Publications by authors named "Cara Crouch"

4 Publications

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Adult liver transplant anesthesiology practice patterns and resource utilization in the United States: Survey results from the society for the advancement of transplant anesthesia.

Clin Transplant 2021 Oct 12:e14504. Epub 2021 Oct 12.

Department of Anesthesiology, University of Colorado, Aurora, CO.

Introduction: Liver transplant anesthesiology is an evolving and expanding subspecialty, and programs have, in the past, exhibited significant variations of practice at transplant centers across the United States. In order to explore current practice patterns, the Quality & Standards Committee from the Society for the Advancement of Transplant Anesthesia (SATA) undertook a survey of liver transplant anesthesiology program directors.

Methods: Program directors were invited to participate in an online questionnaire. A total of 110 program directors were identified from the 2018 Scientific Registry of Transplant Recipients (SRTR) database. Replies were received from 65 programs (response rate of 59%).

Results: Our results indicate an increase in transplant anesthesia fellowship training and advanced training in transesophageal echocardiography (TEE). We also find that the use of intraoperative TEE and viscoelastic testing is more common. However, there has been a reduction in the use of veno-venous bypass, routine placement of pulmonary artery catheters and the intraoperative use of anti-fibrinolytics when compared to prior surveys.

Conclusion: The results show considerable heterogeneity in practice patterns across the country that continues to evolve. However, there appears to be a movement towards the adoption of specific structural and clinical practices. This article is protected by copyright. All rights reserved.
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http://dx.doi.org/10.1111/ctr.14504DOI Listing
October 2021

Service Requirements of Liver Transplant Anesthesia Teams: Society for the Advancement of Transplant Anesthesia Recommendations.

Liver Transpl 2020 04 10;26(4):582-590. Epub 2020 Mar 10.

Department of Anesthesiology, University of Colorado, Aurora, CO.

There are disparities in liver transplant anesthesia team (LTAT) care across the United States. However, no policies address essential resources for liver transplant anesthesia services similar to other specialists. In response, the Society for the Advancement of Transplant Anesthesia appointed a task force to develop national recommendations. The Conditions of Transplant Center Participation were adapted to anesthesia team care and used to develop Delphi statements. A Delphi panel was put together by enlisting 21 experts from the fields of liver transplant anesthesiology and surgery, hepatology, critical care, and transplant nursing. Each panelist rated their agreement with and the importance of 17 statements. Strong support for the necessity and importance of 13 final items were as follows: resources, including preprocedure anesthesia assessment, advanced monitoring, immediate availability of consultants, and the presence of a documented expert in liver transplant anesthesia credentialed at the site of practice; call coverage, including schedules to assure uninterrupted coverage and methods to communicate availability; and characteristics of the team, including membership criteria, credentials at the site of practice, and identification of who supervises patient care. Unstructured comments identified competing time obligations for anesthesia and transplant services as the principle reason that the remaining recommendations to attend integrative patient selection and quality review committees were reduced to a suggestion rather than being a requirement. This has important consequences because deficits in team integration cause higher failure rates in service quality, timeliness, and efficiency. Solutions are needed that remove the time-related financial constraints of competing service requirements for anesthesiologists. In conclusion, using a modified Delphi technique, 13 recommendations for the structure of LTATs were agreed upon by a multidisciplinary group of experts.
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http://dx.doi.org/10.1002/lt.25711DOI Listing
April 2020

Unexpected Complication of Hydroxocobalamin Administration for Refractory Vasoplegia in Orthotopic Liver Transplant: A Case Report.

Semin Cardiothorac Vasc Anesth 2019 Dec 15;23(4):409-412. Epub 2019 Apr 15.

University of Colorado Hospital, Aurora, CO, USA.

A 40-year-old male with alcoholic cirrhosis and end-stage renal disease presented for simultaneous liver and kidney transplantation. Hemodialysis was utilized intraoperatively during liver transplantation. During the procedure, the patient developed refractory hypotension and ultimately received hydroxocobalamin for vasoplegia. Shortly after administration, the hemodialysis machine ceased working after a "blood leak" alarm developed. Without the ability to continue intraoperative dialysis, the kidney transplantation portion of his surgery was postponed. The patient was transferred to the intensive care unit, where he underwent continuous renal replacement therapy overnight, and his kidney transplant proceeded the following morning.
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http://dx.doi.org/10.1177/1089253219842662DOI Listing
December 2019

Society for the Advancement of Transplant Anesthesia: Liver Transplant Anesthesia Fellowship-White Paper Advocating Measurable Proficiency in Transplant Specialties Training.

Semin Cardiothorac Vasc Anesth 2017 Dec 13;21(4):352-356. Epub 2017 Oct 13.

2 University of Colorado Hospital, Aurora, CO, USA.

The anesthesia community has openly debated if the care of transplant patients was generalist or specialist care ever since the publication of an opinion paper in 1999 recommended subspecialty training in the field of liver transplantation anesthesia. In the past decade, liver transplant anesthesia has become more complex with a sicker patient population and evolving evidence-based practices. Transplant training is currently not required for accreditation or certification in anesthesiology, and not all anesthesia residency programs are associated with transplant centers. Yet there is evidence that patient outcome is affected by the experience of the anesthesiologist with liver transplants as part of a multidisciplinary care team. Requests for a formal review of the inequities in training opportunities and requirements led the Society for the Advancement for Transplant Anesthesia (SATA) to begin the task of developing post-graduate fellowship training recommendations. In this article, members of the SATA Working Group on Transplant Anesthesia Education present their reasoning for specialized education and conclusions about which pathways can better prepare trainees to care for complex transplant patients.
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http://dx.doi.org/10.1177/1089253217737043DOI Listing
December 2017
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