Publications by authors named "Caralyn Purvis"

2 Publications

  • Page 1 of 1

Impact of pharmacist involvement on medication safety in interprofessional transfer of care activity.

N Z Med J 2021 Jul 30;134(1539):9-20. Epub 2021 Jul 30.

Associate Dean Medical Education, University of Otago, Christchurch, Specialist Respiratory Physician, Canterbury District Health Board.

Aim: Any transition of patient care is a high-risk time for communication error. This paper explores whether the presence of a pharmacist as part of an interprofessional group provides additional benefit and safety in transitions of care.

Method: Six pharmacy interns and newly qualified pharmacists joined participants from seven other health professional training programmes to take part in an interprofessional education activity. Participants were assigned to 24 mixed-professional groups. Each group was required to craft a discharge summary for the same simulated patient. Groups without a pharmacist were given additional written documentation, including medication reconciliation, discharge prescription and discharge recommendations. The 24 discharge summaries were assessed for any medication-related information, both positive and negative. Groups with a pharmacist (6) were compared with groups who did not have a pharmacist (18) for completeness and accuracy of medication management.

Results: An in-person pharmacist provided more thorough, comprehensive, accessible and accurate information for the community team (p=0.003). Although there was no difference in the absolute number of medication errors between the groups (p=0.057), the groups with a pharmacist showed a significant reduction in the severity of the errors (p=0.009). This result happened despite the groups without a pharmacist being provided with all the required medication information for safe transition of care.

Conclusion: These findings support the case for greater involvement from a pharmacist in a patient's healthcare team, particularly for any transition of care. Healthcare teams that include a pharmacist are more likely to exceed minimum safety expectations and make less severe errors.
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July 2021

Enhancing the metalinguistic abilities of pre-service teachers via coursework targeting language structure knowledge.

Ann Dyslexia 2016 04 14;66(1):55-70. Epub 2015 Aug 14.

College of Education, Health and Human Development, University of Canterbury, Christchurch, New Zealand.

Low metalinguistic knowledge of pre-service and in-service teachers is likely to restrict the provision of evidence-based literacy instruction in the classroom. Despite such concerns, relatively few studies have examined the effects of teacher preparation coursework in building pre-service teachers' language structure knowledge. This study examined the effects of 7 h of language structure coursework, delivered over 7 weeks, on 121 New Zealand pre-service teachers in their initial year of study. Changes in participants' phonological awareness, morphological awareness, and orthographic knowledge were tracked across the teaching period. The impact of the coursework for participants who presented with strong spelling (n = 24) and poor spelling (n = 24) ability was also compared. The cohort demonstrated significant gains across all measures. Strong spellers responded more favourably to the teaching than poor spellers, even when accounting for initial levels of meta-linguistic knowledge. Implications for the development of teacher preparation programmes that enhance the provision of effective literacy instruction are discussed.
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April 2016