Publications by authors named "Bryan K Rutledge"

3 Publications

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Retinal Vasculitis and Intraocular Inflammation after Intravitreal Injection of Brolucizumab.

Ophthalmology 2020 10 25;127(10):1345-1359. Epub 2020 Apr 25.

Bascom Palmer Eye Institute, University of Miami Leonard M. Miller School of Medicine, Miami, Florida.

Purpose: To evaluate features and outcomes of eyes with retinal vasculitis and intraocular inflammation (IOI) after intravitreal injection (IVI) of brolucizumab 6 mg/0.05 ml for treatment of neovascular age-related macular degeneration.

Design: Retrospective case series.

Participants: Fifteen eyes from 12 patients identified from 10 United States centers.

Methods: Review of patient demographics, ophthalmologic examination results, and retinal imaging findings.

Main Outcome Measures: Baseline and follow-up visual acuity (VA), prior anti-vascular endothelial growth factor (VEGF) injections, clinical presentation, retinal findings, fluorescein angiography results, and treatment strategies.

Results: The number of previous anti-VEGF IVIs ranged between 2 and 80 in the affected eye before switching to brolucizumab. Retinal vasculitis and IOI were diagnosed at a mean of 30 days after brolucizumab IVI. Mean VA before brolucizumab IVI was 0.426 logarithm of the minimum angle of resolution (logMAR; Snellen equivalent, 20/53) and VA at diagnosis of retinal vasculitis was 0.981 logMAR (Snellen equivalent, 20/191; range, 20/25-20/1600; P = 0.008). All affected eyes showed IOI with variable combinations of focal or elongated segmental sheathing and discontinuity of small and large retinal arteries, sclerotic arteries, regions of vascular nonperfusion, cotton-wool spots, Kyrieleis plaques, irregular venous caliber with dilated and sclerotic segments, perivenular hemorrhages, and foci of phlebitis. Fluorescein angiography revealed delayed retinal arterial filling, retinal vascular nonperfusion, and variable dye leakage from affected vessels and the optic nerve. Systemic evaluation for embolic causes was unrevealing in 2 patients, and 3 patients showed negative laboratory assessment for uveitis. Treatment consisted of various combinations of corticosteroids (systemic, intravitreal, and topical), and 2 eyes underwent vitrectomy without improvement in vision. After a mean follow-up of 25 days, mean VA was 0.833 logMAR (Snellen equivalent, 20/136), which was reduced compared with baseline (P = 0.033).

Conclusions: Retinal vasculitis and IOI after brolucizumab IVI are characterized by variable occlusion of large or small retinal arteries, or both, and perivenular abnormalities. It may span from peripheral vasculitis to occlusion of large retinal arteries around the optic nerve or macula with severe vision loss. A high index of suspicion is required because vitreous cells may obscure visualization of retinal details.
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http://dx.doi.org/10.1016/j.ophtha.2020.04.017DOI Listing
October 2020

Familial bilateral macular aneurysmal telangiectasia.

Retin Cases Brief Rep 2008 ;2(2):87-90

From *The LuEsther T. Mertz Retina Research Center of Manhattan Eye, Ear, and Throat Hospital, New York, and Vitreous-Retina-Macula Consultants of New York, New York; and †The Retina Vitreous Surgeons of Central New York, P.C., New York, New York.

Background: Idiopathic macular aneurysmal telangiectasia or so-called Coats' disease is usually a unilateral retinal vascular abnormality in males. It has been rarely reported to occur bilaterally with and without associated abnormalities, and its occurrence in a familial setting is even rarer.

Purpose: This is a report of a familial occurrence of bilateral macular aneurysmal telangiectasia or Coats' disease in a father and daughter.

Results: A 44-year-old woman and her father had bilateral macular angiopathy with macular telangiectasia, aneurysms, ischemia, and leakage, including lipid deposition. The clinical findings were confirmed with fluorescein angiography and optical coherence tomography. There was no history of systemic disease associated with a retinal vascular abnormality.

Conclusion: To our knowledge, this is the first report of a familial occurrence of bilateral macular aneurysmal telangiectasia or Coats' disease in a daughter and father without associated systemic disease.
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http://dx.doi.org/10.1097/IAE.0b013e31802c529fDOI Listing
November 2014

Two discrete choroidal melanomas in an eye with ocular melanocytosis.

Surv Ophthalmol 2002 Jan-Feb;47(1):36-41

Oncology Service, Wills Eye Hospital, Thomas Jefferson University, Philadelphia, PA 19107, USA.

We report a case of multifocal choroidal melanoma arising in an eye with ocular melanocytosis and review the pertinent literature. A 63-year-old Caucasian male with ocular melanocytosis in the left eye was found to have two discrete choroidal melanomas in the same eye. Histopathology of the enucleated eye confirmed the diagnosis of two discrete choroidal melanomas of mixed cell type within a region of choroidal melanocytosis. It is estimated that 1 in 160,000 patients with unilateral ocular melanocytosis may develop two uveal melanomas, based on the reported data. On the basis of random chance, patients with two melanomas in the same eye would be expected to have approximately 1000-fold greater likelihood of underlying ocular melanocytosis than the general Caucasian population. In conclusion, multifocal choroidal melanoma is rare and may be related to underlying ocular melanocytosis.
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http://dx.doi.org/10.1016/s0039-6257(01)00281-8DOI Listing
March 2002