Publications by authors named "Bita Badehnoosh"

15 Publications

  • Page 1 of 1

Chitosan-Based Nanoparticles Against Viral Infections.

Front Cell Infect Microbiol 2021 17;11:643953. Epub 2021 Mar 17.

Research Center for Biochemistry and Nutrition in Metabolic Diseases, Institute for Basic Sciences, Kashan University of Medical Sciences, Kashan, Iran.

Viral infections, in addition to damaging host cells, can compromise the host immune system, leading to frequent relapse or long-term persistence. Viruses have the capacity to destroy the host cell while liberating their own RNA or DNA in order to replicate within additional host cells. The viral life cycle makes it challenging to develop anti-viral drugs. Nanotechnology-based approaches have been suggested to deal effectively with viral diseases, and overcome some limitations of anti-viral drugs. Nanotechnology has enabled scientists to overcome the challenges of solubility and toxicity of anti-viral drugs, and can enhance their selectivity towards viruses and virally infected cells, while preserving healthy host cells. Chitosan is a naturally occurring polymer that has been used to construct nanoparticles (NPs), which are biocompatible, biodegradable, less toxic, easy to prepare, and can function as effective drug delivery systems (DDSs). Furthermore, chitosan is Generally Recognized as Safe (GRAS) by the US Food and Drug Administration (U.S. FDA). Chitosan NPs have been used in drug delivery by the oral, ocular, pulmonary, nasal, mucosal, buccal, or vaginal routes. They have also been studied for gene delivery, vaccine delivery, and advanced cancer therapy. Multiple lines of evidence suggest that chitosan NPs could be used as new therapeutic tools against viral infections. In this review we summarize reports concerning the therapeutic potential of chitosan NPs against various viral infections.
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http://dx.doi.org/10.3389/fcimb.2021.643953DOI Listing
http://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/pmc/articles/PMC8011499PMC
March 2021

Curcumin anti-tumor effects on endometrial cancer with focus on its molecular targets.

Cancer Cell Int 2021 Feb 18;21(1):120. Epub 2021 Feb 18.

Department of Biochemistry and Nutrition, Research Center for Evidence-Based Health Management, Maragheh University of Medical Sciences, Maragheh, Iran.

Curcumin is extracted from turmeric and shows a variety of properties that make it a useful agent for treating diseases and targeting different biological mechanisms, including apoptosis, angiogenesis, inflammation, and oxidative stress. This phenolic compound is safe even at high doses. However, it has poor bioavailability. The incidence rates of endometrial cancer (EC) that is one of the most prevalent gynecological malignancies is increasing. Meanwhile, the onset age of EC has been decreased in past few years. Besides, EC does not show a convenient prognosis, particularly at advanced stages. Based on this information, discovering new approaches or enhancing the available ones is required to provide better care for EC patients. In this review, we cover studies concerned with the anti-tumor effects of curcumin on EC. We focus on molecular mechanisms that are targeted by curcumin treatment in different processes of cancer development and progression, such as apoptosis, inflammation, and migration. Furthermore, we present the role of curcumin in targeting some microRNAs (miRNAs) that may play a role in EC.
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http://dx.doi.org/10.1186/s12935-021-01832-zDOI Listing
http://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/pmc/articles/PMC7891161PMC
February 2021

The effects of Elaeagnus angustifolia L. on lipid and glycaemic profiles and cardiovascular function in menopausal women: A double-blind, randomized, placebo-controlled study.

Int J Clin Pract 2021 Apr 2;75(4):e13812. Epub 2020 Dec 2.

School of Biology, Damghan University, Damghan, Iran.

Aims: The reduced production of ovarian hormones is considered to be the cause of an increase in the incidence of heart disease in women after menopause. Phytoestrogens are found in various herbal sources and are considered as an alternative to hormone therapy because of structural similarity with oestrogen. Elaeagnus angustifolia L., known as Senjed in Persian, is used in Iranian traditional medicine with various medicinal properties, contains valuable compounds, including two types of phytoestrogens. The aim of the present study was to investigate the efficacy of E. angustifolia fruit on the cardiovascular function, lipid and glycaemic profiles in postmenopausal women.

