Publications by authors named "Brian P Scott"

10 Publications

  • Page 1 of 1

Heteroarylureas with fused bicyclic diamine cores as inhibitors of fatty acid amide hydrolase.

Bioorg Med Chem Lett 2020 10 9;30(20):127463. Epub 2020 Aug 9.

Janssen Pharmaceutical Companies of Johnson & Johnson, L.L.C., 3210 Merryfield Row, San Diego, CA 92121, USA.

A series of mechanism-based heteroaryl urea fatty acid amide hydrolase (FAAH) inhibitors with fused bicyclic diamine cores is described. In contrast to compounds built around a piperazine core, most of the fused bicyclic diamine bearing analogs prepared exhibited greater potency against rFAAH than the human enzyme. Several compounds equipotent against both species were identified and profiled in vivo.
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http://dx.doi.org/10.1016/j.bmcl.2020.127463DOI Listing
October 2020

The SAR of brain penetration for a series of heteroaryl urea FAAH inhibitors.

Bioorg Med Chem Lett 2016 07 5;26(13):3109-3114. Epub 2016 May 5.

Janssen Pharmaceutical Companies of Johnson & Johnson, L.L.C. 3210 Merryfield Row, San Diego, CA 92121, United States.

The SAR of brain penetration for a series of heteroaryl piperazinyl- and piperadinyl-urea fatty acid amide hydrolase (FAAH) inhibitors is described. Brain/plasma (B/P) ratios ranging from >4:1 to as low as 0.02:1 were obtained through relatively simple structural changes to various regions of the heteroaryl urea scaffold. It was not possible to predict the degree of central nervous system (CNS) penetration from the volumes of distribution (Vd) obtained from pharmacokinetic (PK) experiments as very high Vds did not correlate with high B/P ratios. Similarly, calculated topological polar surface areas (TPSAs) did not consistently correlate with the degree of brain penetration. The lowest B/P ratios were observed for those compounds that were significantly ionized at physiological pH. However, as this class of compounds inhibits the FAAH enzyme through covalent modification, low B/P ratios did not preclude effective central target engagement.
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http://dx.doi.org/10.1016/j.bmcl.2016.05.001DOI Listing
July 2016

Preclinical Characterization of the FAAH Inhibitor JNJ-42165279.

ACS Med Chem Lett 2015 Dec 2;6(12):1204-8. Epub 2015 Nov 2.

Janssen Pharmaceutical Companies of Johnson & Johnson, L.L.C. , 3210 Merryfield Row, San Diego, California 92121, United States.

The pre-clinical characterization of the aryl piperazinyl urea inhibitor of fatty acid amide hydrolase (FAAH) JNJ-42165279 is described. JNJ-42165279 covalently inactivates the FAAH enzyme, but is highly selective with regard to other enzymes, ion channels, transporters, and receptors. JNJ-42165279 exhibited excellent ADME and pharmacodynamic properties as evidenced by its ability to block FAAH in the brain and periphery of rats and thereby cause an elevation of the concentrations of anandamide (AEA), oleoyl ethanolamide (OEA), and palmitoyl ethanolamide (PEA). The compound was also efficacious in the spinal nerve ligation (SNL) model of neuropathic pain. The combination of good physical, ADME, and PD properties of JNJ-42165279 supported it entering the clinical portfolio.
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http://dx.doi.org/10.1021/acsmedchemlett.5b00353DOI Listing
http://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/pmc/articles/PMC4677372PMC
December 2015

1-Aryl-2-((6-aryl)pyrimidin-4-yl)amino)ethanols as competitive inhibitors of fatty acid amide hydrolase.

Bioorg Med Chem Lett 2014 Mar 31;24(5):1280-4. Epub 2014 Jan 31.

Janssen Pharmaceutical Companies of Johnson & Johnson, 3210 Merryfield Row, San Diego, CA 92121, United States.

A series of 1-aryl-2-(((6-aryl)pyrimidin-4-yl)amino)ethanols have been found to be competitive inhibitors of fatty acid amide hydrolase (FAAH). One member of this class, JNJ-40413269, was found to have excellent pharmacokinetic properties, demonstrated robust central target engagement, and was efficacious in a rat model of neuropathic pain.
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http://dx.doi.org/10.1016/j.bmcl.2014.01.064DOI Listing
March 2014

Heteroarylureas with spirocyclic diamine cores as inhibitors of fatty acid amide hydrolase.

