Publications by authors named "Bilun Gemicioglu"

51 Publications

Potential Interplay between Nrf2, TRPA1, and TRPV1 in Nutrients for the Control of COVID-19.

Int Arch Allergy Immunol 2021 Feb 10:1-15. Epub 2021 Feb 10.

IMIM (Hospital del Mar Research Institute), Barcelona, Spain.

In this article, we propose that differences in COVID-19 morbidity may be associated with transient receptor potential ankyrin 1 (TRPA1) and/or transient receptor potential vanilloid 1 (TRPV1) activation as well as desensitization. TRPA1 and TRPV1 induce inflammation and play a key role in the physiology of almost all organs. They may augment sensory or vagal nerve discharges to evoke pain and several symptoms of COVID-19, including cough, nasal obstruction, vomiting, diarrhea, and, at least partly, sudden and severe loss of smell and taste. TRPA1 can be activated by reactive oxygen species and may therefore be up-regulated in COVID-19. TRPA1 and TRPV1 channels can be activated by pungent compounds including many nuclear factor (erythroid-derived 2) (Nrf2)-interacting foods leading to channel desensitization. Interactions between Nrf2-associated nutrients and TRPA1/TRPV1 may be partly responsible for the severity of some of the COVID-19 symptoms. The regulation by Nrf2 of TRPA1/TRPV1 is still unclear, but suggested from very limited clinical evidence. In COVID-19, it is proposed that rapid desensitization of TRAP1/TRPV1 by some ingredients in foods could reduce symptom severity and provide new therapeutic strategies.
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http://dx.doi.org/10.1159/000514204DOI Listing
February 2021

An easy-to-use nomogram for predicting in-hospital mortality risk in COVID-19: a retrospective cohort study in a university hospital.

BMC Infect Dis 2021 Feb 5;21(1):148. Epub 2021 Feb 5.

Department of Infectious Diseases, Cerrahpasa Faculty of Medicine, Istanbul University-Cerrahpasa, Kocamustafapasa, Fatih, 34098, Istanbul, Turkey.

Background: One-fifth of COVID-19 patients are seriously and critically ill cases and have a worse prognosis than non-severe cases. Although there is no specific treatment available for COVID-19, early recognition and supportive treatment may reduce the mortality. The aim of this study is to develop a functional nomogram that can be used by clinicians to estimate the risk of in-hospital mortality in patients hospitalized and treated for COVID-19 disease, and to compare the accuracy of model predictions with previous nomograms.

Methods: This retrospective study enrolled 709 patients who were over 18 years old and received inpatient treatment for COVID-19 disease. Multivariable Logistic Regression analysis was performed to assess the possible predictors of a fatal outcome. A nomogram was developed with the possible predictors and total point were calculated.

Results: Of the 709 patients treated for COVID-19, 75 (11%) died and 634 survived. The elder age, certain comorbidities (cancer, heart failure, chronic renal failure), dyspnea, lower levels of oxygen saturation and hematocrit, higher levels of C-reactive protein, aspartate aminotransferase and ferritin were independent risk factors for mortality. The prediction ability of total points was excellent (Area Under Curve = 0.922).

Conclusions: The nomogram developed in this study can be used by clinicians as a practical and effective tool in mortality risk estimation. So that with early diagnosis and intervention mortality in COVID-19 patients may be reduced.
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http://dx.doi.org/10.1186/s12879-021-05845-xDOI Listing
http://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/pmc/articles/PMC7862983PMC
February 2021

Spices to Control COVID-19 Symptoms: Yes, but Not Only….

Int Arch Allergy Immunol 2020 Dec 22:1-7. Epub 2020 Dec 22.

IMIM (Hospital del Mar Research Institute), Barcelona, Spain.

There are large country variations in COVID-19 death rates that may be partly explained by diet. Many countries with low COVID-19 death rates have a common feature of eating large quantities of fermented vegetables such as cabbage and, in some continents, various spices. Fermented vegetables and spices are agonists of the antioxidant transcription factor nuclear factor (erythroid-derived 2)-like 2 (Nrf2), and spices are transient receptor potential ankyrin 1 and vanillin 1 (TRPA1/V1) agonists. These mechanisms may explain many COVID-19 symptoms and severity. It appears that there is a synergy between Nrf2 and TRPA1/V1 foods that may explain the role of diet in COVID-19. One of the mechanisms of COVID-19 appears to be an oxygen species (ROS)-mediated process in synergy with TRP channels, modulated by Nrf2 pathways. Spicy foods are likely to desensitize TRP channels and act in synergy with exogenous antioxidants that activate the Nrf2 pathway.
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http://dx.doi.org/10.1159/000513538DOI Listing
http://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/pmc/articles/PMC7900475PMC
December 2020

COVID-19 Pandemic and the Global Perspective of Turkish Thoracic Society.

Turk Thorac J 2020 Nov 1;21(6):419-432. Epub 2020 Nov 1.

Department of Pulmonary Medicine, Koç University School of Medicine, İstanbul, Turkey.

It has been more than 3 months now since the first case of COVID-19 was reported in Turkey. Globally, the number of confirmed cases and deaths reached 9,653,048 and 491,128 respectively, as reported by 216 countries by June 27, 2020. Turkey had 1,396 new cases, 194,511 total cases, and 5,065 deaths by the same date. From the first case until today, the Turkish Thoracic Society (TTS) has been very proactive in educating doctors, increasing public awareness, undertaking academic studies, and assisting with public health policies. In the present report, social, academic, and management perspectives of the pandemic are presented under appropriate subtitles. During this critical public health crisis, TTS has once again demonstrated its readiness and constructive stance by supporting public health, healthcare workers, and the environment. This review summarizes the perspective of TTS on each aspect of the COVID-19 pandemic and casts light on its contributions.
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http://dx.doi.org/10.5152/TurkThoracJ.2020.20174DOI Listing
http://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/pmc/articles/PMC7752113PMC
November 2020

Anomalous asthma and chronic obstructive pulmonary disease Google Trends patterns during the COVID-19 pandemic.

Clin Transl Allergy 2020 Nov 2;10(1):47. Epub 2020 Nov 2.

MACVIA-France, Montpellier, France.

Background: An increase in online searches on health topics may either mirror epidemiological changes or reflect media coverage. In the context of COVID-19, this is particularly relevant, as COVID-19 symptoms may be mistaken for those of respiratory disease exacerbations. Therefore, we aimed to assess Internet search patterns on asthma and chronic obstructive pulmonary disease (COPD) in the context of COVID-19, as compared to searches on other chronic diseases.

Methods: We retrieved Google Trends (GTs) data on two respiratory (asthma and COPD) and three non-respiratory (diabetes, hypertension, and Crohn's disease) chronic diseases over the past 5 years (up to May 31, 2020). For 54 countries, and for each disease, we built autoregressive integrated moving average (ARIMA) models to predict GTs for 2020 based on 2015-2019 search patterns. In addition, we estimated the proportion of searches in which COVID-19-related terms were used. To assess the potential impact of media coverage on online searches, we assessed whether weekly "asthma" GTs correlated with the number of Google News items on asthma.

Results: Over the past 5 years, worldwide search volumes for asthma and COPD reached their maximum values in March 2020. Such was not observed for diabetes, hypertension and Crohn's disease. In 38 (70%) countries, GTs on asthma were higher in March 2020 than the respective maximum predicted values. This compares to 19 countries for COPD, 23 for hypertension, 11 for Crohn's disease, and 9 for diabetes. Queries with COVID-19-related terms represented up to 47.8% of the monthly searches on asthma, and up to 21.3% of COPD searches. In most of the assessed countries, moderate-strong correlations were observed between "asthma" GTs and the number of news items on asthma.

Conclusions: During March 2020, there was a peak in searches on asthma and COPD, which was probably mostly driven by media coverage, as suggested by their simultaneity in several countries with different epidemiological situations.
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http://dx.doi.org/10.1186/s13601-020-00352-9DOI Listing
http://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/pmc/articles/PMC7604916PMC
November 2020

ARIA-EAACI statement on asthma and COVID-19 (June 2, 2020).

