Publications by authors named "Céline Labeyrie"

21 Publications

  • Page 1 of 1

Hematopoietic stem cell transplantation in chronic inflammatory demyelinating polyneuropathy: French experience about four patients, under the behalf of French society for bone marrow transplantation.

J Neurol 2021 Apr 2;268(4):1536-1539. Epub 2021 Mar 2.

Unité de Médecine Interne: Maladies Auto-immunes et Pathologie Vasculaire (UF 04), Centre de Référence des Maladies auto-immunes systémiques Rares d'Ile-de-France MATHEC (FAI2R), Assistance Publique-Hôpitaux de Paris, 75010, Paris, France.

View Article and Find Full Text PDF

Download full-text PDF

Source
http://dx.doi.org/10.1007/s00415-021-10452-6DOI Listing
April 2021

Determinants of therapeutic lag in multiple sclerosis.

Mult Scler 2021 Jan 11:1352458520981300. Epub 2021 Jan 11.

CORe, Department of Medicine, University of Melbourne, Melbourne, VIC, Australia/Melbourne MS Centre, Department of Neurology, Royal Melbourne Hospital, Melbourne, VIC, Australia.

Background: A delayed onset of treatment effect, termed therapeutic lag, may influence the assessment of treatment response in some patient subgroups.

Objectives: The objective of this study is to explore the associations of patient and disease characteristics with therapeutic lag on relapses and disability accumulation.

Methods: Data from MSBase, a multinational multiple sclerosis (MS) registry, and OFSEP, the French MS registry, were used. Patients diagnosed with MS, minimum 1 year of exposure to MS treatment and 3 years of pre-treatment follow-up, were included in the analysis. Studied outcomes were incidence of relapses and disability accumulation. Therapeutic lag was calculated using an objective, validated method in subgroups stratified by patient and disease characteristics. Therapeutic lag under specific circumstances was then estimated in subgroups defined by combinations of clinical and demographic determinants.

Results: High baseline disability scores, annualised relapse rate (ARR) ⩾ 1 and male sex were associated with longer therapeutic lag on disability progression in sufficiently populated groups: females with expanded disability status scale (EDSS) < 6 and ARR < 1 had mean lag of 26.6 weeks (95% CI = 18.2-34.9), males with EDSS < 6 and ARR < 1 31.0 weeks (95% CI = 25.3-36.8), females with EDSS < 6 and ARR ⩾ 1 44.8 weeks (95% CI = 24.5-65.1), and females with EDSS ⩾ 6 and ARR < 1 54.3 weeks (95% CI = 47.2-61.5).

Conclusions: Pre-treatment EDSS and ARR are the most important determinants of therapeutic lag.
View Article and Find Full Text PDF

Download full-text PDF

Source
http://dx.doi.org/10.1177/1352458520981300DOI Listing
January 2021

Antibodies against the node of Ranvier: a real-life evaluation of incidence, clinical features and response to treatment based on a prospective analysis of 1500 sera.

J Neurol 2020 Dec 16;267(12):3664-3672. Epub 2020 Jul 16.

Timone Neuroscience Institute, UMR CNRS 7289, Aix-Marseille University, 13005, Marseille, France.

Introduction: IgG4 antibodies against neurofascin (Nfasc155 and Nfasc140/186), contactin (CNTN1) and contactin-associated protein (Caspr1) are described in specific subtypes of chronic inflammatory demyelinating polyradiculoneuropathy (CIDP). Our objective was to assess, in a real-life practice, the incidence, the clinical features and the response to treatment of these forms of CIDP.

Methods: 1500 sera of patients suspected of having CIDP from France, Belgium and Switzerland were prospectively tested using a flow cytometry technique. The characteristics of patients with antibodies against the node of Ranvier were compared to 100 seronegative CIDP from our department.

Results: IgG4 antibodies against Nfasc155, CNTN1, and Caspr1 were, respectively, detected in 15 (prevalence 1%), 10 (0.7%) and 2 (0.2%) sera. Antibodies specific of the Nfasc140/186 were not detected. All subjects with antibodies against the node of Ranvier fulfilled diagnostic criteria for CIDP. CIDP with anti-Nfasc155 were younger, had more sensory ataxia and postural tremor than seronegative CIDP. CIDP with anti-CNTN1 had more frequent subacute onset and facial paralysis, commoner renal involvement with membranous glomerulonephritis and greater disability, than seronegative CIDP. CIDP with anti-Caspr1 had more frequent respiratory failure and cranial nerve involvement but not more neuropathic pain than seronegative CIDP. Intravenous immunoglobulins were ineffective in most seropositive patients. Rituximab produced dramatic improvement in disability and decreased antibodies titres in 13 seropositive patients (8 with anti-Nfasc155 and 5 with anti-CNTN1 antibodies).

Conclusions: Although rare, anti-paranodal antibodies are clinically valuable, because they are associated with specific phenotypes and therapeutic response.
View Article and Find Full Text PDF

Download full-text PDF

Source
http://dx.doi.org/10.1007/s00415-020-10041-zDOI Listing
December 2020

Quality of life outcomes in APOLLO, the phase 3 trial of the RNAi therapeutic patisiran in patients with hereditary transthyretin-mediated amyloidosis.

