Publications by authors named "Carlos Couceiro"

2 Publications

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Obesity in Renal Transplantation.

Nephron 2021 May 11:1-10. Epub 2021 May 11.

Nephrology Department, Hospital Universitari de Bellvitge, L'Hospitalet de Llobregat, Spain.

Background: Data from the WHO show an increasing rate of overweight and obesity in general population in the last decades. This increase in obesity also affects population with end-stage renal disease (ESRD) and kidney transplant (KT) candidates.

Summary: In this review, we focused on how obesity impacts on KT stages: access to KT and outcomes of KT candidates; how to reduce weight and its consequences; short and long-term outcomes in obese recipients and the impact of weight variations; and the implications of obesity in living donor KT. We searched MEDLINE, EMBASE, and Cochrane Central Register of Controlled Trials until November 30, 2020. We selected systematic reviews and meta-analyses and randomized clinical trials. When no such reports were found for a topic, observational studies were included in the assessment. Key Messages: Although obesity is a risk factor to present worst outcomes after KT, several studies have demonstrated a survival benefit compared to patients who continue on dialysis. There is a need for a public health campaign to raise awareness in KT candidates and to highlight the importance of self-care, increasing exercise, healthy diet, and weight loss.
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May 2021

Tuberculosis prevention in patients undergoing kidney transplantation: A nurse-led program for screening and treatment.

Transpl Infect Dis 2021 Mar 20:e13603. Epub 2021 Mar 20.

Tuberculosis Unit, Service of Infectious Diseases, Bellvitge University Hospital-Bellvitge Institute of Biomedical Research (IDIBELL), L'Hospitalet de Llobregat, Spain.

Background: Systematic screening for, and treatment of, latent tuberculosis (TB) infection is recommended prior to kidney transplant. However, little is known about patient compliance with, or the safety profile of, preventive therapies used in clinical practice.

Methods: This was a retrospective observational study of patients who were eligible for kidney transplant and were evaluated for TB infection between January 2013 and June 2019 at the TB clinic of a tertiary care teaching hospital. All patient data were registered prospectively as part of our nurse-led program before kidney transplant. We assessed completion rates, tolerance with therapy, development of TB, and associated workload.

Results: In total, 1568 patients were referred to our TB clinic for evaluation. Preventive therapy was given to 385 patients and completed by 340 (88.3%). Of these, 89 (23.1%) experienced some intolerance, with 27 requiring full discontinuation. After a median follow-up of 45 months (1426 patient-years), 206 (53.5%) of the treated patients received a kidney transplant; only one patient, who failed to complete treatment, developed post-transplant TB (7.01 cases per 10 000 patient-years; 95% confidence interval, 0.35-34.59). Extra nurse or medical visits were required by 268 (69.6%) patients.

Conclusion: Despite the complexity and workload generated by patients with ESRD awaiting kidney transplant, preventive therapy for TB is effective in most cases. Our experience provides important evidence on the feasibility of preventive therapy for TB before kidney transplant when delivered as part of a comprehensive nurse-led program.
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March 2021