Publications by authors named "Camille Yongue"

5 Publications

  • Page 1 of 1

Serious Gastrointestinal Complications After Cardiac Surgery and Associated Mortality.

Ann Thorac Surg 2020 Nov 18. Epub 2020 Nov 18.

Department of Thoracic and Cardiovascular Surgery, Cleveland Clinic, Cleveland, Ohio.

Background: Severe gastrointestinal (GI) complications (GICs) after cardiac surgery are associated with poor outcomes. Herein, we characterize the severe forms of GICs and associated risk factors of mortality.

Methods: We retrospectively analyzed the clinically significant postoperative GICs after cardiac surgical procedures performed at our institution from January 2010 to April 2017. Multivariable analysis was used to identify predictors for in-hospital mortality.

Results: Of 29,909 cardiac surgical procedures, GICs occurred in 1037 patients (3.5% incidence), with overall in-hospital mortality of 14% compared with 1.6% in those without GICs. GICs were encountered in older patients with multiple comorbidities who underwent complex prolonged procedures. The most lethal GICs were mesenteric ischemia (n = 104), hepatopancreatobiliary (HPB) dysfunction (n = 139), and GI bleeding (n = 259), with mortality rates of 45%, 27%, and 17%, respectively. In the mesenteric ischemia subset, coronary artery disease (odds ratio [OR], 4.57; P = .002], coronary bypass grafting (OR, 6.50; P = .005), reoperation for bleeding/tamponade (OR, 12.07; P = .01), and vasopressin use (OR, 11.27; P < .001) were predictors of in-hospital mortality. In the HPB complications subset, hepatic complications occurred in 101 patients (73%), pancreatitis in 38 (27%), and biliary disease in 31 (22%). GI bleeding occurred in 20 patients (31%) with HPB dysfunction. In the GI bleeding subset, HPB disease (OR, 10.99; P < .001) and bivalirudin therapy (OR, 12.84; P = .01) were predictors for in-hospital mortality.

Conclusions: Although relatively uncommon, severe forms of GICs are associated with high mortality. Early recognition and aggressive treatment are mandatory to improve outcomes.
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November 2020

Durability and Performance of 2298 Trifecta Aortic Valve Prostheses: A Propensity-Matched Analysis.

Ann Thorac Surg 2021 04 1;111(4):1198-1205. Epub 2020 Oct 1.

Department of Thoracic and Cardiovascular Surgery, Heart, Vascular, and Thoracic Institute, Cleveland Clinic, Cleveland, Ohio; Aorta Center, Heart, Vascular, and Thoracic Institute, Cleveland Clinic, Cleveland, Ohio. Electronic address:

Background: Reports of early failure of the Trifecta externally wrapped, bovine pericardial aortic valve prosthesis (Abbott Laboratories, Abbott Park, IL) raise concerns about its durability. This study evaluated the hemodynamic performance and explant of Trifecta valves compared with the PERIMOUNT bovine pericardial prosthesis (Edwards Lifesciences, Irvine, CA).

Methods: From October 2007 to July 2017, 2305 patients received a Trifecta bioprosthesis during aortic valve replacement at Cleveland Clinic. Trends in postoperative valve hemodynamics were assessed from 4971 transthoracic echocardiograms and valve explants by systemic follow-up. To compare outcomes, 2298 patients receiving a Trifecta valve were 1:1 propensity matched from 17,281 patients receiving a PERIMOUNT bioprosthesis.

Results: Mean age at implant was 69 years in both matched groups. Compared with PERIMOUNT valves, early transvalvular mean gradient of Trifecta valves was lower (11 vs 15 mm Hg at 1 year, P < .001); however, its longitudinal rate of rise was greater (P < .001), resulting in 5-year mean gradients of 17 vs 16 mm Hg, and more patients experienced severe aortic regurgitation (2.4% vs 0.81%; P < .001). At 5 years, 35 Trifecta valves had been explanted vs 14 PERIMOUNT valves; freedom from explant at 1, 3, and 5 years was 98.9%, 98.0%, and 95.9%, respectively, for the Trifecta group vs 99.3%, 99.0%, and 98.7% for the PERIMOUNT group (P < .001).

Conclusions: Compared with an older-generation internally mounted bovine pericardial valve, the Trifecta externally wrapped bioprosthesis exhibits superior early hemodynamic performance, but has a rapid increase in transvalvular gradient and more aortic regurgitation, with lower freedom from explant at 5 years. These findings raise concern regarding long-term Trifecta durability despite favorable early hemodynamics.
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April 2021

Improving pancreas graft utilization through importation.

Clin Transplant 2018 01 11;32(1). Epub 2017 Dec 11.

Albert Einstein College of Medicine, Bronx, NY, USA.

Background: We analyze our outcomes utilizing imported allografts as a strategy to shorten wait list time for pancreas transplantation.

Methods: This is an observational retrospective cohort of 26 recipients who received either a locally procured (n = 16) or an imported pancreas graft (n = 10) at our center between January 2014 and May 2017. Wait list times of this cohort were compared to UNOS Region 9 (New York State and Western Vermont). Hospital financial data were also reviewed to analyze the cost-effectiveness of this strategy.

