Publications by authors named "Camilo Elber Vital"

12 Publications

  • Page 1 of 1

BiP-overexpressing soybean plants display accelerated hypersensitivity response (HR) affecting the SA-dependent sphingolipid and flavonoid pathways.

Phytochemistry 2021 May 25;185:112704. Epub 2021 Feb 25.

Laboratory of Enzymology and Biochemistry of Proteins and Peptides, Department of Biochemistry and Molecular Biology, Universidade Federal de Viçosa, UFV, BIOAGRO/INCT-IPP, Viçosa, MG, Brazil; Laboratory of Plant Molecular Biology, Department of Biochemistry and Molecular Biology, Universidade Federal de Viçosa, BIOAGRO/INCT-IPP, Viçosa, MG, Brazil; Núcleo de Análise de Biomoléculas, NuBioMol, Universidade Federal de Viçosa, Viçosa, MG, Brazil. Electronic address:

Biotic and abiotic environmental stresses have limited the increase in soybean productivity. Overexpression of the molecular chaperone BiP in transgenic plants has been associated with the response to osmotic stress and drought tolerance by maintaining cellular homeostasis and delaying hypersensitive cell death. Here, we evaluated the metabolic changes in response to the hypersensitivity response (HR) caused by the non-compatible bacteria Pseudomonas syringae pv. tomato in BiP-overexpressing plants. The HR-modified metabolic profiles in BiP-overexpressing plants were significantly distinct from the wild-type untransformed. The transgenic plants displayed a lower abundance of HR-responsive metabolites as amino acids, sugars, carboxylic acids and signal molecules, including p-aminobenzoic acid (PABA) and dihydrosphingosine (DHS), when compared to infected wild-type plants. In contrast, salicylic acid (SA) biosynthetic and signaling pathways were more stimulated in transgenic plants, and both pathogenesis-related genes (PRs) and transcriptional factors controlling the SA pathway were more induced in the BiP-overexpressing lines. Furthermore, the long-chain bases (LCBs) and ceramide biosynthetic pathways showed alterations in gene expression and metabolite abundance. Thus, as a protective pathway against pathogens, HR regulation by sphingolipids and SA may account at least in part by the enhanced resistance of transgenic plants. GmNAC32 transcriptional factor was more induced in the transgenic plants and it has also been reported to regulate flavonoid synthesis in response to SA. In fact, the BiP-overexpressing plants showed an increase in flavonoids, mainly prenylated isoflavones, as precursors for phytoalexins. Our results indicate that the BiP-mediated acceleration in the hypersensitive response may be a target for metabolic engineering of plant resistance against pathogens.
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http://dx.doi.org/10.1016/j.phytochem.2021.112704DOI Listing
May 2021

An overview of the transcriptional responses of two tolerant and susceptible sugarcane cultivars to borer (Diatraea saccharalis) infestation.

Funct Integr Genomics 2020 Nov 17;20(6):839-855. Epub 2020 Oct 17.

Department of Agronomy, Universidade Federal de Viçosa (UFV), Viçosa, Minas Gerais, Brazil.

Diatraea saccharalis constitutes a threat to the sugarcane productivity, and obtaining borer tolerant cultivars is an alternative method of control. Although there are studies about the relationship between the interaction of D. saccharalis with sugarcane, little is known about the molecular and genomic basis of defense mechanisms that confer tolerance to sugarcane cultivars. Here, we analyzed the transcriptional profile of two sugarcane cultivars in response to borer attack, RB867515 and SP80-3280, which are considered tolerant and sensitive to the borer attack, respectively. A sugarcane genome and transcriptome were used for read mapping. Differentially expressed transcripts and genes were identified and termed to as DETs and DEGs, according to the sugarcane database adopted. A total of 745 DETs and 416 DEGs were identified (log|ratio| > 0.81; FDR corrected P value ≤ 0.01) after borer infestation. Following annotation of up- and down-regulated DETs and DEGs by similarity searches, the sugarcane cultivars demonstrated an up-regulation of jasmonic acid (JA), ethylene (ET), and defense protein genes, as well as a down-regulation of pathways involved in photosynthesis and energy metabolism. The expression analysis also highlighted that RB867515 cultivar is possibly more transcriptionally activated after 12 h from infestation than SP80-3280, which could imply in quicker responses by probably triggering more defense-related genes and mediating metabolic pathways to cope with borer attack.
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http://dx.doi.org/10.1007/s10142-020-00755-8DOI Listing
November 2020

Leaf metabolic profiles of two soybean genotypes differentially affect the survival and the digestibility of Anticarsia gemmatalis caterpillars.

