Publications by authors named "Brittany N Bamberg"

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Rosiglitazone restores nitric oxide synthase-dependent reactivity of cerebral arterioles in rats exposed to prenatal alcohol.

Alcohol Clin Exp Res 2021 Jul 12;45(7):1359-1369. Epub 2021 Jun 12.

Division of Basic Biomedical Sciences, Sanford School of Medicine, University of South Dakota, Vermillion, SD, USA.

Background: Prenatal exposure to alcohol leads to a greater incidence of many cardiovascular-related diseases, presumably via a mechanism that may involve increased oxidative stress. An agonist of peroxisome proliferator-activated receptor gamma (PPARγ; rosiglitazone) has been shown to suppress alcohol-induced neuroinflammation and oxidative stress. The goal of this study was to determine whether acute and chronic treatment with rosiglitazone could restore or prevent impaired nitric oxide synthase (NOS)-dependent responses of cerebral arterioles in male and female adult (14-16 weeks old) rats exposed to alcohol in utero.

Methods: We fed Sprague-Dawley dams a liquid diet with or without 3% ethanol for the duration of their pregnancy (21-23 days). In the first series of studies, we examined the reactivity of cerebral arterioles to eNOS- (ADP), nNOS-dependent (NMDA), and NOS-independent agonists in male and female adult rats before and during acute (1 hour) topical application of rosiglitazone (1 µM). In a second series of studies, we examined the influence of chronic treatment with rosiglitazone (3 mg/kg/day in drinking water for 2-3 weeks) on the responses of cerebral arterioles in male and female adult rats exposed to alcohol in utero.

Results: We found that in utero exposure to alcohol similarly reduced responses of cerebral arterioles to ADP and NMDA, but not to nitroglycerin in male and female adult rats. In addition, acute treatment of the male and female adult rats with rosiglitazone similarly restored this impairment in cerebral vascular function to that observed in controls. We also found that chronic treatment with rosiglitazone prevented impaired vascular function in male and female adult rats that were exposed to alcohol in utero.

Conclusions: PPARγ activation may be an effective and relevant treatment to reverse or prevent cerebral vascular abnormalities associated with prenatal exposure to alcohol.
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http://dx.doi.org/10.1111/acer.14634DOI Listing
July 2021
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