Results: Imported pancreas grafts had significantly increased cold ischemia times (CIT) and peak lipase (PL) levels compared to locally procured grafts (CIT 827 vs 497 minutes; P = .001, PL 563 vs 157 u/L; P = .023, respectively). There were no differences in graft or patient survival. The median wait time was significantly lower for simultaneous kidney-pancreas transplants at our center (518 days, n = 21) compared to Region 9 (1001 days, n = 65) P = .038. Despite financial concerns, the cost of transport for imported grafts was offset by lower standard acquisition costs.

Conclusions: Imported pancreas grafts may be a cost-effective strategy to increase organ utilization and shorten wait times in regions with longer waiting times.
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January 2018

Evaluating Serial Strategies for Preventing Wrong-Patient Orders in the NICU.

Pediatrics 2017 May;139(5)

Division of Hospital Medicine.

Background: NICU patients have characteristics believed to increase their risk for wrong-patient errors; however, little is known about the frequency of wrong-patient errors in the NICU or about effective interventions for preventing these errors. We conducted a quality improvement study to evaluate the frequency of wrong-patient orders in the NICU and to assess the effectiveness of an ID reentry intervention and a distinct naming convention (eg, "Wendysgirl") for reducing these errors, using non-NICU pediatric units as a comparator.

Methods: Using a validated measure, we examined the rate of wrong-patient orders in NICU and non-NICU pediatric units during 3 periods: baseline (before implementing interventions), ID reentry intervention (reentry of patient identifiers before placing orders), and combined intervention (addition of a distinct naming convention for newborns).

Results: We reviewed >850 000 NICU orders and >3.5 million non-NICU pediatric orders during the 7-year study period. At baseline, wrong-patient orders were more frequent in NICU than in non-NICU pediatric units (117.2 vs 74.9 per 100 000 orders, respectively; odds ratio 1.56; 95% confidence interval, 1.34-1.82). The ID reentry intervention reduced the frequency of errors in the NICU to 60.2 per 100 000 (48.7% reduction; < .001). The combined ID reentry and distinct naming interventions yielded an additional decrease to 45.6 per 100 000 (61.1% reduction from baseline; < .001).

Conclusions: The risk of wrong-patient orders in the NICU was significantly higher than in non-NICU pediatric units. Implementation of a combined ID reentry intervention and distinct naming convention greatly reduced this risk.
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May 2017

The cortical cytoskeletal network and cell-wall dynamics in the unicellular charophycean green alga Penium margaritaceum.

Ann Bot 2014 Oct 5;114(6):1237-49. Epub 2014 Mar 5.

Department of Biology and Skidmore Microscopy Imaging Center, Skidmore College, Saratoga Springs, NY 12866, USA

Background And Aims: Penium margaritaceum is a unicellular charophycean green alga with a unique bi-directional polar expansion mechanism that occurs at the central isthmus zone prior to cell division. This entails the focused deposition of cell-wall polymers coordinated by the activities of components of the endomembrane system and cytoskeletal networks. The goal of this study was to elucidate the structural organization of the cortical cytoskeletal network during the cell cycle and identify its specific functional roles during key cell-wall developmental events: pre-division expansion and cell division.

Methods: Microtubules and actin filaments were labelled during various cell cycle phases with an anti-tubulin antibody and rhodamine phalloidin, respectively. Chemically induced disruption of the cytoskeleton was used to elucidate specific functional roles of microtubules and actin during cell expansion and division. Correlation of cytoskeletal dynamics with cell-wall development included live cell labelling with wall polymer-specific antibodies and electron microscopy.

Key Results: The cortical cytoplasm of Penium is highlighted by a band of microtubules found at the cell isthmus, i.e. the site of pre-division wall expansion. This band, along with an associated, transient band of actin filaments, probably acts to direct the deposition of new wall material and to mark the plane of the future cell division. Two additional bands of microtubules, which we identify as satellite bands, arise from the isthmus microtubular band at the onset of expansion and displace toward the poles during expansion, ultimately marking the isthmus of future daughter cells. Treatment with microtubule and actin perturbation agents reversibly stops cell division.

Conclusions: The cortical cytoplasm of Penium contains distinct bands of microtubules and actin filaments that persist through the cell cycle. One of these bands, termed the isthmus microtubule band, or IMB, marks the site of both pre-division wall expansion and the zone where a cross wall will form during cytokinesis. This suggests that prior to the evolution of land plants, a dynamic, cortical cytoskeletal array similar to a pre-prophase band had evolved in the charophytes. However, an interesting variation on the cortical band theme is present in Penium, where two satellite microtubule bands are produced at the onset of cell expansion, each of which is destined to become an IMB in the two daughter cells after cytokinesis. These unique cytoskeletal components demonstrate the close temporal control and highly coordinated cytoskeletal dynamics of cellular development in Penium.
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October 2014