Authors:
Jean Bousquet Marek Jutel Cezmi A Akdis Ludger Klimek Oliver Pfaar Kari C Nadeau Thomas Eiwegger Anna Bedbrook Ignacio J Ansotegui Josep M Anto Claus Bachert Eric D Bateman Kazi S Bennoor Elena Camelia Berghea Karl-Christian Bergmann Hubert Blain Mateo Bonini Sinthia Bosnic-Anticevich Louis-Philippe Boulet Luisa Brussino Roland Buhl Paulo Camargos Giorgio Walter Canonica Victoria Cardona Thomas Casale Sharon Chinthrajah Mübeccel Akdis Tomas Chivato George Christoff Alvaro A Cruz Wienczyslawa Czarlewski Stefano Del Giacco Hui Du Yehia El-Gamal Wytske J Fokkens Joao A Fonseca Yadong Gao Mina Gaga Bilun Gemicioglu Maia Gotua Tari Haahtela David Halpin Eckard Hamelmann Karin Hoffmann-Sommergruber Marc Humbert Nataliya Ilina Juan-Carlos Ivancevich Guy Joos Musa Khaitov Bruce Kirenga Edward F Knol Fanny W Ko Seppo Koskinen Marek L Kowalski Helga Kraxner Dmitry Kudlay Piotr Kuna Maciej Kupczyk Violeta Kvedariene Amir H Abdul Latiff Lan T Le Michael Levin Desiree Larenas-Linnemann Renaud Louis Mohammad R Masjedi Erik Melén Florin Mihaltan Branislava Milenkovic Yousser Mohammad Mario Morais-Almeida Joaquim Mullol Leyla Namazova Hugo Neffen Elisabete Nunes Paul O'Byrne Robyn O'Hehir Liam O'Mahony Ken Ohta Yoshitaka Okamoto Gabrielle L Onorato Petr Panzner Nikos G Papadopoulos Gianni Passalacqua Vincenzo Patella Ruby Pawankar Nhân Pham-Thi Bernard Pigearias Todor A Popov Francesca Puggioni Frederico S Regateiro Giovanni Rolla Menachem Rottem Boleslaw Samolinski Joaquin Sastre Jurgen Schwarze Aziz Sheikh Nicola Scichilone Manuel Soto-Quiros Manuel Soto-Martinez Milan Sova Stefania Nicola Rafael Stelmach Charlotte Suppli-Ulrik Luis Taborda-Barata Teresa To Peter-Valentin Tomazic Sanna Toppila-Salmi Ioanna Tsiligianni Omar Usmani Arunas Valiulis Maria Teresa Ventura Giovanni Viegi Theodor Vontetsianos De Yun Wang Sian Williams Gary W K Wong Arzu Yorgancioglu Mario Zernotti Mihaela Zidarn Torsten Zuberbier Ioana Agache

Allergy 2020 Jun 26. Epub 2020 Jun 26.

Transylvania University Brasov, Brasov, Romania.

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http://dx.doi.org/10.1111/all.14471DOI Listing
http://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/pmc/articles/PMC7361514PMC
June 2020

Turkish Thoracic Society Experts Consensus Report: Recommendations for Pulmonary Function Tests During and After COVID 19 Pandemic.

Turk Thorac J 2020 May;21(3):193-200

Department of Pulmonary Diseases, Ankara University School of Medicine, Ankara Turkey.

The recommendation of conducting pulmonary function tests (PFTs) from different societies during and after the coronavirus disease (COVID-19) pandemic was rated by the experts of the Turkish Thoracic Society (TTS) and presented as the TTS experts consensus report. Information about the topic has been provided.Globally, as of mid-May 2020, there have been over 4.4 million confirmed cases of COVID-19. There are two main routes of transmission of COVID-19: respiratory droplets and contact transmission. PFTs are non-invasive tests that are commonly performed in routine assessment and follow-up of patients in the pulmonology units. However, PFTs may generate aerosols and require sharing common surfaces. With regard to the high prevalence of severe acute respiratory syndrome coronavirus 2 (SARS-CoV-2) in the community, PFTs should not be performed routinely in confirmed or suspected patients with COVID-19 during the pandemic. Because of the risk of human-to-human transmission of COVID-19, PFTs should be restricted to a small patient population with selected indications. Triage for COVID-19 should be performed prior to testing. Only essential PFTs such as spirometry, diffusion capacity of the lungs for carbon monoxide (DLCO), arterial blood gas analysis, or pulse oximetry should be performed in the selected cases. Tests should be scheduled to allow sufficient time for donning and doffing of the technical personnel with the full personal protective equipment (PPE) (gown, a filtering respirator mask, goggles or full-face shield, and disposable gloves), ventilation of the room, and application of post-test cleaning and disinfection procedures of the equipment and the testing room.
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http://dx.doi.org/10.5152/TurkThoracJ.2020.20107DOI Listing
http://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/pmc/articles/PMC7311158PMC
May 2020

Is the Perioperative Period No Longer a Problem for Adult Asthmatics under Control?-OPERA Study.

Turk Thorac J 2020 May;21(3):140-144

Department of Chest Diseases, Division of Allergy and Immunology, Hacettepe University School of Medicine, Ankara, Turkey.

Objectives: Asthma is a global problem and chronic condition that persists through patient's entire life, during which the possibility of a surgical procedure is common. An accurate clinical and functional evaluation of respiratory functions and asthma control is needed in patients undergoing surgical procedures and requiring general anesthesia. The aim of this study was to disclose any possible relation between postoperative complications and some pre- and postoperative factors.

Materials And Methods: In this prospective cross-sectional study, randomly selected 111 asthmatic patients who presented to 10 different tertiary centers were included. The patients were evaluated at three different periods; any day between 1-7 days before surgery, and postoperative third and seventh to tenth days.

Results: Among the patients included in the study, 86 (77.5%) were women and mean age was 52.2±13.8 years. General anesthesia was the most common anesthesia type (89.2%), and 33.3% of patients had had a thoracoabdominal surgery. There was a statistically significant difference between pre- and postoperative third-day values, including ACT scores (22.2±3.16 and 21.59±3.84, respectively; p<0.001); forced expiratory volume during the first second (84.92±19.12 and 78.26±18.47, respectively; p<0.001); peak flow rate (79.51±21.12 and 70.01±19.72, respectively; p<0.001); and SaO2 (96.95±1.82 and 95.8±3.32, respectively; p<0.001). Bronchospasm and pain were the most common complications during the postoperative period.

Conclusion: Controlled asthma under treatment steps 1-2-3 does not cause any serious postoperative pulmonary complications (PPCs). Therefore, achieving an optimal control level of asthma during the preoperative period must be considered the "gold standard" to reduce the risk of PPCs in asthmatic patients.
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http://dx.doi.org/10.5152/TurkThoracJ.2019.18051DOI Listing
http://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/pmc/articles/PMC7311153PMC
May 2020

ARIA digital anamorphosis: Digital transformation of health and care in airway diseases from research to practice.