Methods: In this double-blind placebo-controlled clinical trial, 58 postmenopausal women were randomly assigned into two experimental groups of medicinal herb (15 g/day of the whole E. angustifolia fruit powder) and placebo (15 g/day of isomalt + corn starch). Before the trial and after 10 weeks of the treatment, cardiovascular function (heart rate, blood pressure), serum glycaemic profile (fasting blood glucose; glycated haemoglobin, HbA1C), insulin and lipid profile (total cholesterol, TC; triglyceride, TG; LDL-C and HDL-C) were measured.

Results: Heart rate, and serum level of LDL-C and HDL-C significantly decreased after treatment with E. angustifolia. Changes in glycaemic profile were not clinically significant. In addition, some studied biochemical parameters significantly changed in the placebo group.

Conclusions: E. angustifolia was somewhat effective in improving cardiovascular function and lipid profile, as well as the overall health of postmenopausal women. However, the use of isomalt and corn starch in menopausal women needs further investigation.
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http://dx.doi.org/10.1111/ijcp.13812DOI Listing
April 2021

Anti-tumor activities of probiotics in cervical cancer.

J Ovarian Res 2020 Jun 11;13(1):68. Epub 2020 Jun 11.

Pars Advanced and Minimally Invasive Medical Manners Research Center, Pars Hospital, Iran University of Medical Sciences, Tehran, Iran.

Cervical cancer is considered as an important malignancy among women worldwide. Currently-used treatments of cervical cancer are reported to be cytotoxic for patients. Moreover, these therapies have shown some side effects which can negatively affect the lives of women suffering from this cancer. Therefore, there is need for anti-tumor agents that are less toxic than common therapeutic drugs. Besides, applying agents for preventing or reducing the side effects of cervical cancer therapies can be effective in improving the life quality of cervical cancer patients. Studies have shown that probiotics have several effects on biological processes. One of the most prominent aspects in which probiotics play a role is in the field of cancer. There are multiple studies which have focused on the functions of probiotics in diagnosis, prevention, or treatment of cancer. Besides their direct anti-tumor activities, probiotics can be used as an additional agent for enhancing or modulating other diagnostic and therapeutic methods. Herein, the effects of probiotics on cervical cancer cells are discussed, which may be useful in the prevention and treatment of this cancer. We review the studies concerned with the roles of probiotics in modulating and reducing the gastrointestinal adverse effects caused by cervical cancer therapies. Furthermore, we cover the investigations focusing on the combination of probiotics with other drugs for diagnosis or treatment of cervical cancer.
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http://dx.doi.org/10.1186/s13048-020-00668-xDOI Listing
http://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/pmc/articles/PMC7291573PMC
June 2020

Effect of green cardamom on lipoproteins, glycemic control and anthropometric parameters: A meta-analysis of randomized clinical trials.

Clin Nutr ESPEN 2020 06 8;37:24-33. Epub 2020 Apr 8.

Research Center for Biochemistry and Nutrition in Metabolic Diseases, Kashan University of Medical Sciences, Kashan, Iran. Electronic address:

Introduction: The aim of this systematic review and meta-analysis was to summarize all the existing randomized controlled trials (RCTs) evidence and to evaluate the effects of green cardamom on lipoproteins, glycemic control and anthropometric parameters in healthy and/or with disease types compared with the control.

Method: Two independent authors systematically searched online databases including EMBASE, Scopus, PubMed, Cochrane Library, and Web of Science from inception until 30th July 2019. RCTs complying with the following criteria were included in this meta-analysis: human trials with either cross-over design or parallel design, trials with data on the effects of green cardamom on serum lipoproteins and glycemic control and anthropometric parameters with standard deviation and related 95% confidence interval for the both intervention and placebo groups. The heterogeneity among the included studies was assessed using Cochrane's Q test and I-square (I) statistic. Data were pooled using a random-effects model and weighted mean difference (WMD) was considered as the overall effect size.

Result: Seven trials were included in this meta-analysis. Triglycerides were significantly reduced after cardamom supplementation when compared with the control group. Cardamom intake from 3 small studies resulted in a significant increase in BMI when compared with the control group. However, cardamom supplementation did not have any significant effect on total cholesterol, LDL-cholesterol, HDL-cholesterol, fasting plasma glucose and body weight when compared with the control group.

Conclusion: This meta-analysis demonstrated that green cardamom intake significantly reduced triglycerides levels which may have played an indirect role in improved clinical symptoms in diseases with metabolic disorders.
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http://dx.doi.org/10.1016/j.clnesp.2020.03.015DOI Listing
June 2020

Evaluation of vitamin D status, parathyroid hormone, and calcium among Iranian pregnant women with preeclampsia: A case-control study.

