Publications by authors named "Camille Kolotylo"

4 Publications

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A descriptive case study of the changing nature of nurses' work: The impact of managing infectious diseases requiring isolation.

Am J Infect Control 2017 Feb 24;45(2):200-202. Epub 2016 Oct 24.

School of Nursing, Faculty of Health Sciences, McMaster University, Hamilton, ON, Canada.

Methicillin-resistant Staphylococcus aureus, vancomycin-resistant enterococci, and Clostridium difficile have increased in health care facilities worldwide. The complexity of caring for patients with infectious comorbidities has impacted nurses' daily work. A mixed-methods study at 1 community hospital in Ontario, Canada, demonstrated the cumulative effect of additional time spent on infection prevention and control measures resulted in trade-offs, cutting corners, and raised concerns about the quality and continuity of care.
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http://dx.doi.org/10.1016/j.ajic.2016.06.036DOI Listing
February 2017

Perceptions of professionalism among nursing faculty and nursing students.

West J Nurs Res 2013 Feb 16;35(2):248-71. Epub 2011 May 16.

School of Nursing, McMaster University, 1200 Main St. West, Hamilton, Ontario, Canada.

Although there is no consensus about the definition of professionalism, some generally recognized descriptors include knowledge, specialization, intellectual and individual responsibility, and well-developed group consciousness. In this study, Q-methodology was used to identify common viewpoints about professionalism held by nursing faculty and students, and four viewpoints emerged as humanists, portrayers, facilitators, and regulators. The humanists reflected the view that professional values include respect for human dignity, personal integrity, protection of patient privacy, and protection of patients from harm. The portrayers believed that professionalism is evidenced by one's image, attire, and expression. For facilitators, professionalism not only involves standards and policies but also includes personal beliefs and values. The regulators believed that professionalism is fostered by a workplace in which suitable beliefs and standards are communicated, accepted, and implemented by its staff. The differences indicate that there may be numerous contextual variables that affect individuals' perceptions of professionalism.
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http://dx.doi.org/10.1177/0193945911408623DOI Listing
February 2013

A questionnaire for assessing community health nurses' learning needs.

West J Nurs Res 2010 Dec 11;32(8):1055-72. Epub 2010 Aug 11.

School of Nursing, McMaster University, Hamilton, Ontario, Canada.

Learning needs assessment is an important stage of every educational process that aims to inform changes in practice and policy for continuing professional development. Professional competencies have been widely used as a basis for the development of learning needs assessment. The Canadian Community Health Nursing Standards of Practices (CCHN Standards) were released in 2003. However, it is not known whether community health nurses (CHNs) have the educational background to enable them to meet these standards. This article reports on the development of a learning needs assessment questionnaire for CHNs. Exploratory and confirmatory factor analyses were conducted to examine the consistency of factors underpinning the CCHN Standards. Also, validity and reliability of the questionnaire were evaluated using appropriate techniques. This process resulted in a valid and reliable CHN learning needs assessment questionnaire to measure learning needs of large groups of practitioners, where other forms of measurement cannot be feasibly conducted.
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http://dx.doi.org/10.1177/0193945910373600DOI Listing
December 2010

The Professionalism and Environmental Factors in the Workplace Questionnaire: development and psychometric evaluation.

J Adv Nurs 2009 Oct;65(10):2216-28

Nursing Health Services Research Unit, McMaster University Site, Hamilton, Ontario, Canada.

Aim: The aim of this paper is to describe the development and testing of a questionnaire intended to determine key professionalism attributes and key environmental attributes that influence the professionalism of nurses in their practice environments.

Background: Rapid changes in the healthcare sector and human resource shortages have had an impact on the stability of global work environments, making maintaining professionalism a challenge. The literature consists of descriptive research, opinion and theoretical papers.

Method: The Professionalism and Environmental Factors in the Workplace Questionnaire was developed and tested from 2005 to 2007 in three phases: item generation, pretesting and pilot testing. Convenience sampling was used to obtain representative samples of the target population in the pretest and pilot test. Mailed survey methodology was used in the pretest and pilot test. Sample sizes for the pretest and pilot test were 46 and 848 respectively.

Results: Psychometric testing indicated preliminary instrument validity and reliability. Factor analysis resulted in stable factors that mirrored the conceptual basis of the questionnaire. The results summarize nurses' ratings of professionalism and environmental attributes that play a role in their work lives.

Conclusion: The questionnaire helps nurses reflect on their practice and provides a starting point for discussion, planning and implementation of methods to support professionalism in practice and healthy work environments. It is internationally relevant because professionalism is a construct that transcends culture. Confirmatory factor analysis is needed to validate the results of this study. Testing with populations in different settings and additional validity and reliability testing will strengthen the questionnaire.
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http://dx.doi.org/10.1111/j.1365-2648.2009.05104.xDOI Listing
October 2009