Authors:
Jean Bousquet Josep M Anto Claus Bachert Tari Haahtela Torsten Zuberbier Wienczyslawa Czarlewski Anna Bedbrook Sinthia Bosnic-Anticevich G Walter Canonica Victoria Cardona Elisio Costa Alvaro A Cruz Marina Erhola Wytske J Fokkens Joao A Fonseca Maddalena Illario Juan-Carlos Ivancevich Marek Jutel Ludger Klimek Piotr Kuna Violeta Kvedariene Ltt Le Désirée E Larenas-Linnemann Daniel Laune Olga M Lourenço Erik Melén Joaquim Mullol Marek Niedoszytko Mikaëla Odemyr Yoshitaka Okamoto Nikos G Papadopoulos Vincenzo Patella Oliver Pfaar Nhân Pham-Thi Christine Rolland Boleslaw Samolinski Aziz Sheikh Mikhail Sofiev Charlotte Suppli Ulrik Ana Todo-Bom Peter-Valentin Tomazic Sanna Toppila-Salmi Ioanna Tsiligianni Arunas Valiulis Erkka Valovirta Maria-Teresa Ventura Samantha Walker Sian Williams Arzu Yorgancioglu Ioana Agache Cezmi A Akdis Rute Almeida Ignacio J Ansotegui Isabella Annesi-Maesano Sylvie Arnavielhe Xavier Basagaña Eric D Bateman Annabelle Bédard Martin Bedolla-Barajas Sven Becker Kazi S Bennoor Samuel Benveniste Karl C Bergmann Michael Bewick Slawomir Bialek Nils E Billo Carsten Bindslev-Jensen Leif Bjermer Hubert Blain Matteo Bonini Philippe Bonniaud Isabelle Bosse Jacques Bouchard Louis-Philippe Boulet Rodolphe Bourret Koen Boussery Fluvio Braido Vitalis Briedis Andrew Briggs Christopher E Brightling Jan Brozek Guy Brusselle Luisa Brussino Roland Buhl Roland Buonaiuto Moises A Calderon Paulo Camargos Thierry Camuzat Luis Caraballo Ana-Maria Carriazo Warner Carr Christine Cartier Thomas Casale Lorenzo Cecchi Alfonso M Cepeda Sarabia Niels H Chavannes Ekaterine Chkhartishvili Derek K Chu Cemal Cingi Jaime Correia de Sousa David J Costa Anne-Lise Courbis Adnan Custovic Biljana Cvetkosvki Gennaro D'Amato Jane da Silva Carina Dantas Dejan Dokic Yves Dauvilliers Giulia De Feo Govert De Vries Philippe Devillier Stefania Di Capua Gerard Dray Ruta Dubakiene Stephen R Durham Mark Dykewicz Motohiro Ebisawa Mina Gaga Yehia El-Gamal Enrico Heffler Regina Emuzyte John Farrell Jean-Luc Fauquert Alessandro Fiocchi Antje Fink-Wagner Jean-François Fontaine José M Fuentes Perez Bilun Gemicioğlu Amiran Gamkrelidze Judith Garcia-Aymerich Philippe Gevaert René Maximiliano Gomez Sandra González Diaz Maia Gotua Nick A Guldemond Maria-Antonieta Guzmán Jawad Hajjam Yunuen R Huerta Villalobos Marc Humbert Guido Iaccarino Despo Ierodiakonou Tomohisa Iinuma Ewa Jassem Guy Joos Ki-Suck Jung Igor Kaidashev Omer Kalayci Przemyslaw Kardas Thomas Keil Musa Khaitov Nikolai Khaltaev Jorg Kleine-Tebbe Rostislav Kouznetsov Marek L Kowalski Vicky Kritikos Inger Kull Stefania La Grutta Lisa Leonardini Henrik Ljungberg Philip Lieberman Brian Lipworth Karin C Lodrup Carlsen Catarina Lopes-Pereira Claudia C Loureiro Renaud Louis Alpana Mair Bassam Mahboub Michaël Makris Joao Malva Patrick Manning Gailen D Marshall Mohamed R Masjedi Jorge F Maspero Pedro Carreiro-Martins Mika Makela Eve Mathieu-Dupas Marcus Maurer Esteban De Manuel Keenoy Elisabete Melo-Gomes Eli O Meltzer Enrica Menditto Jacques Mercier Yann Micheli Neven Miculinic Florin Mihaltan Branislava Milenkovic Dimitirios I Mitsias Giuliana Moda Maria-Dolores Mogica-Martinez Yousser Mohammad Steve Montefort Ricardo Monti Mario Morais-Almeida Ralph Mösges Lars Münter Antonella Muraro Ruth Murray Robert Naclerio Luigi Napoli Leyla Namazova-Baranova Hugo Neffen Kristoff Nekam Angelo Neou Björn Nordlund Ettore Novellino Dieudonné Nyembue Robyn O'Hehir Ken Ohta Kimi Okubo Gabrielle L Onorato Valentina Orlando Solange Ouedraogo Julia Palamarchuk Isabella Pali-Schöll Peter Panzner Hae-Sim Park Gianni Passalacqua Jean-Louis Pépin Ema Paulino Ruby Pawankar Jim Phillips Robert Picard Hilary Pinnock Davor Plavec Todor A Popov Fabienne Portejoie David Price Emmanuel P Prokopakis Fotis Psarros Benoit Pugin Francesca Puggioni Pablo Quinones-Delgado Filip Raciborski Rojin Rajabian-Söderlund Frederico S Regateiro Sietze Reitsma Daniela Rivero-Yeverino Graham Roberts Nicolas Roche Erendira Rodriguez-Zagal Christine Rolland Regina E Roller-Wirnsberger Nelson Rosario Antonino Romano Menachem Rottem Dermot Ryan Johanna Salimäki Mario M Sanchez-Borges Joaquin Sastre Glenis K Scadding Sophie Scheire Peter Schmid-Grendelmeier Holger J Schünemann Faradiba Sarquis Serpa Mohamed Shamji Juan-Carlos Sisul Mikhail Sofiev Dirceu Solé David Somekh Talant Sooronbaev Milan Sova François Spertini Otto Spranger Cristiana Stellato Rafael Stelmach Michel Thibaudon Teresa To Mondher Toumi Omar Usmani Antonio A Valero Rudolph Valenta Marylin Valentin-Rostan Marilyn Urrutia Pereira Rianne van der Kleij Michiel Van Eerd Olivier Vandenplas Tuula Vasankari Antonio Vaz Carneiro Giorgio Vezzani Frédéric Viart Giovanni Viegi Dana Wallace Martin Wagenmann De Yun Wang Susan Waserman Magnus Wickman Dennis M Williams Gary Wong Piotr Wroczynski Panayiotis K Yiallouros Osman M Yusuf Heather J Zar Stéphane Zeng Mario E Zernotti Luo Zhang Nan Shan Zhong Mihaela Zidarn

Allergy 2021 01 23;76(1):168-190. Epub 2020 Oct 23.

University Clinic of Respiratory and Allergic Diseases, Golnik, Slovenia.

Digital anamorphosis is used to define a distorted image of health and care that may be viewed correctly using digital tools and strategies. MASK digital anamorphosis represents the process used by MASK to develop the digital transformation of health and care in rhinitis. It strengthens the ARIA change management strategy in the prevention and management of airway disease. The MASK strategy is based on validated digital tools. Using the MASK digital tool and the CARAT online enhanced clinical framework, solutions for practical steps of digital enhancement of care are proposed.
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http://dx.doi.org/10.1111/all.14422DOI Listing
January 2021

ARIA 2019, Allerjik Rinite Tedavi Yaklaşımı-Türkiye.

Turk Thorac J 2020 03 1;21(2):122-133. Epub 2020 Mar 1.

MACVIA-France, Fondation partenariale FMC VIA-LR, Montpellier, France.

Gerçek yaşamda, çevresel maruziyetlerin de etkilediği rinit ve astım mültimorbidite durumlarında, dijitalleşmiş ve kişiye odaklanan tedaviler için bütünleştirilmiş tedavi yollarının değerlendirilmesi önerilmektedir. Gerçek yaşamdaki bu durum mültisipliner bir yaklaşımla basamaklandırılıp, rehberilerinde ülkelerdeki gereksinimlere göre değiştilmesini gerektirebilir. Allerjik rinitte hem farmakoterapi hem immünoterapi açısından acil yeni yaklaşımlara ihtiyaç olduğu görülmüştür. 3. Aralık 2018'de Paris'te bir toplantı yapılmış ve iki ayrı belge hazırlanmıştır. Bu yayında bunlara ait bir özet sunulup, ülkeye ve sağlık sistemine uygun kullanımın çerçevesi oluşturulmak istenmiştir.
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http://dx.doi.org/10.5152/TurkThoracJ.2019.19084DOI Listing
http://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/pmc/articles/PMC7089699PMC
March 2020

Validity and Reliability of the Assessment Tool for Asthma (ATA) Questionnaire: the ATA Study.

