Publications by authors named "Caiwei Yang"

6 Publications

  • Page 1 of 1

CT-derived quantitative liver volumetric parameters for prediction of severe esophageal varices and the risk of first variceal hemorrhage.

Eur J Radiol 2021 Sep 30;144:109984. Epub 2021 Sep 30.

Department of Radiology, West China Hospital, Sichuan University, No.37, Guoxue Alley, Chengdu 610041, PR China. Electronic address:

Purpose: To assess whether CT (computed tomography)-derived quantitative parameters of liver lobe volume can predict severe esophageal varices (EV) and the risk of first varicealhemorrhage (FVH) in patients with liver cirrhosis.

Methods: A total of 217 endoscopically confirmed EV patients were included in this retrospective study and were divided into a low-risk EV group (mild-to-moderate EV, n = 83) and a high-risk EV group (severe EV, n = 134), a FVH group (n = 17) and a non-FVH group (n = 27), patients' clinical findings were recorded. The left, right, caudate lobe, total liver volume and the corresponding functional volume were measured respectively, and the ratio of caudate volume/total volume (CV/TV), caudate functional volume/total functional volume (CFV/TFV) were calculated. Univariate and multivariate logistic analysis were used to determine the independent factors and the receiver operating characteristic (ROC) curves were performed to evaluate the diagnostic performance.

Results: CV, CFV, CV/TV, CFV/TFV were significantly different in the EV severity study and FVH study (p < 0.05). Multivariate analysis indicated that CV/TV and ascites were independent predictive factors for severe EV, a predictive model combing those two factors revealed a satisfactory diagnostic performance (area under the curve (AUC), 0.853, 95 %CI 0.797-0.905). Furthermore, CV/TV and the presence of red color sign under endoscopy were found to be independent predictive factors for FVH, and the former showed a better discriminative performance than the latter (AUC, 0.851 vs 0.779).

Conclusions: CT-derived quantitative parameters of CV, CFV, CV/TV, CFV/TFV may be used as an alternative to endoscopy in predicting severe varices and the risk of bleeding.
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September 2021

Primary isolated hepatic tuberculosis mimicking small hepatocellular carcinoma: A case report.

Medicine (Baltimore) 2020 Oct;99(41):e22580

Department of Liver Surgery, West China Hospital, Sichuan University, Chengdu, Sichuan Province, China.

Rationale: Mycobacterium tuberculosis (TB) remains a serious threat in developing countries. Primary isolated hepatic tuberculosis is extremely rare. Because of its non-specific imaging features, noninvasive preoperative imaging diagnosis of isolated hepatic tuberculoma remains challenging.

Patient Concerns: A 48-year-old man was admitted to our hospital due for suspected liver neoplasm during health examination.

Diagnoses: The tests for blood, liver function, and tumor markers were within normal range. Preoperative ultrasonography (US) showed a hypoechoic lesion with a longitudinal diameter of 2.5 cm in segment six of liver. It exhibited early arterial phase hyperenhancement and late arterial phase rapid washout in contrast-enhanced US. It demonstrated hyperintensity in T2-weighted magnetic resonance imaging and partly restricted diffusion in diffusion-weighted imaging. For this nodule, the preoperative diagnosis was small hepatocellular carcinoma (HCC).

Interventions: Laparoscopic hepatectomy was performed. Intraoperative extensive adhesion in the abdominal cavity and liver was found. The lesion had undergone expansive growth.

Outcomes: Microscopically, a granuloma with some necrosis was detected. With both acid-fast staining and TB fragment polymerase chain reaction showing positive results, TB was the final histology diagnosis. After surgery, the patient declined any anti-TB medication. During the follow-up, he had no symptoms. In the sixth month after surgery, he underwent an upper abdominal US. It showed no lesions in the liver.

Lessons: Because of non-specific imaging findings and non-specific symptoms, a diagnosis of isolated hepatic TB is difficult to make, especially for small lesions. A diagnosis of HCC should be made cautiously when small isolated lesions in the liver are encountered, especially in patients without a history of hepatitis and with negative tumor markers.
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October 2020

LI-RADS category 5 hepatocellular carcinoma: preoperative gadoxetic acid-enhanced MRI for early recurrence risk stratification after curative resection.

Eur Radiol 2021 Apr 1;31(4):2289-2302. Epub 2020 Oct 1.

