Publications by authors named "Bronwen F Kahn"

2 Publications

  • Page 1 of 1

Can Fetal Limb Soft Tissue Measurements in the Third Trimester Predict Neonatal Adiposity?

J Ultrasound Med 2016 Sep 14;35(9):1915-24. Epub 2016 Jul 14.

Department of Obstetrics and Gynecology, Division of Maternal-Fetal Medicine, University of Colorado School of Medicine, Aurora, Colorado USA.

Objectives: Neonatal adiposity is associated with chronic metabolic sequelae such as diabetes and obesity. Identifying fetuses at risk for excess neonatal body fat may lead to research aimed at limiting nutritional excess in the prenatal period. We sought to determine whether fetal arm and leg soft tissue measurements at 28 weeks' gestation were predictive of neonatal percent body fat METHODS : In this prospective observational cohort study of singleton term pregnancies, we performed sonography at 28 and 36 weeks' gestation, including soft tissue measurements of the fetal arm and thigh (fractional limb volume and cross-sectional area). We estimated the neonatal body composition (percent body fat) using anthropometric measurements and air displacement plethysmography. We estimated Spearman correlations between sonographic findings and percent body fat and performed modeling to predict neonatal percent body fat using maternal characteristics and sonographic findings.

Results: Our analysis of 44 women yielded a mean maternal age of 30 years, body mass index of 26 kg/m(2), and birth weight of 3382 g. Mean neonatal percent body fat was 8.1% by skin folds at birth and 12.2% by air displacement plethysmography 2 weeks after birth. Fractional thigh volume measurements at 28 weeks yielded the most accurate model for predicting neonatal percent body fat (R(2) = 0.697; P = .001), outperforming models that used abdominal circumference (R(2)= 0.516) and estimated fetal weight (R(2)= 0.489).

Conclusions: Soft tissue measurements of the fetal thigh at 28 weeks correlated better with neonatal percent body fat than currently used sonographic measurements. After validation in a larger cohort, our models may be useful for prenatal intervention strategies aimed at the prevention of excess fetal fat accretion and, potentially, optimization of long-term metabolic health.
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http://dx.doi.org/10.7863/ultra.15.06028DOI Listing
September 2016

Predictors of glyburide failure in the treatment of gestational diabetes.

Obstet Gynecol 2006 Jun;107(6):1303-9

Department of Obstetrics and Gynecology, Division of Maternal-Fetal Medicine, University of Colorado Health at Denver and Health Sciences Center, Denver, Colorado, USA.

Objective: Our objective was to identify among women with gestational diabetes mellitus (GDM) the patient characteristics that predict treatment failure with glyburide.

Methods: Historical cohort of 95 GDM women offered glyburide after dietary failure with defined entry criteria.

Results: From November 2000 to May 2005, 118 women had 124 pregnancies and were offered glyburide therapy by the 2 codirectors of our Diabetes Clinic. All but 2 women elected glyburide, and 27 pregnancies were excluded due to criteria defined a priori to the study. A cohort of 95 women with 95 pregnancies were included for analysis. Nineteen percent failed glyburide. Significant predictors of failure were maternal age (34 years compared with 29 years, P = .001), earlier diagnosis of GDM (23 weeks compared with 28 weeks, P = .002), higher gravidity (P = .01) and parity (P = .03), and a higher mean fasting blood glucose (112 compared with 100 mg/dL; P = .045) compared with those successfully treated. After adjustment in the multivariable logistic regression analysis, GDM women diagnosed at a gestational age less than 25 weeks were 8.3 times more likely to fail glyburide compared with those diagnosed after 25 weeks. Maternal and fetal outcomes were favorable with a cesarean delivery rate of 25% and macrosomia rate of 7%.

Conclusion: Glyburide was more likely to fail in women diagnosed earlier in pregnancy, of older age and multiparity, and with higher fasting glucoses, suggesting that earlier glucose intolerance and a reduced capacity to respond to an insulin secretagogue may distinguish this group. The time for glyburide as an alternative treatment has come; however, it should be prescribed after careful consideration of these patient characteristics to minimize the likelihood of failure.

Level Of Evidence: II-2.
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http://dx.doi.org/10.1097/01.AOG.0000218704.28313.36DOI Listing
June 2006
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