Int J Reprod Biomed 2019 Dec 26;17(11):831-840. Epub 2019 Dec 26.

Department of Nutrition, School of Public Health, Shahid Sadoughi University of Medical Sciences, Yazd, Iran.

Background: Preeclampsia is considered as a serious life-threatening condition that could affect both maternal and fetal outcome. Many studies have examined the association of nutritional factors with the incidence of preeclampsia. However, little is known about the possible role of vitamin D in the development of preeclampsia among the Iranian population.

Objective: The aim of the present study was to evaluate the association between vitamin D status and preeclampsia.

Materials And Methods: A total of 120 pregnant women who were referred to Kamali and Alborz General Hospital located in the Karaj City were enrolled in this study and categorized into preeclamptic and control groups (n = 60/each). The clinical details of patients such as demographic characteristics and laboratory findings were obtained from the patients. The serum levels of vitamin D, calcium, phosphorus, and parathormone were also measured. Multivariate logistic regression analysis was used to assess for independent predictors of preeclampsia.

Results: The mean age among pregnant women with preeclampsia and control group were 31.48 5.25 and 29.01 5.28, respectively. The mean body mass index among the preeclamptic group was 27.92 4.98, which was significantly higher compared to the control group (p 0.001). The serum vitamin D levels were significantly lower in women with preeclampsia compared to the control subjects (p = 0.007). Moreover, no correlation between vitamin D deficiency and predisposing factors of preeclampsia was observed after adjusting for confounding factors.

Conclusion: Our study revealed that serum vitamin D level is significantly lower in among the pregnant women diagnosed with preeclampsia compared to the healthy subjects. However, no correlation was observed between the vitamin D status and the risk of preeclampsia development.
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http://dx.doi.org/10.18502/ijrm.v17i10.5494DOI Listing
http://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/pmc/articles/PMC6906855PMC
December 2019

The effects of Elaeagnus angustifolia L. whole fruit on the sex hormone profile in menopausal women: A double-blind, randomized, placebo-controlled study.

J Ethnopharmacol 2020 Jan 9;246:112229. Epub 2019 Sep 9.

School of Biology, Damghan University, Damghan, Iran. Electronic address:

Ethnopharmacological Relevance: Menopause is a product of interrupted ovarian activity and decrease in its estradiol production. Herbal medicines as an alternative to hormone therapy are increasingly used by menopausal women. Elaeagnus angustifolia L. (Senjed in Persian) is a well-known herbal remedy with various therapeutic effects according to Iranian traditional medicine which is recommended to relieve the menopausal side effects. The aim of present study was to evaluate the effects of oral intake of whole fruit powder of E. angustifolia on the sex hormones profile in menopausal women.

Materials And Methods: In present double-blind randomized placebo-controlled trial, 58 eligible women who were referred to Kamali Women Hospital (Karaj, Iran, 2017) were randomly assigned into herbal medicine (15 g E. angustifolia) and placebo (7.5 g cornstarch +7.5 g isomalt) groups. Initially and after 10 weeks of the treatment, serum levels of estradiol, progesterone, testosterone, follicle-stimulating hormone (FSH) and luteinizing hormone (LH) hormones were measured.

Results: According to between-group analyses, the changes in the studied parameters were not significant between herbal medicine and placebo groups, except for joint pain that improved significantly in herbal medicine group. However, by within-group analysis the levels of FSH and FSH to testosterone showed a significant increase, whereas the level of progesterone decreased significantly after 10 weeks of E. angustifolia consumption.

Conclusions: The improvement of the sex hormone profile was not in a full accordance with Iranian folklore after E. angustifolia consumption in the present menopausal participants. However, considering a strong belief on the beneficial effects of E. angustifolia in Iranian folklore, a long-term studies of larger group participants are needed to evaluate the efficacy.
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http://dx.doi.org/10.1016/j.jep.2019.112229DOI Listing
January 2020

The Need for A Training Software among Iranian Infertile Couples: A Qualitative Study.

Int J Fertil Steril 2019 Jul 27;13(2):118-126. Epub 2019 Apr 27.

Department of Midwifery, Faculty of Midwifery, Social Determinations of Health Research Center, Alborz University of Medical Sciences, Karaj, Iran. Electronic

Background: Training needs are multidimensional requirements affected by social and cultural background, level of knowledge and personal and health conditions. This study was conducted to explain the needs for a training software among Iranian infertile couples.