Plant Physiol Biochem 2020 Oct 25;155:196-212. Epub 2020 Jul 25.

Department of Biochemistry and Molecular Biology, UFV, BIOAGRO/INCT-IPP, Viçosa-MG, Brazil; Center for Biomolecules Analysis, NuBioMol, Universidade Federal de Viçosa, Viçosa-MG, Brazil. Electronic address:

Insect pests such as Anticarsia gemmatalis cause defoliation and yield losses. Soybean breeding has obtained resistant genotypes, however the mechanism remains unknown. Studies indicated the presence of deterrents compounds in the resistant genotype IAC17, and their leaf metabolite profiles were compared to the susceptible genotype UFV105, which was elicited or not by caterpillar infestation. Cluster analysis indicated a significative distinction between these profiles as well as differences in plant defense pathways. Methylquercetins were constitutively present in the largest concentrations, specifically in the IAC17. Relationship between the resistance and the levels of phytohormones jasmonic acid, abscisic acid and salicylic acid was not observed. However, 1-aminocyclopropane -1carboxylic acid levels indicated that the ethylene may be involved in the constitutive biosynthesis of bioactive compounds. Extracts were added to the diets at three different concentrations to evaluate the effect on caterpillar survival. Lowest survival rates were observed when extracts from the resistant IAC 17 were used, at the lowest concentrations. Survival rates were not higher when IAC 17 infested by caterpillars were used. On the other hand, when extracts from the susceptible were used, the survival reductions were only observed in the highest extract concentrations. These supplementations of the diet reduced the digestive capacity, agreeing with the proteolytic activities, whereas malformations of the intestinal cells were dose dependent. The inhibitory effects persisted in higher dilutions only for the IAC17. Constitutive resistance was also explained by higher levels of protease inhibition. These results can be useful to elucidate the genes and cascades controlling the resistance.
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http://dx.doi.org/10.1016/j.plaphy.2020.07.010DOI Listing
October 2020

Physiological approach to decipher the drought tolerance of a soybean genotype from Brazilian savana.

Plant Physiol Biochem 2020 Jun 13;151:132-143. Epub 2020 Mar 13.

Instituto Paulo Freire, Universidade Federal do Sul da Bahia, Bahia, Brazil.

Drought is one of the major constraints for soybean production in Brazil. In this study we investigated the physiological traits of two soybean parental genotypes under progressive soil drying and rewetting. The plants were evaluated under full irrigation (control) conditions and under water deficit imposed by suspending irrigation until the plants reached predawn leaf water potentials (Ψam) of -1.0 MPa (moderate) and -1.5 MPa (severe). Physiological analyses showed that these genotypes exhibit different responses to water deficit. The Embrapa 48 genotype reached moderate and severe water potential two days after the BR16 genotype and was able to maintain higher levels of A, ETR and ΦPSII even under deficit conditions. This result was not related to changes in gs, C isotopic composition and presence of a more efficient antioxidant system. In addition, Fv/Fm values did not decrease in Embrapa 48 genotype in relation to irrigated condition showing that stress was not causing photochemical inhibition of photosynthesis. The greater reduction in the relative growth of the shoots, with concomitant greater growth of the root system under drought, indicates that the tolerant genotype is able to preferentially allocated carbon to the roots, presenting less damage to photosynthesis. Therefore, the physiological responses revealed that the tolerant genotype postponed leaf dehydration by a mechanism involving a more efficient use and translocation of water from root to shoot to maintain cell homeostasis and photosynthetic metabolism under stress.
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http://dx.doi.org/10.1016/j.plaphy.2020.03.004DOI Listing
June 2020

Irradiance and light quality affect two annatto (Bixa orellana L.) cultivars with contrasting bixin production.

J Photochem Photobiol B 2019 Aug 4;197:111549. Epub 2019 Jul 4.

Departamento de Biologia Vegetal/Laboratório de Cultura de Tecidos/BIOAGRO, Universidade Federal de Viçosa, 36570-900 Viçosa, MG, Brazil. Electronic address:

Light is a key factor influencing growth and development in plants. Specific irradiance and light quality can improve development and production of secondary compounds such as carotenoids during plant tissue culture. Bixin and norbixin, two apocarotenoids obtained from the seeds of Bixa orellana L. (annatto), are used as natural dyes in various industries. While annatto tissue culture has been successful, the effect of light in this species remains poorly understood. Here, we analyze for the first time the effect of irradiance regime (50, 150, 50 + 150, 200, 50 + 200 μmol m s) and light spectral quality (fluorescent, white, blue/red LED) on in vitro development of apexes and bixin content in two contrasting bixin-producing varieties of B. orellana, namely 'Piave Vermelha' and 'UESB74'. The number of leaves per plant, stomatal density, leaf area, leaf expansion, chlorophylls and carotenoids content, malondialdehyde and bixin content were analyzed in the leaves of both cultivars. 'Piave Vermelha' produced 1.6-fold more bixin than 'UESB74'. Stomata cells of both cultivars had a paracytic arrangement with peltate trichomes along the adaxial and abaxial leaf surfaces. 'Piave Vermelha' preferred blue/red LED light; whereas fluorescent light was optimal for 'UESB74'. Under fluorescent light, an irradiance of 50 μmol m s is indicated for both cultivars. LED light increased bixin content only in 'Piave Vermelha', suggesting that the dye biosynthetic pathway is genotype-dependent. The present findings suggest the possibility of using light to modulate the bixin biosynthetic pathway.
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http://dx.doi.org/10.1016/j.jphotobiol.2019.111549DOI Listing
August 2019

Salinity-induced modifications on growth, physiology and 20-hydroxyecdysone levels in Brazilian-ginseng [Pfaffia glomerata (Spreng.) Pedersen].

Plant Physiol Biochem 2019 Jul 3;140:43-54. Epub 2019 May 3.

Departamento de Biologia Vegetal/BIOAGRO, Universidade Federal de Viçosa, Viçosa, MG, Brazil. Electronic address:

- Salinity is a major threat to agriculture. However, depending on the concentration of soluble salts in soil, increased secondary metabolite levels can occur with no major damages to plant growth and development. The phytoecdysteroid (PE) 20-hydroxyecdysone (20E) is a secondary metabolite with biotechnological, medicinal, pharmaceutical and agrochemical applicability. Here, we characterize the responses (growth and physiology) of Pfaffia glomerata under different NaCl concentrations and examine the production of 20E as affected by salinity. Forty-day-old plants grown in greenhouse were exposed to 0, 120, 240, 360 or 480 mM of NaCl for 11 days. Moderate salinity (i.e., 120 mM of NaCl) led to increased 20E concentrations in leaves (47%) relative to the control with no significant effect on photosynthesis and biomass accumulation, thus allowing improved 20E contents on a per whole-plant basis. In contrast, plants under high salinity (i.e., 240-480 mM of NaCl) displayed similar 20E concentrations in leaves compared to the control, but with marked impairments to biomass accumulation and photosynthetic performance (coupled with decreased sucrose and starch levels) in parallel to nutritional imbalance. High salinity also strongly increased salicylic acid levels, antioxidant enzyme activities, and osmoregulatory status. Regardless of stress severity, 20E production was accompanied by the upregulation of Spook and Phantom genes. Our findings suggest that P. glomerata cultivation in moderate salinity soils can be considered as a suitable agricultural option to increase 20E levels, since metabolic and structural complexity that makes its artificial synthesis very difficult.
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http://dx.doi.org/10.1016/j.plaphy.2019.05.002DOI Listing
July 2019

Mechanism of the drought tolerance of a transgenic soybean overexpressing the molecular chaperone BiP.

Physiol Mol Biol Plants 2019 Mar 14;25(2):457-472. Epub 2019 Feb 14.

1Laboratory of Plant Molecular Biology, Department of Biochemistry and Molecular Biology, Universidade Federal de Viçosa, BIOAGRO/INCT-IPP, Viçosa, MG Brazil.

Drought is one of major constraints that limits agricultural productivity. Some factors, including climate changes and acreage expansion, indicates towards the need for developing drought tolerant genotypes. In addition to its protective role against endoplasmic reticulum (ER) stress, we have previously shown that the molecular chaperone binding protein (BiP) is involved in the response to osmotic stress and promotes drought tolerance. Here, we analyzed the proteomic and metabolic profiles of BiP-overexpressing transgenic soybean plants and the corresponding untransformed line under drought conditions by 2DE-MS and GC/MS. The transgenic plant showed lower levels of the abscisic acid and jasmonic acid as compared to untransformed plants both in irrigated and non-irrigated conditions. In contrast, the level of salicylic acid was higher in transgenic lines than in untransformed line, which was consistent with the antagonistic responses mediated by these phytohormones. The transgenic plants displayed a higher abundance of photosynthesis-related proteins, which gave credence to the hypothesis that these transgenic plants could survive under drought conditions due to their genetic modification and altered physiology. The proteins involved in pathways related to respiration, glycolysis and oxidative stress were not signifcantly changed in transgenic plants as compared to untransformed genotype, which indicate a lower metabolic perturbation under drought of the engineered genotype. The transgenic plants may have adopted a mechanism of drought tolerance by accumulating osmotically active solutes in the cell. As evidenced by the metabolic profiles, the accumulation of nine primary amino acids by protein degradation maintained the cellular turgor in the transgenic genotype under drought conditions. Thus, this mechanism of protection may cause the physiological activities including photosynthesis to be active under drought conditions.
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http://dx.doi.org/10.1007/s12298-019-00643-xDOI Listing
http://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/pmc/articles/PMC6419710PMC
March 2019