Turk Thorac J 2020 03 1;21(2):93-99. Epub 2020 Mar 1.

Department of Pulmonary Diseases, Division of Allerrgy and Immunology, Ankara University School of Medicine, Ankara, Turkey.

Objectives: A multicenter trial was designed to validate the "Assessment Tools for Asthma (ATA)" questionnaire, a newly developed questionnaire, which evaluates both asthma control and risk factors associated with asthma control with a single instrument.

Materials And Methods: This cross-sectional study involved 810 cases from 14 clinics in 9 Turkish cities. The ATA questionnaire and Asthma Control Test (ACT) were administered. The Visual Analog Scale (VAS) was used to evaluate the control status of 100 randomized cases. ATA is an eight-item physician-administered questionnaire. It comprises the following two sections-ATA1, assesses symptomatic control criteria, and the remaining section, queries the flare-up of asthma, control of comorbidities, treatment adherence, and inhaler technique.

Results: The mean scores for ATA1, ATA total, VAS, and ACT were 24.7±14.8, 53.8±19, 7.1±3, and 18.8±5.5, respectively. According to the ATA questionnaire, among all patients, 34.3% had controlled, 18.8% had partly controlled, and 46.9% had uncontrolled asthma. Furthermore, 16.6% patients had flare-ups between visits, 96.4% patients had uncontrolled comorbidity, 17% patients had irregular asthma treatment, and only 8.4% patients used the incorrect inhaler technique. The ATA questionnaire showed internal consistency (Cronbach's alpha coefficient=0.683). ACT, ATA1, and two specialists' evaluations using VAS correlated strongly with the ATA total scores (Spearman correlation coefficient (r) values: 0.776, 0.783, and 0.909, respectively; p-values: p<0.001, p<0.001, and p<0.001, respectively). According to Receiver Operating Characteristic analysis, the cut-off value of ATA was 50 (sensitivity=84.4%, specificity=82.40%).

Conclusion: The validated ATA questionnaire may be a practical tool for physicians in asthma management.
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http://dx.doi.org/10.5152/TurkThoracJ.2019.180186DOI Listing
http://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/pmc/articles/PMC7089703PMC
March 2020

Demographic, Clinical and Management Characteristics of Newly Diagnosed COPD Patients in Turkey: A Real-Life Study.

Int J Chron Obstruct Pulmon Dis 2020 4;15:261-267. Epub 2020 Feb 4.

Department of Pulmonary and Allergic Diseases, Ankara Liv Hospital, Ankara, Turkey.

Purpose: In order to determine the clinical and sociodemographic characteristics of newly diagnosed treatment-naïve asthma and COPD patients in Turkey, a multicenter study in 2012 was initiated . We aimed to investigate the characteristics and therapies of COPD patients in the original study in more detail.

Patients And Methods: This nation-wide, multicentric, non-interventional, prospective, real-life observational cohort study was conducted in 122 centers. The newly diagnosed patients were not receiving any treatment before the recruitment. Their general characteristics, the combined GOLD 2011 COPD categories and exacerbation histories were noted. The patients were followed up with 3 voluntary visits for 1 year. Their adherence to the inhaled treatment according to GOLD 2011 was evaluated during follow-up visits.

Results: The study included 776 COPD patients. Their mean age was 59.4±9.1 years, and 11.9% of the patients were female. 35.1% of the patients were in the GOLD 2011 C and D category. 12.6% are frequent exacerbators, and 52.8% had at least one comorbid condition. 71.8% overtreatment rate was detected. Their attendance rates for three follow-up visits became 55.9%, 32.9% and 18.7%, respectively. The adherence rate to the treatment was measured as 81.9%.

Conclusion: Although these patients were diagnosed for the first time, the GOLD C and D categories and frequent exacerbator phenotype were found at a high rate. They were usually prescribed an overtreatment regimen. We think that newly diagnosed COPD patients should be evaluated carefully, and best effort should be made to treat these patients in accordance with the recommendations of the major COPD guidelines.
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http://dx.doi.org/10.2147/COPD.S211838DOI Listing
http://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/pmc/articles/PMC7010334PMC
February 2021

Helsinki by nature: The Nature Step to Respiratory Health.

Clin Transl Allergy 2019 30;9:57. Epub 2019 Oct 30.

29FILHA, Finnish Lung Health Association, Helsinki, Finland.

Background: was the overarching theme of the 12th General Meeting of the Global Alliance against Chronic Respiratory Diseases (GARD) in Helsinki, August 2018. New approaches are needed to improve respiratory health and reduce premature mortality of chronic diseases by 30% till 2030 (UN Sustainable Development Goals, SDGs). Planetary health is defined as the health of human civilization and the state of the natural systems on which it depends. Planetary health and human health are interconnected, and both need to be considered by individuals and governments while addressing several SDGs.

Results: The concept of the Nature Step has evolved from innovative research indicating, how changed lifestyle in urban surroundings reduces contact with biodiverse environments, impoverishes microbiota, affects immune regulation and increases risk of NCDs. The Nature Step calls for strengthening connections to nature. Physical activity in natural environments should be promoted, use of fresh vegetables, fruits and water increased, and consumption of sugary drinks, tobacco and alcohol restricted. Nature relatedness should be part of everyday life and especially emphasized in the care of children and the elderly. Taking "nature" to modern cities in a controlled way is possible but a challenge for urban planning, nature conservation, housing, traffic arrangements, energy production, and importantly for supplying and distributing food. Actions against the well-known respiratory risk factors, air pollution and smoking, should be taken simultaneously.

Conclusions: In Finland and elsewhere in Europe, successful programmes have been implemented to reduce the burden of respiratory disorders and other NCDs. Unhealthy behaviour can be changed by well-coordinated actions involving all stakeholders. The growing public health concern caused by NCDs in urban surroundings cannot be solved by health care alone; a multidisciplinary approach is mandatory.
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http://dx.doi.org/10.1186/s13601-019-0295-2DOI Listing
http://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/pmc/articles/PMC6822361PMC
October 2019

Next-generation Allergic Rhinitis and Its Impact on Asthma (ARIA) guidelines for allergic rhinitis based on Grading of Recommendations Assessment, Development and Evaluation (GRADE) and real-world evidence.

Authors:
Jean Bousquet Holger J Schünemann Akdis Togias Claus Bachert Martina Erhola Peter W Hellings Ludger Klimek Oliver Pfaar Dana Wallace Ignacio Ansotegui Ioana Agache Anna Bedbrook Karl-Christian Bergmann Mike Bewick Philippe Bonniaud Sinthia Bosnic-Anticevich Isabelle Bossé Jacques Bouchard Louis-Philippe Boulet Jan Brozek Guy Brusselle Moises A Calderon Walter G Canonica Luis Caraballo Vicky Cardona Thomas Casale Lorenzo Cecchi Derek K Chu Elisio M Costa Alvaro A Cruz Wienczyslawa Czarlewski Gennaro D'Amato Philippe Devillier Mark Dykewicz Motohiro Ebisawa Jean-Louis Fauquert Wytske J Fokkens Joao A Fonseca Jean-François Fontaine Bilun Gemicioglu Roy Gerth van Wijk Tari Haahtela Susanne Halken Despo Ierodiakonou Tomohisa Iinuma Juan-Carlos Ivancevich Marek Jutel Igor Kaidashev Musa Khaitov Omer Kalayci Jorg Kleine Tebbe Marek L Kowalski Piotr Kuna Violeta Kvedariene Stefania La Grutta Désirée Larenas-Linnemann Susanne Lau Daniel Laune Lan Le Philipp Lieberman Karin C Lodrup Carlsen Olga Lourenço Gert Marien Pedro Carreiro-Martins Erik Melén Enrica Menditto Hugo Neffen Gregoire Mercier Ralph Mosgues Joaquim Mullol Antonella Muraro Leyla Namazova Ettore Novellino Robyn O'Hehir Yoshitaka Okamoto Ken Ohta Hae Sim Park Petr Panzner Giovanni Passalacqua Nhan Pham-Thi David Price Graham Roberts Nicolas Roche Christine Rolland Nelson Rosario Dermot Ryan Boleslaw Samolinski Mario Sanchez-Borges Glenis K Scadding Mohamed H Shamji Aziz Sheikh Ana-Maria Todo Bom Sanna Toppila-Salmi Ioana Tsiligianni Marylin Valentin-Rostan Arunas Valiulis Erkka Valovirta Maria-Teresa Ventura Samantha Walker Susan Waserman Arzu Yorgancioglu Torsten Zuberbier

J Allergy Clin Immunol 2020 01 15;145(1):70-80.e3. Epub 2019 Oct 15.