Materials And Methods: In this qualitative study, we used content analysis to examine the need among ten infertile participants (four men and six women) and six health care professionals (including two gynecologists, two reproductive health specialists and two midwives). The present research was carried out from January 2017 to July 2018 at Rouyesh and Ibn Sina infertility treatment centers in Karaj, Iran. The participants were selected through purposive sampling with maximum variation. Four focus group discussions with the health care professionals and twelve semistructured, in-depth interviews with the infertile participants were held for data collection. Data were analyzed using conventional content analysis in MAXQDA-10.

Results: Data analysis led to the extraction of a central theme of "a multidimensional training application" and its four main categories, including "pre-treatment training", "diagnostic training", "mid- and post-treatment training" and "continuous psychological training". These main categories also had 20 subcategories.

Conclusion: Based on the results of this study, infertile women and men have multidimensional training needs before and after treatment and during the process of diagnosis; psychological aspects should also be considered.The interviewed health care professionals helped to explain these training needs. A training software thus needs to be designed based on the real needs of the infertile community.
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http://dx.doi.org/10.22074/ijfs.2019.5727DOI Listing
http://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/pmc/articles/PMC6500074PMC
July 2019

The Effects of Vitamin D Supplementation on Glycemic Control, Lipid Profiles and C-Reactive Protein Among Patients with Cardiovascular Disease: a Systematic Review and Meta-Analysis of Randomized Controlled Trials.

Curr Pharm Des 2019 ;25(2):201-210

Research Center for Biochemistry and Nutrition in Metabolic Diseases, Kashan University of Medical Sciences, Kashan, Iran.

Background: Insulin resistance, dyslipidemia and chronic inflammation are important risk factors for cardiovascular diseases (CVD). Hence, vitamin D supplementation might be an appropriate approach to decrease the complications of CVD. This systematic review and meta-analysis aimed to determine the effects of vitamin D supplementation on glycemic control, lipid profiles, and C-reactive protein among patients with coronary artery disease.

Methods: Two independent authors systematically searched online databases including EMBASE, Scopus, Pub- Med, Cochrane Library, and Web of Science until 20th September 2018. Cochrane Collaboration risk of bias tool was applied to assess the methodological quality of included trials. The heterogeneity among the included studies was assessed using Cochran's Q test and I-square (I2) statistic. Data were pooled using a random-effects model and weighted mean difference (WMD) was considered as the overall effect size.

Results: A total of eight trials (305 participants in the intervention group and 325 in placebo group) were included in the current meta-analysis. Pooling effect sizes from studies revealed a significant reduction in fasting glucose (WMD): -15.67; 95% CI: -29.32, -2.03), insulin concentrations (WMD: -3.53; 95% CI: -4.59, -2.46) and homeostatic model assessment of insulin resistance (WMD: -1.07; 95% CI: -1.49, -0.66), and significant increase in the quantitative insulin-sensitivity check index (WMD: 0.02; 95% CI: 0.01, 0.03) following the administration of vitamin D. In addition, pooled analysis revealed a significant increase in serum HDL-cholesterol concentrations following vitamin D therapy (WMD: 3.08; 95% CI: 1.42, 4.73). Additionally, vitamin D supplementation significantly reduced C-reactive protein (CRP) levels (WMD: -0.75; 95% CI: -1.28, -0.23).

Conclusion: This meta-analysis demonstrated the beneficial effects of vitamin D supplementation on improving glycemic control, HDL-cholesterol and CRP levels among patients with CVD, though it did not affect triglycerides, total- and LDL-cholesterol levels.
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http://dx.doi.org/10.2174/1381612825666190308152943DOI Listing
February 2020

The Effects of Selenium Supplementation on Glucose Metabolism and Lipid Profiles Among Patients with Metabolic Diseases: A Systematic Review and Meta-Analysis of Randomized Controlled Trials.

Horm Metab Res 2017 Nov 9;49(11):826-830. Epub 2017 Oct 9.

Research Center for Biochemistry and Nutrition in Metabolic Diseases, Kashan University of Medical Sciences, Kashan, Iran.