Ethanol stress responses of Kluyveromyces marxianus CCT 7735 revealed by proteomic and metabolomic analyses.

Antonie Van Leeuwenhoek 2019 Jun 1;112(6):827-845. Epub 2019 Jan 1.

Laboratory of Microbial Physiology, Department of Microbiology, Universidade Federal de Viçosa, Viçosa, MG, Brazil.

Kluyveromyces marxianus CCT 7735 offers advantages to ethanol production over Saccharomyces cerevisiae, including thermotolerance and the ability to convert lactose to ethanol. However, its growth is impaired at high ethanol concentrations. Herein we report on the protein and intracellular metabolite profiles of K. marxianus at 1 and 4 h under ethanol exposure. The concentration of some amino acids, trehalose and ergosterol were also measured. We observed that proteins and metabolites from carbon pathways and translation were less abundant, mainly at 4 h of ethanol stress. Nevertheless, the concentration of some amino acids and trehalose increased at 8 and 12 h under ethanol stress, indicating an adaptive response. Moreover, our results show that the abundance of proteins and metabolites related to the oxidative stresses responses increased. The results obtained in this study provide insights into understanding the physiological changes in K. marxianus under ethanol stress, indicating possible targets for ethanol tolerant strains construction.
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http://dx.doi.org/10.1007/s10482-018-01214-yDOI Listing
June 2019

Comparative analysis of constitutive proteome between resistant and susceptible tomato genotypes regarding to late blight.

Funct Integr Genomics 2018 Jan 30;18(1):11-21. Epub 2017 Aug 30.

Federal University of Viçosa, Department of Phytotechny, Av. Peter Henry Rolfs, s/n, Viçosa, MG, 36570-900, Brazil.

Late blight is one of the most destructive diseases of the tomato, resulting in substantial economic losses. There is difficulty in controlling this disease, so the molecular characterization of tomato genotypes may help in the selection of higher resistance tomato plants against Phytophthora infestans, late blight's pathogen. The objective was to analyze the differences with regard to the constitutive proteome between the access Vegetable Germplasm Bank (BGH)-2127, resistant genotype, and Santa Clara-susceptible genotype to late blight. Proteomic analysis of leaf samples by two-dimensional electrophoresis (2-DE) followed by identification by mass spectrometry (MALDI TOF/TOF) was performed. Nineteen proteins were identified, which were then related to metabolism and energy, photosynthesis, transcription, stress, and defenses. Approximately 90% of these proteins were more abundant in Santa Clara, a susceptible cultivar. Acidic 26 kDa endochitinase and ribonuclease T2 proteins were more abundant in BGH-2127 access. The enzymatic activity confirmed a greater abundance of chitinase in the BGH-2127 access as compared to the cultivar Santa Clara. Gene expression analyses by real-time PCR demonstrated that the mRNA levels were not correlated with the respective protein levels. Abundance of the acidic 26 kDa endochitinase and ribonuclease T2 proteins in the constitutive proteomes of BGH-2127 may be associated with the answer to the resistance of this access.
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http://dx.doi.org/10.1007/s10142-017-0570-zDOI Listing
January 2018

Methyl jasmonate and salicylic acid are able to modify cell wall but only salicylic acid alters biomass digestibility in the model grass Brachypodium distachyon.

Plant Sci 2017 Oct 8;263:46-54. Epub 2017 Jul 8.

