Publications by authors named "Binbin Niu"

9 Publications

  • Page 1 of 1

Biomechanical analysis of a novel clavicular hook plate for the treatment of acromioclavicular joint dislocation: A finite element analysis.

Comput Biol Med 2021 Apr 14;133:104379. Epub 2021 Apr 14.

The Second Department of Orthopedics, Xi'an Centeral Hospital, No. 161, West Fifth Road, Xincheng District, Xi'an, 710003, Shaanxi, China. Electronic address:

Background: Clavicular hook plates are frequently used in clinical orthopedics to treat acromioclavicular joint dislocation. However, patients often exhibit acromial osteolysis and peri-implant fracture after hook plate fixation. To solve the above problems, we developed a novel double-hook clavicular plate and used finite element analysis (FEA) to investigate its biomechanical properties.

Methods: A finite element (FE) model was constructed and validated. Then, a double-hook clavicular plate, a single-hook clavicular plate, and an anatomical double-hook clavicular plate was implanted into the acromioclavicular joint and fixed with screws in groups 1, 2 and 3, respectively. Finally, a load was applied, and some indicators were recorded and analyzed.

Results: For both the proximal clavicular rotation angle and the distal clavicular displacement, the range of motion in groups 1 and 3 was more than 90% lower than that in group 2. The maximum von Mises stress of the clavicle in groups 1 and 3 was more than 45% lower than that in group 2. The maximum stress of the acromion in group 2 was significantly higher than that in groups 1 and 3, and that in group 3 was less than that in group 1, for both cortical and cancellous bone.

Conclusions: The double-hook clavicular plate could immediately reconstruct the stability of the acromioclavicular joint, effectively reducing the stress of the bone around the clavicle and screws. Additionally, the double-hook clavicular plate could reduce the peak stress of the acromion and produce a more uniform stress distribution.
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http://dx.doi.org/10.1016/j.compbiomed.2021.104379DOI Listing
April 2021

Biomechanical properties of a novel nonfusion artificial vertebral body for anterior lumbar vertebra resection and internal fixation.

Sci Rep 2021 Jan 29;11(1):2632. Epub 2021 Jan 29.

Department of Spine and Spinal Cord Surgery, Henan Provincial People's Hospital, People's Hospital of Zhengzhou Umiversity, Zhengzhou, 450003, China.

The aim of the study was to evaluate the biomechanical properties of a novel nonfused artificial vertebral body in treating lumbar diseases and to compare with those of the fusion artificial vertebral body. An intact finite element model of the L1-L5 lumbar spine was constructed and validated. Then, the finite element models of the fusion group and nonfusion group were constructed by replacing the L3 vertebral body and adjacent intervertebral discs with prostheses. For all finite element models, an axial preload of 500 N and another 10 N m imposed on the superior surface of L1. The range of motion and stress peaks in the adjacent discs, endplates, and facet joints were compared among the three groups. The ranges of motion of the L1-2 and L4-5 discs in flexion, extension, left lateral bending, right lateral bending, left rotation and right rotation were greater in the fusion group than those in the intact group and nonfusion group. The fusion group induced the greatest stress peaks in the adjacent discs and adjacent facet joints compared to the intact group and nonfusion group. The nonfused artificial vertebral body could better retain mobility of the surgical site after implantation (3.6°-8.7°), avoid increased mobility and stress of the adjacent discs and facet joints.
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http://dx.doi.org/10.1038/s41598-021-82086-7DOI Listing
http://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/pmc/articles/PMC7846776PMC
January 2021

Transplantation of sh-miR-199a-5p-Modified Olfactory Ensheathing Cells Promotes the Functional Recovery in Rats with Contusive Spinal Cord Injury.

Cell Transplant 2020 Jan-Dec;29:963689720916173

Department of Orthopaedics, Second Affiliated Hospital of Xi'an Jiaotong University, Xi'an, Shaanxi Province, China.