Amyloid 2020 Sep 4;27(3):153-162. Epub 2020 Mar 4.

Assistance Publique-Hôpitaux de Paris (APHP), French National Reference Center for Familial Amyloidotic Polyneuropathy, Centre Hospitalier Universitaire Bicêtre, Universite Paris-Sud, INSERM Unite, Paris, France.

Hereditary transthyretin-mediated (hATTR) amyloidosis is a rare, fatal, multisystem disease leading to deteriorating quality of life (QOL). The impact of patisiran on QOL in patients with hATTR amyloidosis with polyneuropathy from the phase 3 APOLLO study (NCT01960348) is evaluated. Patients received either patisiran 0.3 mg/kg ( = 148) or placebo ( = 77) intravenously once every three weeks for 18 months. Multiple measures were used to assess varying aspects of QOL. At 18 months, compared with placebo, patisiran improved Norfolk Quality of Life-Diabetic Neuropathy (Norfolk QOL-DN) score; (least squares [LS] mean difference: -21.1;  = 1.10 × 10; improved across all domains), EuroQoL 5-dimensions 5-levels (LS mean difference: 0.2;  = 1.4 × 10), EuroQoL-visual analog scale (LS mean difference: 9.5; =.0004), Rasch-built Overall Disability Scale (LS mean difference: 9.0;  = 4.07 × 10) and Composite Autonomic Symptom Score-31(COMPASS-31; LS mean difference: -7.5; =.0008). Placebo-treated patients experienced rapid QOL deterioration; treatment effects for patisiran were observed as early as 9 months. At 18 months, patisiran improved Norfolk QOL-DN total score and three individual domains as well as COMPASS-31 total scores relative to baseline. Consistent benefits were also observed in the cardiac subpopulation. The benefits of patisiran across all QOL measures and the rapid deterioration observed with placebo, highlight the urgency in early treatment for patients with hATTR amyloidosis with polyneuropathy.
View Article and Find Full Text PDF

Download full-text PDF

Source
http://dx.doi.org/10.1080/13506129.2020.1730790DOI Listing
September 2020

Electrophysiological features of chronic inflammatory demyelinating polyradiculoneuropathy associated with IgG4 antibodies targeting neurofascin 155 or contactin 1 glycoproteins.

Clin Neurophysiol 2020 04 6;131(4):921-927. Epub 2020 Feb 6.

Referral Centre for Neuromuscular Diseases and ALS, La Timone hospital, Marseille, France; Aix-Marseille University, Timone Neuroscience Institute, UMR CNRS 7289, 13005 Marseille, France. Electronic address:

Objective: Chronic inflammatory demyelinating polyradiculoneuropathies (CIDP) with antibodies against neurofascin 155 (Nfasc155) or contactin-1 (CNTN1) have distinctive clinical features. Knowledge on their electrophysiological characteristics is still scarce. In this study, we are investigating whether these patients have specific electrophysiological characteristics.

Methods: The electrophysiological data from 13 patients with anti-Nfasc155 IgG4 antibodies, 9 with anti-CNTN1 IgG4 antibodies were compared with those of 40 consecutive CIDP patients without antibodies.

Results: All the patients with antibodies against Nfasc155 or CNTN1 fulfilled the EFNS/PNS electrodiagnostic criteria for definite CIDP. There was no electrophysiological difference between patients with anti-CNTN1 and anti-Nfasc155 antibodies. Nerve conduction abnormalities were heterogeneously distributed along nerves trunks and roots. They were more pronounced than in CIDP without antibodies. Motor conduction velocity on median nerve <24 m/s or motor velocity on ulnar nerve <26 m/s or motor distal latency on ulnar nerve >7.4 ms were predictive of positive antibodies against the node of Ranvier with a sensitivity of 59% and a specificity of 93%.

Conclusions: Marked conduction abnormalities may suggest the presence of positive antibodies against the node of Ranvier.

Significance: Anti-Nfasc155 and anti-CNTN1 antibodies target the the paranodal axo-glial domain but are associated with nerve conduction abnormalities mimicking a "demyelinating" neuropathy.
View Article and Find Full Text PDF

Download full-text PDF

Source
http://dx.doi.org/10.1016/j.clinph.2020.01.013DOI Listing
April 2020

Small fiber neuropathy in Sjögren syndrome: Comparison with other small fiber neuropathies.

Muscle Nerve 2020 04 15;61(4):515-520. Epub 2020 Feb 15.

Department of Rheumatology; National Reference Center for Sjögren Syndrome and Rare Autoimmune Diseases, Université Paris-Saclay; Assistance Publique-Hôpitaux de Paris, Hôpitaux Universitaires Paris-Sud, AP-HP, Le Kremlin Bicêtre, France.

Introduction: We compared histological and clinical profiles of primary Sjögren syndrome (pSS) small fiber neuropathy (SFN; pSS-SFN) with idiopathic SFN (i-SFN) and hereditary transthyretin amyloidosis SFN (hATTR-SFN) and described the evolution of pSS-SFN.

Methods: All patients with pSS-SFN, i-SFN, and hATTR-SFN confirmed by reduced intraepidermal nerve fiber density on skin biopsy were retrospectively included, and their characteristics were compared. To analyze prognosis of pSS-SFN, patients prospectively underwent a second evaluation.

