Publications by authors named "Brian Boies"

4 Publications

  • Page 1 of 1

Simplicity Radiofrequency Ablation Demonstrates Greater Functional Improvement Than Analgesia: A Prospective Case Series.

Pain Physician 2021 Mar;24(2):E185-E190

Department of Anesthesiology, UT Health San Antonio, San Antonio, TX.

Background: Pain originating from the posterior sacroiliac complex is notoriously difficult to effectively treat due to its complex anatomy and variable innervation. Data on radiofrequency ablation (RFA) is limited. The Abbott Simplicity probe creates 3 monopolar lesions along the medial aspect of the sacroiliac joint and 2 bipolar lesions between the active portions of the probe. This device has been studied previously with improvement of pain-associated disability and pain reduction, but insufficient data is present to determine its utility at this time. Using the most recent literature for the potential innervation of the posterior sacroiliac joint, it is reasonable to explore this novel device and its ability to treat sacroiliac joint pain.

Objectives: Identify the percentage of improved posterior sacroiliac complex pain and improved function in patients who completed posterior sacroiliac complex radiofrequency ablation using the Simplicity probe.

Study Design: Prospective case series.

Setting: A single outpatient pain clinic.

Methods: This prospective case-series occurred at an outpatient pain clinic. Data were analyzed after completion of follow-up appointments. Inclusion criteria included 2 successful lateral branch blocks. Fourteen patients with posterior sacroiliac complex pain were examined and completed sacroiliac ablation with the Simplicity probe. The numeric rating scale and the Modified Oswestry Disability Index were used as outcome measures for pain and function, respectively. The primary outcome measures were improvement in the numeric rating scale score by a reduction of 2.5 points and an improvement in Modified Oswestry Disability Index by 15% based upon previous studies demonstrating these values as the minimal clinical important difference . Patients were followed at a 3 to 6 month interval and 12 month interval (an average of 88 and 352 days, respectively).

Results: In total, 14 patients were examined. At the first follow-up, 29% of patients had analgesia and 38% functionally improved. At the second follow-up, 15% of patients had analgesia and 31% functionally improved.

Limitations: Considering data were collected retrospectively, this study relied on completed charts. Therefore, data points of interest were limited to what was previously documented, which included multiple answers or the absence of numerical data points. In addition, patients were disproportionately female (71.4%). Data were also affected by patients lost to follow-up. Also, this study examined a relatively small number of patients, therefore the results should be carefully considered.

Conclusions: Radiofrequency ablation of the posterior sacroiliac complex with the Simplicity probe resulted in more functional improvement than analgesia. This study provides more data for clinicians to utilize in managing posterior sacroiliac complex pain. IRB: Protocol number 20170342HU. Not registered in clinical trials.
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March 2021

The Effectiveness of Dorsal Root Ganglion Neurostimulation for the Treatment of Chronic Pelvic Pain and Chronic Neuropathic Pain of the Lower Extremity: A Comprehensive Review of the Published Data.

Pain Med 2021 02;22(1):49-59

Department of Anesthesiology, University of Texas Health Science Center at San Antonio, San Antonio, Texas, USA.

Objective: To evaluate the effectiveness of dorsal root ganglion neurostimulation for the treatment of refractory, focal pain in the pelvis and lower extremities.

Design: Systematic review.

Outcome Measures: The primary outcome was ≥50% pain relief. Secondary outcomes were physical function, mood, quality of life, opioid usage, and complications.

Results: One pragmatic randomized controlled trial, four prospective cohort studies, and eight case series met the inclusion criteria. A worst-case scenario analysis from the randomized controlled trial reported ≥50% pain relief in 74% of patients with dorsal root ganglion neurostimulation vs. 51% of patients who experienced at least 50% relief with spinal cord stimulation at 3 months. Cohort data success rates ranged from 43% to 83% at ≤6 months and 27% to 100% at >6 months. Significant improvements were also reported in the secondary outcomes assessed, including mood, quality of life, opioid usage, and health care utilization, though a lack of available quantitative data limits further statistical analysis. Complication rates vary, though the only randomized controlled trial reported a higher rate of adverse events than that seen with traditional neurostimulation.

Conclusions: In accordance with the Grades of Recommendation, Assessment, Development, and Evaluation system, low-quality evidence supports dorsal root ganglion neurostimulation as a more effective treatment than traditional neurostimulation for pain and dysfunction associated with complex regional pain syndrome or causalgia. Very low-quality evidence supports dorsal root ganglion neurostimulation for the treatment of chronic pelvic pain, chronic neuropathic groin pain, phantom limb pain, chronic neuropathic pain of the trunk and/or limbs, and diabetic neuropathy.
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http://dx.doi.org/10.1093/pm/pnaa369DOI Listing
February 2021

Anesthetic Errors During Procedures in the United States.

South Med J 2019 09;112(9):491-496

From the Departments of Anesthesiology and Neurosurgery and the School of Medicine, University of Texas Health San Antonio, San Antonio.

Objectives: The purpose of this study was to identify the incidence of anesthetic errors per discharges in the United States within these errors, the incidence of death. A secondary aim was to identify any association between the mortality and patient comorbidities.

Methods: A retrospective analysis of the hospitals in the United States using the Nationwide Inpatient Sample (NIS) database during 2007-2014 was performed. The study population consisted of patients who were recorded as inpatient discharges who experienced complications as a result of incorrect anesthetic administration resulting from either an overdose or inappropriate medication administration in the United States.

Results: Between 2007 and 2014, a total of 17,116 anesthetic errors were reported. There was a substantial decrease in the total number of these errors over time, from 2483 in 2007 to 1391 in 2014 (44% decrease). There were 131 reported deaths in this cohort (0.77% mortality rate), with 61 mortalities in teaching hospitals (0.86% mortality rate) and 57 in nonteaching hospitals (0.73% mortality rate). During the study period, deaths decreased from 21 in 2007 (0.85% mortality rate) to 11 in 2014 (0.79% mortality rate), corresponding with a 7.1% decrease in the mortality rate. Comorbidities associated with a significant increase in mortality from anesthetic substances included fluid and electrolyte disorders (odds ratio 8.82, 95% confidence interval 5.24-14.83, < 0.001) and coagulopathies (odds ratio 5.26, 95% confidence interval 2.53-10.93, < 0.001).

Conclusions: Our study showed that although the incidence of anesthetic errors is small, they do still exist in our hospitals. Certain comorbidities appear to predispose patients to increased risk. The subsets of patients who appear to be at the greatest risk include those with preexisting electrolyte and fluid disorders and coagulopathies.
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http://dx.doi.org/10.14423/SMJ.0000000000001011DOI Listing
September 2019