MicroRNAs (miRNAs) function as gene expression switches, and participate in diverse pathophysiological processes of spinal cord injury (SCI). Olfactory ensheathing cells (OECs) can alleviate pathological injury and facilitate functional recovery after SCI. However, the mechanisms by which OECs restore function are not well understood. This study aims to determine whether silencing miR-199a-5p would enhance the beneficial effects of the OECs. In this study, we measured miR-199a-5p levels in rat spinal cords with and without injury, with and without OEC transplants. Then, we transfected OECs with the sh-miR-199a-5p lentiviral vector to reduce miR-199a-5p expression and determined the effects of these OECs in SCI rats by Basso-Beattie-Bresnahan (BBB) locomotor scores, diffusion tensor imaging (DTI), and histological methods. We used western blotting to measure protein levels of Slit1, Robo2, and srGAP2. Finally, we used the dual-luciferase reporter assay to assess the relationship between miR-199-5p and Slit1, Robo2, and srGAP2 expression. We found that SCI significantly increased miR-199a-5p levels ( < 0.05), and OEC transplants significantly reduced miR-199a-5p expression ( < 0.05). Knockdown of miR-199a-5p in OECs had a better therapeutic effect on SCI rats, indicated by higher BBB scores and fractional anisotropy values on DTI, as well as histological findings. Reducing miR-199a-5p levels in transplanted OECs markedly increased spinal cord protein levels of Slit1, Robo2, and srGAP2. Our results demonstrated that transplantation of sh-miR-199a-5p-modified OECs promoted functional recovery in SCI rats, suggesting that miR-199a-5p knockdown was more beneficial to the therapeutic effects of OEC transplants. These findings provided new insights into miRNAs-mediated therapeutic mechanisms of OECs, which helps us to develop therapeutic strategies based on miRNAs and optimize cell therapy for SCI.
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http://dx.doi.org/10.1177/0963689720916173DOI Listing
http://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/pmc/articles/PMC7586279PMC
April 2020

Initial stability of one-stage anterior debridement and cage implantation combined with anterior-lateral fixation by a dual screw-rod construct in the treatment of lumbosacral tuberculosis: a cadaveric biomechanical study.

BMC Musculoskelet Disord 2019 May 10;20(1):206. Epub 2019 May 10.

Department of Orthopedics, Xi'an Central Hospital, Xi'an, Shaanxi Province, China.

Background: Although various surgical methods are used to treat lumbosacral tuberculosis, no unified surgical approach exists. Thus, exploring an optimal operation method has substantial clinical importance. Evaluate the initial stability of a new surgical method, a one-stage anterior debridement and cage implantation combined with anterior-lateral fixation by a dual screw-rod construct, in the treatment of lumbosacral tuberculosis and provide biomechanical support for its further promotion in clinical applications.

Methods: Fifteen fresh human lumbosacral spine specimens without fractures, deformities or osteoporosis were randomly divided into intact (I), anterior fixation (AF) and posterior fixation (PF) groups. All AF and PF group specimens had subtotal resections of the L5 vertebra and adjacent discs, while the I group specimens were kept intact. Then, titanium cages were implanted in the surgical site and a dual screw-rod construct was fixed anterior-laterally in the AF group, while the PF group specimens were fixed posteriorly with only the dual screw-rod construct. Mechanical tests were conducted for initial stability evaluations.

Results: The load at the maximum displacement (5 mm) or rotation angle (5 °) was less for the I group specimens than for the AF and PF group specimens in all directions (P < 0.05). The load at the maximum displacement (5 mm) was greater for the AF group specimens than for the PF group specimens in flexion, lateral bending and axial compression (P < 0.05) and lower than in the PF group specimens in extension (P < 0.05). In torsion, there was no difference between the loads in the AF and PF groups at the maximum rotation angle (5 °) (P > 0.05).

Conclusions: The proposed surgical approach can provide better immediate stability than anterior debridement with posterior dual screw-rod fixation in the treatment of lumbosacral tuberculosis in flexion, lateral bending and axial compression.
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http://dx.doi.org/10.1186/s12891-019-2592-2DOI Listing
http://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/pmc/articles/PMC6511140PMC
May 2019

Design and preliminary biomechanical analysis of a novel motion preservation device for lumbar spinal disease after vertebral corpectomy.

Arch Orthop Trauma Surg 2019 Jun 12;139(6):751-760. Epub 2019 Feb 12.

Department of Spine and Spinal Cord, Henan Provincial People's Hospital, No.7, the Weft Fifth Road, Jinshui District, Zhengzhou, Henan, People's Republic of China.

Objective: To design a novel prosthesis, a movable artificial lumbar complex (MALC), for non-fusion reconstruction after lumbar subtotal corpectomy and to evaluate the stability, range of motion and load-bearing strength in the human cadaveric lumbar spine.

Methods: Biomechanical tests were performed on lumbar spine specimens from 15 healthy cadavers which were divided in three groups: non-fusion, fusion and intact group. The range of motion (ROM), stability and load-bearing strength were measured.