Results: Fifteen pSS-SFN, 17 hATTR-SFN, and 11 i-SFN were included. Time to diagnosis SFN was longer in pSS-SFN and i-SFN than in hATTR-SFN. Painful and non-length-dependent patterns were more frequent in pSS-SFN than in hATTR-SFN. Twelve (80%) patients with pSS-SFN had a non-length-dependent pattern. Ten patients with pSS were reassessed after 3.1 years (1.7-4.7); none developed large fiber neuropathy linked to pSS.

Discussion: Primary Sjögren syndrome SFN is characterized by a more frequent non-length-dependent pattern compared with i-SFN and hATTR-SFN. Primary Sjögren syndrome SFN did not evolve through large fiber neuropathy.
View Article and Find Full Text PDF

Download full-text PDF

Source
http://dx.doi.org/10.1002/mus.26824DOI Listing
April 2020

Conjunctival lymphangiectasia as a biomarker of severe systemic disease in Ser77Tyr hereditary transthyretin amyloidosis.

Br J Ophthalmol 2020 10 16;104(10):1363-1367. Epub 2020 Jan 16.

Ophhalmology, Bicêtre Hospital, Assistance Publique-Hôpitaux de Paris, Paris-Sud University, French Reference Center for Familial Amyloid Polyneuropathies (NNERF), Le Kremlin-Bicêtre, France

Aims: To investigate the relationship between the ophthalmic and systemic phenotypes in patients with hereditary transthyretin amyloidosis with the S77Y mutation (ATTRS77Y).

Methods: In this cross-sectional study, patients with genetically confirmed ATTRS77Y amyloidosis were enrolled. All patients underwent complete neurological examination, including staging with the Neuropathy Impairment Score (NIS), Polyneuropathy Disability (PND) score; complete cardiological evaluation, including echocardiography, cardiac MRI and/or cardiac scintigraphy and complete ophthalmic evaluation, including slit lamp examination and fundus examination. Ocular ancillary tests (fluorescein and indocyanine green angiography, and anterior segment optical coherence tomography) were performed in cases with abnormal findings. The Kruskal-Wallis test was used for quantitative outcomes and Fisher's exact test for qualitative outcomes. Statistical significance was indicated by p<0.05 (two tailed).

Results: The study sample was composed of 24 ATTRS77Y patients. The mean patient age was 58.4±12.4 years. None of the patients presented with amyloid deposits in the anterior chamber, secondary glaucoma or vitreous amyloidosis. Retinal angiopathy was observed in four patients, complicated with retinal ischaemia in one patient. Conjunctival lymphangiectasia (CL) was detected in 13 patients (54%), associated with perilymphatic amyloid deposits. The presence of CL was statistically associated with more severe neurological disease (NIS=43.3±31.9 vs 18.9±20.4; PND=2.6±1.0 vs 1.4±0.7 in patients with and without CL, respectively; both p<0.05) and amyloid cardiomyopathy (p=0.002).

Conclusion: In ATTRS77Y patients, CL is common and could serve as a potential biomarker for severe systemic disease. There were neither anterior chamber deposits, secondary glaucoma nor vitreous deposits in ATTRS77Y patients.
View Article and Find Full Text PDF

Download full-text PDF

Source
http://dx.doi.org/10.1136/bjophthalmol-2019-315381DOI Listing
October 2020

[Indication of autologous stem cell transplantation in chronic inflammatory demyelinating polyneuropathy: Guidelines from the Francophone Society of Bone Marrow Transplantation and Cellular Therapy (SFGM-TC)].

Bull Cancer 2020 Jan 7;107(1S):S104-S113. Epub 2019 Dec 7.

AP-HP, hôpital St-Louis, centre de référence des maladies auto-immunes systémiques rares d'Île-de-France, unité de médecine interne : maladies auto-immunes et pathologie vasculaire (UF 04), 1, avenue Claude Vellefaux, 75010 Paris, France; Institut de recherche Saint-Louis, université Paris Denis Diderot, Sorbonne Paris Cité, EA 3518, Paris, France; Department of Internal Medicine, McGill University, Montreal, Canada. Electronic address:

Chronic Inflammatory Demyelinating Polyneuropathy (CIDP) is a chronic autoimmune disease involving the peripheral nervous system, characterized by focal and segmental demyelination accounting for neurological deficit. CIDP diagnosis is based on several criteria and requires the presence of specific clinical symptoms and of demyelinating criteria on the electroneuromyogram (ENMG) or of additional supportive criteria (spinal fluid examination with dissociation between albumin level and cellular abnormalities, nervous abnormalities on MRI or other minor abnormalities on ENMG, demyelinating features on nerve biopsy or patient improvement under so-called first-line therapy with immunodulator treatment). After failure of two successive first line immunomodulating drug therapies (corticosteroids, immunomodulating immunoglobulins, or plasma exchange), several options can be considered as second line therapies. The efficacy of autologous hematopoietic cell transplantation (AHCT) has been shown in CIDP patients. The aim of these recommendations established by a working group of experts from the "Société française de greffe de moelle osseuse et thérapie cellulaire (SFGM-TC)", the group "maladies auto-immunes et thérapie cellulaire (MATHEC)" and the "filière de santé maladies rares neuromusculaire (FILNEMUS)" is to specify the eligibility criteria for AHCT in CIPD patients, to describe the mobilization and the conditioning regimen for the AHCT procedure, as well as the patient standardized post-transplant follow-up and the management of neurological treatment throughout the all procedure.
View Article and Find Full Text PDF

Download full-text PDF

Source
http://dx.doi.org/10.1016/j.bulcan.2019.11.002DOI Listing
January 2020

Progressive Multifocal Leukoencephalopathy Incidence and Risk Stratification Among Natalizumab Users in France.