Bioorg Med Chem Lett 2014 Feb 6;24(3):737-41. Epub 2014 Jan 6.

Janssen Research and Development, L.L.C., 3210 Merryfield Row, San Diego, CA 92121, USA.

A series of mechanism based heteroaryl urea fatty acid amide hydrolase (FAAH) inhibitors with spirocyclic diamine cores is described. A potent member of this class, (37), was found to inhibit FAAH centrally, elevate the brain levels of three fatty acid ethanolamides [FAAs: anandamide (AEA), oleoyl ethanolamide (OEA) and palmitoyl ethanolamide (PEA)], and was moderately efficacious in a rat model of neuropathic pain.
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http://dx.doi.org/10.1016/j.bmcl.2013.12.113DOI Listing
February 2014

Discovery and synthesis of 6,7,8,9-tetrahydro-5H-pyrimido-[4,5-d]azepines as novel TRPV1 antagonists.

Bioorg Med Chem Lett 2010 Dec 17;20(23):7137-41. Epub 2010 Sep 17.

Johnson & Johnson Pharmaceutical Research and Development LLC, San Diego, CA 92121, USA.

Utilization of a tetrahydro-pyrimdoazepine core as a bioisosteric replacement for a piperazine-urea resulted in the discovery a novel series of potent antagonists of TRPV1. The tetrahydro-pyrimdoazepines have been identified as having good in vitro and in vivo potency and acceptable physical properties.
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http://dx.doi.org/10.1016/j.bmcl.2010.09.023DOI Listing
December 2010

1,2-diamino-ethane-substituted-6,7,8,9-tetrahydro-5H-pyrimido[4,5-d]azepines as TRPV1 antagonists with improved properties.

Bioorg Med Chem Lett 2010 Dec 7;20(23):7142-6. Epub 2010 Sep 7.

Johnson & Johnson Pharmaceutical Research and Development LLC, San Diego, CA 92121, USA.

Based upon a previously reported lead compound 1, a series of 1,2-diamino-ethane-substituted-6,7,8,9-tetrahydro-5H-pyrimido[4,5-d]azepines were synthesized and evaluated for improved physiochemical and pharmacokinetic properties while maintaining TRPV1 antagonist activity. Structure-activity relationship studies directed toward improving the aqueous solubility (pH 2 and fasted-state simulated intestinal fluid (SIF)) and rat pharmacokinetics led to the discovery of compound 13. Aqueous solubility of compound 13 (pH 2 ≥237 μg/mL and SIF=11 μg/mL) was significantly improved over compound 1 (pH 2=5 μg/mL and SIF=0.5 μg/mL). In addition, compound 13 afforded improved rat pharmacokinetics (CL=0.7 L/kg/h) compared to compound 1 (CL=3.1 L/kg/h). Compound 13 was orally bioavailable and afforded a significant reversal of carrageenan-induced thermal hyperalgesia at 5 and 30 mg/kg in rats.
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http://dx.doi.org/10.1016/j.bmcl.2010.09.006DOI Listing
December 2010

Biochemical and biological properties of 4-(3-phenyl-[1,2,4] thiadiazol-5-yl)-piperazine-1-carboxylic acid phenylamide, a mechanism-based inhibitor of fatty acid amide hydrolase.

Anesth Analg 2009 Jan;108(1):316-29

Pain and Related Disorders, Johnson and Johnson Pharmaceutical Research and Development, LLC, San Diego, California 92121, USA.

Fatty acid amide hydrolase (FAAH) is an integral membrane enzyme within the amidase-signature family. It catalyzes the hydrolysis of several endogenous biologically active lipids, including anandamide (arachidonoyl ethanolamide), oleoyl ethanolamide, and palmitoyl ethanolamide. These endogenous FAAH substrates have been shown to be involved in a variety of physiological and pathological processes, including synaptic regulation, regulation of sleep and feeding, locomotor activity, pain and inflammation. Here we describe the biochemical and biological properties of a potent and selective FAAH inhibitor, 4-(3-phenyl-[1,2,4]thiadiazol-5-yl)-piperazine-1-carboxylic acid phenylamide (JNJ-1661010). The time-dependence of apparent IC(50) values at rat and human recombinant FAAH, dialysis and mass spectrometry data indicate that the acyl piperazinyl fragment of JNJ-1661010 forms a covalent bond with the enzyme. This bond is slowly hydrolyzed, with release of the piperazinyl fragment and recovery of enzyme activity. The lack of inhibition observed in a rat liver esterase assay suggests that JNJ-1661010 is not a general esterase inhibitor. JNJ-1661010 is >100-fold preferentially selective for FAAH-1 when compared to FAAH-2. JNJ-1661010 dose-dependently increases arachidonoyl ethanolamide, oleoyl ethanolamide, and palmitoyl ethanolamide in the rat brain. The compound attenuates tactile allodynia in the rat mild thermal injury model of acute tissue damage and in the rat spinal nerve ligation (Chung) model of neuropathic pain. JNJ-1661010 also diminishes thermal hyperalgesia in the inflammatory rat carrageenan paw model. These data suggest that FAAH inhibitors with modes of action similar to JNJ-1661010 may be useful clinically as broad-spectrum analgesics.
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http://dx.doi.org/10.1213/ane.0b013e31818c7cbdDOI Listing
January 2009