Departamento de Biologia Vegetal, Universidade Federal de Viçosa, Viçosa, Minas Gerais, Brazil. Electronic address:

In addition to playing a key role in the response to environmental changes, cell walls are also considered as a valuable feedstock for cellulosic ethanol. Here we explored the effects of the stress-response hormones, salicylic acid and methyl jasmonate, on cell wall biosynthesis and biomass digestibility in Brachypodium distachyon, a species recently considered as a suitable model for biomass conversion. We found that in response to salicylic acid or methyl jasmonate treatment, plant growth was reduced coupled with significant changes in cell wall composition. Cellulose content increased in response to methyl jasmonate whereas a reduction in lignin content was found after salicylic acid application. Moreover, hemicellulose composition was altered and increases in caffeic acid, ferulic acid and p-coumaric acid content were detected in response to both treatments. The hormonal profile and the expression pattern of genes involved in cell wall biosynthesis were also modified. Biomass digestibility was reduced in leaf tissue after salicylic acid treatment and was negatively correlated with ferulic acid and p-coumaric acid content. The results obtained here aid in our understanding of cell wall dynamics in response to stress and will enable the development of new strategies to improve cell wall digestibility in bioenergy feedstock.
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http://dx.doi.org/10.1016/j.plantsci.2017.06.014DOI Listing
October 2017

An integrative overview of the molecular and physiological responses of sugarcane under drought conditions.

Plant Mol Biol 2017 Aug 13;94(6):577-594. Epub 2017 Apr 13.

Departamento de Biologia Vegetal, Universidade Federal de Viçosa, Viçosa, Minas Gerais, Brazil.

Drought is the main abiotic stress constraining sugarcane production. However, our limited understanding of the molecular mechanisms involved in the drought stress responses of sugarcane impairs the development of new technologies to increase sugarcane drought tolerance. Here, an integrated approach was performed to reveal the molecular and physiological changes in two closely related sugarcane cultivars, including the most extensively planted cultivar in Brazil (cv. RB867515), in response to moderate (-0.5 MPa) and severe (-1 MPa) drought stress at the transcriptional, translational, and posttranslational levels. The results show common and cultivar exclusive changes in specific genes related to photosynthesis, carbohydrate, amino acid, and phytohormone metabolism. The novel phosphoproteomics and redox proteomic analysis revealed the importance of posttranslational regulation mechanisms during sugarcane drought stress. The shift to soluble sugar, secondary metabolite production, and activation of ROS eliminating processes in response to drought tolerance were mechanisms exclusive to cv. RB867515, helping to explain the better performance and higher production of this cultivar under these stress conditions.
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http://dx.doi.org/10.1007/s11103-017-0611-yDOI Listing
August 2017

Differences in Beef Quality between Angus (Bos taurus taurus) and Nellore (Bos taurus indicus) Cattle through a Proteomic and Phosphoproteomic Approach.

PLoS One 2017 19;12(1):e0170294. Epub 2017 Jan 19.

Department of Animal Science, Universidade Federal de Viçosa, Viçosa, Minas Gerais, Brazil.

Proteins are the major constituents of muscle and are key molecules regulating the metabolic changes during conversion of muscle to meat. Brazil is one of the largest exporters of beef and most Brazilian cattle are composed by zebu (Nellore) genotype. Bos indicus beef is generally leaner and tougher than Bos taurus such as Angus. The aim of this study was to compare the muscle proteomic and phosphoproteomic profile of Angus and Nellore. Seven animals of each breed previously subjected the same growth management were confined for 84 days. Proteins were extracted from Longissimus lumborum samples collected immediately after slaughter and separated by two-dimensional electrophoresis. Pro-Q Diamond stain was used in phosphoproteomics. Proteins identification was performed using matrix assisted laser desorption/ionization time-of-flight mass spectrometry. Tropomyosin alpha-1 chain, troponin-T, myosin light chain-1 fragment, cytoplasmic malate dehydrogenase, alpha-enolase and 78 kDa glucose-regulated protein were more abundant in Nellore, while myosin light chain 3, prohibitin, mitochondrial stress-70 protein and heat shock 70 kDa protein 6 were more abundant in Angus (P<0.05). Nellore had higher phosphorylation of myosin regulatory light chain-2, alpha actin-1, triosephosphate isomerase and 14-3-3 protein epsilon. However, Angus had greater phosphorylation of phosphoglucomutase-1 and troponin-T (P<0.05). Therefore, proteins involved in contraction and muscle organization, myofilaments expressed in fast or slow-twitch fibers and heat shock proteins localized in mitochondria or sarcoplasmic reticulum and involved in cell flux of calcium and apoptosis might be associated with differences in beef quality between Angus and Nellore. Furthermore, prohibitin appears to be a potential biomarker of intramuscular fat in cattle. Additionally, differences in phosphorylation of myofilaments and glycolytic enzymes could be involved with differences in muscle contraction force, susceptibility to calpain, apoptosis and postmortem glycolysis, which might also be related to differences in beef quality among Angus and Nellore.
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http://journals.plos.org/plosone/article?id=10.1371/journal.pone.0170294PLOS
http://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/pmc/articles/PMC5245812PMC
August 2017
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