Publications by authors named "Caridad Martínez-Basalo"

3 Publications

  • Page 1 of 1

Human disorganization complex, as a polytopic blastogenesis defect: a new case.

Am J Med Genet A 2004 Mar;125A(2):181-5

Unidad de Genética Médica, de la Facultad de Medicina de La Universidad del Zulia, Maracaibo, Venezuela.

We describe a baby girl of 4,000 g and 55 cm with supernumerary, malformed, and partially duplicated lower limbs, malformed and partially duplicated pelvis, spina bifida, coccygeal dermal sinus, ectopic anus located in the right buttock, duplicated internal genitalia, rectovaginal fistula, ileal atresia, Meckel diverticulum, and various renal system anomalies. We think that this phenotype is a new case of disorganization in humans (DsH) and postulate that this condition constitutes a polytopic defect of the blastogenesis. In this case, the presence of a malformation pattern involving structures in different parts of the body and organs derived from all of the germ layers, suggests that the pathogenetic event most probably occurred during blastogenesis affecting various progenitors fields.
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http://dx.doi.org/10.1002/ajmg.a.20307DOI Listing
March 2004

[Carrier detection of Duchenne/Becker muscular dystrophy by analysis of STRs loci linked to the gene of dystrophin in Venezuelan families].

Invest Clin 2002 Dec;43(4):239-54

Unidad de Genética Médica, Universidad del Zulia, Maracaibo, Venezuela.

The Duchenne/Becker Muscular Dystrophy (DMD/BMD) is an X linked recessive lethal disease. The female carrier will transmit the disease gene to half of her sons and half of her daughters; half of the daughters will be carriers, while half will be normal. Half of the sons will be normal and, on average, half will have the disease. It is of particular relevance to be able to detect carrier status among female relatives of the patients for genetic counseling and prenatal diagnosis. The method of Short Tandem Repeat (STR) sequence polymorphism analysis can determine haplotype at normal status or at risk status and, to establish genetic linkage between the mutated gene and the segregated haplotype. We have analyzed 105 members from 15 unrelated Venezuelan families with one or more siblings affected with DMD/DMB and 7 unrelated males. Of the 105, 37 were male (26 affected and 11 normal) and 68 were female. STR sequences (STR44, STR45, STR49, STR50, STR3'DYS) of the gene of the Dystrophin were amplified by polymerase chain reaction (PCR) to analyze allelic polymorphism in the families. Five of the 15 families (33%) had a deletion of one or several of the exons. Of the 68 females, 27 (39.7%) were carriers, 27 (39.7%) were non-carriers and in 14 cases (20.58%) it was not possible to reach a definitive diagnosis. The definitive diagnosis could be established in 79% of the females. This analysis also shows that the mutation occurred on the grandpaternal X chromosome in one family. Hemizygocity was detected and carrier status ascertained in the mother of other patient and in one family we were able to do prenatal diagnosis. The germinal mosaicism could not be excluded in 3 patients.
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December 2002

Del(1)(q23) in a patient with Hutchinson-Gilford progeria.

Am J Med Genet 2002 Dec;113(3):298-301

Unidad de Genética Médica, Facultad de Medicina de La Universidad del Zulia, Maracaibo, Venezuela.

A 9-year-old patient with the classical clinical picture of Hutchinson-Gilford progeria (HGP) is described. The karyotype shows a 46,XY,del(1)(q23) constitution. Our findings suggest that the interval 1q23 may play a roll in the etiology of HGP. A perturbation in glycosylation in connective tissue has been demonstrated in patients with this condition. This abnormality may be due to a defect in the UDP-galactose:beta-N-acetylglucosamina-beta-1,4-galactosyltransferase 3 (B4GALT3) gene that has been mapped in the interval 1q21-23. The cytogenetical analyses of this patient suggest that the B4GALT3 gene could be involved in the pathogenesis of HGP.
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http://dx.doi.org/10.1002/ajmg.10753DOI Listing
December 2002