Publications by authors named "Brandon T Grant"

2 Publications

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An exploratory test of a couples-based condom-use intervention designed to promote pleasurable and safer penile-vaginal sex among university students.

J Am Coll Health 2020 Nov 5:1-8. Epub 2020 Nov 5.

Kinsey Institute for Research in Sex, Gender, and Reproduction, Indiana University, Bloomington, Indiana, USA.

Objective: Dual use of male condoms and female contraceptives is widely advocated for unplanned pregnancy prevention, yet college students often neglect condoms. This feasibility and acceptability study assessed the efficacy of a self-guided home-based condom-promotion intervention among college students in heterosexual relationships. Fifty-nine couples who had been together at least 30 days and had penile-vaginal sex at least twice weekly. Assessments were done at baseline and 6 months later. Outcomes were frequency of condom-unprotected penile-vaginal sex and four psychosocial mediators of condom use. Frequency of unprotected penile-vaginal sex decreased over time. Several corresponding psychosocial mediators showed change, particularly among women. Using actor-partner interdependence modeling, men's increase in condom use was associated with an increase in women's sexual pleasure. Findings support implementation of a brief, self-guided, home-based condom-use intervention that could lower incidence of unplanned pregnancy and STIs among heterosexually active college students.
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http://dx.doi.org/10.1080/07448481.2020.1818753DOI Listing
November 2020

Apixaban Versus Warfarin for Mechanical Heart Valve Thromboprophylaxis in a Swine Aortic Heterotopic Valve Model.

Arterioscler Thromb Vasc Biol 2017 05 23;37(5):942-948. Epub 2017 Feb 23.

From the Unit for Laboratory Animal Medicine (P.A.L., D.D.M.) and Conrad Jobst Vascular Research Laboratories (P.A.L., D.M.C., J.A.D., T.O.J., A.E.H., A.R.M., B.T.G., T.W.W., D.D.M.), University of Michigan, Ann Arbor; and Global Clinical Research, Research & Development (R.M.K., E.R.) and Exploratory Clinical and Translational Research (C.E.F., Y.S.), Bristol-Myers Squibb Company, Princeton, NJ.

Objective: Warfarin is the current standard for oral anticoagulation therapy in patients with mechanical heart valves, yet optimal therapy to maximize anticoagulation and minimize bleeding complications requires routine coagulation monitoring, possible dietary restrictions, and drug interaction monitoring. As alternatives to warfarin, oral direct acting factor Xa inhibitors are currently approved for the prophylaxis and treatment of venous thromboembolism and reduction of stroke and systemic embolization. However, no in vivo preclinical or clinical studies have been performed directly comparing oral factor Xa inhibitors such as apixaban to warfarin, the current standard of therapy.

Approach And Results: A well-documented heterotopic aortic valve porcine model was used to test the hypothesis that apixaban has comparable efficacy to warfarin for thromboprophylaxis of mechanical heart valves. Sixteen swine were implanted with a bileaflet mechanical aortic valve that bypassed the ligated descending thoracic aorta. Animals were randomized to 4 groups: control (no anticoagulation; n=4), apixaban oral 1 mg/kg twice a day (n=5), warfarin oral 0.04 to 0.08 mg/kg daily (international normalized ratio 2-3; n=3), and apixaban infusion (n=4). Postmortem valve thrombus was measured 30 days post-surgery for control-oral groups and 14 days post-surgery for the apixaban infusion group. Control thrombus weight (mean) was significantly different (1422.9 mg) compared with apixaban oral (357.5 mg), warfarin (247.1 mg), and apixiban 14-day infusion (61.1 mg; <0.05).

Conclusions: Apixaban is a promising candidate and may be a useful alternative to warfarin for thromboprophylaxis of mechanical heart valves. Unlike warfarin, no adverse bleeding events were observed in any apixaban groups.
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http://dx.doi.org/10.1161/ATVBAHA.116.308649DOI Listing
May 2017