Charité-Universitätsmedizin Berlin, corporate member of Freie Universität Berlin, Humboldt-Uniersität zu Berlin and Berlin Institute of Health, Comprehensive Allergy-Centre, Department of Dermatology and Allergy, member of GA(2)LEN, Berlin, Germany.

The selection of pharmacotherapy for patients with allergic rhinitis aims to control the disease and depends on many factors. Grading of Recommendations Assessment, Development and Evaluation (GRADE) guidelines have considerably improved the treatment of allergic rhinitis. However, there is an increasing trend toward use of real-world evidence to inform clinical practice, especially because randomized controlled trials are often limited with regard to the applicability of results. The Contre les Maladies Chroniques pour un Vieillissement Actif (MACVIA) algorithm has proposed an allergic rhinitis treatment by a consensus group. This simple algorithm can be used to step up or step down allergic rhinitis treatment. Next-generation guidelines for the pharmacologic treatment of allergic rhinitis were developed by using existing GRADE-based guidelines for the disease, real-world evidence provided by mobile technology, and additive studies (allergen chamber studies) to refine the MACVIA algorithm.
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http://dx.doi.org/10.1016/j.jaci.2019.06.049DOI Listing
January 2020

Next-generation ARIA care pathways for rhinitis and asthma: a model for multimorbid chronic diseases.

Authors:
J Jean Bousquet Holger J Schünemann Alkis Togias Marina Erhola Peter W Hellings Torsten Zuberbier Ioana Agache Ignacio J Ansotegui Josep M Anto Claus Bachert Sven Becker Martin Bedolla-Barajas Michael Bewick Sinthia Bosnic-Anticevich Isabelle Bosse Louis P Boulet Jean Marc Bourrez Guy Brusselle Niels Chavannes Elisio Costa Alvaro A Cruz Wienczyslawa Czarlewski Wytske J Fokkens Joao A Fonseca Mina Gaga Tari Haahtela Maddalena Illario Ludger Klimek Piotr Kuna Violeta Kvedariene L T T Le Desiree Larenas-Linnemann Daniel Laune Olga M Lourenço Enrica Menditto Joaquin Mullol Yashitaka Okamoto Nikos Papadopoulos Nhân Pham-Thi Robert Picard Hilary Pinnock Nicolas Roche Regina E Roller-Wirnsberger Christine Rolland Boleslaw Samolinski Aziz Sheikh Sanna Toppila-Salmi Ioanna Tsiligianni Arunas Valiulis Erkka Valovirta Tuula Vasankari Maria-Teresa Ventura Samantha Walker Sian Williams Cezmi A Akdis Isabella Annesi-Maesano Sylvie Arnavielhe Xavier Basagana Eric Bateman Anna Bedbrook K S Bennoor Samuel Benveniste Karl C Bergmann Slawomir Bialek Nils Billo Carsten Bindslev-Jensen Leif Bjermer Hubert Blain Mateo Bonini Philippe Bonniaud Jacques Bouchard Vitalis Briedis Christofer E Brightling Jan Brozek Roland Buhl Roland Buonaiuto Giorgo W Canonica Victoria Cardona Ana M Carriazo Warner Carr Christine Cartier Thomas Casale Lorenzo Cecchi Alfonso M Cepeda Sarabia Eka Chkhartishvili Derek K Chu Cemal Cingi Elaine Colgan Jaime Correia de Sousa Anne Lise Courbis Adnan Custovic Biljana Cvetkosvki Gennaro D'Amato Jane da Silva Carina Dantas Dejand Dokic Yves Dauvilliers Antoni Dedeu Giulia De Feo Philippe Devillier Stefania Di Capua Marc Dykewickz Ruta Dubakiene Motohiro Ebisawa Yaya El-Gamal Esben Eller Regina Emuzyte John Farrell Antjie Fink-Wagner Alessandro Fiocchi Jean F Fontaine Bilun Gemicioğlu Peter Schmid-Grendelmeir Amiran Gamkrelidze Judith Garcia-Aymerich Maximiliano Gomez Sandra González Diaz Maia Gotua Nick A Guldemond Maria-Antonieta Guzmán Jawad Hajjam John O'B Hourihane Marc Humbert Guido Iaccarino Despo Ierodiakonou Maddalena Illario Juan C Ivancevich Guy Joos Ki-Suck Jung Marek Jutel Igor Kaidashev Omer Kalayci Przemyslaw Kardas Thomas Keil Mussa Khaitov Nikolai Khaltaev Jorg Kleine-Tebbe Marek L Kowalski Vicky Kritikos Inger Kull Lisa Leonardini Philip Lieberman Brian Lipworth Karin C Lodrup Carlsen Claudia C Loureiro Renaud Louis Alpana Mair Gert Marien Bassam Mahboub Joao Malva Patrick Manning Esteban De Manuel Keenoy Gailen D Marshall Mohamed R Masjedi Jorge F Maspero Eve Mathieu-Dupas Poalo M Matricardi Eric Melén Elisabete Melo-Gomes Eli O Meltzer Enrica Menditto Jacques Mercier Neven Miculinic Florin Mihaltan Branislava Milenkovic Giuliana Moda Maria-Dolores Mogica-Martinez Yousser Mohammad Steve Montefort Ricardo Monti Mario Morais-Almeida Ralf Mösges Lars Münter Antonella Muraro Ruth Murray Robert Naclerio Luigi Napoli Leila Namazova-Baranova Hugo Neffen Kristoff Nekam Angelo Neou Enrico Novellino Dieudonné Nyembue Robin O'Hehir Ken Ohta Kimi Okubo Gabrielle Onorato Solange Ouedraogo Isabella Pali-Schöll Susanna Palkonen Peter Panzner Hae-Sim Park Jean-Louis Pépin Ana-Maria Pereira Oliver Pfaar Ema Paulino Jim Phillips Robert Picard Davor Plavec Ted A Popov Fabienne Portejoie David Price Emmanuel P Prokopakis Benoit Pugin Filip Raciborski Rojin Rajabian-Söderlund Sietze Reitsma Xavier Rodo Antonino Romano Nelson Rosario Menahenm Rottem Dermot Ryan Johanna Salimäki Mario M Sanchez-Borges Juan-Carlos Sisul Dirceu Solé David Somekh Talant Sooronbaev Milan Sova Otto Spranger Cristina Stellato Rafael Stelmach Charlotte Suppli Ulrik Michel Thibaudon Teresa To Ana Todo-Bom Peter V Tomazic Antonio A Valero Rudolph Valenta Marylin Valentin-Rostan Rianne van der Kleij Olivier Vandenplas Giorgio Vezzani Frédéric Viart Giovanni Viegi Dana Wallace Martin Wagenmann De Y Wang Susan Waserman Magnus Wickman Dennis M Williams Gary Wong Piotr Wroczynski Panayiotis K Yiallouros Arzu Yorgancioglu Osman M Yusuf Heahter J Zar Stéphane Zeng Mario Zernotti Luo Zhang Nan S Zhong Mihaela Zidarn

Clin Transl Allergy 2019 9;9:44. Epub 2019 Sep 9.

