Publications by authors named "Brian P Cervenka"

5 Publications

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Regionalization of ORL Boot Camps: Report of the Society of University Otolaryngologists Task Force.

Laryngoscope 2021 04 28;131(4):737-743. Epub 2020 Aug 28.

Department of Otolaryngology-Head and Neck Surgery, MedStar Georgetown University Hospital, Washington, District of Columbia, U.S.A.

Objectives: Simulation-based boot camps have emerged as timely vehicles to help novice residents develop the skills needed to manage medical emergencies. Geographically regional boot camps provide opportunities for interaction between residents and faculty from multiple otolaryngology programs. The Society of University Otolaryngologists (SUO) Boot Camp Task Force investigated the concept of regional access to otolaryngology boot camps with the goal of making more regional boot camps available for otolaryngology residents across the United States.

Study Design: Interviews.

Methods: The SUO Boot Camp Task Force assessed regional access to otolaryngology boot camps with a focus on geographic distribution, curricular content, and finances. Boot camp directors were contacted by email and telephone and interviewed to elicit information on all these areas.

Results: Data were available from 10 known regional simulation-based boot camps designed for novice residents. Individual boot camps included from 12 to 30 residents and 10 to 50 faculty members. Curricula included both technical (ie, procedural) and non-technical (eg, communication, leadership) skills for individuals and teams. Content was heavily weighted toward a variety of airway problems and management techniques, although various conditions involving hemorrhage, and airway fires were also addressed. Funding and expense structures had the greatest variability.

Conclusions: Considerable variability was identified among the known regional boot camps in terms of numbers of participants and finances, but fewer differences in curriculum. Geographic opportunity for 9 to 10 new boot camps was identified. The SUO Task Force recommends that a consensus be developed for several individual skill and teamwork scenario objectives to be included in each boot camp. Laryngoscope, 131:737-743, 2021.
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April 2021

Current opinions in otolaryngology and head and neck surgery: functional considerations in reconstruction after laryngectomy.

Curr Opin Otolaryngol Head Neck Surg 2020 Oct;28(5):355-364

Department of Otolaryngology Head and Neck Surgery.

Purpose Of Review: To review reconstruction techniques following total laryngectomy, partial laryngopharyngectomy, and total laryngopharyngectomy with an emphasis on long-term swallow and speech outcomes.

Recent Findings: Recent literature has shown that the use of fasciocutaneous free flaps in the reconstruction of laryngectomy defects may lead to improved speech and swallow outcomes as compared with regional or free musculocutaneous flaps. Radial forearm and anterolateral thigh are the most often used fasciocutaneous free flaps, with similar speech and swallow outcomes. Primary closure with myofascial flap onlay yields similar speech and swallow results to fasciocutaneous flaps following laryngectomy that spares sufficient pharyngeal mucosa.

Summary: Whenever reconstructing a salvage laryngectomy defect or a primary laryngectomy defect with mucosal deficiency, current evidence suggests that a fasciocutaneous free flap used to augment pharyngeal volume both improves fistula rates as well as long-term speech and swallow outcomes. When sufficient pharyngeal mucosa is present, myofascial onlay can be considered as well.
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October 2020

Bilateral Ocular Necrotizing Fasciitis in an Immunosuppressed Patient on Prescription Eye Drops.

Cureus 2020 Jul 11;12(7):e9129. Epub 2020 Jul 11.

Otolaryngology, University of Cincinnati College of Medicine, Cincinnati, USA.

Preseptal cellulitis is an infection of ocular tissue that is often unilateral and caused by extension of sinonasal disease. In rare instances it can lead to life-threatening necrotizing fasciitis. We present here a unique case of bilateral preseptal cellulitis incited by local conjunctivitis caused by prescription eye drops. The patient was immunosuppressed, which allowed her local inflammation to progress to severe infection and, ultimately, to necrotizing fasciitis. This necessitated serial debridement by ophthalmology and otolaryngology teams and a prolonged course of intravenous antibiotics monitored by an infectious disease team. Despite these interventions, the patient's vision did not return to baseline and she had persistent cosmetic and functional deformity. This case is unique due to the inciting incident of new prescription eye drops, the patient's immunosuppressed state leading to severity of infection, and the severe bilateral disease burden.
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July 2020

Multi-Institutional Regional Otolaryngology Bootcamp.

Ann Otol Rhinol Laryngol 2020 Jun 29;129(6):605-610. Epub 2020 Jan 29.

Department of Otolaryngology, Division of Head and Neck Surgery, University of California, Davis, Sacramento, CA, USA.

Introduction: In order to increase junior resident physician proficiency and improve patient safety, simulation-based procedural training courses, or bootcamps, have been become an emerging educational tool.

Objectives: To compare pre- and post-course confidence levels and to assess station efficacy after completion of our single day bootcamp.

Methods: We developed the University of California (UC) Davis otolaryngology bootcamp, a single day course including six cadaveric task trainer stations and four simulations. The six task trainer stations included (1) Epistaxis, (2) Cricothyrotomy/tracheostomy, (3) Peritonsillar abscess/auricular hematoma, (4) Nasal bone reduction/zygoma reduction/lateral canthotomy/canalicular trauma and probing, (5) Local nerve blocks, and (6) Soft tissue reconstruction. The simulations comprised of airway fire during tracheostomy, pediatric respiratory code during airway evaluation, dislodged pediatric tracheostomy tube in the ICU, and angioedema in the emergency department with inability to intubate or ventilate. Junior residents from multiple locoregional institutions were recruited to participate. Pre- and post-course Likert surveys assessing participant confidence and station efficacy were collected and analyzed.

Results: There was a statistically significant increase in resident confidence levels for all task trainer stations. All stations had a station efficacy Likert score average of 4 "very effective" or 5 "most effective."

Conclusion: A multi-institutional, locoregional, simulation-based bootcamp can be a valuable adjunct to junior resident training. It can promote camaraderie, pool limited resources, and may be cost-effective.
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June 2020

Head and Neck Cancer and the Elderly Patient.

Otolaryngol Clin North Am 2018 Aug 23;51(4):741-751. Epub 2018 May 23.

Department of Otolaryngology, Division of Head and Neck Surgery, University of California, Davis, 2521 Stockton Boulevard, Sacramento, CA 95817, USA.

Management of head and neck cancer in the elderly patient is particularly challenging given the high morbidity associated with treatment. Surgery, radiotherapy, and chemotherapy have all been demonstrated as effective in older patients; however, older patients are more susceptible to treatment-induced toxicity, which can limit the survival benefits of certain interventions. This susceptibility is better associated with the presence of multiple comorbidities and decreasing functional status than with age alone. Screening tools allow for risk stratification, treatment deintensification, and even treatment avoidance in patients who are deemed at high-risk of being harmed by standard therapy.
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August 2018