JAMA Neurol 2020 01;77(1):94-102

CHU de Nantes, Service de Neurologie, CIC015 INSERM, Nantes, France.

Importance: Risk of developing progressive multifocal leukoencephalopathy (PML) is the major barrier to using natalizumab for patients with multiple sclerosis (MS). To date, the association of risk stratification with PML incidence has not been evaluated.

Objective: To describe the temporal evolution of PML incidence in France before and after introduction of risk minimization recommendations in 2013.

Design, Setting, And Participants: This observational study used data in the MS registry OFSEP (Observatoire Français de la Sclérose en Plaques) collected between April 15, 2007, and December 31, 2016, by participating MS expert centers and MS-dedicated networks of neurologists in France. Patients with an MS diagnosis according to current criteria, regardless of age, were eligible, and those exposed to at least 1 natalizumab infusion (n = 6318) were included in the at-risk population. A questionnaire was sent to all centers, asking for a description of their practice regarding PML risk stratification. Data were analyzed in July 2018.

Exposures: Time from the first natalizumab infusion to the occurrence of PML, natalizumab discontinuation plus 6 months, or the last clinical evaluation.

Main Outcomes And Measures: Incidence was the number of PML cases reported relative to the person-years exposed to natalizumab. A Poisson regression model for the 2007 to 2016 period estimated the annual variation in incidence and incidence rate ratio (IRR), adjusted for sex and age at treatment initiation and stratified by period (2007-2013 and 2013-2016).

Results: In total, 6318 patients were exposed to natalizumab during the study period, of whom 4682 (74.1%) were female, with a mean (SD [range]) age at MS onset of 28.5 (9.1 [1.1-72.4]) years; 45 confirmed incident cases of PML were diagnosed in 22 414 person-years of exposure. The crude incidence rate for the whole 2007 to 2016 period was 2.00 (95% CI, 1.46-2.69) per 1000 patient-years. Incidence significantly increased by 45.3% (IRR, 1.45; 95% CI, 1.15-1.83; P = .001) each year before 2013 and decreased by 23.0% (IRR, 0.77; 95% CI, 0.61-0.97; P = .03) each year from 2013 to 2016.

Conclusions And Relevance: The results of this study suggest, for the first time, a decrease in natalizumab-associated PML incidence since 2013 in France that may be associated with a generalized use of John Cunningham virus serologic test results; this finding appears to support the continuation and reinforcement of educational activities and risk-minimization strategies in the management of disease-modifying therapies for multiple sclerosis.
View Article and Find Full Text PDF

Download full-text PDF

Source
http://dx.doi.org/10.1001/jamaneurol.2019.2670DOI Listing
http://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/pmc/articles/PMC6724170PMC
January 2020

Comparative effectiveness of teriflunomide vs dimethyl fumarate in multiple sclerosis.

Neurology 2019 08 12;93(7):e635-e646. Epub 2019 Jul 12.