260University Clinic of Respiratory and Allergic Diseases, Golnik, Slovenia.

Background: In all societies, the burden and cost of allergic and chronic respiratory diseases are increasing rapidly. Most economies are struggling to deliver modern health care effectively. There is a need to support the transformation of the health care system into integrated care with organizational health literacy.

Main Body: As an example for chronic disease care, MASK (Mobile Airways Sentinel NetworK), a new project of the ARIA (Allergic Rhinitis and its Impact on Asthma) initiative, and POLLAR (Impact of Air POLLution on Asthma and Rhinitis, EIT Health), in collaboration with professional and patient organizations in the field of allergy and airway diseases, are proposing real-life ICPs centred around the patient with rhinitis, and using mHealth to monitor environmental exposure. Three aspects of care pathways are being developed: (i) Patient participation, health literacy and self-care through technology-assisted "patient activation", (ii) Implementation of care pathways by pharmacists and (iii) Next-generation guidelines assessing the recommendations of GRADE guidelines in rhinitis and asthma using real-world evidence (RWE) obtained through mobile technology. The EU and global political agendas are of great importance in supporting the digital transformation of health and care, and MASK has been recognized by DG Santé as a Good Practice in the field of digitally-enabled, integrated, person-centred care.

Conclusion: In 20 years, ARIA has considerably evolved from the first multimorbidity guideline in respiratory diseases to the digital transformation of health and care with a strong political involvement.
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http://dx.doi.org/10.1186/s13601-019-0279-2DOI Listing
http://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/pmc/articles/PMC6734297PMC
September 2019

The relationship between inflammatory markers and spirometric parameters in ACOS, Asthma, and COPD.

J Asthma 2020 Dec 12;57(12):1273-1279. Epub 2019 Aug 12.

Cerrahpasa Medical Faculty, Department of Pulmonary Diseases, Istanbul University-Cerrahpasa, Istanbul, Turkey.

: The inflammatory mechanisms underpinning asthma-chronic obstructive pulmonary disease (COPD) overlap syndrome (ACOS) have not been fully elucidated. Here, we examined the levels of cysteinyl leukotrienes (cys-LTs), prostaglandin D2 (PG-D2), prostaglandin E2 (PG-E2), interleukin 5 (IL-5), and a disintegrin and metalloprotease domain (ADAM 33) in ACOS patients to determine the relationship between levels of these inflammatory markers and pulmonary functions.: Blood samples were obtained from asthma, COPD, and ACOS patients who received combined therapy and were stable for the last month to measure cys-LTs, PG-D2, PG-E2, IL-5, and ADAM33 levels. Differences between groups and their correlations with pulmonary function tests were evaluated.: In total, 24 ACOS, 27 asthma, and 35 COPD patients were included. . PG-D2 levels were higher in ACOS (120.9 ± 117.2 ng/L) and asthma (119.6 ± 111.7 ng/L) patients than in COPD (82.6 ± 46.7 ng/L) patients (p = 0.036 and p = 0.038, respectively). In ACOS patients, PG-D2, cys-LTs, and ADAM33 levels were negatively correlated with FEV1/FVC% values ( = 0.021,  = 0.008, and  = 0.028, respectively). In COPD patients, a negative correlation was detected between PG-E2 and FEV1/FVC% ( = 0.007), whereas positive correlations were detected between IL-5 and pulmonary function tests, including FVC, FVC%, FEV1, FEV1%, FEF25-75, and FEF25-75% ( = 0.047,  = 0.005,  = 0.002,  = 0.002,  = 0.010, and  = 0.005, respectively). In asthma patients, cys-LTs levels were negatively correlated with FEV1 and FEF25-75 values ( = 0.045 and  = 0.037, respectively).: PG-D2 levels may be a valuable biomarker to differentiate COPD in asthma and ACOS patients.
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http://dx.doi.org/10.1080/02770903.2019.1652644DOI Listing
December 2020

Clinical challenges in elderly asthma.

Tuberk Toraks 2019 Mar;67(1):31-38

Student, Faculty of Cerrahpasa Medicine, Istanbul University-Cerrahpasa, Istanbul, Turkey.

Introduction: Understanding the difference of elderly asthma is essential to provide better healthcare for this vulnerable population. The aim of this study was to evaluate the differences between young and elderly asthma patients.

Materials And Methods: This real-life study was designed as a cross-sectional analysis. All data collected with structured web based asthma program. In sum, 373 (89.9%) young asthma (YA, age < 65) and 42 (10.1%) elderly asthma (EA, age < 65) patients followed at least one year and compared statistically.

Result: Cough is found higher in EA (p< 0.01) despite lower smoking rate in EA (p< 0.001). Allergic rhinitis and allergic conjunctivitis were more common in YA (p< 0.05, p< 0.01) which is consistent with higher allergy rate in YA (p< 0.05). On the other hand, diabetes and hypertension were determined significantly higher in EA (p< 0.01, p< 0.01). 52.4% of EA patients were found to have low diffusion capacity (DLCO < 80%). Although EA patients use combined therapies with inhaled corticosteroids and long acting beta agonists more than YA patients (p< 0.01), both emergency room visit (ERV) and hospitalization ratios are founded significantly higher in EA (p< 0.001, p< 0.001).

Conclusions: EA patients were presented with cough in general. They possess an increased risk of hypertension, diabetes and low levels of diffusion capacity. ERV and hospitalization ratios have founded higher despite higher usage of combined therapies.
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http://dx.doi.org/10.5578/tt.68041DOI Listing
March 2019

Mobile technology offers novel insights into the control and treatment of allergic rhinitis: The MASK study.

J Allergy Clin Immunol 2019 07 3;144(1):135-143.e6. Epub 2019 Apr 3.

MACVIA-France, Fondation partenariale FMC VIA-LR, Montpellier, France; University Hospital, Montpellier, France; INSERM U 1168, VIMA: Ageing and chronic diseases Epidemiological and Public Health Approaches, Villejuif, Université Versailles St-Quentin-en-Yvelines, Montigny le Bretonneux, and Euforea, Brussels, Belgium. Electronic address:

Background: Mobile health can be used to generate innovative insights into optimizing treatment to improve allergic rhinitis (AR) control.

Objectives: A cross-sectional real-world observational study was undertaken in 22 countries to complement a pilot study and provide novel information on medication use, disease control, and work productivity in the everyday life of patients with AR.

Methods: A mobile phone app (Allergy Diary, which is freely available on Google Play and Apple stores) was used to collect the data of daily visual analogue scale (VAS) scores for (1) overall allergic symptoms; (2) nasal, ocular, and asthma symptoms; (3) work; and (4) medication use by using a treatment scroll list including all allergy medications (prescribed and over-the-counter) customized for 22 countries. The 4 most common intranasal medications containing intranasal corticosteroids and 8 oral H-antihistamines were studied.

Results: Nine thousand one hundred twenty-two users filled in 112,054 days of VASs in 2016 and 2017. Assessment of days was informative. Control of days with rhinitis differed between no (best control), single (good control for intranasal corticosteroid-treated days), or multiple (worst control) treatments. Users with the worst control increased the range of treatments being used. The same trend was found for asthma, eye symptoms, and work productivity. Differences between oral H-antihistamines were found.

Conclusions: This study confirms the usefulness of the Allergy Diary in accessing and assessing behavior in patients with AR. This observational study using a very simple assessment tool (VAS) on a mobile phone had the potential to answer questions previously thought infeasible.
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http://dx.doi.org/10.1016/j.jaci.2019.01.053DOI Listing
July 2019

Turkish Thoracic Society Consensus Report: Interpretation of Spirometry.

Turk Thorac J 2019 Jan 1;20(1):69-89. Epub 2019 Jan 1.

Department of Chest Diseases, Ankara University School of Medicine, Ankara, Turkey.

