Publications by authors named "Brigitte Barrois"

9 Publications

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Prevalence of pressure injuries among critically ill patients and factors associated with their occurrence in the intensive care unit: The PRESSURE study.

Aust Crit Care 2021 Jan 19. Epub 2021 Jan 19.

CERC, SRLF, France. Electronic address:

Background: The prevalence of pressure injuries (PIs) in critically ill patients has been extensively studied, but there is uncertainty regarding the risk factors. The main objective of this study was to describe the prevalence of PIs in critically ill patients. Secondary objectives were to describe PI, use of preventive measures for PI, and factors associated with occurrence of PI in the intensive care unit (ICU).

Material And Methods: This was a 1-day point-prevalence study performed on a weekday in June 2017 in ICUs in France. On the same day, we noted the presence or absence of PI in all hospitalised patients of the participating ICUs, data on the ICUs, and the characteristics of patients and of PI.

Results: Eighty-six participating ICUs allowed the inclusion of 1228 patients. The prevalence of PI on the study day was 18.7% (95% confidence interval: 16.6-21.0). PIs acquired in the ICU were observed in 12.5% (95% confidence interval: 10.6-14.3) of critically ill patients on the study day. The most frequent locations of PI were the sacrum (57.4%), heel (35.2%), and face (8.7%). Severe forms of PI accounted for 40.8% of all PIs. Antiulcer mattresses were used in 91.5% of the patients, and active and/or passive mobilisation was performed for all the patients. Multiple logistic regression analysis identified longer length of stay in the ICU, a higher Simplified Acute Physiology Score, higher body weight, motor neurological disorder, high-dose steroids, and absence of oral nutrition on the study day as factors independently associated with occurrence of PI in the ICU.

Conclusion: This large point-prevalence study shows that PIs are found in about one of five critically ill patients despite extensive use of devices for preventing PI. Acquisition of PI in the ICU is strongly related to the patient's severity of illness on admission to the ICU and length of stay in the ICU.
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http://dx.doi.org/10.1016/j.aucc.2020.12.001DOI Listing
January 2021

Update on the role of antiseptics in the management of chronic wounds with critical colonisation and/or biofilm.

Int Wound J 2020 Dec 13. Epub 2020 Dec 13.

Department of Plastic Surgery, Ghent University Hospital, Ghent, Belgium.

Biofilms play a major role in delaying chronic wounds from healing. A wound infiltrated with biofilm, or "critically colonised" wound, may become clinically infected if the number of microbes exceeds a critical level. Chronic wound biofilms represent a significant treatment challenge by demonstrating recalcitrance towards antimicrobial agents. However, a "window of opportunity" may exist after wound debridement when biofilms are more susceptible to topical antiseptics. Here, we discuss the role of antiseptics in the management of chronic wounds and biofilm, focusing on povidone-iodine (PVP-I) in comparison with two commonly used antiseptics: polyhexanide (PHMB) and silver. This article is based on the literature reviewed during a focus group meeting on antiseptics in wound care and biofilm management, and on a PubMed search conducted in March 2020. Compared with PHMB and silver, PVP-I has a broader spectrum of antimicrobial activity, potent antibiofilm efficacy, no acquired bacterial resistance or cross-resistance, low cytotoxicity, good tolerability, and an ability to promote wound healing. PVP-I represents a viable therapeutic option in wound care and biofilm management, with the potential to treat biofilm-infiltrated, critically colonised wounds. We propose a practical algorithm to guide the management of chronic, non-healing wounds due to critical colonisation or biofilm, using PVP-I.
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http://dx.doi.org/10.1111/iwj.13537DOI Listing
December 2020

Addressing the challenges in antisepsis: focus on povidone iodine.

Int J Antimicrob Agents 2020 Sep 26;56(3):106064. Epub 2020 Jun 26.

Ghent University Hospital, Ghent, Belgium. Electronic address:

Objectives: Using antiseptics in wound care can promote healing by preventing and treating infection. However, using antiseptics can present many challenges, including issues with tolerability, inactivation by organic matter and the emergence of antimicrobial resistance/cross-resistance. This review discussed the key challenges in antisepsis, focusing on povidone-iodine (PVP-I) antiseptic.

