) index, and a cutoff value of ≥ 50% was used to define high on-treatment platelet reactivity (HTPR). The genetic polymorphism of CYP2C19 was determined by allele-specific polymerase chain reaction. In patients carrying CYP2C19*2 and exhibiting HTPR after a first 600-mg LD of clopidogrel, dose adjustment was performed by using up to 3 additional 600 mg LDs to obtain a VASP index <50%.

Results: One hundred thirty-four patients (35.3%) carried at least one 2C19*2 allele (11 homozygotes [2.7%] and 123 heterozygotes [32.6%]). The VASP index in these patients was significantly higher than in homozygotic patients for the wild-type alleles (61.7 ± 18.4% vs. 49.2 ± 24.2%; p < 0.001). Of the 134 carriers of the loss-of-function polymorphism, 103 were considered to have HTPR. After a second clopidogrel LD, the VASP index was significantly decreased in these patients (69.7 ± 10.1% vs. 50.6 ± 17.6%; p < 0.0001). Finally, dose adjustment according to platelet reactivity monitoring, enabled 88% of 2C19*2 carriers exhibiting HTPR to reach a VASP index <50%.

Conclusions: Increased and tailored clopidogrel loading dose according to platelet reactivity monitoring overcome HTPR in carriers of the loss-of-function CYP2C19*2 polymorphism.
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http://dx.doi.org/10.1016/j.jacc.2010.07.004DOI Listing
November 2010