From INSERM (D.-A.L., L.B.), CIC 0004, Nantes; CRTI-INSERM UMR U1064 (D.-A.L.), Université de Nantes; Service de Neurologie (D.-A.L., S.W., L. Michel), CHU Nantes; Centre des Neurosciences de Lyon (R.C., F.R., S.V.), Observatoire Français de la Sclérose en Plaques, INSERM 1028 and CNRS UMR5292, Lyon; Université Claude Bernard Lyon 1 (R.C., F.R., S.V.), Université de Lyon; Department of Neurology (M.D.), Nancy University Hospital; Université de Lorraine (M.D.), EA 4360 APEMAC, Vandoeuvre-Lès-Nancy; Department of Neurology and Clinical Investigation Center (J.D.S.), CHU de Strasbourg, INSERM 1434; Department of Neurology (D.B.), CHU de Toulouse; Service de Neurologie (B. Brochet), CHU de Bordeaux; Service de Neurologie (J.P.), Hôpital de la Timone, CRMBM, CNRS, APHM, Aix Marseille Univ, Marseille; Univ Lille (P.V.), CHU Lille, LIRIC (Lille Inflammation Research International Center), INSERM UMR995; Service de Neurologie (G.E., L. Michel), CHU de Rennes; CRCSEP Nice (C.L.-F.), Neurologie Pasteur 2, Université Nice Cote d'Azur, Nice; Service de Neurologie (P. Clavelou), CHU de Clermont-Ferrand; Service de Neurologie (E.T.), CHU de Nîmes; Department of Neurology (J.-P.C.), Hôpital Nord, CHU Saint-Étienne; Service de Neurologie et Faculté de Médecine de Reims (A.T.), CHU de Reims, URCA; Service de Neurologie (B.S.), CHU Saint-Antoine; Service de Neurologie (A.A.K.), CHU d'Amiens; Service de Neurologie (P. Cabre), CHU de Fort de France; Service de Neurologie (C. Lubetzki, C.P.), CHU Pitié-Salpêtrière; Service de Neurologie (E.B.), CHU de Besançon; Service de Neurologie (O.H.), CH de Poissy; Service de Neurologie (T.D.), CH de Saint-Denis; Service de Neurologie (T.M.), CHU de Dijon; Service de Neurologie (O.G.), Fondation Rothschild; Service de Neurologie (B. Bourre), CHU de Rouen; Department of Neurology (A.W.), Hôpital Henri Mondor, Créteil; Service de Neurologie (P.L.), CHU de Montpellier; Service de Neurologie (L. Magy), CHU de Limoges; Service de Neurologie (G.D.), CHU de Caen; CRC SEP and Department of Neurology (A.-M.G.), CHU Bretonneau, Tours; Department of Neurology (N.M.), CHU La Milétrie, Poitiers; Department of Neurology (C. Labeyrie), CHU Bicêtre, Le Kremlin Bicêtre; Department of Neurology (I.P.), Hôpital Sud Francilien, Corbeil Essonnes; Department of Neurology (C.N.), CHU Versailles; Department of Neurology (O.C.), CHU de Grenoble; Ecole des Hautes Etudes en Santé Publique (E.L.), Rennes; Service de Neurologie, Sclérose en Plaques, Pathologies de la Myéline et Neuro-inflammation (S.V.), Hôpital Neurologique Pierre Wertheimer, Hospices Civils de Lyon, Lyon/Bron; and INSERM (Y.F.), UMR 1246-SPHERE, Nantes University, Tours University, Nantes, France.

Objective: In this study, we compared the effectiveness of teriflunomide (TRF) and dimethyl fumarate (DMF) on both clinical and MRI outcomes in patients followed prospectively in the Observatoire Français de la Sclérose en Plaques.

Methods: A total of 1,770 patients with relapsing-remitting multiple sclerosis (RRMS) (713 on TRF and 1,057 on DMF) with an available baseline brain MRI were included in intention to treat. The 1- and 2-year postinitiation outcomes were relapses, increase of T2 lesions, increase in Expanded Disability Status Scale score, and reason for treatment discontinuation. Propensity scores (inverse probability weighting) and logistic regressions were estimated.

Results: The confounder-adjusted proportions of patients were similar in TRF- compared to DMF-treated patients for relapses and disability progression after 1 and 2 years. However, the adjusted proportion of patients with at least one new T2 lesion after 2 years was lower in DMF compared to TRF (60.8% vs 72.2%, odds ratio [OR] 0.60, < 0.001). Analyses of reasons for treatment withdrawal showed that lack of effectiveness was reported for 8.5% of DMF-treated patients vs 14.5% of TRF-treated patients (OR 0.54, < 0.001), while adverse events accounted for 16% of TRF-treated patients and 21% of DMF-treated patients after 2 years (OR 1.39, < 0.001).

Conclusions: After 2 years of treatment, we found similar effectiveness of DMF and TRF in terms of clinical outcomes, but with better MRI-based outcomes for DMF-treated patients, resulting in a lower rate of treatment discontinuation due to lack of effectiveness.

Classification Of Evidence: This study provides Class III evidence that for patients with RRMS, TRF and DMF have similar clinical effectiveness after 2 years of treatment.
View Article and Find Full Text PDF

Download full-text PDF

Source
http://dx.doi.org/10.1212/WNL.0000000000007938DOI Listing
http://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/pmc/articles/PMC6715507PMC
August 2019

Somatostatin analogues for refractory diarrhoea in familial amyloid polyneuropathy.

PLoS One 2018 30;13(8):e0201869. Epub 2018 Aug 30.

AP-HP, Hôpital Bicêtre, Department of Gastroenterology, Le Kremlin Bicêtre, France.

Introduction: Familial amyloid polyneuropathy (FAP) is a genetic disease leading to the production of a variant transthyretin (TTR) or a beta variant β2-microglobulin. FAP may be associated with refractory diarrhoea. In this study, we assessed the efficacy and tolerance of somatostatin analogues in refractory diarrhoea associated with FAP.

Methods: FAP patients from the French national referral center who received somatostatin analogues for a refractory diarrhoea were retrospectively studied. We assessed remission of diarrhoea, as defined by a stool consistence of five or less on the Bristol stool scale, assessed after three to six months of follow-up. Stool frequency and continence before and after three to six months of treatment were also compared by the means of Wilcoxon and McNemar's exact tests, respectively.

Results: Fourteen patients treated with somatostatin analogues were evaluable. After three to six months of follow-up, 9/14 patients (64% 95%CI = [35%; 87%]) had remission of diarrhoea. This was significantly higher than a theoretical remission rate of 20% (p = 0.0004). There was a significant decrease of daily bowel movement from 6 to 2.5 per day (p = 0.002). Twelve/14 (85%) patients had incontinence at baseline vs 8/14 (57%) after three to six months of follow-up (p = 0.134). Three out of 14 patients (21%) had a severe adverse event; two patients had hypoglycaemia, and one had endocarditis due to an injection-site bacterial infection.