Methods: Literature searches were conducted in PubMed, in January 2019, with a filter for the previous 5 years. Searches were based on the antimicrobial efficacy, antiseptic resistance, wound healing properties, and skin tolerability for the commonly used antiseptics PVP-I, chlorhexidine gluconate (CHG), polyhexanide (PHMB), and octenidine (OCT). Additional papers were identified based on author expertise.

Results: When compared with CHG, PHMB and OCT, PVP-I had a broader spectrum of antimicrobial activity against Gram-negative bacteria, actinobacteria, bacterial spores, fungi and viruses, and a similar and broad spectrum of activity against Gram-positive bacteria. PVP-I was also highly effective at eradicating bacterial biofilms, which is a vitally important consideration for wound care and infection control. Despite a long history of extensive use, no resistance or cross-resistance to PVP-I has been recorded, which is in contrast with other antiseptics. Despite previous misconceptions, it has been shown that PVP-I has low allergenic properties, low cytotoxicity and can promote wound healing through increased expression of transforming growth factor beta.

Conclusion: With increased understanding of the importance of tackling antimicrobial resistance and bacterial biofilms in acute and chronic wound care, alongside improved understanding of the challenges of antiseptic use, PVP-I remains a promising agent for the management of antisepsis.
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http://dx.doi.org/10.1016/j.ijantimicag.2020.106064DOI Listing
September 2020

Prevention of pressure ulcers with a motorized air support in at-risk patients hospitalized in rehabilitation departments APAM + an observational prevalence study with historical control and incidence study.

Panminerva Med 2018 Dec 28;60(4):161-169. Epub 2018 Jun 28.

Department of Rehabilitation, University Hospital, Saint-Etienne, France.

Background: The main study was a cross-sectional multicenter study of the prevalence of pressure ulcers in rehabilitation services (RS) where Axtair Automorpho® Plus mattresses were made available ad libitum. The primary objective was to enable comparison with prevalence as observed in the national PERSE study (historical control) in similar departments using a variety of prevention aids.

Methods: This cross-sectional prevalence study was combined with a prospective study of the incidence of pressure ulcer occurrence in the high-risk target population whose beds were systematically equipped with the studied support.

Results: On the day of the prevalence study, 18 of the 456 patients presented pressure ulcers which occurred during the period when Axtair Automorpho® Plus supports were made available to the departments. This corresponds to a prevalence of 3.9% [2.4, 6.2] which is significantly lower than those recorded in the PERSE study: 11.8% [10.8; 12.8] p <0.0001. The ulcer incidence study covers 57 patients who were hospitalized on a bed with an Axtair Automorpho® Plus support because of their risk of contracting pressure ulcers. One pressure ulcer occurred in 3 patients and 3 pressure ulcers occurred in another patient, i.e. 4 out of 57 corresponding to an incidence of 7.0% [2.0; 17.0].

Conclusions: The results of the pressure ulcer prevalence study in rehabilitation departments where Axtair Automorpho® Plus supports were available as well as results of the study of pressure ulcer incidence in patients bedridden on Axtair Automorpho® Plus, confirm the expected benefit provided to patients in terms of prevention.
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http://dx.doi.org/10.23736/S0031-0808.18.03491-2DOI Listing
December 2018

Prevalence, characteristics and risk factors of pressure ulcers in public and private hospitals care units and nursing homes in France.

Hosp Pract (1995) 2018 Feb 20;46(1):30-36. Epub 2017 Dec 20.

c Chaire d'Évaluation Médicale , Cenbiotech et BSB , Dijon , France.

Objective: The aim of this study conducted in 2014 was to describe the prevalence of pressure ulcers in different types of French hospital unit at the national level to compare them with data from the 1994 and 2004 study.

Methods: This cross-sectional study was conducted over a single day. All care units were invited to participate by drawing lots stratified by region in successive waves until 1,200 agreements were obtained. Lots were drawn for towns with more than 10,000 inhabitants. All public- and private-sector hospital facilities in each town drawn by lot were invited to participate in the survey.

Results: 776 hospital services throughout France took part and accommodated 21,538 patients: 12,752 women (59.2%) and 8,786 men (40.8%). Of these patients, 1,753 (8.1%; IC95% = 7.7; 8.5) had pressure ulcers. The pressure-ulcer rate was 7.8% (IC95% = [7.3; 8.3] (n = 997)) for hospitalized women and 8.6% (IC95% = [8.0; 9.2] (n = 756)) for men (p = 0.0381). The 8.1% level reported in 2014 therefore points to a reduction in pressure-ulcer prevalence; 8.6% in 1994 and 8.9% in 2004.

