Publications by authors named "Bradley Setchell"

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Pressure injury and risk in the inpatient paediatric and neonatal populations: A single centre point-prevalence study.

J Tissue Viability 2021 May 9;30(2):231-236. Epub 2021 Feb 9.

Nottingham Childrens Hospital and Neonatal Services, Family Health Division, Nottingham University Hospitals NHS Trust, Nottingham, UK; Children and Young People Health Research, School of Health Sciences, University of Nottingham, Nottingham, UK.

Introduction: Prevention and management of pressure injury is a key nurse-sensitive quality indicator. From clinical insights, pressure injury effects hospitalised neonates and children, however it is unclear how prevalent this is. The aim of this study was to quantify prevalence of pressure injury, assess skin integrity risk level, and quantify preventive interventions in both neonatal and child inpatient populations at a large children's hospital in the UK.

Methods: A cross-sectional study was undertaken, assessing the skin integrity of all children allocated to a paediatric or neonatal bed in June/July 2020. A data collection tool was adapted from two established pressure ulcer point prevalence surveys (EUPAP and Medstrom pre-prevalence survey). Risk assessment was performed using the Braden QD scale.

Results: Eighty-eight participants were included, with median age of 0.85 years [range 0-17.5 years), with 32 (36%) of participants being preterm. Median length of hospital stay was 11 days [range 0-174 days]. Pressure ulcer prevalence was 3.4%. The majority of participants had at least two medical devices, with 16 (18.2%) having more than four. Having a medical device was associated with increased risk score of developing pressure injury (odds ratio [OR] 0.03, 95% Confidence Interval [CI] 0.01-0.05, p = 0.02). Most children (39 (44%)) were reported not having proposed preventive measures in place aligned to their risk assessment. However, for those that did, 2 to 4 hourly repositioning was associated with a risk reduction on pressure damage (OR 0.13, 95% CI 0.03-0.23, p = 0.01).

Conclusion: Overall, we found a low prevalence of pressure injury across preterm infants, children and young people at a tertiary children's hospital. Accurate risk assessment as well as availability and implementation of preventive interventions are a priority for healthcare institutes to avoid pressure injury.
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May 2021