Results: The prosthesis was composed of three parts: the upper and lower artificial lumbar discs and the middle artificial vertebra. Both the MALC and titanium mesh cage re-established vertebral height, and no spinal cord compression or prosthesis dislocation was observed at the operative level. Regarding stability, there was no significant difference in all directions between the intact group and non-fusion group (P > 0.05). Segment movements of the specimens in the non-fusion group revealed significantly decreased T12-L1 ROM and significantly increased L1-2 and L2-3 ROM in flexion/extension and lateral bending compared with those in the fusion group (P < 0.05). Regarding load-bearing strength, when the lumbar vertebra was ruptured, there was no damage to the MALC and titanium mesh cage, but the maximum load in the non-fusion group was larger (P > 0.05).

Conclusions: Compared with titanium cages, the MALC prosthesis not only restored the vertebral height and effectively preserved segment movements without any abnormal gain of mobility in adjacent inter-vertebral spaces but also bore the lumbar load and reduced the local stress load of adjacent vertebral endplates.
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http://dx.doi.org/10.1007/s00402-018-03106-2DOI Listing
June 2019

Evaluation of Renal Function in Children with Congenital Scoliosis and Congenital Anomalies of the Kidney and Urinary Tract.

Med Sci Monit 2018 Jul 6;24:4667-4678. Epub 2018 Jul 6.

Department of Orthopaedics , Second Affiliated Hospital of Xi'an Jiaotong University, Xi'an, Shaanxi, China (mainland).

BACKGROUND The aim of this study was to compare renal function in children with congenital scoliosis and congenital anomalies of the kidney and urinary tract, with healthy children. MATERIAL AND METHODS Biochemical tests were performed before surgery (pre-therapy) and after surgery (post-therapy) in 16 children with congenital scoliosis and congenital anomalies of the kidney and urinary tract. Thirty-two healthy children were matched for age, sex, and weight (healthy controls). General renal function tests included serum electrolytes, creatinine, urea, cystatin C, and estimated glomerular filtration rate (eGFR). Tests for early renal changes included N-acetyl-beta-D-glucosaminidase (NAG), urine microalbumin, serum transferrin, immunoglobulin G (IgG), urinary alpha-1-microglobulin (A1M), and beta-2-microglobulin (B2M). RESULTS Sixteen patients with congenital anomalies of the kidney and urinary tract included eight boys (mean age, 11.38±2.00 years) and eight girls (mean age, 11.00±2.78 years). There were no significant differences in renal function between the pre-therapy and post-therapy groups (P>0.05), or between the three groups (pre-therapy, post-therapy, and healthy controls). In the pre-therapy group, there were significant differences in IgG, A1M, NAG, and serum phosphate levels between boys and girls, urine microalbumin was significantly increased in girls, but not boys (P<0.05). There were no significant differences between the pre-therapy group and post-therapy group (P>0.05). CONCLUSIONS Routine tests of renal function were normal in children with congenital scoliosis and congenital anomalies of the kidney and urinary tract, but early changes in renal function occurred before surgical treatment, indicating long-term follow-up of renal function is recommended.
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http://dx.doi.org/10.12659/MSM.908839DOI Listing
http://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/pmc/articles/PMC6069507PMC
July 2018

Lumbar subtotal corpectomy non-fusion model produced using a novel prosthesis.

Arch Orthop Trauma Surg 2017 Nov 9;137(11):1467-1476. Epub 2017 Sep 9.

Department of Orthopedics, Second Affiliated Hospital of Xi'an Jiaotong University, No. 157, The West Fifth Road, Xincheng District, Xi'an, Shaanxi, People's Republic of China.

Objective: In this study, we aimed to design a movable artificial lumbar complex (MALC) prosthesis for non-fusion reconstruction after lumbar subtotal corpectomy and to establish an in vitro anterolateral lumbar corpectomy non-fusion model for evaluating the biomechanical stability, preservation of segment movements and influence on adjacent inter-vertebral movements of this prosthesis.

Methods: Imaging was performed on a total of 26 fresh goat lumbar spine specimens to determine which of the specimens did not meet the requirements (free of deformity and fractures); the residual specimens were randomly divided into an intact group, a fusion group and a non-fusion group. Bone mineral density (BMD) was tested and compared among the three groups. Biomechanical testing was conducted to obtain the range of motion (ROM) in flexion-extension, lateral bending at L2-3, L3-4 and L4-5 and axial rotation at L2-5 in the three groups.