ÖZET: Günümüzde spirometre ölçümlerinin uygulama ve yorumlama nitelik güvencesi "American Thoracic Society / European Respiratory Society" standartları ile belirlenmiştir. Dünyada olduğu gibi ülkemizde de birçok laboratuvar bu standartları kullanmaktadır. Buna karşın, farklı laboratuvarlardan farklı değerlendirme sonuçları görebilmek mümkündür. Bu rapor, ülkemizdeki solunum fonksiyon testi laboratuvarlarında yapılan değerlendirmelerin standardizasyonunu sağlamak amacı ile hazırlanmıştır.
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http://dx.doi.org/10.5152/TurkThoracJ.2018.180175DOI Listing
http://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/pmc/articles/PMC6340685PMC
January 2019

Adherence to treatment in allergic rhinitis using mobile technology. The MASK Study.

Clin Exp Allergy 2019 04 12;49(4):442-460. Epub 2019 Mar 12.

MACVIA-France, Fondation partenariale FMC VIA-LR, Montpellier, France.

Background: Mobile technology may help to better understand the adherence to treatment. MASK-rhinitis (Mobile Airways Sentinel NetworK for allergic rhinitis) is a patient-centred ICT system. A mobile phone app (the Allergy Diary) central to MASK is available in 22 countries.

Objectives: To assess the adherence to treatment in allergic rhinitis patients using the Allergy Diary App.

Methods: An observational cross-sectional study was carried out on all users who filled in the Allergy Diary from 1 January 2016 to 1 August 2017. Secondary adherence was assessed by using the modified Medication Possession Ratio (MPR) and the Proportion of days covered (PDC) approach.

Results: A total of 12 143 users were registered. A total of 6 949 users reported at least one VAS data recording. Among them, 1 887 users reported ≥7 VAS data. About 1 195 subjects were included in the analysis of adherence. One hundred and thirty-six (11.28%) users were adherent (MPR ≥70% and PDC ≤1.25), 51 (4.23%) were partly adherent (MPR ≥70% and PDC = 1.50) and 176 (14.60%) were switchers. On the other hand, 832 (69.05%) users were non-adherent to medications (MPR <70%). Of those, the largest group was non-adherent to medications and the time interval was increased in 442 (36.68%) users.

Conclusion And Clinical Relevance: Adherence to treatment is low. The relative efficacy of continuous vs on-demand treatment for allergic rhinitis symptoms is still a matter of debate. This study shows an approach for measuring retrospective adherence based on a mobile app. This also represents a novel approach for analysing medication-taking behaviour in a real-world setting.
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http://dx.doi.org/10.1111/cea.13333DOI Listing
April 2019

[MASK (Mobile Airways Sentinel networK) in Turkey-the ARIA integrated mobile solution for allergic rhinitis and asthma multimorbidity].

Tuberk Toraks 2018 Jun;66(2):176-181

MACVIA-France, Fondation partenariale FMC VIA-LR, Macvıa-france, Fondation Partenariale Fmc Via-lr,. INSERM U 1168, VIMA: Ageing and chronic diseases Epidemiological and public health approaches, Villejuif, Université Versailles Sttin-en-Yvelines, UMR-S 1168, Montigny le Bretonneux, France and Euforea, Brussels, Belgium, Montpellier, FRANSA.

mHealth, such as apps running on consumer smart devices is becoming increasingly popular and has the potential to profoundly affect healthcare and health outcomes. Allergic Rhinitis and its impact on asthma (ARIA) has evolved from a guideline using the best evidence-based approach to care pathways suited to real-life using mobile technology in allergic rhinitis (AR) and asthma multimorbidity MASK-rhinitis (Mobile Airways Sentinel networK), the Phase 3 ARIA initiative, is based on the freely available app. The Allergy Diary is used by people who were informed by physicians, searched the internet, Apple App Store, Google Play. Turkish Validation has been available and currently in use.
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http://dx.doi.org/10.5578/tt.66913DOI Listing
June 2018

A Retrospective Analysis of Anaerobic Bacteria Isolated in 236 Cases of Pleural Empyema and their Prevalance of Antimicrobial Resistance in Turkey.

Clin Lab 2018 Jul;64(7):1269-1277

Background: Parapneumonic effusions usually occur secondary to an infection and produce pus (empyema) that accumulates in the pleural space. We aimed to evaluate the prevalence of anerobes in patients with empyema and to assess their resistance patterns for seven antimicrobials.

Methods: Pleural fluid specimens from 236 patients were inoculated on Schaedler agar. Anaerobic bacteria were identified via API 20 A. Susceptibility testing for penicillin, ampicillin + sulbactam, amoxicillin + clavulanate, cefoxitin, clindamycin, metronidazole, and imipenem were performed with the E-test.

Results: There were 118 anaerobic bacterial strains detected in 66 (27.9%) of the 236 specimens. Gram-positive anaerobic cocci were detected in 54.23% and the predominant cocci were 41 Peptostreptococcus spp, (34.75%) followed by 17 P. acnes (14.41%) and 6 C. tertium (5.08%). The Gram-negative anaerobes were B. fragilis (28, 23.73%), P. melaninogenica (8, 6.78%), P. intermedia (4, 3.39%), F. nucleatum (6, 5.08%), F. mortiferum (5, 4.24%), and P. asaccharolytica (3, 2.54%). All anaerobic strains were susceptible to ampicillin + sulbactam, amoxicillin + clavulanate, and imipenem. The highest MIC was found to be > 256 µg/mL for penicillin in B. fragilis strains, 128 µg/mL for cefoxitin in P. melaninogenica strains, 32 µg/mL for clindamycin and 64 µg/mL for metronidazole in P. acnes strains. Clindamycin resistance was detected in 46.6% B. fragilis, and 17.6% for P. acnes. Thirty-eight (32.2%) strains produced beta-lactamase.

Conclusions: The use of antimicrobial agents for thoracic empyema should be based on the isolated pathogens and their resistance profiles. Clinicians should be aware of the wide diversity of anaerobic genera and species in cases of pleural empyema.
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http://dx.doi.org/10.7754/Clin.Lab.2018.180317DOI Listing
July 2018

Long-Term Omalizumab Treatment: A Multicenter, Real-Life, 5-Year Trial.

Int Arch Allergy Immunol 2018 17;176(3-4):225-233. Epub 2018 May 17.

Medical Department, Novartis Pharmaceuticals, Istanbul, Turkey.

Background: Omalizumab has demonstrated therapeutic benefits both in controlled clinical trials and real-life studies. However, research concerning the long-term effects and tolerability of omalizumab is needed. The main objective of this study was to evaluate the effectiveness and tolerability of treatment with omalizumab for up to 5 years.

Methods: A multicenter, retrospective, chart-based study was carried out to compare documented exacerbations, hospitalizations, systemic steroid requirement, FEV1, and asthma control test (ACT) results during 1 year prior to omalizumab treatment versus at 1, 3, and 5 years of treatment. Adverse events and reasons for discontinuation were also recorded at each time point.

Results: Four hundred and sixty-five patients were enrolled in the study. Outcome variables had improved after the 1st year and were sustained after the 3rd and 5th years of treatment with omalizumab. Omalizumab treatment reduced the asthma exacerbation rate by 71.3% (p < 0.001) at 1 year, 64.3% (p < 0.001) at 3 years, and 54.8% (p = 0.002) at 5 years. The hospitalization rate also decreased; by the 5th year of the treatment no patients were hospitalized. ACT results had also improved significantly: 12 (p < 0.001) at 1 year, 12 (p < 0.001) at 3 years, and 12 (p = 0.002) at 5 years. Overall, 12.7% of patients reported adverse events (most of these were mild-to-moderate) and the overall dropout rate was 9.0%.

Conclusion: Omalizumab had a significant effect on asthma outcomes and this effect was maintained over 5 years. The drug was found to be generally safe and treatment compliance was good.
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http://dx.doi.org/10.1159/000488349DOI Listing
July 2018

Asthma control and adherence in newly diagnosed young and elderly adult patients with asthma in Turkey.