Conclusions: The actions performed daily by healthcare professionals to prevent pressure ulcers, supported by research and training programs, including those by PERSE, are having a real impact over time.
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http://dx.doi.org/10.1080/21548331.2018.1418139DOI Listing
February 2018

French national wound management survey: choice criteria of dressings.

Br J Nurs 2011 Nov 10-23;20(20):S10, S12, S14-6

Dermato-Geriatric Department, University Hospital Charles Foix, Paris.

Across Europe, wound care management is organized differently, and in some countries such as the UK or Denmark, wound healing centres have been implemented. In France, a large number of health professionals are not sufficiently educated in wound care management during their vocational training. The rapid evolution of dressings has changed wound management practices and has given rise to new professional recommendations. This national survey was carried out in France in 2009, including 465 health professionals, to determine the criteria they use to choose a dressing and their habits of care with acute or chronic wounds. Around 73% of respondents were nurses and, on average, participants took care of 43 wounds per month. It was also found that 89% of the health professionals who took part prefer the sequential treatment of the wound based on its appearance. Regardless of whether the wound is acute or chronic, the priorities for wound care and the choice of dressing are the management of the exudate and the prevention or treatment of infection. These results put into evidence the adequacy of the recommendations by these practitioners and the good correlation between the choice of dressing and the local therapeutic goal. To reach the same level of expertise, the professional training for health professionals who are less frequently involved in wound care is necessary.
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http://dx.doi.org/10.12968/bjon.2011.20.Sup12.S10DOI Listing
January 2012

[Evolution of the prevalence of decubitus ulcers in patients followed at home between 2003 and 2006].

Soins Gerontol 2009 Mar-Apr(76):12-4

Chaire d'évaluation Ceren ESC & Cenbiotech/DIM, CHU de Dijon.

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June 2009

Efficacy and tolerability of hyaluronan (ialuset) in the treatment of pressure ulcers: a multicentre, non-randomised, pilot study.

Drugs R D 2007 ;8(5):267-73

Service de Médecine Physique et Réadaptation, Centre Hospitalier de Gonesse, Gonesse, France.

Background: Pressure ulcers are complex chronic wounds and a frequent cause of morbidity in elderly subjects in hospitals and nursing homes. Local treatment is based on the use of dressings that protect the wound and provide a favourable environment for healing to occur. ialuset, a treatment based on hyaluronan (hyaluronic acid), is already available on the market and known to be an effective treatment for venous leg ulcers. However, no clinical trials of hyaluronan as a treatment option for pressure ulcers have been reported as yet.

Methods: The purpose of this review was to investigate the efficacy and tolerability of ialuset in the treatment of pressure ulcers. To this end, this article reports data from 21 predominantly elderly patients with National Pressure Ulcer Advisory Panel grade II, III or IV pressure ulcers treated with ialuset cream or gauze pads over a 3-week period in ten hospitals in France.

Results: A significant median decrease of 4cm2 in the surface area of treated wounds was observed after 3 weeks of ialuset use (p < 0.05 vs baseline). A >or=50% reduction in pressure ulcer surface area was seen in 65.0% of patients (95% CI 44.8, 84.3). Nine patients (45%) showed a >or=50% increase in epithelial surface compared with the initial lesion. Patient-reported pain appeared to decrease during the 3-week treatment period, although this decrease did not quite reach statistical significance (p = 0.07). Additionally, a significant decrease in the mean percentage of fibrous tissue in the wound was observed (p = 0.02), as was a non-significant increase in granulation tissue (p = 0.1). General efficacy was considered as good or very good for nearly all patients on review of the data (19/20 patients as assessed by clinicians). Overall tolerability was also considered good or very good in 12/15 assessments by patients at day 21.

Conclusion: These preliminary findings suggest that ialuset is a promising option in the treatment of pressure ulcers; however, further investigation in the form of large, randomised clinical trials is required before firm conclusions can be drawn regarding the efficacy and tolerability of this treatment in this context.
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http://dx.doi.org/10.2165/00126839-200708050-00001DOI Listing
November 2007

[Value of corpitolinol 60 in geriatric decubitus prevention protocols. (GIPPS study)].

Soins 2006 Apr(704):19-22

Service de gérontologie, Hôpital Charles Foix, Ivry sur Seine.

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April 2006