Publications by authors named "Carlos-Hugo Escobar-Soto"

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Human mesenchymal stem cells for the management of systemic sclerosis. Systematic review.

Autoimmun Rev 2021 Apr 18;20(6):102831. Epub 2021 Apr 18.

Research Institute, Fundación Universitaria De Ciencias De La Salud, University of Health Sciences, Bogota, Colombia.

Introduction: Sistemic Sclerosis (SSc) is a heterogeneous autoimmune disease with a high rate of progression and therapeutic failure, and treatment is a challenge, new therapeutic proposals being needed, being mesenchymal stem cells (MSCs) considered as alternative therapy for SSc for its immunomodulatory capacity. We evaluated the efficacy and safety of human MSC (hMSC) in patients with SSc through a systematic literature review (SLR).

Methods: SLR (PRISMA guideline) on MEDLINE/OVID, LILACS, EMBASE, and Cochrane/OVID bases (until July 2020, without limits). All types of clinical studies were considered: patients ≥18 years old with SSc and treatment with hMSC.

Exclusion Criteria: animal models, autologous/allogenic hematopoietic stem cell transplants, narrative reviews, letters to the editor. MeSH and "Key word" terms were used. The level of evidence and the quality rating were rated [Joanna Briggs Institute (JBI) lists]. Registration in PROSPERO repository (ID CRD42020185245) The Synthesis Without Meta-analysis (SWiM) guideline was followed.

Results: We initially identified 508 articles, of which 11 were finally included (8 case series and 3 case reports). The 11 articles included 101 patients (85 female, age range 18-75 years). The level of evidence was mostly 4 (JBI); the quality of evidence was met (≥50% of JBI items). SWiM showed that vascular skin involvement (digital ulcers, necrosis, and gangrene) and associated pain were the predominant outcomes, while improvements were found in almost all cases. One patient died in the first month, and the frequency of complications was low. Expanded hMSCs were used in 24 patients and other cell sources in the remaining patients.

Conclusion: There is too little reported data to reach definite conclusions about the use of hMSC in SSc. Further studies with better epidemiological designs are needed to evaluate the benefit of hMSCs in SSc patients.
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April 2021