Conclusion: This study suggests that somatostatin analogues may benefit to patients with FAP and refractory diarrhoea. Approximately 20% of patients had severe adverse events, including hypoglycaemia.
View Article and Find Full Text PDF

Download full-text PDF

Source
http://journals.plos.org/plosone/article?id=10.1371/journal.pone.0201869PLOS
http://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/pmc/articles/PMC6116977PMC
February 2019

18F-FDG PET/CT and MRI in Necrotizing Autoimmune Myopathy: "The Scarface Sign".

Clin Nucl Med 2018 Feb;43(2):147-149

Necrotizing autoimmune myopathy (NAM) is a relatively newly recognized subgroup of idiopathic inflammatory myopathies. The common histopathologic features are myocyte necrosis without significant inflammation. Necrotizing autoimmune myopathy can be associated with connective tissue disorders but can also be triggered by viral infections such as human immunodeficiency virus or malignancy, be statin-induced NAM, or be idiopathic. Here, the authors present the case of a 58-year-old man who was referred to our PET unit for a suspected paraneoplastic syndrome in a context of NAM. Complementary contrast-enhanced CT and 3-dimensional T1-weighted MRI were carried out subsequently in order to resolve the PET/CT abnormalities.
View Article and Find Full Text PDF

Download full-text PDF

Source
http://dx.doi.org/10.1097/RLU.0000000000001955DOI Listing
February 2018

[Indications and follow-up for autologous hematopoietic stem cell transplantation in autoimmune and autoinflammatory diseases: Guidelines from the Francophone Society of Bone Marrow Transplantation and Cellular Therapy (SFGM-TC)].

Bull Cancer 2017 Dec 22;104(12S):S169-S180. Epub 2017 Nov 22.

Hôpital Saint-Louis, UF04, unité de médecine interne, maladies auto-immunes et pathologie vasculaire, centre de référence des maladies auto-immunes systémiques rares d'Ile-de-France, Filière 'FAI2R', 1, avenue Claude-Vellefaux, 75475 Paris, France. Electronic address:

The Francophone Society of Bone Marrow Transplantation and Cellular Therapy (SFGM-TC) organized the 7th allogeneic hematopoietic stem cell transplantation clinical practices harmonization workshop series in September 2017 in Lille, France and updated recommendations for indications and follow-up in autologous hematopoietic stem cell transplantation in autoimmune and autoinflammatory diseases, previously published under the auspices of SFGM-TC.
View Article and Find Full Text PDF

Download full-text PDF

Source
http://dx.doi.org/10.1016/j.bulcan.2017.06.019DOI Listing
December 2017

Familial amyloid polyneuropathy.

Curr Opin Neurol 2017 10;30(5):481-489

aService de Neurologie, CHU Bicêtre, Assistance Publique - Hôpitaux de Paris bNational Reference Center for Familial Amyloid Poyneuropathy, Le Kremlin Bicêtre cINSERM U1195 dUniversité Paris Sud, Orsay eFILNEMUS, Marseille, France.

Purpose Of Review: Transthyretin familial amyloid polyneuropathy is the most disabling hereditary polyneuropathy of adult onset because of a point mutation of transthyretin gene. This review updates our knowledge about natural history of the disease, phenotypes, diagnosis tools for small and large fibers involvement, expert's consensus for both symptomatic and asymptomatic follow-up, and treatment's research.

Recent Findings: Access to TTR gene sequencing permit diagnosis and first reports of the disease in nonendemic countries (EU countries, United States, China, India). Most studies showed a more severe natural history of the neuropathy in nonendemic countries. First European consensus for management has been established. New long-term results allow selection of best candidates for liver transplantation based on phenotype and cardiac involvement. Multimodal evaluation of small fiber neuropathy and resonance magnetic neurography are under development. New results are available for long-term effect of tafamidis in late-onset patients. TTR gene silencing drugs are subject to phase 3 clinical trials.

Summary: New methods for the evaluation of the disease are being developed. The TTR gene silencing strategy will be available by the end of 2017.
View Article and Find Full Text PDF

Download full-text PDF

Source
http://dx.doi.org/10.1097/WCO.0000000000000476DOI Listing
October 2017

Refractory T-Cell Anergy and Rapidly Fatal Progressive Multifocal Leukoencephalopathy After Prolonged CTLA4 Therapy.

Open Forum Infect Dis 2017 16;4(2):ofx100. Epub 2017 May 16.

Institut National de la Santé et de la Recherche Médicale (INSERM) U1184, Immunology of Viral Infection and Auto-immune Diseases, Normal and Pathological T Memory, Faculté de Médecine Paris-Sud, le Kremlin-Bicêtre.