This systematic review and meta-analysis of randomized controlled trials (RCTs) was conducted to summarize the effect of selenium administration on glucose metabolism and lipid profiles among patients with diseases related to metabolic syndrome (MetS). We searched the following databases up to May 2017: MEDLINE, EMBASE, Web of Science, and Cochrane Central Register of Controlled Trials. The relevant data were extracted and assessed for quality of the studies according to the Cochrane risk of bias tool. Data were pooled using the inverse variance method and expressed as standardized mean difference (MDs) with 95% confidence intervals (95% CI). Five studies were included in the meta-analyses. The results showed that selenium supplementation significantly reduced insulin levels (SMD -0.42; 95% CI, -0.83 to -0.01) and increased quantitative insulin sensitivity check index (QUICKI) (SMD 0.83; 95% CI, 0.58 to 1.09). Selenium supplementation had no beneficial effects on other glucose homeostasis parameters, such as fasting plasma glucose (FPG) (SMD -0.29; 95% CI, -0.73 to 0.15), homeostasis model assessment of insulin resistance (HOMA-IR) (SMD -0.80; 95% CI, -1.58 to -0.03), and lipid profiles, such as triglycerides (SMD -0.42; 95% CI, -0.83 to -0.01), VLDL- (SMD -0.42; 95% CI, -0.83 to -0.01), total- (SMD -0.42; 95% CI, -0.83 to -0.01), LDL- (SMD 0.02; 95% CI, -0.20 to 0.24), and HDL-cholesterol (SMD 0.16; 95% CI, -0.06 to -0.38). Overall, this meta-analysis showed that selenium administration may lead to an improvement in insulin and QUICKI, but did not affect FPG, HOMA-IR, and lipid profiles.
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http://dx.doi.org/10.1055/s-0043-119544DOI Listing
November 2017

Metabolic Response to Omega-3 Fatty Acids and Vitamin E Co-Supplementation in Patients with Fibrocystic Breast Disease: A Randomized, Double-Blind, Placebo-Controlled Trial.

Arch Iran Med 2017 Aug;20(8):466-473

Research Center for Biochemistry and Nutrition in Metabolic Diseases, Kashan University of Medical Sciences, Kashan, I.R. Iran.

Background: There is scarce data on the effects of omega-3 fatty acids and vitamin E co-supplementation on metabolic status in patients with fibrocystic breast disease (FBD). The current study was carried out to determine the effects of omega-3 fatty acids and vitamin E co-supplementation on metabolic status in patients with FBD.

Methods: A randomized clinical trial was conducted on 56 patients with FBD. Participants were randomly divided into two groups to receive either 1000 mg omega-3 fatty acids plus 400 mg vitamin E (n = 28) or placebo (n = 28) for 12 weeks. Fasting blood samples were taken at the beginning of the study and after 12 weeks of intervention to determine inflammatory factors, biomarkers of oxidative stress, and metabolic profiles.

Results: After 12 weeks of intervention, changes in serum high-sensitivity C-reactive protein (-2171.4 ± 3189.1 vs. +696.9 ± 2774.8 ng/mL, P = 0.001) and plasma nitric oxide (+1.8 ± 4.0 vs. -0.1 ± 2.4 µmol/L, P = 0.04) in supplemented women were significantly different from those in the placebo group. In addition, compared to the placebo group, subjects who consumed omega-3 fatty acids plus vitamin E supplements had significantly decreased serum insulin concentrations (-3.2 ± 6.5 vs. -0.2 ± 1.7 µIU/mL, P = 0.01), the homeostasis model of assessment-estimated insulin resistance (-0.8 ± 1.7 vs. -0.02 ± 0.4, P = 0.03), serum triglycerides levels (-11.5 ± 47.3 vs. +10.6 ± 24.3 mg/dL, P = 0.03) and VLDL-cholesterol (-2.3 ± 9.5 vs. +2.1 ± 4.9 mg/dL, P = 0.03), as well as increased quantitative insulin sensitivity check index (+0.01 ± 0.01 vs. +0.001 ± 0.007, P = 0.001) and HDL-cholesterol (+3.4 ± 6.0 vs. -1.3 ± 4.3 mg/dL, P = 0.001).

Conclusion: Overall, omega-3 fatty acids and vitamin E co-supplementation for 12 weeks had beneficial effects on inflammatory markers and metabolic profiles in patients with FBD.
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August 2017

Effect of Two Different Doses of Vitamin D Supplementation on Metabolic Profiles of Insulin-Resistant Patients with Polycystic Ovary Syndrome: A Randomized, Double-Blind, Placebo-Controlled Trial.