Results: Two specimens were excluded due to vertebral fractures. BMD showed no statistical significance among three groups (P > 0.05). The stability of the prosthesis did not differ significantly during flexion, extension, and lateral bending at L2-3, L3-4, and L4-5 and axial torsion at L2-5 between the intact group and the non-fusion group (P > 0.05). Segment movements of the specimens in the non-fusion group revealed significantly decreased L2-3 ROM and significantly increased L3-4 and L4-5 ROM in flexion and lateral bending compared with the fusion group (P < 0.05).

Conclusions: Reconstruction with a MALC prosthesis after lumbar subtotal corpectomy not only produced instant stability but also effectively preserved segment movements, without any abnormal gain of mobility in adjacent inter-vertebral spaces. However, additional studies, including in vivo animal experiments as well as biocompatibility and biomechanical tests of human body specimens are needed.
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http://dx.doi.org/10.1007/s00402-017-2753-4DOI Listing
November 2017

Genetic Polymorphism of GABRR2 Modulates Individuals' General Cognitive Ability in Healthy Chinese Han People.

Cell Mol Neurobiol 2017 Jan 27;37(1):93-100. Epub 2016 Feb 27.

Key Laboratory of Resource Biology and Biotechnology in Western China (Ministry of Education), Institute of Population and Health, College of Life Science, Northwest University, Xi'an, 710069, China.

Previous studies have indicated that the cognitive impairment or deficit is associated with GABAergic signaling in central nervous system. Inspired by the finding that receptor GABRR2 modulates concentration of GABA and phasic inhibitory GABAergic transmission in brain. This study investigated to what extent a genetic variant (c.1423C>T, rs282129) of GABRR2 gene modulates individuals' general cognitive ability in 987 Chinese Han people. Results showed a significant influence of GABRR2 gene polymorphism on individuals' Raven's Standard Progressive Matrices (RSPM) performance (F = 3.58, P = .028 by ANOVA and χ  = 9.35, P = .009 by K-W test, respectively), even if non-genetic factors were partialed out (gender, major, types of birthplace, and socioeconomic index) (B = -.67, SE = .26, t = 2.63, P = .009). The finding provided a strong evidence, to our knowledge, for the view that genetic variant of GABRR2 gene may contribute to the difference of individuals' general cognitive ability, independently.
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http://dx.doi.org/10.1007/s10571-016-0347-2DOI Listing
January 2017

Polymorphic variation in CHAT gene modulates general cognitive ability: An association study with random student cohort.

Neurosci Lett 2016 Mar 6;617:122-6. Epub 2016 Feb 6.

Key Laboratory of Resource Biology and Biotechnology in Western China (Ministry of Education), Institute of Population and Health, College of Life Science, Northwest University, Xi'an 710069, China. Electronic address:

The choline O-acetyltransferase (CHAT) gene has been associated with various human disorders that involve cognitive impairment or deficiency. However, the influence of disease-associated variants of CHAT on normal individuals remains dubious. Here we demonstrated the impact of CHAT sequence variants (G-120A) on general human cognitive ability in a cohort of 750 Chinese undergraduate students. A multiple choice questionnaire was used to obtain basic demographic information, such as parents' occupations and education levels. We also administered and scored the Raven's Standard Progressive Matrices (RSPM). A one-way analysis of variance (ANOVA) and Kruskal-Wallis test (K-W) revealed a significant association between sequence polymorphisms of G-120A and individuals' Raven score (p=0.031 for ANOVA and p=0.026 for K-W tests). Moreover, further hierarchical analysis showed a similar trend in the association between G-120A variants and Raven scores only in the female subjects (p=0.008 for ANOVA and p=0.024 for K-W tests) but not in the male subjects. The results of a multiple linear regression confirmed that after we controlled gender, age, birthplace and other non-genetic factors, CHAT G-120A polymorphisms still significantly influenced individual Raven scores (B=-0.70, SE=0.28, t=-2.50, p=0.013). Our results demonstrated that sequence variants of CHAT were associated with human cognitive ability in not only patients with psychiatric disorders but also normal healthy individuals. However, some issues remained indeterminable, such as gender differences and the extent of the influence on individuals' general cognitive abilities; thus, the further research using an independent random sample was required.
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http://dx.doi.org/10.1016/j.neulet.2016.02.002DOI Listing
March 2016