Department of Radiology, West China Hospital of Sichuan University, No. 37 Guoxue Xiang, Chengdu, 610041, Sichuan, China.

Objectives: To explore the role of preoperative gadoxetic acid-enhanced MRI in stratifying the risk of early recurrence in patients with LR-5 hepatocellular carcinoma (HCC) by LI-RADS v2018 after curative resection.

Methods: Between July 2015 and August 2018, this study evaluated consecutive treatment-naïve at-risk LR-5 HCC patients who underwent gadoxetic acid-enhanced MRI examination within 2 weeks before curative resection. The Cox regression analysis was performed to identify potential predictors of early recurrence. Disease-free survival (DFS) rates were analyzed and compared by using the Kaplan-Meier method and log-rank tests.

Results: Fifty-three of 103 (51.5%) patients experienced early recurrence. Three MRI findings were significantly associated with early recurrence: corona enhancement (hazard ratio [HR]: 2.116; p = 0.013), peritumoral hypointensity on hepatobiliary phase (HBP) (HR: 2.262; p = 0.007), and satellite nodule (HR: 2.777; p = 0.005). An additional risk factor was AFP level > 400 ng/mL (HR: 1.975; p = 0.016). Based on the number of MRI predictors, LR-5 HCC patients were stratified into three subgroups: LR-5a (60/103; no predictor), LR-5b (26/103; one predictor), and LR-5c (17/103; two or three predictors), with low, medium, and high risk of early recurrence, respectively. The 2-year DFS rate of LR-5a, LR-5b, and LR-5c patients was 65.0%, 38.5%, and 5.9%, respectively, while the corresponding median DFS was undefined, 17.1 months, and 5.1 months, respectively (p < 0.001).

Conclusions: In at-risk LR-5 HCC patients, corona enhancement, peritumoral hypointensity on HBP, and satellite nodule could be used to preoperatively stratify the risk of early recurrence after hepatectomy.

Key Points: • Corona enhancement, peritumoral hypointensity on HBP, satellite nodule, and serum AFP level > 400 ng/mL were significant predictors of early recurrence in patients with LR-5 HCC after hepatectomy. • Based on the number of predictive MRI findings, LR-5 HCC patients could be preoperatively stratified into three subgroups: LR-5a, LR-5b, and LR-5c, with significantly different risk of early recurrence and disease-free survival. • Preoperative risk stratification is essential for the identification of patients at increased risk of postoperative early recurrence, which may contribute to risk-based personalized management for LR-5 HCC patients.
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April 2021

CT Manifestations and Clinical Characteristics of 1115 Patients with Coronavirus Disease 2019 (COVID-19): A Systematic Review and Meta-analysis.

Acad Radiol 2020 07 5;27(7):910-921. Epub 2020 May 5.

Department of Radiology, West China Hospital, Sichuan University, No. 37, Guoxue Alley, Chengdu, 610041, PR China. Electronic address:

Rationale And Objectives: We aimed to assess the prevalence of significant computed tomographic(CT) manifestations and describe some notable features based on chest CT images, as well as the main clinical features of patients with coronavirus disease 2019(COVID-19).

Materials And Methods: A systematic literature search of PubMed, EMBASE, the Cochrane Library, and Web of Science was performed to identify studies assessing CT features, clinical, and laboratory results of COVID-19 patients. A single-arm meta-analysis was conducted to obtain the pooled prevalence and 95% confidence interval (95% CI).

Results: A total of 14 articles (including 1115 patients) based on chest CT images were retrieved. In the lesion patterns on chest CTs, we found that pure ground-glass opacities (GGO) (69%, 95% CI 58-80%), consolidation (47%, 35-60%) and "air bronchogram sign" (46%, 25-66%) were more common than the atypical lesion of "crazy-paving pattern" (15%, 8-22%). With regard to disease extent and involvement, 70% (95% CI 46-95%) of cases showed a location preference for the right lower lobe, 65% (58-73%) of patients presented with ≥3 lobes involvement, and meanwhile, 42% (32-53%) of patients had involvement of all five lobes, while 67% (55-78%) of patients showed a predominant peripheral distribution. An understanding of some important CT features might be helpful for medical surveillance and management. In terms of clinical features, muscle soreness (21%, 95% CI 15-26%) and diarrhea (7%, 4-10%) were minor symptoms compared to fever (80%, 74-87%) and cough (53%, 33-72%).