Progressive multifocal leukoencephalopathy (PML) is a deadly demyelinating disease due to central nervous system replication of the human polyomavirus JC virus (JCV) in immunosuppressed patients. The only effective therapeutic approach is to restore anti-JCV T-cell responses. In this study, we describe a case of rapidly fatal PML with JCV T-cell anergy in a renal transplant patient treated with CTLA4-Ig (belatacept, a CD28-B7 costimulation blocker and T-cell anergy inducer). T-cell anergy could not be reversed despite several therapeutic approaches. Progressive multifocal leukoencephalopathy secondary to biotherapy-induced T-cell anergy may thus represent a subset of PML with major resistance to anti-JCV immune recovery.
View Article and Find Full Text PDF

Download full-text PDF

Source
http://dx.doi.org/10.1093/ofid/ofx100DOI Listing
http://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/pmc/articles/PMC5473436PMC
May 2017

Assessing mNIS+7 and international neurologists' proficiency in a familial amyloidotic polyneuropathy trial.

Muscle Nerve 2017 Nov 7;56(5):901-911. Epub 2017 Apr 7.

Department of Neurology, Mayo Clinic, 200 First Street SW, Rochester, Minnesota, 55905, USA.

Introduction: Polyneuropathy signs (Neuropathy Impairment Score, NIS), neurophysiologic tests (m+7 ), disability, and health scores were assessed in baseline evaluations of 100 patients entered into an oligonucleotide familial amyloidotic polyneuropathy (FAP) trial.

Methods: We assessed: (1) Proficiency of grading neurologic signs and correlation with neurophysiologic tests, and (2) clinometric performance of modified NIS+7 neurophysiologic tests (mNIS+7 ) and its subscores and correlation with disability and health scores.

Results: The mNIS+7 sensitively detected, characterized, and broadly scaled diverse polyneuropathy impairments. Polyneuropathy signs (NIS and subscores) correlated with neurophysiology tests, disability, and health scores. Smart Somatotopic Quantitative Sensation Testing of heat as pain 5 provided a needed measure of small fiber involvement not adequately assessed by other tests.

Conclusions: Specially trained neurologists accurately assessed neuropathy signs as compared to referenced neurophysiologic tests. The score, mNIS+7 , broadly detected, characterized, and scaled polyneuropathy abnormality in FAP, which correlated with disability and health scores. Muscle Nerve 56: 901-911, 2017.
View Article and Find Full Text PDF

Download full-text PDF

Source
http://dx.doi.org/10.1002/mus.25563DOI Listing
http://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/pmc/articles/PMC5500439PMC
November 2017

Transcriptome Analysis of Peripheral Blood in Chronic Inflammatory Demyelinating Polyradiculoneuropathy Patients Identifies TNFR1 and TLR Pathways in the IVIg Response.

Medicine (Baltimore) 2016 May;95(19):e3370

From the Sorbonne Universités (AR, J-CC, KT), UPMC Univ Paris 06, INSERM UMRS_1127, CIC_1422, CNRS UMR_7225, AP-HP, and ICM, Hôpital Pitié-Salpêtrière, Département des maladies du système nerveux; Hôpital Pitié Salpêtrière (RD, PR, KV), Département de Neurophysiologie Clinique; Plateforme Post-génomique P3S (WC), UPMC, Site Pitié Salpêtrière; IHU-A-ICM Bioinformatics/Biostatistics Core Facility (JG, VG), Paris; Hôpital de Bicêtre (CL, DA), Centre de Référence des Neuropathies Amyloïdes et autres Neuropathies Périphériques Rares, Le Kremlin-Bicêtre; and AP-HP, Hôpital Pitié Salpêtrière, Service de Médecine Interne, Institut E3M, Centre National de Référence Maladies auto-immunes Systémiques Rares, et Université Paris VI Pierre et Marie Curie, Sorbonnes Université, Paris, France (FCA).

We have studied the response to intravenous immunoglobulins (IVIg) by a transcriptomic approach in 11 chronic inflammatory demyelinating polyradiculoneuropathy (CIDP) patients (CIDP duration = 6 [0.83-6.5] years). RNA was extracted from cells in whole blood collected before and 3 weeks after IVIg treatment, and hybridized on Illumina chips. After RNA quality controls, gene expression was analyzed using statistical tests fitted for microarrays (R software, limma package), and a pathway analysis was performed using DAVID software. We identified 52 genes with expression that varied significantly after IVIg (fold change [FC] > 1.2, P < 0.001, false discovery rate [FDR] <0.05). Among these 52 genes, 7 were related to immunity, 3 were related to the tumor necrosis factor (TNF)-α receptor 1 (TNFR1) pathway (inhibitor of caspase-activated DNase (ICAD): FC = 1.8, P = 1.7E-7, FDR = 0.004; p21 protein-activated kinase 2 [PAK2]: FC = 1.66, P = 2.6E-5, FDR = 0.03; TNF-α-induced protein 8-like protein 1 [TNFAIP8L1]: P = 1.00E-05, FDR = 0.026), and 2 were related to Toll-like receptors (TLRs), especially TLRs 7 and 9, and were implicated in autoimmunity. These genes were UNC93B1 (FC = 1.6, P = 2E-5, FDR = 0.03), which transports TLRs 7 and 9 to the endolysosomes, and RNF216 (FC = 1.5, P = 1E-05, FDR = 0.03), which promotes TLR 9 degradation. Pathway analysis showed that the TNFR1 pathway was significantly lessened by IVIg (enrichment score = 24, Fischer exact test = 0.003). TNF-α gene expression was higher in responder patients than in nonresponders; however, it decreased after IVIg in responders (P = 0.04), but remained stable in nonresponders. Our data suggest the actions of IVIg on the TNFR1 pathway and an original mechanism involving innate immunity through TLRs in CIDP pathophysiology and the response to IVIg. We conclude that responder patients have stronger inflammatory activity that is lessened by IVIg.
View Article and Find Full Text PDF

Download full-text PDF

Source
http://dx.doi.org/10.1097/MD.0000000000003370DOI Listing
http://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/pmc/articles/PMC4902477PMC
May 2016

Cerebral infarction following subcutaneous immunoglobulin therapy for chronic inflammatory demyelinating polyradiculoneuropathy.