Horm Metab Res 2017 Aug 5;49(8):612-617. Epub 2017 Jul 5.

Research Center for Biochemistry and Nutrition in Metabolic Diseases, Kashan University of Medical Sciences, Kashan, I. R. Iran.

The current study was conducted to evaluate the effects of 2 different doses of vitamin D supplementation on metabolic profiles of insulin-resistant patients with polycystic ovary syndrome (PCOS). This randomized double-blind, placebo-controlled trial was performed on 90 insulin-resistant patients with PCOS according to the Rotterdam criteria aged 18-40 years old. Participants were randomly allocated into 3 groups to receive either 4 000 IU of vitamin D (n=30) or 1 000 IU of vitamin D (n=30) or placebo (n=30) per day for 12 weeks. Vitamin D supplementation (4 000 IU), compared with vitamin D (1 000 IU) and placebo, led to reduced fasting plasma glucose (-4.3±8.6 vs. -4.7±7.1 and +0.1±6.7 mg/dl, respectively, p=0.02), serum insulin concentrations (-2.7±2.7 vs. -1.4±4.2 and -0.1±4.1 μIU/ml, respectively, p=0.02), and HOMA-IR (-0.6±0.6 vs. -0.4±1.0 and -0.1±0.9, respectively, p=0.02). In addition, we found significant decreases in mean change of serum triglycerides (-10.3±7.3 vs. -3.6±14.5 and +6.9±23.8 mg/dl, respectively, p=0.001), VLDL- (-2.0±1.5 vs. -0.7±2.9 and +1.4±4.8 mg/dl, respectively, p=0.001), total- (-14.0±9.5 vs. -6.2±24.0 and +7.1±29.7 mg/dl, respectively, p=0.002), LDL- (-10.8±8.3 vs. -5.7±21.9 and +6.8±28.2 mg/dl, respectively, p=0.005), and total-/HDL-cholesterol ratio (-0.2±0.3 vs. -0.1±0.6 and +0.2±0.7 mg/dl, respectively, p=0.003) in the high-dose vitamin D group compared with low-dose vitamin D and placebo groups. Overall, vitamin D supplementation at a dosage of 4 000 IU/day for 12 weeks in insulin-resistant patients with PCOS had beneficial effects of glucose metabolism and lipid profiles compared with 1 000 IU/day of vitamin D and placebo groups.
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http://dx.doi.org/10.1055/s-0043-112346DOI Listing
August 2017

Comparison of myo-inositol and metformin on clinical, metabolic and genetic parameters in polycystic ovary syndrome: A randomized controlled clinical trial.

Clin Endocrinol (Oxf) 2017 Aug 8;87(2):194-200. Epub 2017 Jun 8.

Research Center for Biochemistry and Nutrition in Metabolic Diseases, Kashan University of Medical Sciences, Kashan, Iran.

Objective: To our knowledge, data on comparison of myo-inositol and metformin on clinical, metabolic and genetic parameters in subjects with polycystic ovary syndrome (PCOS) are limited. This study was carried out to compare myo-inositol and metformin on clinical, metabolic and genetic parameters in subjects with PCOS.

Design, Patients And Measurements: This randomized controlled trial was conducted among 60 subjects with PCOS aged 18-40 years. Subjects were randomly allocated into two groups to receive either myo-inositol (N=30) or metformin (N=30) for 12 weeks. Gene expression of inflammatory cytokines was assessed in peripheral blood mononuclear cells (PBMCs) of PCOS women by RT-PCR.

Results: After the 12-week intervention, compared with metformin, myo-inositol intake significantly decreased serum total testosterone (-1.4±4.2 vs +0.7±1.4 nmol/L, P=.03), modified Ferriman-Gallwey (mF-G) scores (-1.1±0.7 vs -0.5±0.8, P=.01) and serum high-sensitivity C-reactive protein (hs-CRP) levels (-2.6±3.9 vs +0.2±1.5 mg/L, P<.001). RT-PCR demonstrated that compared with metformin, myo-inositol downregulated gene expression of interleukin-1 (IL-1) (P=.02) in PBMCs of subjects with PCOS. We did not observe any significant effect of myo-inositol intake compared with metformin on other hormonal profiles, plasma nitric oxide (NO) or gene expression of IL-8 and tumour necrosis factor alpha (TNF-α).

