Publications by authors named "Carlotta Toffoli"

3 Publications

  • Page 1 of 1

Health-related quality of life and metabolic control in immigrant and Italian children and adolescents with type 1 diabetes and in their parents.

Pediatr Diabetes 2020 09 31;21(6):1031-1042. Epub 2020 May 31.

Department of Medical and Surgical Sciences of the Mother, Children and Adults, Pediatric Unit - University of Modena and Reggio Emilia, Modena, Italy.

Objective: To determine if the diabetes-specific health-related quality of life (D-HRQOL) of young people with type 1 diabetes (T1D) and their parents is influenced by migrant status.

Subjects And Methods: One hundred and twenty-five patients (12.4 ± 3.55 years, males 53.6%) with T1D and their parents (102 mothers, 37 fathers) were enrolled and categorized into: group A (both foreign parents) and group B (both native Italian parents). The Pediatric Quality of Life Inventory™ 3.0 Diabetes Module (PedsQL™ 3.0 DM) was used to evaluate the D-HRQOL. Data on diabetic ketoacidosis (DKA) at T1D onset, insulin therapy, and glycosylate hemoglobin (HbA1c) were also collected.

Results: Group A (n = 40), compared to group B (n = 85), had higher frequency of DKA at T1D onset (P < .001) and a lower use of sensor augmented insulin pump (P = .015). HbA1c values were higher in group A than in group B (P < .001). Patients' "Diabetes symptoms" (P = .004), "Treatment barriers" (P = .001), and "Worry" (P = .009) scales scores were lower in group A than in group B. Mothers of group A had lower scores in "Diabetes symptoms" (P = .030), "Treatment barriers" (P < .001), "Treatment adherence" (P = .018), "Communication" (P = .009) scales, and total score (P = .011) compared to the group B ones. High PedsQL™ 3.0 DM was significantly associated with being Italian, being prepubertal, and having lower HbA1c mean levels.

Conclusions: Being a migrant confers disadvantages in terms of D-HRQOL and metabolic control in children and adolescents with T1D. Specific educational interventions should be considered in the clinical care of patients with migration background, to improve D-HRQOL and health status.
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September 2020

Clinical characterization of neonatal and pediatric enteroviral infections: an Italian single center study.

Ital J Pediatr 2019 Aug 2;45(1):94. Epub 2019 Aug 2.

Scuola di Specializzazione in Pediatria, Università di Modena e Reggio Emilia, Modena, Italy.

Background: Enteroviruses (EVs) are an important cause of illness, especially in neonates and young infants. Clinical and laboratory findings at different ages, brain imaging, and outcomes have been inadequately investigated.

Methods: We retrospectively investigated EV infections occurring at an Italian tertiary care center during 2006-2017. Cases were confirmed with a positive polymerase chain reaction on blood or cerebrospinal fluid. Clinical and laboratory findings according to age at presentation were analyzed.

Results: Among 61 cases of EV infection, 56 had meningitis, 4 had encephalitis, and 1 had unspecific febrile illness. Forty-seven cases (77.0%) presented at less than 1 year of age, and most were less than 90 days of age (n = 44). Presentation with fever (p < 0.01), higher median temperature (p < 0.01), and irritability (p < 0.01) were significantly more common among infants aged less than 90 days, who also had significantly higher peak temperatures during the course of the disease (p < 0.01). In contrast, gastrointestinal symptoms were more common in infants and children aged over 90 days (p = 0.02). Only 4 of 61 infections (6.5%) were severe and all affected younger infants (p < 0.01).

Conclusions: We detail epidemiological, clinical, and laboratory findings in a cohort of 61 children. Infants aged less than 90 days have more severe disease; they are more likely to present with fever, higher median temperature, and irritability and less likely to develop gastrointestinal symptoms.
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August 2019

Two Overlapping Clusters of Group B Streptococcus Late-onset Disease in a Neonatal Intensive Care Unit.

Pediatr Infect Dis J 2018 11;37(11):1160-1164

From the Unità Operativa di Terapia Intensiva Neonatale, Dipartimento Integrato Materno-Infantile, Azienda Ospedaliero-Universitaria Policlinico, Modena, Italy.

Objectives: Current predominant routes of group B Streptococcus (GBS) transmission in preterm neonates admitted to neonatal intensive care unit (NICU) are poorly defined. We report 2 overlapping clusters of GBS late-onset disease (LOD) from June to September 2015 in an Italian NICU.

Methods: During the outbreak, possible sources of transmission (equipment, feeding bottles and breast pumps) were swabbed. Specimens from throat and rectum were collected on a weekly basis from all neonates admitted to NICU. Colonized or infected neonates had cohorting. Bacterial isolates were characterized by serologic and molecular typing methods.

Results: GBS was isolated in 2 full-term and 7 preterm neonates. Strains belonged to serotype III, with 3 different sequence types (ST17, ST182 and ST19). Full-term neonates were colonized with GBS strains unrelated to the clusters (ST182 and ST19). Two distinct ST17 strains caused 2 clusters in preterm neonates: a first cluster with 1 case of LOD and a second, larger cluster with 6 LOD in 5 neonates (one of them had recurrence). ST17 strains were isolated from vaginorectal and milk samples of 2 mothers. Two preterm neonates had no evidence of colonization for weeks, until they presented with LOD.

Conclusions: Molecular analyses identified the presence of multiclonal GBS strains and 2 clusters of 7 cases of GBS-LOD. The dynamics of transmission of GBS within the NICU were complex. Breast milk was suspected to be one of the possible sources. In a research setting, the screening of GBS carrier mothers who deliver very preterm could contribute to the tracking of GBS transmission.
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November 2018