Muscle Nerve 2016 06 27;54(1):166-7. Epub 2016 May 27.

Department of Neurology and Stroke Center, Hôpital de Bicêtre, PARIS XI - Sud University, Le Kremlin Bicêtre, France.

View Article and Find Full Text PDF

Download full-text PDF

Source
http://dx.doi.org/10.1002/mus.25076DOI Listing
June 2016

TTR kinetic stabilizers and TTR gene silencing: a new era in therapy for familial amyloidotic polyneuropathies.

Expert Opin Pharmacother 2016 10;17(6):791-802. Epub 2016 Mar 10.

a Neurology , CHU Bicêtre, APHP , Le Kremlin Bicêtre , France.

Introduction: Transthyretin Familial Amyloid Polyneuropathy (TTR-FAP) is a rare disease with autosomal dominant transmission due to a point mutation of the TTR gene. By removing the main source of systemic mutant TTR, liver transplantation (LT) has become the reference therapy of this severe and fatal polyneuropathy of adult-onset, stopping disease progression in subgroup of patients. Recently, new therapeutic strategies have emerged, which intend to stabilize TTR or to silence the TTR gene. Amongst them, the TTR kinetic stabilizer tafamidis is the first drug approved in the EU.

Areas Covered: We shall review the natural history of TTR-FAP and the best indications for LT. Data on the efficacy, safety and tolerability of the TTR kinetic stabilizers, tafamidis and diflunisal, have been reviewed, from the pivotal Phase III clinical trials published in PubMed medical journals or presented at international meetings. We will review the ongoing phase III clinical trials of TTR gene silencing with RNAi therapeutics and ASO published in clinicaltrialgov.

Expert Opinion: Due to the data on efficacy, tolerability, safety, tafamidis and diflunisal became the first line anti-amyloid treatment in stage 1 TTR-FAP. Both drugs slow progression of the disease. Only tafamidis got marketing authorization. We are waiting for results of the 2 phase III clinical trials of TTR gene silencing in varied stages of the disease.
View Article and Find Full Text PDF

Download full-text PDF

Source
http://dx.doi.org/10.1517/14656566.2016.1145664DOI Listing
August 2016

Familial amyloid polyneuropathy: elaboration of a therapeutic patient education programme, "EdAmyl".

Amyloid 2014 Dec 29;21(4):225-30. Epub 2014 Jul 29.

French Reference Centre for Familial Amyloid Polyneuropathy, NNerf, Neurology Department, Hôpital Bicêtre, Assistance Publique Hôpitaux de Paris (APHP), HUPS , Le Kremlin-Bicêtre, France .

Background: Transthyretin-related amyloidosis (ATTR) is an autosomal dominant disease affecting the peripheral and autonomic nervous system, heart, eyes and kidneys. It is the most disabling hereditary polyneuropathy in adults. The French National Reference centre for this disease was accredited in 2005 with 10 lines of action. One of them is to inform and educate patients about their disease to improve their care and reduce morbidities. We thus decided to elaborate a therapeutic patient education (TPE) programme, starting with patients' needs assessment.

Methods: A qualitative research study was conducted with one-to-one semi-structured interviews of selected individuals. Recorded interviews were analysed to identify the skills that patients need to acquire. A TPE programme was elaborated on the basis of these findings.

Results: Seven patients, one asymptomatic carrier and two healthy spouses were interviewed. Analysis of the interviews showed that interviewees had a good knowledge of the disease and its symptoms but they had difficulties explaining the disease mechanism and did not have an adequate knowledge of the available treatment options, although they knew that liver transplant might halt progression of the disease. ATTR amyloidosis appeared to have a major negative impact on the patient's physical and mental well-being. Patients feared loss of autonomy and having to require assistance from their relatives and spouses. All interviewees were keen to participate in a TPE programme. Based on this needs assessment, we identified seven skills that patients need to acquire and several pedagogical goals to be achieved during the education programme. An interdisciplinary team then elaborated a complete TPE programme.

Conclusion: Elaboration of a TPE programme for ATTR amyloidosis required to obtain useful information from the patients themselves, and their relatives, concerning their perception of their disease. This needs' assessment constituted the basis for designing the first TPE programme, to our knowledge, for ATTR amyloidosis. After translation, this programme could be applied in other EU countries and worldwide for this rare disease.
View Article and Find Full Text PDF

Download full-text PDF

Source
http://dx.doi.org/10.3109/13506129.2014.941463DOI Listing
December 2014