Conclusions: Overall, taking myo-inositol, compared with metformin, for 12 weeks in patients with PCOS with hyperinsulinism and normoinsulinism had beneficial effects on total testosterone, mFG scores, serum hs-CRP levels and gene expression of IL-1, but did not affect other hormonal profiles, NO levels or gene expression of IL-8 and TNF-α.
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http://dx.doi.org/10.1111/cen.13366DOI Listing
August 2017

The effects of probiotic supplementation on biomarkers of inflammation, oxidative stress and pregnancy outcomes in gestational diabetes.

J Matern Fetal Neonatal Med 2018 May 10;31(9):1128-1136. Epub 2017 Apr 10.

e Research Center for Biochemistry and Nutrition in Metabolic Diseases, Kashan University of Medical Sciences , Kashan , Iran.

Objective: This study was designed to evaluate the effects of probiotic supplementation on biomarkers of inflammation, oxidative stress and pregnancy outcomes among subjects with gestational diabetes (GDM).

Methods: This randomized, double-blind, placebo-controlled clinical trial was done among 60 subjects with GDM who were not on oral hypoglycemic agents. Patients were randomly allocated to intake either probiotic capsule containing Lactobacillus acidophilus, Lactobacillus casei and Bifidobacterium bifidum (2 × 10 CFU/g each) (n = 30) or placebo (n = 30) for six weeks.

Results: Compared with the placebo, probiotic supplementation resulted in significant decreases in fasting plasma glucose (FPG) (-5.3 ± 6.7 vs. +0.03 ± 9.0 mg/dL, p = .01), serum high-sensitivity C-reactive protein (hs-CRP) (-2.2 ± 2.7 vs. +0.5 ± 2.4 μg/mL, p < .001), plasma malondialdehyde (MDA) concentrations (-0.1 ± 0.8 vs. +0.5 ± 1.5 μmol/L, p = .03) and MDA/TAC ratio (-0.0003 ± 0.0008 vs. +0.0009 ± 0.002, p = .004), and a significant increase in total antioxidant capacity (TAC) levels (+65.4 ± 103.3 vs. -37.2 ± 143.7 mmol/L, p = .002). Probiotic supplementation did not affect pregnancy outcomes.

Conclusions: Overall, probiotic supplementation among women with GDM for six weeks had beneficial effects on FPG, serum hs-CRP, plasma TAC, MDA and oxidative stress index, but did not affect pregnancy outcomes.
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http://dx.doi.org/10.1080/14767058.2017.1310193DOI Listing
May 2018

Effect of Administration of Single Dose GnRH Agonist in Luteal Phase on Outcome of ICSI-ET Cycles in Women with Previous History of IVF/ICSI Failure: A Randomized Controlled Trial.

J Reprod Infertil 2015 Apr-Jun;16(2):96-101

Reproductive Biotechnology Research Center, Avicenna Research Institute, ACECR, Tehran, Iran.

Background: GnRH agonist administration in the luteal phase has been suggested to beneficially affect the outcome of intracytoplasmic sperm injection (ICSI) and embryo transfer (ET) cycles. This blind randomized controlled study evaluates the effect of GnRH (Gonadotropine Releasing Hormone) agonist administration on ICSI outcome in GnRH antagonist ovarian stimulation protocol in women with 2 or more previous IVF/ICSI-ET failures.

Methods: One hundred IVF failure women who underwent ICSI cycles and stimulated with GnRH antagonist ovarian stimulation protocol, were included in the study. Women were randomly assigned to intervention (received a single dose injection of GnRH agonist (0.1 mg of Decapeptil) subcutaneously 6 days after oocyte retrieval) and control (did not receive GnRH agonist) groups. Implantation and clinical pregnancy rates were the primary outcome measures.

Results: Although the age of women, the number of embryos transferred in the current cycle and the quality of the transferred embryos were similar in the two groups, there was a significantly higher rate of implantation (Mann Whitney test, p = 0.041) and pregnancy (32.6% vs. 12.5%, p = 0.030, OR = 3.3, 95%CI, 1.08 to 10.4) in the intervention group.

Conclusion: Our results suggested that, in addition to routine luteal phase support using progesterone, administration of 0.1 mg of Decapeptil 6 days after oocyte retrieval in women with previous history of 2 or more IVF/ICSI failures led to a significant improvement in implantation and pregnancy rates after ICSI following ovarian stimulation with GnRH antagonist protocol.
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http://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/pmc/articles/PMC4386092PMC
April 2015