Identification and synthesis of 2,7-diamino-thiazolo[5,4-d]pyrimidine derivatives as TRPV1 antagonists.

Bioorg Med Chem Lett 2009 Jan 13;19(1):40-6. Epub 2008 Nov 13.

Johnson & Johnson Pharmaceutical Research and Development LLC, San Diego, CA 92121, USA.

We have identified and synthesized a series of 2,7-diamino-thiazolo[5,4-d]pyrimidines as TRPV1 antagonists. An exploration of the structure-activity relationships at the 2-, 5-, and 7-positions of the thiazolo[5,4-d]pyrimidine led to the identification of several potent TRPV1 antagonists, including 3, 29, 51, and 57. Compound 3 was orally bioavailable and afforded a significant reversal of carrageenan-induced thermal hyperalgesia with an ED(50)=0.5mg/kg in rats.
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http://dx.doi.org/10.1016/j.bmcl.2008.11.024DOI Listing
January 2009

Pharmacology and antitussive efficacy of 4-(3-trifluoromethyl-pyridin-2-yl)-piperazine-1-carboxylic acid (5-trifluoromethyl-pyridin-2-yl)-amide (JNJ17203212), a transient receptor potential vanilloid 1 antagonist in guinea pigs.

J Pharmacol Exp Ther 2007 Nov 9;323(2):665-74. Epub 2007 Aug 9.

Department of Pain and Related Disorders, Johnson & Johnson Pharmaceutical Research and Development, LLC, 3210 Merryfield Row, San Diego, CA 92121, USA.

Transient receptor potential vanilloid 1 (TRPV1) plays an integral role in modulating the cough reflex, and it is an attractive antitussive drug target. The purpose of this study was to characterize a TRPV1 antagonist, 4-(3-trifluoromethyl-pyridin-2-yl)-piperazine-1-carboxylic acid (5-trifluoromethyl-pyridin-2-yl)-amide (JNJ17203212), against the guinea pig TRPV1 receptor in vitro followed by a proof-of-principle study in an acid-induced model of cough. The affinity of JNJ17203212 for the recombinant guinea pig TRPV1 receptor was estimated by radioligand binding, and it was functionally characterized by antagonism of low-pH and capsaicin-induced activation of the ion channel (fluorometric imaging plate reader and electrophysiology). The nature of antagonism was further tested against the native channel in isolated guinea pig tracheal rings. Following pharmacokinetic characterization of JNJ17203212 in guinea pigs, pharmacodynamic and efficacy studies were undertaken to establish the antitussive efficacy of the TRPV1 antagonist. The pK(i) of JNJ17203212 for recombinant guinea pig TRPV1 was 7.14 +/- 0.06. JNJ17203212 inhibited both pH (pIC(50) of 7.23 +/- 0.05) and capsaicin (pIC(50) of 6.32 +/- 0.06)-induced channel activation. In whole-cell patch clamp, the pIC(50) for inhibition of guinea pig TRPV1 was 7.3 +/- 0.01. JNJ17203212 demonstrated surmountable antagonism in isolated trachea, with a pK(B) value of 6.2 +/- 0.1. Intraperitoneal administration of 20 mg/kg JNJ17203212 achieved a maximal plasma exposure of 8.0 +/- 0.4 microM, and it attenuated capsaicin evoked coughs with similar efficacy to codeine (25 mg/kg). Last, JNJ17203212 dose-dependently produced antitussive efficacy in citric acid-induced experimental cough in guinea pigs. Our data provide preclinical support for developing TRPV1 antagonists for the treatment of cough.
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http://dx.doi.org/10.1124/jpet.107.127258DOI Listing
November 2007