Conclusion: Chest CT manifestations in patients with COVID-19, as well as its main clinical characteristics, might be helpful in disease evolution and management.
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July 2020

Identification of gastrointestinal stromal tumors from leiomyomas in the esophagogastric junction: A single-center review of 136 cases.

Medicine (Baltimore) 2020 Apr;99(17):e19884

Department of Medical Oncology, Cancer Center, and the State Key Laboratory of Biotherapy, West China Hospital, West China Medical School, Sichuan University, Chengdu, Sichuan, China.

To identify significant clinical and CT features for the differentiation of gastrointestinal stromal tumors (GISTs) from leiomyomas in the esophagogastric junction (EGJ).One hundred thirty six patients with pathologically proven GISTs (n = 87) and leiomyomas (n = 49) in the EGJ were enrolled. And preoperative CT images were available in 73 GISTs cases and 34 leiomyoma cases. Two radiologists reviewed the CT images by consensus with regard to tumor size, shape, growth pattern, surface, enhancement pattern, enhancement degree, attention at each phasic image and the presence of surface ulcer, calcification, and intralesional low attention.Eight significant clinical and CT features were identified for differentiating GISTs from leiomyomas: older age (>46.5 years), tumor long diameter >4.5 cm, heterogeneous enhancement, high degree enhancement, mean CT attenuation >69.2 HU, presences of intralesional low attenuation and surface ulcer, absences of calcification (P < .05). On the receiver operating characteristic curve analysis, an optimal cutoff score of 3.5 was achieved for differentiating GISTs from leiomyomas with an AUC of 0.844 (sensitivity: 76.7%, specificity: 76.5%).older age (>46.5 years), tumor long diameter >4.5 cm, heterogeneous enhancement, high degree enhancement, mean CT attenuation >69.2 HU, presences of intralesional low attenuation and surface ulcer, absence of calcification are significant features highly suggestive of GISTs in differentiation from leiomyomas in the EGJ.
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April 2020

Gadobutrol Precedes Gd-DTPA in Abdominal Contrast-Enhanced MRA and MRI: A Prospective, Multicenter, Intraindividual Study.

Contrast Media Mol Imaging 2019 2;2019:9738464. Epub 2019 Dec 2.

Department of Radiology, West China Hospital, Sichuan University, Chengdu, Sichuan Province, China.

Objective: To qualitatively and quantitatively compare the contrast-enhanced magnetic resonance angiography (MRA) and magnetic resonance imaging (MRI) in one-stop shop of abdominal imaging with Gadobutrol and Gd-DTPA at equimolar doses of gadolinium.

Materials And Methods: This was a prospective designed, multiple center, intraindividual comparison study. All volunteers underwent Gadobutrol- and Gd-DTPA-enhanced MRA and MRI in one-stop shop. Qualitative analysis for large vessels and small vessels was performed by a three-point scale, while for minute small vessels, by a five-point scale. Quantitative analysis was performed for large vessels by signal-to-noise ratio (SNR) and contrast-to-noise ratio (CNR). Visceral organ enhancements on the equilibrium phase were also analyzed. Wilcoxon matched-pair signed-rank tests were used to evaluate the qualitative and quantitative results.

Results: 40 volunteers were enrolled. Qualitative analyses results for large vessels, small vessels, and minute small vessels of Gadobutrol and Gd-DTPA were 20.98 ± 2.11, 6.03 ± 1.03, and 3.41 ± 1.18 and 20.01 ± 2.18, 5.28 ± 1.67, and 2.61 ± 1.40, respectively. Wilcoxon signed-rank tests revealed Gadobutrol-enhanced MRA was superior to that of Gd-DTPA significantly for small vessels (=0.028) and minute small vessels (=0.007). For quantitative analysis of large vessels, no statistic difference was found. Gadobutrol-enhanced MRI had higher CNR of the liver (=0.003), spleen (=0.001), and pancreas (=0.001) and higher SNR of spleen (=0.009) than those of Gd-DTPA statistically.

Conclusion: Our study proved Gadobutrol was superior to Gd-DTPA in qualitative analysis of CE-MRA and quantitative analysis of visceral organ enhancement on CE-MRI in abdomen of healthy volunteers. Gadobutrol may be more suitable for abdominal one-stop examination for CE-MRA and CE-MRI.
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July 2020