Publications by authors named "Brendan Croom"

2 Publications

  • Page 1 of 1

Side-bounce beamlines using single-reflection diamond monochromators at Cornell High Energy Synchrotron Source.

J Synchrotron Radiat 2021 Mar 25;28(Pt 2):429-438. Epub 2021 Feb 25.

Materials and Manufacturing Directorate, Air Force Research Laboratory, Wright-Patterson Air Force Base, Dayton, Ohio, USA.

The design and implementation of new beamlines featuring side-bounce (single-reflection) diamond monochromators at Cornell High Energy Synchrotron Source (CHESS) are described. Undulator radiation is monochromated using an interchangeable set of diamond crystal plates reflecting radiation in the horizontal (synchrotron) plane, where each crystal plate is set to one of the low-index Bragg reflections (111, 220, 311 and 400) in either Bragg or Laue reflection geometries. At the nominal Bragg angle of 18° these reflections deliver monochromated X-rays with photon energies of 9.7, 15.9, 18.65 and 22.5 keV, respectively. An X-ray mirror downstream of the diamond monochromator is used for rejection of higher radiation harmonics and for initial focusing of the monochromated beam. The characteristics of the X-ray beam entering the experimental station were measured experimentally and compared with the results of simulations. A reasonable agreement is demonstrated. It is shown that the use of selected high-dislocation-density `mosaic' diamond single-crystal plates produced using the chemical vapor deposition method yields a few-fold enhancement in the flux density of the monochromated beam in comparison with that delivered by perfect crystals under the same conditions. At present, the Functional Materials Beamline at CHESS, which is used for time-resolved in situ characterization of soft materials during processing, has been outfitted with the described setup.
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http://dx.doi.org/10.1107/S160057752100120XDOI Listing
March 2021

Graphene reinforced carbon fibers.

Sci Adv 2020 Apr 24;6(17):eaaz4191. Epub 2020 Apr 24.

Department of Mechanical and Aerospace Engineering, University of Virginia, 122 Engineer's Way, Charlottesville, VA 22904, USA.

The superlative strength-to-weight ratio of carbon fibers (CFs) can substantially reduce vehicle weight and improve energy efficiency. However, most CFs are derived from costly polyacrylonitrile (PAN), which limits their widespread adoption in the automotive industry. Extensive efforts to produce CFs from low cost, alternative precursor materials have failed to yield a commercially viable product. Here, we revisit PAN to study its conversion chemistry and microstructure evolution, which might provide clues for the design of low-cost CFs. We demonstrate that a small amount of graphene can minimize porosity/defects and reinforce PAN-based CFs. Our experimental results show that 0.075 weight % graphene-reinforced PAN/graphene composite CFs exhibits 225% increase in strength and 184% enhancement in Young's modulus compared to PAN CFs. Atomistic ReaxFF and large-scale molecular dynamics simulations jointly elucidate the ability of graphene to modify the microstructure by promoting favorable edge chemistry and polymer chain alignment.
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http://dx.doi.org/10.1126/sciadv.aaz4191DOI Listing
http://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/pmc/articles/PMC7182419PMC
April 2020