J Asthma 2019 05 6;56(5):553-561. Epub 2018 Jun 6.

k Department of Pulmonary Diseases, Faculty of Medicine , Ankara University , Ankara , Turkey.

Objective: This study aimed to evaluate the factors that affect asthma control and adherence to treatment in newly diagnosed elderly asthmatics in Turkey compared with younger patients.

Methods: This real-life prospective observational cohort study was conducted at 136 centers. A web-based questionnaire was administered to the patients who were followed up for 12 months.

Results: Analysis included 1037 young adult asthma patients (age <65 years) and 79 elderly asthma patients (age ≥65 years). The percentage of patients with total control in the elderly and young groups were 33.9% and 37.1% at visit 1, 20.0% and 42.1% (p = 0.012) at visit 2, and 50.0% and 49.8% at visit 3, respectively. Adherence to treatment was similar for both groups. Visit compliance was better in the elderly group than in the young group at visit 1 (72.2% vs. 60.8%, p = 0.045), visit 2 (51.9% vs. 34.9%, p = 0.002), and visit 3 (32.9% vs. 19.4%, p = 0.004). Adherence to treatment increased with asthma control in both groups (both p < 0.001) but decreased with the presence of gastritis/ulcer, gastroesophageal reflux, and coronary artery disease in the elderly.

Conclusions: Asthma control and adherence to treatment were similar for the elderly and young asthma patients, though the follow-up rate was lower in young patients. The presence of gastritis/ulcer, gastroesophageal reflux and coronary artery disease had negative impacts on the adherence to treatment in elderly adult patients.
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http://dx.doi.org/10.1080/02770903.2018.1471707DOI Listing
May 2019

Real life profile of asthma and chronic obstructive pulmonary disease patients in Turkey.

Tuberk Toraks 2017 Sep;65(3):169-179

Department of Chest Diseases, Faculty of Medicine, Selcuk University, Konya, Turkey.

Introduction: Despite the presentation of similar symptoms, the airway diseases have different underlying pathophysiological processes and must be distinguished to enable the administration of appropriate treatment. In several studies the clinician- and patient-related causes of poor compliance to treatment in asthma/chronic obstructive pulmonary disease (COPD) patients have been evaluated. This study aimed to determine the clinical and sociodemographic characteristics of newly diagnosed treatment-naïve asthma and COPD patients in Turkey.

Materials And Methods: This national, multicentre, prospective, observational study was conducted in 122 centres. A questionnaire including items related to demographic, clinical, laboratory parameters was applied. All patients were intended to be followed-up for 12 months.

Result: 1892 adult patients (1116 asthma and 776 COPD) from 122 centres were enrolled. Overall 95%, 86% and 65% of intermittent, mild persistent and moderate persistent asthma patients were over-treated. Among COPD patients, the percentages of over-treated patients were 66%, 79% and 82% for those with GOLD stage A, B and C. Physicians' adherence to guidelines was appropriate in 93% of severe persistent asthma patients and 89% of GOLD stage D COPD patients. Among patients with high compliance to treatment, proportion of asthma patients with total control was 44% and that of COPD patients at GOLD stage A was 41%. In consecutive two visits, this figure increased to 52% and 63% in asthma patients and 54% and 50% in COPD patients.

Conclusions: The main findings are: (a) patients are frequently over-treated and (b) patients do not adhere to visits as expected, in both asthma and COPD.
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http://dx.doi.org/10.5578/tt.54065DOI Listing
September 2017

[Turkish Thoracic Society national spirometry and laboratory standards].

Tuberk Toraks 2017 Jun;65(2):117-130

Department of Chest Diseases, Faculty of Medicine, Baskent University, Ankara, Turkey.

The application quality of pulmonary function tests (PFT) carries high importance since it affects the quality of health services. "Chronic Diseases and Risk Factors in Turkey Study," which was published in 2013 showed that only 22.6% of PFTs performed in the secondary care institutions in our country were compatible with the standards. This finding reveals the standardization problem in spirometry applications in our country. Currently, the criteria for the application and evaluation of spirometer measurements were defined by American and European Respiratory Societies standards. Several laboratories use these standards in our country as in the world. But, national laboratory standards that are suitable for the conditions in our country have not been defined yet. This report was prepared to ensure the application of spirometry in optimal conditions, to minimize intra-laboratory and inter-laboratory differences and mistakes, and to standardize in our country. In this report, we focused on the standards concerning laboratory conditions, equipment, and technician specifications, test application, evaluation of test quality, infection control, and reference values.
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http://dx.doi.org/10.5578/tt.50748DOI Listing
June 2017

[Assessing the knowledge in primary health care following an educational course structured in the context of GARD chronic airway diseases national control program].

Tuberk Toraks 2017 Jun;65(2):80-89

Clinic of Allergy and Immunology, Ankara Ataturk Chest Diseases and Thoracic Surgery Training and Research Hospital, Ankara, Turkey.

Introduction: Chronic obstructive pulmonary diseases are common causes of disease in the community and account for considerable percent of the caseload in primary health care facilities. For this reason, it is important to question and improve the knowledge of primary health care physicians. This study is designed to assess the level of knowledge for bronchial asthma and COPD of the primary healthcare physicians, both before and immediately after an educational course structured in the context of GARD Chronic Airway Diseases National Control Program.

Materials And Methods: The participating physicians attended an intensive educational course on asthma and COPD. Twenty five item questionnaires for asthma and COPD were administered to the participants both before and immediately after the end of the course. Contribution of education to the level of knowledge was investigated by comparing the percentages of the correct answers in the pre-and post-test.

Result: From 11 different cities, 1817 and 1788 primary health care physician were attended to the asthma and COPD educations, respectively. The accuracy rate of ≥ 75% was obtained from only 4 questions in pre-test asthma questionnaire. On the contrary, in 15 questions the accuracy rate was < 50%. The mean accuracy rate for the whole asthma test was 45.8%, and this rate raised to 69.6% after education course. The accuracy rate of ≥ 75% could not be obtained from any of the questions in pre-test COPD questionnaire. On the contrary, in 19 questions the accuracy rate was < 50%. The mean accuracy rate for the whole asthma test was 42.0%, and this rate raised to 71.3% after education course.

Conclusions: It has been shown that, in primary care settings, the level of knowledge in asthma and COPD should be enhanced and that this increase can be achieved with an education course.
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http://dx.doi.org/10.5578/tt.53804DOI Listing
June 2017

[ARIA 2016 executive summary: integrated care pathways for predictive medicine across the life cycle].

Tuberk Toraks 2017 Mar;65(1):32-40

Department of Chest Diseases, Faculty of Medicine, Celal Bayar University, Manisa, Turkey.

The Allergic Rhinitis and its Impact on Asthma (ARIA) initiative commenced during a World Health Organization (WHO) workshop in 1999. The initial goals were (i) to propose a new allergic rhinitis classification, (ii) to promote the concept of multi-morbidity in asthma and rhinitis and (iii) to develop guidelines with all stakeholders for global use in all countries and populations. ARIA- disseminated and implemented in over 70 countries globally- is now focusing on the implementation of emerging technologies for individualized and predictive medicine. MASK (MACVIA (Contre les MAladies Chroniques pour un VIeillissement Actif)-ARIA Sentinel NetworK) uses mobile technology to develop care pathways in order to enable the management of rhinitis and asthma by a multi-disciplinary group or by patients themselves. An App (Android and iOS) is available in 20 countries and 15 languages. It uses a visual analogue scale to assess symptom control and work productivity as well as a clinical decision support system. It is associated with an inter-operable tablet for physicians and other health care professionals. The scaling up strategy uses the recommendations of the European Innovation Partnership on Active and Healthy Ageing. The aim of the novel ARIA approach is to provide an active and healthy life to rhinitis sufferers, whatever their age, sex or socio-economic status, in order to reduce health and social inequalities incurred by the disease.
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http://dx.doi.org/10.5578/tt.52766DOI Listing
March 2017